Pratt Institute

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Pratt Institute
Pratt Institute Seal.png
MottoBe true to your work, and your work will be true to you.
Established1887
TypePrivate
Endowment$99 million[1]
ChairmanBruce Gitlin
PresidentThomas F. Schutte
ProvostPeter Barna
Academic staff1,049
Undergraduates3,076
Postgraduates1,612
LocationBrooklyn, NYC, NY, USA
CampusUrban
25 acres (10 hectares)
ColorsBlack and cadmium yellow          
AthleticsNCAA Division III, Hudson Valley Athletic Conference
MascotThe Cannoneer
Websitewww.pratt.edu
Pratt Institute.jpg
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Pratt Institute
Pratt Institute Seal.png
MottoBe true to your work, and your work will be true to you.
Established1887
TypePrivate
Endowment$99 million[1]
ChairmanBruce Gitlin
PresidentThomas F. Schutte
ProvostPeter Barna
Academic staff1,049
Undergraduates3,076
Postgraduates1,612
LocationBrooklyn, NYC, NY, USA
CampusUrban
25 acres (10 hectares)
ColorsBlack and cadmium yellow          
AthleticsNCAA Division III, Hudson Valley Athletic Conference
MascotThe Cannoneer
Websitewww.pratt.edu
Pratt Institute.jpg

Pratt Institute is a private, nonsectarian, non-profit institution of higher learning located in the Clinton Hill neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York, United States, with a satellite campus located at 14th Street in Manhattan. It originated in 1887 with programs primarily in engineering, architecture, and fine arts.[2] Comprising five schools, the Institute offers both undergraduate and Master's degree programs in a variety of fields with a strong focus on research. Today, the Institute is primarily known for its highly ranked programs in architecture, interior design, and industrial design.[3]

U.S. News and World Report lists Pratt as one of the top 20 colleges in the Regional Universities North category.[4] Princeton Review recognizes Pratt as being one of the best colleges in the northeast,[5] making it among the top 25% of all four-year colleges and universities in the United States.[6]

History[edit]

Inception[edit]

Charles Pratt, founder of Pratt Institute

Pratt Institute was founded in 1887 by American industrialist Charles Pratt, who was a successful businessman and oil tycoon and was one of the wealthiest men in the history of Brooklyn. Pratt was an early pioneer of the natural oil industry in the United States and was the founder of Astral Oil Works based in the Greenpoint section of Brooklyn, New York which was a leader in replacing whale oil with petroleum or natural oil. In 1867 Pratt established Charles Pratt and Company. In 1874 Pratt’s companies were purchased by John D. Rockefeller and became part of his Standard Oil trust while Pratt continued to run the companies himself.

Regardless of his immense wealth, Pratt wanted to give others the opportunity to improve their own lives. He constantly built a number of public projects, such as apartment complexes (including the Astral Apartments) and banks for those who could not afford them. However, Pratt, an advocate of education, wanted to provide the opportunity for working men and women to better their lives through education. Even though Pratt never had the opportunity to go to college himself, he wanted to create an affordable college accessible to the working class. In 1884 Pratt began purchasing parcels of land in his affluent home town of Clinton Hill for the intention of opening a school. The school would end up being built only two blocks from Charles Pratt’s residence on Clinton Avenue.

From his fortunes with Astral Oil and Charles Pratt and Company, in 1886 he endowed and founded Pratt Institute. In May 1887 the New York State Legislature granted Charles Pratt a charter to open the school and on October 17, 1887 the Institute opened to 12 students in Main Hall. Tuition was $4 per class per term (equivalent to $95 today).[7] One of the more remarkable aspects of the college was the fact that it was one of the first colleges in the country open to all people, regardless of class, color, and gender. In the early years, the Institute’s mission was to offer education to those who never had it offered to them before. Pratt sought to teach people skills that would allow them to be successful and work their way up the economic ladder. Specifically, many programs were tailored for the growing need to train industrial workers in the changing economy with training in design and engineering. Early programs sought to teach students a variety of subjects such as architectural engineering, mechanics, dressmaking, and furniture making. Graduates of the school were taught to become engineers, mechanics, and technicians. Drawing, whether freehand, mechanical, or architectural, thought of as being a universal language, united such diverse programs and thus all programs in the school had a strong foundation in drawing. In addition, the curriculum at the Institute was to be complimented by with a large Liberal Arts curriculum. Students studied subjects such as history, mathematics, physics, and literature in order to better understand the world which they will be working in. Such a strong foundation in Liberal Arts continues at the school today).[7]

Early years[edit]

Main Hall

Enrollment grew steadily since inception. Six months after inception the school had an enrollment of nearly 600 students. By the first anniversary of the school there were 1,000 students in attendance. In five years time the school had nearly 4,000 students.[7] In 1888 Scientific American said of the school that “it is undoubtedly the most important enterprise of its kind in this country, if not in the world”.[7] Andrew Carnegie even visited Pratt for inspiration and used the school as a model in developing Carnegie Technical Schools, now Carnegie Mellon University.[8] At the first Founders Day celebration in 1888, Charles Pratt addressed what would become the school’s motto: “be true to your work and your work will be true to you” meaning that students should educate and develop themselves diligently and go out into the world working hard, giving all of themselves.

