Pratt, Kansas

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Pratt, Kansas
—  City  —
U.S. Post Office, 2009
Nickname(s): Gateway to the High Plains
Location of Pratt, Kansas
Coordinates: 37°39′1″N 98°44′17″W / 37.65028°N 98.73806°W / 37.65028; -98.73806Coordinates: 37°39′1″N 98°44′17″W / 37.65028°N 98.73806°W / 37.65028; -98.73806
CountryUnited States
StateKansas
CountyPratt
Government
 • TypeMayor/Manager
 • MayorJeff Taylor
 • City MangaerE. David Howard
Area[1]
 • Total7.49 sq mi (19.40 km2)
 • Land7.37 sq mi (19.09 km2)
 • Water0.12 sq mi (0.31 km2)
Elevation1,886 ft (575 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total6,835
 • Estimate (2011[3])6,850
 • Density927.4/sq mi (358.1/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code67124
Area code(s)620
FIPS code20-57625[4]
GNIS feature ID0473937[5]
WebsiteCityOfPrattKS.com
 
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Pratt, Kansas
—  City  —
U.S. Post Office, 2009
Nickname(s): Gateway to the High Plains
Location of Pratt, Kansas
Coordinates: 37°39′1″N 98°44′17″W / 37.65028°N 98.73806°W / 37.65028; -98.73806Coordinates: 37°39′1″N 98°44′17″W / 37.65028°N 98.73806°W / 37.65028; -98.73806
CountryUnited States
StateKansas
CountyPratt
Government
 • TypeMayor/Manager
 • MayorJeff Taylor
 • City MangaerE. David Howard
Area[1]
 • Total7.49 sq mi (19.40 km2)
 • Land7.37 sq mi (19.09 km2)
 • Water0.12 sq mi (0.31 km2)
Elevation1,886 ft (575 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total6,835
 • Estimate (2011[3])6,850
 • Density927.4/sq mi (358.1/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code67124
Area code(s)620
FIPS code20-57625[4]
GNIS feature ID0473937[5]
WebsiteCityOfPrattKS.com

Pratt is a city in and the county seat of Pratt County in the U.S. state of Kansas.[6] As of the 2010 census, the city population was 6,835.[7] Pratt is home to Pratt Community College.

Contents

History

Caleb S Pratt, 1854

19th century

Pratt was founded in 1884[8] and named after Caleb S. Pratt, a young Civil War officer from the Kansas Infantry, who was killed in the Battle of Wilson's Creek near Springfield, Missouri[9]

In 1887, the Chicago, Kansas and Nebraska Railway built a main line from Herington to Pratt.[10] In 1888, this line was extended to Liberal. Later, it was extended to Tucumcari, New Mexico and El Paso, Texas. It foreclosed in 1891 and taken over by Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway, which shut down in 1980 and reorganized as Oklahoma, Kansas and Texas Railroad, merged in 1988 with Missouri Pacific Railroad, merged in 1997 with Union Pacific Railroad. Most locals still refer to this railroad as the "Rock Island".

When the Parrish Hotel was built it was the tallest building in Kansas for a number of years.[citation needed]

20th century

The nearby Pratt Army Airfield Base served as the final staging area for B-29 outfitting in 1943-1945[9]

The Miss Kansas Parade and Pageant are held here.[11]

The state headquarters of Kansas Department of Wildlife and Parks was constructed southeast of the town.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.49 square miles (19.40 km2), of which, 7.37 square miles (19.09 km2) is land and 0.12 square miles (0.31 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics

Historical populations
CensusPop.
18901,418
19001,213−14.5%
19103,302172.2%
19205,18357.0%
19306,32222.0%
19406,5914.3%
19507,52314.1%
19608,1568.4%
19706,736−17.4%
19806,8852.2%
19906,687−2.9%
20006,570−1.7%
20106,8354.0%
U.S. Decennial Census


2010 census

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 6,835 people, 2,837 households, and 1,713 families residing in the city. The population density was 927.4 inhabitants per square mile (358.1 /km2). There were 3,201 housing units at an average density of 434.3 per square mile (167.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.3% White, 1.5% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 2.3% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.2% of the population.

There were 2,837 households out of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.4% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.6% were non-families. 34.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.93.

The median age in the city was 39 years. 22.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 12% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21% were from 25 to 44; 25.2% were from 45 to 64; and 19.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.8% male and 51.2% female.

2000 census

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 6,570 people, 2,839 households, and 1,780 families residing in the city. The population density was 886.0 people per square mile (341.9/km²). There were 3,312 housing units at an average density of 446.6 per square mile (172.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.87% White, 1.00% African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.95% from other races, and 1.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.46% of the population.

There were 2,839 households out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.3% were non-families. 34.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 24.3% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 20.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,646, and the median income for a family was $42,412. Males had a median income of $31,186 versus $20,640 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,486. About 7.1% of families and 10.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.8% of those under age 18 and 10.2% of those age 65 or over.

Media

Pratt County Courthouse, 2009
Pratt Presbyterian Church, 2009

Radio stations

Newspaper

Education

Public Schools

Pratt is served by Unified School District 382[12] and Unified School District 438[13]

Private Schools

Higher Education

Notable people

Media references

References

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/files/Gaz_places_national.txt. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/popest/data/cities/totals/2011/files/SUB-EST2011-IP.csv. Retrieved 2013-01-03.
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  7. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_PL_GCTPL2.ST13&prodType=table. Retrieved March 27, 2011.
  8. ^ City of Pratt, Kansas Web Site, 2008, http://www.cityofprattks.com/info.php, retrieved September 11, 2009
  9. ^ a b Pratt Chamber of Congress, retrieved August 24, 2009
  10. ^ Rock Island Rail History
  11. ^ Miss Kansas Pageant
  12. ^ Unified School District 382
  13. ^ Unified School District 438
  14. ^ Pratt High School
  15. ^ Liberty Middle School
  16. ^ Elementary School
  17. ^ Haskins Elementary School

Further reading

External links

City
Schools
Historical
Maps