Pontotoc County, Oklahoma

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Pontotoc County, Oklahoma
PontCoCH.jpg
Pontotoc Courthouse in Ada
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Pontotoc County
Location in the state of Oklahoma
Map of the United States highlighting Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location in the U.S.
Founded1907
SeatAda
Largest cityAda
Area
 • Total725 sq mi (1,878 km2)
 • Land720 sq mi (1,865 km2)
 • Water5 sq mi (13 km2)
Population (Est.)
 • (2012)37,958
 • Density52/sq mi (20/km²)
Congressional district4th
 
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Pontotoc County, Oklahoma
PontCoCH.jpg
Pontotoc Courthouse in Ada
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Pontotoc County
Location in the state of Oklahoma
Map of the United States highlighting Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location in the U.S.
Founded1907
SeatAda
Largest cityAda
Area
 • Total725 sq mi (1,878 km2)
 • Land720 sq mi (1,865 km2)
 • Water5 sq mi (13 km2)
Population (Est.)
 • (2012)37,958
 • Density52/sq mi (20/km²)
Congressional district4th

Pontotoc County is in the south central part of Oklahoma. It was created at statehood from part of the Chickasaw Nation in Indian Territory. As of the 2010 census, the population was 37,492.[1] Its county seat is Ada.[2] It was named for a historic Chickasaw tribal area in Mississippi, where there is also a county named Pontotoc. According to the Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Pontotoc is usually translated "cattail prairie" or "land of hanging grapes." [3] The county was formed at statehood in 1907 from a part of the Chickasaw Nation. The Chickasaw Nation's headquarters are in Ada.

History[edit]

The present Pontotoc County was part of the land that the U. S. government granted in 1830 to the Choctaw tribe via the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek. In 1837, the Chickasaw tribe was granted land within the Choctaw domain. In 1857, the Chickasaw Nation formed its own government on this land. However, few Chickasaw settled there until after the Civil War, mainly because of attacks by various Plains Indian tribes.[3]

The first settlers located in the vicinity of Boggy Depot during the 1840s. Camp Arbuckle was established to protect migrants traveling on the California Road. After the Civil War, settlements began spreading through the area. Some of the new settlers were illegal white intruders and outlaws. The first post office was established at Stonewall in 1878. The town of Ada was founded in 1890. After three railroads built linesthrough Ada, it became the dominant community of the area. Ada was named county seat when Pontotoc County was created.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,879 km² (725 mi²), of which 1,864 km² (720 mi²) is land and 15 km² (6 mi²) (0.80%) is water.[4] The Canadian River forms the northern boundary.[3]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Economy[edit]

Cattle ranching was one of the most important economic activities in this area up through the territorial period. Agriculture rose to prominence in the early 20th Century, with cotton being the most important crop. Cattle raising reemerged as the major industry, and the county is sometimes called "Hereford Heaven." [3]

Other important economic activities include limestone quarrying, cement production, light manufacturing, services and government. The city of Ada is the headquarters of the Chickasaw Nation, and the base of the Carl Albert Indian Health System.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
191024,331
192030,94927.2%
193032,4694.9%
194039,79222.6%
195030,875−22.4%
196028,089−9.0%
197027,867−0.8%
198032,59817.0%
199034,1194.7%
200035,1433.0%
201037,4926.7%
Est. 201237,9581.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[1]
Age pyramid for Pontotoc County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data.

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 37,492 people residing in the county. 71.2% were White, 17.4% Native American, 2.4% Black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 1.1% of some other race and 7.2% of two or more races. 4.1% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 35,143 people, 13,978 households, and 9,421 families residing in the county. The population density was 19/km² (49/mi²). There were 15,575 housing units at an average density of 8/km² (22/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 75.80% White, 2.06% Black or African American, 15.51% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.79% from other races, and 5.36% from two or more races. 2.30% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 13,978 households out of which 30.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.90% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.60% were non-families. 28.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.70% under the age of 18, 12.50% from 18 to 24, 26.00% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,955, and the median income for a family was $35,400. Males had a median income of $26,785 versus $18,939 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,664. About 11.80% of families and 16.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.10% of those under age 18 and 11.70% of those age 65 or over.

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2012[7]
PartyNumber of VotersPercentage
 Democratic12,55662.63%
 Republican5,44927.18%
 Unaffiliated2,04410.19%
Total20,049100%

Politics[edit]

Presidential election results[8]
YearRepublicanDemocrat
200868.36% 9,75031.64% 4,512
200465.13% 9,64734.87% 5,165
200056.86% 7,29941.97% 5,387

Communities[edit]

NRHP sites[edit]

The following sites in Pontotoc County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 12, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Turner, Alvin O. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Pontotoc County." Retrieved September 29, 2013.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 12, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ http://www.ok.gov/elections/documents/reg_0112.pdf
  8. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2011-06-11. 

Coordinates: 34°43′N 96°41′W / 34.72°N 96.69°W / 34.72; -96.69