Pratt Institute Kindergarten, 1905

As public interest grew in the school and demand increased the school began adding new programs including the Pratt High School, Library School, Music Department, and Department of Commerce.[9] Because of the overwhelming popularity of the Department of Commerce, the department broke off from the main Institute and formed its own school, under the guidance of Norman P. Heffley, personal secretary to Charles Pratt.[10][11] The Heffley School of Commerce, formed from Pratt’s Department of Commerce, originally shared facilities with Pratt and until the school evolved into what today is Brooklyn Law School.[12]

In 1891, the Institute’s founder and first president, Charles Pratt, passed away and his eldest son, Charles Millard Pratt assumed responsibility of president for the school. In 1893, Charles Pratt’s other son, Frederic B. Pratt was elected President of Pratt Institute taking over from his elder brother. Because Charles Pratt Snr. died so soon after the college was founded, Frederic Pratt is ascribed with guiding the college through its early decades.[13] Under the direction of Pratt’s sons, the Institute was able to thrive both financially and critically with many new construction projects and course offerings. By 1892 the number of students enrolled was 3,900. In 1897 the most popular major for students was domestic arts.[14]

In 1896, the school opened its monumental Victorian-Renaissance Revival library with elegant interiors designed by Tiffany & Co. and sprawling gardens outside the library. The library was designed not only for students but rather for the public as well. The Pratt Institute Library was the first and only public library in Brooklyn for nearly 15 years. In addition, the library served as a working laboratory, training future librarians and is cited as being one of the first library schools. In addition, the Pratt Institute Library opened the first reading room dedicated to children in all of New York City.[15]

Pratt at the beginning of the 20th century[edit]

By the turn of the century, The School of Science and Technology had become Pratt's most prestigious and well known school comprised most of the school’s enrollment[16][17] Across from East Building on Grand Avenue, the Institute constructed a new quad dedicated specifically for the engineering school. Constructed over a period of a quarter of a century, the Chemistry, Machinery, and Engineering buildings were constructed in the same architecture style, unifying all disciplines offered by the School. Pratt also had a large variety of courses dedicated specifically for women during this time. Some of the 25 courses women could partake in included library science, nursing, home economics, and fashion.[16]

By 1910, all of the departments of the Institute were organized as individual schools including the Library School, School of Domestic Science, School of Fine and Applied Arts, and the School of Science and Technology.[16]

Degree-granting status and increase in enrollment[edit]

World War One Memorial in the Rose Garden

As World War I faced the nation in 1914, Pratt partnered with the United States Government to aid in the war effort. The School of Science and Technology had its own Student Army Training Corps which taught enlistees engineering skills needed for the war. Students designed aircraft used in the war and trained operators. In 1927, mechanical engineering alumni Donald A. Hall designed the Spirit of Saint Louis, used by Charles Lindburg in the world's first transatlantic flight.[18]

By the 1938 most programs at the school began offering four-year Bachelor of Science degrees and Pratt transformed itself from being a technical school to a rigerous college .[19] By granting Bachelors degrees, Pratt had to revise its curriculum from being a two-year school to now being a four-year college. The changes also reflected New York State requirements for granting degrees and stricter government and professional licensing regulations for graduates. During this decade, the foundation program for all Art School students was also founded.[16] In 1940 Pratt began granting graduate degrees.[19]

During World War II Pratt also helped in the war effort as it did during WWI with the engineering school training servicemen before they were deployed. Students helped to design camouflage for soldiers, buildings, and weapons. Following the war, the school saw a large influx of veterans enrolling as part of the GI Bill.

In the 1940s the School of Science and Technology changed its name to the School of Engineering and in 1946 established its own honor society with mechanical engineering being the most popular major at all of Pratt.[14] In 1953, Francis H. Horn became the first President of Pratt who was not a member of the Pratt family. Enrollment continue to climb throughout the decade and in 1948 the Institute reached an all time high in attendance with 6,000 students.[14] By 1950 Pratt had become an accredited institution by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools.[9] In 1954 the architecture department split from the Engineering School to become its own school.[16]

Campus reorganization[edit]

DeKalb Avenue Gate of Enclosed Campus

As part of white flight in the 1950s and 1960s which affected the majority of New York City the neighborhood of Clinton Hill began to see a transformation from an upper-class, affluent, white community to a community home to minorities and crime. During this time, Pratt considered moving its campus to more affluent Long Island or Manhattan and increase its attractiveness but decided to stay at its original Brooklyn campus due to the history and Charles Pratt's original mission.[16]

As part of Robert Moses' plan for urban renewal in New York City, Pratt’s physical campus saw the greatest amount of change in its history. Prior to the 1950s, the school was located in separate buildings located on several public streets. However, after Moses' clearance of many of the structures located between Pratt's buildings, the land was given over to the school and a true campus was established. Reyerson Street, Grand Avenue, Steuben Street, and Emerson Place ceased to allow automobile traffic and the campus became enclosed, forming the Grand Mall to connect the Institute's buildings.[20] The elevated train running along Grand Avenue between the East Building/Student Union and the Engineering Quad was dismantled. As a result of new real estate, the school was able to build several new structures, all design by firm McKim, Mead & White including men’s and women’s dormitories and a new student union.[21] In addition, Moses' construction projects around the school helped to build the School of Architecture. Research funds were granted to the school to help discover new building techniques. By the 1963 the urban planning department formed the Pratt Center for Community Development in an attempt to revitalize Pratt’s surrounding neighborhood and Brooklyn.[22]

Enrollment decline and financial issues[edit]

In the 1970s and continuing well into the 1980s New York City and Brooklyn still faced large amounts of crime and poverty and as a result enrollment fell and the school began to face a budget deficit. Prospective students and faculty felt uneasy about the safety of the campus and community. In 1974, the men's basketball team became the attention of national media as Cyndi Meserve joined the team and became the first woman in history to play men's NCAA basketball.[23][24] Students earning architecture degrees exceeded those who were earning mechanical engineering degrees in 1975 and architecture degrees became the most popular degree at Pratt, a trend that still exists today.[14] In anticipation of the Institute’s centennial anniversary in 1987, several capital improvements were made to the campus trying to restore the condition of many of the dilapidated buildings. The Grand Mall was re-landscaped with new plantings, brick pathways, and lighting and the Newman Amphitheater was built in 1988 in celebration of the hundredth anniversary. President Richardson Pratt Jr. retired in 1990 after nearly twenty years of serving as president, becoming the last president to be a descendent of founder Charles Pratt.

