Prado Dam

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Prado Dam

Prado Dam above the Chino Valley Freeway (SR 71)/Riverside Freeway (SR 91) interchange
LocationRiverside County, California
Coordinates33°53′25″N 117°38′27″W / 33.8902°N 117.6408°W / 33.8902; -117.6408Coordinates: 33°53′25″N 117°38′27″W / 33.8902°N 117.6408°W / 33.8902; -117.6408
Opening dateApril 1941
Owner(s)U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Dam and spillways
Type of damEarth-fill dam
Height162 ft (49 m)
Length2,280 ft (690 m)
Crest width30 ft (9.1 m)
Volume3,389,000 cu yd (2,591,000 m3)
ImpoundsSanta Ana River
Reservoir
CreatesPrado Flood Control Basin
Capacity314,400 acre·ft (387,800 dam³)
Catchment area2,230 sq mi (5,800 km2)
Surface area6,600 acres (2,700 ha)
U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Prado Dam
 
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Prado Dam

Prado Dam above the Chino Valley Freeway (SR 71)/Riverside Freeway (SR 91) interchange
LocationRiverside County, California
Coordinates33°53′25″N 117°38′27″W / 33.8902°N 117.6408°W / 33.8902; -117.6408Coordinates: 33°53′25″N 117°38′27″W / 33.8902°N 117.6408°W / 33.8902; -117.6408
Opening dateApril 1941
Owner(s)U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Dam and spillways
Type of damEarth-fill dam
Height162 ft (49 m)
Length2,280 ft (690 m)
Crest width30 ft (9.1 m)
Volume3,389,000 cu yd (2,591,000 m3)
ImpoundsSanta Ana River
Reservoir
CreatesPrado Flood Control Basin
Capacity314,400 acre·ft (387,800 dam³)
Catchment area2,230 sq mi (5,800 km2)
Surface area6,600 acres (2,700 ha)
U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Prado Dam

Prado Dam is an earth-fill dam across the Santa Ana River at the Chino Hills near Corona, California in Riverside County with the resulting impounded water creating Prado Flood Control Basin reservoir. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers built the dam in Lower Santa Ana River Canyon. Its primary purpose is flood control and it is the downstream element of the Santa Ana River's flood control system, which is a natural constriction about 30.5 mi (49.1 km) upstream from the ocean. The area upstream from the dam contains 2,255 sq mi (5,840 km2) of the watershed's 2,650 sq mi (6,900 km2). The dam's construction was authorized in 1936 and the flood of 1938 demonstrated its necessity. Construction was completed in 1941. Prado Flood Control Basin also provides water storage for groundwater recharge operations.

Contents

Failure threat

On January 14, 2005, after days of heavy rain, water began seeping through an earthen extension. Authorities released water in order to relieve pressure and sent a flood warning to areas downriver of the dam. Over 3,000 residents were evacuated from their homes for nearly twenty-four hours for fear of flooding. The gymnasium at Corona High School was converted by the American Red Cross into a temporary shelter.

Upgrades

As of 2005 work to increase the downstream channel's capacity from 5,000 to 30,000 cu ft (140 to 850 m3) per second is ongoing. The total costs of the improvements is estimated at $400 million.

References

External links