Pratt, Kansas

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Pratt, Kansas
City
U.S. Post Office in 2009
U.S. Post Office in 2009
Nickname(s): Gateway to the High Plains
Location within Pratt County (top) and Kansas (bottom)
Location within Pratt County (top) and Kansas (bottom)
Coordinates: 37°39′1″N 98°44′17″W / 37.65028°N 98.73806°W / 37.65028; -98.73806Coordinates: 37°39′1″N 98°44′17″W / 37.65028°N 98.73806°W / 37.65028; -98.73806
CountryUnited States
StateKansas
CountyPratt
Government
 • TypeMayor/manager
 • MayorJeff Taylor
 • City managerE. David Howard
Area[1]
 • Total7.49 sq mi (19.40 km2)
 • Land7.37 sq mi (19.09 km2)
 • Water0.12 sq mi (0.31 km2)
Elevation1,886 ft (575 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total6,835
 • Estimate (2012[3])6,880
 • Density910/sq mi (350/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code67124
Area code(s)620
FIPS code20-57625 [4]
GNIS feature ID0473937 [5]
WebsiteCityOfPrattKS.com
 
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Pratt, Kansas
City
U.S. Post Office in 2009
U.S. Post Office in 2009
Nickname(s): Gateway to the High Plains
Location within Pratt County (top) and Kansas (bottom)
Location within Pratt County (top) and Kansas (bottom)
Coordinates: 37°39′1″N 98°44′17″W / 37.65028°N 98.73806°W / 37.65028; -98.73806Coordinates: 37°39′1″N 98°44′17″W / 37.65028°N 98.73806°W / 37.65028; -98.73806
CountryUnited States
StateKansas
CountyPratt
Government
 • TypeMayor/manager
 • MayorJeff Taylor
 • City managerE. David Howard
Area[1]
 • Total7.49 sq mi (19.40 km2)
 • Land7.37 sq mi (19.09 km2)
 • Water0.12 sq mi (0.31 km2)
Elevation1,886 ft (575 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total6,835
 • Estimate (2012[3])6,880
 • Density910/sq mi (350/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code67124
Area code(s)620
FIPS code20-57625 [4]
GNIS feature ID0473937 [5]
WebsiteCityOfPrattKS.com

Pratt is a city in and the county seat of Pratt County, Kansas, United States.[6] As of the 2010 census, the city population was 6,835.[7] Pratt is home to Pratt Community College.

History[edit]

Caleb S Pratt, 1854

19th century[edit]

Pratt was founded in 1884[8] and named after Caleb S. Pratt, a young Civil War officer from the Kansas Infantry, who was killed in the Battle of Wilson's Creek near Springfield, Missouri[9] The first post office in Pratt was established in June 1884.[10]

In 1887, the Chicago, Kansas and Nebraska Railway built a main line from Herington to Pratt.[11] In 1888, this line was extended to Liberal. Later, it was extended to Tucumcari, New Mexico and El Paso, Texas. It foreclosed in 1891 and was taken over by Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway, which shut down in 1980 and reorganized as Oklahoma, Kansas and Texas Railroad, which merged in 1988 with Missouri Pacific Railroad. In 1997, Missouri Pacific merged with Union Pacific. Most locals still refer to this railroad as the "Rock Island".

When the Parrish Hotel was built it was the tallest building in Kansas for a number of years.[citation needed]

20th century[edit]

The nearby Pratt Army Airfield Base served as the final staging area for B-29 outfitting in 1943-1945[9]

The Miss Kansas Parade and Pageant are held here.[12]

The state headquarters of Kansas Department of Wildlife and Parks was constructed southeast of the town.

Geography and climate[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.49 square miles (19.40 km2), of which 7.37 square miles (19.09 km2) is land and 0.12 square miles (0.31 km2) is water.[1]

Climate data for Pratt, Kansas (1981–2010)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °F (°C)44.4
(6.9)
49.8
(9.9)
59.3
(15.2)
69.5
(20.8)
77.6
(25.3)
87.1
(30.6)
92.7
(33.7)
91.6
(33.1)
83.1
(28.4)
70.8
(21.6)
57.0
(13.9)
45.3
(7.4)
69.0
(20.6)
Average low °F (°C)20.3
(−6.5)
24.2
(−4.3)
32.3
(0.2)
41.8
(5.4)
52.1
(11.2)
61.8
(16.6)
66.3
(19.1)
65.3
(18.5)
56.1
(13.4)
44.2
(6.8)
31.6
(−0.2)
22.2
(−5.4)
43.2
(6.2)
Precipitation inches (mm)0.64
(16.3)
0.90
(22.9)
2.30
(58.4)
2.47
(62.7)
3.69
(93.7)
4.23
(107.4)
3.14
(79.8)
3.33
(84.6)
2.39
(60.7)
2.26
(57.4)
1.15
(29.2)
0.93
(23.6)
27.43
(696.7)
Snowfall inches (cm)4.0
(10.2)
2.6
(6.6)
4.7
(11.9)
0.5
(1.3)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.8
(2)
3.2
(8.1)
15.8
(40.1)
Source: NOAA[13]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
18901,418
19001,213−14.5%
19103,302172.2%
19205,18357.0%
19306,32222.0%
19406,5914.3%
19507,52314.1%
19608,1568.4%
19706,736−17.4%
19806,8852.2%
19906,687−2.9%
20006,570−1.7%
20106,8354.0%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 6,835 people, 2,837 households, and 1,713 families residing in the city. The population density was 927.4 inhabitants per square mile (358.1/km2). There were 3,201 housing units at an average density of 434.3 per square mile (167.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.3% White, 1.5% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 2.3% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.2% of the population.

There were 2,837 households of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.4% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.6% were non-families. 34.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.93.

The median age in the city was 39 years. 22.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 12% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21% were from 25 to 44; 25.2% were from 45 to 64; and 19.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.8% male and 51.2% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 6,570 people, 2,839 households, and 1,780 families residing in the city. The population density was 886.0 people per square mile (341.9/km²). There were 3,312 housing units at an average density of 446.6 per square mile (172.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.87% White, 1.00% African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.95% from other races, and 1.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.46% of the population.

There were 2,839 households out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.3% were non-families. 34.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 24.3% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 20.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,646, and the median income for a family was $42,412. Males had a median income of $31,186 versus $20,640 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,486. About 7.1% of families and 10.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.8% of those under age 18 and 10.2% of those age 65 or over.

Media[edit]

Pratt County Courthouse, 2009
Pratt Presbyterian Church, 2009

Radio stations[edit]

Newspaper[edit]

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

Pratt is served by Unified School District 382[14] and Unified School District 438[15]

Private schools[edit]

Higher education[edit]

Media references[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

City
Schools
Historical
Maps