By 1993, Thomas F. Schutte was appointed as president and has since become the longest standing president overseeing the Institute not a part of the Pratt family. In the same year, Pratt controversially and shockingly closed its School of Engineering, an integral part of founder Charles Pratt’s long term vision for the school. Ironically the school was Pratt’s most successful school and many associated the school with its engineering program.[16] In response to the Institute-wide decrease in enrollment and school-wide budget issues, closing the School of Engineering was thought of as being the only feasible option to keep the school’s other programs afloat and to address the budget. Students in the Engineering program were transferred to Polytechnic Institute of New York University while tenured professors were relocated to the School of Architecture and the science and math departments in the School of Liberal Arts and Sciences.[25]

Revitalization and growth[edit]

Higgins Hall center section rebuilt by Steven Holl

As a result of closing the costly School of Engineering, the school was able to get out of debt and on the track to financial success. Funds were allocated for campus-wide beautification projects and restoration and modernization of historic buildings. Part of the beautification projects included adding the Pratt Institute Sculpture Park in 1999 where contemporary art sculptures are placed throughout the campus lawns and gardens, making it the largest contemporary sculpture park in New York City.[26] Pratt also began a partnership with Munson-Williams-Proctor and Delaware College of Art and Design for art students to study for two years at either campus and finish their degrees at Pratt’s School of Art and Design in Brooklyn. During the 1990s the school was able to increase enrollment by twenty-five percent, from approximately 3,000 students in 1990 to 4,000 students in 2000.[16]

Vincent A. Stabile, a 1940 graduate of the School of Engineering, donated to $13 million, the largest donation made by any alumnus in the college’s history,[16] with the request to President Schutte that the donation be used to reopen the School of Engineering. President Schutte rejected Mr. Stabile’s request but instead allocated the funds to construct a new residence hall named in the donor’s honor. From the mid-1980s to the 2000s Pratt experienced the transition from being mainly a commuter school to become a residential school through the construction of new residence halls Cannoneer Court, Pantas Hall, and Stabile Hall.

Presidents[edit]

  1. Charles Pratt (1830–1891), president from 1887 to 1891
  2. Charles Millard Pratt (1855–1935), 1891–1893
  3. Frederic B. Pratt (1865–1945), 1893–1937
  4. Charles Pratt (1892–?), 1937–1953
  5. Francis H. Horn, 1953–1957
  6. Robert Fisher Oxnam (1915–1974), 1957–1960
  7. James Britt Donovan (1916–1970), 1968–1970
  8. Henry Saltzman, 1970-1972
  9. Richardson Pratt Jr. (1923–2001) (grandson of Charles Millard Pratt and great-grandson of Charles Pratt), 1972–1990
  10. Warren F. Ilchman (1933–), 1990–1993
  11. Thomas F. Schutte (1936–), 1993–present

Campus[edit]

Cannon Court
Main Building as viewed from Rose Garden

Pratt Institute’s main campus is located on a historic, award winning,[27] enclosed 25-acre (100,000 m2) acre campus located in the Clinton Hill neighborhood in Brooklyn, New York, 2 miles from Downtown Brooklyn and 3 miles from Lower Manhattan. Midtown Manhattan is a 25-minute subway ride from the campus.

The campus is accessible by two public entrances, both of which close in the evening hours and are guarded by security 24 hours a day. The main gate located at Willoughby Avenue on the north side of campus is accessible for pedestrians and vehicles while the secondary pedestrian-only gate located at the corner of Hall Street and DeKalb Avenue at the southwest part of campus is convenient for commuters and for students to get to Higgins Hall. In addition, there are two other swipe card access gates available only for student use.

The campus is very park-like and fully landscaped and provides a stark contrast to the urban neighborhood which surrounds the school. The four main areas of the campus include the Library Rose Garden, Cannon Court, Newman Mall and Amphitheater, and the Engineering Quad.

The neatly manicured, historically significant, Rose Garden is located directly north of the library and was built as a part of the library acting as a public park. At the center of the garden is a 1926 World War I memorial flagpole detailed with eagles, male, and female busts.[28]

The Cannon Court is located directly south of the library and serves as the main entrance from the Hall Street gate. A central feature of the court is a large bronze Spanish cannon from 1720 originally from Seville, Spain and brought to Pratt from Morro Castle in Havana, Cuba in 1899.[21] Trees and meandering pathways lead to the library and Newman Mall.

The Newman Mall takes up the center of the campus with many of the academic buildings alongside the mall. The mall is characterized by brick pathways with mature trees lining a central lawn. To the north of the mall is a small amphitheater, designed by Skidmore, Owings and Merrill.[29]

Lastly the Engineering Quadrangle, which is recognized as a historic landmark, is located north of the Newman Mall toward the eastern side of campus with the Chemistry, Machinery, and Engineering buildings enclosing the quad which has terraced landscaping and gardens with many mature trees.

The entire campus is open to the public as park space during the daylight hours. Throughout the campus many contemporary sculptures fill the gardens and landscape, making the campus home to the largest sculpture park in New York City.[26] The sculptures are loaned to Pratt and are changed on a rotating basis. Public Art Review recognized the campus as having one of the 10 best college and university art collections in the country.[30]

Buildings[edit]

Library
Memorial Hall
East Hall
Engineering Building
Chemistry Building

Pratt is home to a diverse collection of buildings composed of several architectural styles. Most of the buildings at the school were built before World War II in the style of Romanesque Revival, Victorian, and Neoclassical styles and were designed by prominent nineteenth and twentieth century architects. After the war, Pratt began building more contemporary styled buildings.

In 2011, Architectural Digest named Pratt as being one of the top ten most architecturally significant college campus in the country, for its seamless collection of buildings ranging from the 1800s until today.[27]

The Main Building, East Building, and Student Union are all located adjacent to one another and make up a complex of the original buildings all built specifically for the Institute’s in 1887. Located at the north-central part of campus, Main Building is a six-story Romanesque Revival brick building designed by Lamb and Rich and was the first building to open at the school.[9] The roof features an iconic clock tower and the building overlooks the Rose Garden. Today the building houses administrative offices, classrooms, and art studios for the arts department of the School of Art and Design. In February 2013 a fire erupted through the top floors of the building, destroying much of the interior structure and students work.[31]

East Hall is located directly behind Main Hall and faces Grand Walk. Designed by William Windrim, a main feature of the brick building is the large smokestack which served the Institute’s generating plant. Within the Hall are a variety of services for students including Career Services, Student Activities, International Student Affairs, and the Pratt Chapel. Located in the lower level of the building is Pratt’s continuously operating, privately owned, steam-powered electrical generating plant built originally to serve the power needs of the school. In 1977 the facility was recognized by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and named a National Mechanical Engineering Landmark.[32] The plant, located in the basement is available for public viewing from a two-story balcony.

Lastly, the Student Union, by architect William Tubby, was originally built as the Trade School building but soon after completion was completely remodeled as the student union complete with gymnasium and swimming pool. In 1982 the building was renovated again as the new student union.[21] All three buildings wrap around an interior courtyard which connects out to the Newman Mall and Library Rose Garden. The centerpiece of the courtyard is a 17th-century Italian marble well-head fountain purchased by the Pratt family in 1900.[21]

South Hall, located along Reyerson Walk to the direct south of Main Building was finished in 1892 by William Tubby and was built as the Pratt High School.[33] When the high school closed near the turn-of-the-century, the building was used for the School of Domestic Arts and Sciences. Today the building is home to classrooms, studios, and offices for programs in the Department of Fine Arts, part of the School of Art and Design.

Pratt Institute Library, which was opened in 1888 to serve not only students but the general public as well, was the first free public library in Brooklyn. The architect of the building was William Tubby of Brooklyn. The decoration in the building was done by the Tiffany Glass and Decorating Company.

The Chemistry, Machinery, and Engineering Buildings are located across from Grand Walk and East Building and are clustered around the Engineering Quad’s lawn and gardens. They were built in phases between 1908 and 1928 and designed by architecture firm Howells & Stokes .[9] These buildings originally housed courses for Pratt’s School of Engineering until it was dismantled in 1993. Today, the second floor of the Engineering is home to Pratt’s largest computer lab on campus with several classrooms of Mac and PC workstations and a collection of scanners, printers, and plotters.

The school’s auditorium, Memorial Hall was built in 1927 with John Mead Howells serving as the architect. It is located across from the Rose Garden along Reyerson Walk and between the Main Building and North Hall.

Built as part of the urban renewal project led by Robert Moses, North Hall is located directly north of Memorial Hall and was designed by McKim, Mead, and White in 1958.[21] The building houses Pratt’s Main cafeteria and the school’s bank. Classrooms for the School of Liberal Arts and Sciences are located on the upper levels of the building.

DeKalb Hall and the Information Science Center were also designed by McKim, Mead, and White earlier in 1955. They originally served as men’s and women’s dormitories respectively until Pratt acquired Willoughby Hall.[21] After the acquisition of Willoughby, the buildings were remodeled to serve classroom and administrative needs. DeKalb Hall, located to the far west of the campus and south of the Library and Cannon Court, is home to administrative offices while the Information Science Center, located to the far west of the campus and north of the Library and Rose Garden, is home to the School of Library and Information Science.

The Juliana Curran Terian Design Center is made up of two separate wings, Steuben Hall to the east and Pratt Studios west, and holds all of Pratt’s design programs. Located at the southern edge of the campus between Pantas Hall and the Athletics and Recreation Center, this building is home to the Interior Design, Industrial Design, Communication Design, and Fashion Design departments. At the center of the building there is a small courtyard. Originally the center was two separate buildings that were acquired by Pratt in the 1962 and 1970 respectively.[9] The buildings were originally built around the turn-of-the-century and served as factories until Pratt acquired them. A new glass and metal entry pavilion, named in honor of architecture alumni and donor Juliana Curran Terian, was constructed in 2007[34] and was design to the two original, separate, brick buildings. The lead architect for the project was School of Architecture Dean Thomas Hanrahan.[34]

Myrtle Hall is Pratt’s newest building, having opened in 2010. The building, located one block north of campus, was designed by Pratt Institute School of Architecture alumnus Jack Esterson AIA of the New York City architecture and engineering firm WASA/Studio A, and has achieve LEED Gold Certification. The building houses student services (registrar, bursar, and financial aid), admissions, the Pratt Center for Community Development, and the Digital Art Center.

The Caroline Ladd Pratt House is owned by the school and is used as the college president’s mansion and for gala events.[35] It was completed in 1898 and designed by architects Babb, Cook, and Willard for Frederic B. Pratt, the Institute’s third president and son of Charles Pratt, and his family. It is located two blocks west of the school on Clinton Avenue, near the other Pratt family mansions.

Higgins Hall, located one block south of the main campus, houses the entire School of Architecture with the exception of Construction Management programs. The historic Romanesque Revival landmark building with a contemporary center wing houses the school’s administrative offices, computer labs, student classrooms and laboratories, a lecture hall, a small café, and the Hazel and Robert H. Siegel Gallery. The building was originally built for the prestigious Adelphi Academy, now Adelphi University in phases from 1868 through 1890 by Mundell and Teckritz and Charles C. Haight. Charles Pratt even partially funded construction of the building as part of his philanthropic efforts.[36] The building was given to Pratt Institute in 1965 by the wife of John Higgins, architect and alumni of Adelphi Academy and the School of Architecture was relocated here.[37] In 1996, the building experienced a major fire, destroying the center wing of the building and severely damaging the northern and southern wings.[38] In 2005 the school replaced the center wing with a new, sleek contemporary glass structure linking the historic brick northern and southern wings design by Steven Holl, acting as a stark contrast to the original wings.[39] As part of the rebuilding of Higgins Hall, Rogers Marvel Architects restored and renovated the original nineteenth century wings to their former glory.[40]

Historic sites[edit]

Pratt Institute Historic District
The Pratt Institute in Brooklyn, NY
Pratt Institute is located in New York City
LocationRoughly bounded by Hall St., Dekalb Ave., Willoughby St. and Emerson Pl., Brooklyn, New York
Coordinates40°41′28″N 73°57′50″W / 40.69111°N 73.96389°W / 40.69111; -73.96389Coordinates: 40°41′28″N 73°57′50″W / 40.69111°N 73.96389°W / 40.69111; -73.96389
Area9 acres (3.6 ha)
ArchitectMultiple
Architectural styleLate 19th And 20th Century Revivals, Renaissance, Romanesque
Governing bodyPrivate
NRHP Reference #

90001138

[41]
Added to NRHPMarch 23, 2005

A number of Pratt Institute’s buildings and landscapes are historically significant. The Pratt Institute Historic District is a national historic district that comprises 10 contributing buildings built between 1885 and 1936. Several buildings are recognized as being New York City Designated Landmarks. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2005[41] and was awarded the Getty Foundation Campus Heritage Grant.[42] Two buildings outside the historic district, Higgins Hall and the Caroline Ladd Pratt House are also listed on the historic register as being a part of the Clinton Hill Historic District. The buildings and structures listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places for their architectural or historical significance are:[9]

  • Engineering Quadrangle
  • Higgins Hall
  • Machinery Building
  • Main Building
  • Main Building Courtyard
  • Memorial Hall
  • Pratt Institute Library
  • Pratt Institute Library Rose Garden
  • South Hall
  • Student Union

Residence Halls[edit]

Pratt, a residential campus, offers seven different residence options for its students. All residence hall students are provided with a bed (twin extra-long), a desk, a chair and a dresser. Students residing in a dorm on campus are required to be on a mandatory meal plan (Stabile, Cannoneer, ELJ, and Pantas), while those off campus are able to sign up for an optional meal plan (Willoughby and Grand Avenue). Cannoneer Court, Leo J. Pantas Hall, and Vincent A. Stabile Hall are the primary freshman dorms. In total, 51 percent of undergraduate students reside on campus while 92 percent of incoming freshmen students reside on campus.[43] Pratt offers the following residence halls for students to choose from:

The historic Pratt Townhouses

Transportation[edit]

The Clinton-Washington Station of the G train serves Pratt's Brooklyn campus

Pratt does not provide any official sponsored transportation options for its students but there are several public transportation options located directly off Pratt's main campus. The school is well served by MTA New York City Bus' with the B38 bus route servicing the campus to the south with stations along DeKalb and Lafayette Avenues and the B54 bus route serving the area north of the campus along Myrtle Avenue. In addition, the New York City Subway's G train has a station located at the intersection of Washington and Lafayette Avenues. The Clinton-Washington station is located directly across the street from Higgins Hall. In addition, the C line has an entrance four blocks south of the Hall Gate enterance and three blocks south of Higgins Hall.

New York City's public bike-share program, Citi Bike, has stations which service the students of the college. The three stations that are closest to the college are located across the street from Higgins Hall at Lafayette Avenue and Saint James Place, to the direct north of the campus at Hall Street and Willoughby Avenue, and lastly at Emerson Place and Myrtle Avenue, adjacent to the Pratt Store.

Also, Pratt, in cooperation with New Bell Car Service, provides discount car service fares throughout the neighborhood immediately surrounding Pratt and the metropolitan area.[45]

Commuter rail is also a popular transportation option for students to get and from the school. The Long Island Railroad at Atlantic Terminal, is located a short walk from the campus. Pratt participates in New Jersey Transit’s University Partnership Program where students can receive a twenty-five percent discount on monthly passes based out of Penn Station in Manhattan.[46]

Pratt Manhattan[edit]

Pratt Manhattan

The Pratt Manhattan campus, located at 144 West 14th Street, between 6th and 7th Avenue, is home to Pratt's associate degrees programs in graphic design, illustration, and digital design and interactive media, an undergraduate program in construction management and several of Pratt's graduate programs including the School of Information and Library Science, Communication Design (MFA and MS), Historic Preservation, Facilities management, Design Management and Arts and Cultural Management. This seven story historic building was acquired by Pratt in 2000. The Institute restored the building's exterior to its original facade highlighting its decorative architectural and design elements and renovated the interior to feature its high ceilings and wood beams. A lovely staircase from the building's lobby leads to the Pratt Manhattan Gallery offering a rich array of shows from fine art and sculpture to fashion.

This new building houses the Graduate School for Information and Library Science, the Graduate Programs in Communications and Package Design, Design Management, Arts and cultural Management and the two-year Associates Degree Programs in Digital Design, Graphic Design and Illustration. The modern building has many resources like a library, computer lab and meeting spaces.

In 2010 Pratt acquired the entire 3rd floor of a building on W 18th Street to serve as a studio space for its new MFA program in Communications Design.

Pratt Manhattan history[edit]

In 1977, the first Manhattan campus opened in a nineteenth-century women's dress design school, a New York City Landmark building at Lexington Avenue and 31st Street. At this time, Manhattan had long been the epicenter of publishing design during the latter-twentieth century. This new commercial-art-dedicated satellite was modeled to apply intensely concentrated vocational training in graphic design, illustration, package design, and textile design. Its faculty was largely composed of Manhattan's working professionals, who themselves had achieved the level of skill necessary to meet the city's global-defining standards. Magazines, books, music albums, movie posters, print and television advertisements and packaging for all forms of retail products were the intended goals for its graduates, as well as Manhattan's omnipresent fashion industry. In addition, the below-ground space in the school was converted into a state of the art printmaking facility, teaching artist-created lithography, silk screening and engraving.

Academics[edit]

Schools and academic divisions[edit]

Pratt Institute is divided into 5 schools and more than 28 departments and divisions offering over 22 undergraduate majors and 25 graduate majors.

Hall Street pedestrian entrance

The schools include:

Former schools[edit]

Joint degree programs[edit]

Pratt Institute offers the following joint degree programs:[47]

Rankings and accreditation[edit]

RankYearProgramRanked bySource
12013Interior DesignU.S. News & World Report[48]
32013Interior Design - GraduateDesignIntelligence[49]
42013Interior Design - UndergraduateDesignIntelligence[49]
52013Industrial DesignU.S. News & World Report[50]
22013Industrial Design - GraduateDesignIntelligence[49]
32013Industrial Design - UndergraduateDesignIntelligence[49]
102013ArchitectureArchifund[51]
102013ArchitectureGA[51]
112013Architecture - UndergraduateDesignIntelligence[49]
62013City and Regional PlanningU.S. News & World Report[52]
32013Fashion DesignFashionista Magazine[53]
72013Fashion DesignHuffington Post[54]
122013Graphic DesignU.S. News & World Report[55]

In 2013, U.S. News & World Report ranked Pratt Institute as being one of the top 20 best colleges in the north.[56] In addition, University Business ranked Pratt as being the number 10 college in the United States.[57] Princeton Review has named Pratt as being one of the best colleges in the northeast,[5] making it among the top 25% of all four-year colleges and universities in the United States.[6] Many of Pratt’s programs have been ranked in the top-5 by U.S. News & World Report including the interior design and industrial design programs. The Bachelor of Architecture program has been ranked as being in the top fifteen programs in the United States consistently since 2000. Bloomberg BusinessWeek ranked the school as being one of the top 60 schools in the world to study design[58] while Business Insider said that the school is the 6th best school for design in the world, above Cooper Union and New York University.[59]

Kiplinger's Personal Finance also named Pratt as being one of the country’s best values in private colleges and universities.[60] It was included as one of the top values for academic quality and affordability out of more than 600 private institutions.[60] In addition, Architectural Digest named the campus as being one of the top ten most architecturally significant, along with institutions such as Harvard, Princeton, and University of Virginia.[27]

Pratt Institute is accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools and is authorized to award academic degrees by the State of New York, following guidelines established by the New York State Department of Education.[61]

The Bachelor of Architecture degree and the Master of Architecture degree at the School of Architecture are accredited by the National Architectural Accrediting Board.[62] The undergraduate Interior Design program is accredited by the Council for Interior Design Accreditation.[63]

Graduate programs in Library and Information Science, Art Therapy, and Art Education are all accredited by the Committee on Accreditation of the American Library Association, Education Approval Board of the American Art Therapy Association, and RATE respectively.[61] The School of Art and Design is one of only forty-three schools part of the Association of Independent Colleges of Art and Design.[64]

Demographics[edit]

Ethnic composition of student body[65]
Student BodyU.S. Census[66]
White (non-Hispanic)47.4%73.9%
African American4.3%12.4%
Asian American17%4.3%
Native American0.3%0.8%
Hispanic American (of any race)8.9%14.7%
Two or more races, non-Hispanic2.8%(N/A)
International students19.2%(N/A)

Pratt Institute students, numbering 3,054 undergraduates and 1,612 graduates in Fall 2012, come from more than 60 countries, and all 50 states.[67] The ratio of women to men is 2:1, and 32 percent are graduate and professional students. Minority populations constitute nearly half of the student body, with 4.3 percent African-Americans, 8.9 percent Hispanics, 0.3 percent Native American, and 17 percent Asian-Americans or Pacific Islanders.[65]

Tuition[edit]

For the 2013-2014 academic year, annual undergraduate tuition is $41,226.[68] For the 2013-2014 academic year, annual graduate tuition for School of Art and Design and School of Architecture students is $35,304 for 24 credits, $26,478 for 18 credits, and $17,652 for 12 credits and for students in the School of Library and Information Science is $28,638 for 24 credits, $21,276 for 18 credits, and $14,184 for 12 credits. For the 2012-2013 academic year, annual undergraduate tuition was $41,092. Over the past year, the annual undergraduate tuition has risen by $134, or 0.3 percent.[69]

Notable faculty[edit]

Phillip Johnson, Architect Huson Jackson, Architect Charles Warner, Architect Matthew Wysocki, Architect

Student life[edit]

Athletics[edit]

The Pratt Cannoneers, a founding member of the Hudson Valley Athletic Conference (NCAA Division III), has varsity teams competing in men's basketball, soccer, cross-country, indoor/outdoor track, and tennis; as well as women's soccer, tennis, cross-country, indoor/outdoor track, and volleyball.

The men's basketball team has a storied tradition, including the 4th longest collegiate basketball rivalry in the nation between Pratt and Polytechnic University (Brooklyn, NY), with Pratt holding the overall record 78-59. The Cannoneers also took home a national collegiate championship title in 1901, and made four NAIA ('59, '60, '61, and '62) and two ECAC ('77,'79) post-season appearances. Former players included Ed Mazria ('62), who was drafted by the New York Knicks, and Anthony Heyward ('94), who currently tours with the And1 streetball team as "Half Man Half Amazing". Bernard Chang was formerly captain of the Men's Varsity basketball team.

The women's cross-country team recently captured the 2006 HMWAC championship title and coach Dalton Evans won "Coach of the Year" honors. The men's cross-country team also has a championship title. The women's tennis team has won three HVWAC titles, including an appearance in the ECAC tournament.

In addition, there are intramural activities schedules throughout the year, ranging from individual (tennis and track & field) to team sports (soccer, basketball, volleyball, and touch football). Two premier student intramurals events include the fall classic Halloween Pratt Ratt Outdoor Obstacle Relay Race and the annual Mr. & Ms. Pratt All Thatt Fitness & Artistic Expression Pageant finale.

The Athletics Resource Center (A.R.C.) is home to the athletic department, and features the largest clear-span space in Brooklyn. It also hosts the annual Colgate Games, the nation's largest amateur track series for girls from elementary school through college.[70]

The school's mascot, the Cannoneer, derives from the 19th century cannon that stands prominently near the main gate to the campus. Cast in bronze in Seville, Spain, the cannon bears the insignia of Philip V and was brought to Pratt from the walls of Morro Castle in Havana, Cuba, in 1899.

Student media[edit]

Pratt has several student media groups including a Film Club.

The Prattler is Pratt's monthly student magazine.

Static Fish, a comic book publication established over 20 years ago.

Ubiquitous is Pratt's literary and arts magazine, published twice a year with reading event on campus per semester and also maintains a blog.[71]

Pratt's yearbook, Prattonia, is designed by selected Pratt students.

Pratt Radio, a student-run internet radio station broadcasts on the web. Originally broadcasting from a limited-range signal in the mid-1980s, the FCC stepped in and shut the operation down after students modified the broadcast tower, rendering Pratt Radio pirate radio.[citation needed] The station later re-emerged in 2001 as a legitimate internet-only station.

Fraternities and Sororities[edit]

Kappa Sigma is one of four Greek life organizations at Pratt

The Inter-Greek Council is responsible for all Greek life organizations at Pratt Institute. In total, Pratt offers two fraternities for male students and two sororities for female students. The organizations are as followed:

In popular culture[edit]

Alumni[edit]

Alumni Status is open to all graduates of Pratt Institute, all former students of the Pratt Institute who regularly matriculated and left the school in good standing.

Science, technology, and engineering[edit]

Architecture[edit]

Government, politics, and social issues[edit]

Attorney

Congressmen, government officials, and politicians

Religious leaders

Scholars

Librarians

Entertainment and communications[edit]

Musicians

Actors

Directors, filmmakers

Author, screenwriter

Communications

Art and Design[edit]

Industrial Design

Fashion Design

Illustration

Fine Arts

Sports[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pratt Institute | Best College | US News
  2. ^ Tabor, Mary B. W. (13 December 1991). "Pratt Decides to end school for engineers". NYT. Retrieved 15 February 2013. 
  3. ^ http://www.pratt.edu/admissions/request_information/facts_and_figures/. Retrieved 18 June 2013.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ Regional University North Rankings | Top Regional Universities North | US News Best Colleges
  5. ^ a b http://www.princetonreview.com/schools/college/CollegeBasics.aspx?iid=1024039.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ a b http://www.umb.edu/news_events_media/news/nebest
  7. ^ a b c d Video: Pratt Institute | Watch Treasures of New York Online | WLIW21 Video
  8. ^ Boston Evening Transcript - Google News Archive Search
  9. ^ a b c d e f 45073 Pratt MP Report-Part 1-Intro-Analysis-060912.indd
  10. ^ Building of the Day: 375 Pearl Street
  11. ^ Shorthand Educator: A Monthly Magazine - Norman P. Heffley - Google Books
  12. ^ Walkabout: Stenography and the Law in Brooklyn
  13. ^ The History of Pratt, Pratt Institute. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
  14. ^ a b c d ISSUU - Prattfolio Fall/Winter 2011 "Generations Issue" by Pratt Institute
  15. ^ Brooklyn Campus Library | About | Pratt Institute Libraries
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i ISSUU - Prattfolio "125th Anniversary Commemorative Issue" by Pratt Institute
  17. ^ "From an Educational Experiment, Pratt's Institute Has Grown in 25 Years Into a Splendid Institution With 4,31 0 Students". The New York Times. 2 June 1912. 
  18. ^ Pratt Institute | Celebrating 125 Years | Pratt Icons Gallery | Donald A. Hall
  19. ^ a b http://www.pratt.edu/uploads/undergrad_bulletin.pdf
  20. ^ Powell, Michael (6 May 2007). "A Tale Of Two Cities". The New York Times. p. 1. 
  21. ^ a b c d e f http://mysite.pratt.edu/~cg520/frames_c/campus/text.txt
  22. ^ The Pratt Center Story | Pratt Center
  23. ^ Lakeland Ledger - Google News Archive Search
  24. ^ Making history, but just wanting to play ball | The Portland Press Herald / Maine Sunday Telegram
  25. ^ "Pratt Decides To End School For Engineers - Page 2 - New York Times". The New York Times. 
  26. ^ a b Pratt Sculpture Park - Gridskipper
  27. ^ a b c Pratt Institute : The Ten College Campuses with the Best Architecture : Architectural Digest
  28. ^ [Flagpole] | Flickr – Condivisione di foto!
  29. ^ Slesin, Suzanne (2 June 1988). "Pratt, at Its Centennial, to Get a Mall". The New York Times. 
  30. ^ About Pratt | Visit Pratt | Tour the Campus | Sculpture Park
  31. ^ "Huge fire tears through Pratt Institute building". WABC TV. Retrieved 15 February 2013. 
  32. ^ https://www.asme.org/getmedia/745d7e61-1b79-40cc-847e-e2c0afaeebf6/25-Pratt-Institute-Power-Plant.aspx
  33. ^ [Pratt Institute High School] | Flickr – Condivisione di foto!
  34. ^ a b Pratt Institute
  35. ^ "Pratt Institute—Caroline Ladd Pratt House". NYC-ARTS. Retrieved 12 September 2012. 
  36. ^ http://www.nyc.gov/html/lpc/downloads/pdf/reports/CLINTON_HILL_HISTORIC_DISTRICT.pdf
  37. ^ [Higgins Hall] | Flickr – Condivisione di foto!
  38. ^ Sengupta, Somini (28 July 1996). "Pratt's Dream Is Thwarted By a Fire". The New York Times. 
  39. ^ Steven Holl Architects
  40. ^ Pratt Institute School of Architecture | Rogers Marvel Architects
  41. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  42. ^ Campus Heritage Grants 2005 (Getty Press Release)
  43. ^ Welcome to Admissions | Request Information | Facts and Figures
  44. ^ Bowling Green State University Brochure
  45. ^ Activities | Student Involvement
  46. ^ New Jersey Transit
  47. ^ "Our Academic Program: Joint-Degree Programs". Brooklyn Law School. Retrieved March 24, 2011. 
  48. ^ Best Interior Design Programs | Top Fine Arts Schools | US News Best Graduate Schools
  49. ^ a b c d e Big Shifts in Design School Rankings for 2013 - DesignIntelligence
  50. ^ Best Industrial Design Programs | Top Fine Arts Schools | US News Best Graduate Schools
  51. ^ a b World's Best Architecture Schools and Universities - Top 10 List
  52. ^ Academics | Architecture
  53. ^ The Top 20 Fashion Schools in the US: The Fashionista Ranking | Fashionista
  54. ^ Gregoire, Carolyn. "So, You Want To Work In Fashion? Top 8 Style-Savvy Colleges". Huffington Post. 
  55. ^ Best Industrial Design Programs | Top Fine Arts Schools | US News Best Graduate Schools
  56. ^ Regional University North Rankings | Top Regional Universities North | US News Best Colleges
  57. ^ What's the Buzz? Exclusive TrendTopper MediaBuzz Rankings | University Business Magazine
  58. ^ The Best Design Programs in the World - BusinessWeek
  59. ^ The World's 25 Best Design Schools - Business Insider
  60. ^ a b Kiplinger's Best Values in Private Colleges-Kiplinger
  61. ^ a b About Pratt | Mission and Governance | Message from the President | Pratt Accreditation
  62. ^ NAAB: Schools Database (Pratt Institute)
  63. ^ Accredited Programs | CIDA
  64. ^ Pratt Institute « AICAD : Association of Independent Colleges of Art and Design
  65. ^ a b Common Data Elements:
  66. ^ "B02001. RACE - Universe: TOTAL POPULATION". 2006 American Community Survey. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2002-02-09. 
  67. ^ Program in Architecture and Urban Design - Pratt Institute in Brooklyn, NY - Graduate Program Information at Petersons.com
  68. ^ http://www.pratt.edu/uploads/113-undergraduate_coa_2013-2014.pdf
  69. ^ Pratt Institute | Paying for School | Best College | US News
  70. ^ Colgate Games homepage
  71. ^ Pratt Institute Student Media Organizations
  72. ^ "'Fringe' Films on Rival Turf". Parade.com. 2010-04-13. Retrieved 2012-09-26. 

External links[edit]