Pompadour (hairstyle)

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Pompadour (PSF).png
The pompadour was an essential part of the "Gibson Girl" look.

Pompadour refers to a hairstyle which is named for Madame de Pompadour (1721-1764), mistress of King Louis XV. Although there are numerous variations of the style for both women and men, the basic concept is hair swept upwards from the face and worn high over the forehead, and sometimes upswept around the sides and back as well.

After its initial popularity among fashionable women in the 18th century, the style was revived as part of the Gibson Girl look in the 1890s and continued to be in vogue until World War I. The style was in vogue for women once again in the 1940s. The men's version, as worn by early rock and roll stars such as Elvis Presley, was popular in the late 1950s. Variations of the pompadour style continue to be worn by men and women in the 21st century.

Women's styles[edit]

Lady Astor wearing a pompadour style in a famous portrait by John Singer Sargent, 1909.
Bette Davis wearing an updated pompadour in the film Now, Voyager, 1942.
Actress and World War II pin-up girl Betty Grable wearing another variant of the pompadour style, 1943.

Among women, the hairstyle has become marginally popular again in the first few years of the 21st century. It can be created by ratting at the roots of the hair on the sides of the pompadour towards the top of the head. Then the hair is combed up and over the ratted hair, off the forehead, the front up in a curl straight back, and the sides pulled back towards the center.

In Japan, the Punch perm combines elements of the afro hairstyle and the traditional pompadour. This hairstyle is stereotypically worn by less reputable members of society, including the yakuza, bōsōzoku and chinpira (street thugs).

In the Psychobilly subculture, the pompadour is slightly modified to form the Quiff. The Quiff is a hairstyle worn by Psychobilly fans and musicians (Kim Nekroman frontman of Nekromantix for example). A quiff is a sort of mix between a mohawk hairstyle and the pompadour, where the hair along the side of the head is shaved and the middle isn't spiked but slicked back and stood up like a pompadour.

Men's styles[edit]

Elvis Presley with a pompadour haircut in the mid-1950s.

In recent years the pompadour hair style has been adopted by those enamoured with vintage culture of the late 1950s and early 1960s that includes antique cars, hot rods, American folk music, rockabilly bands, Little Richard, and Elvis Presley, as well as actors such as James Dean and Desi Arnaz.[citation needed]

There are Latin variants of the hair style more associated with European and Argentine tango fashion trends and occasionally with late 20th century musical genres such as rockabilly and country.[citation needed]

This style has become popular among Italian Americans and the "goombah" or "Guido" subculture.[citation needed] The style is often parodied in shows like The Sopranos, which portray stereotyped characters - especially Silvio Dante.

In modern Japanese popular culture, the pompadour is a stereotypical hairstyle often worn by gang members, thugs, members of the yakuza and its junior counterpart bōsōzoku, and other similar groups such as the yankii (high-school hoodlums).[citation needed] In Japan the style is known as the "Regent" hairstyle, and is often caricatured in various forms of entertainment media such as anime, manga, television, and music videos.[citation needed]

Ronald Reagan, the 40th President of the United States, sported a pompadour.[1]

Today, the pompadour hairstyle is worn on celebrities which include Justin Bieber, Bruno Mars, Macklemore, David Beckham, Zac Efron, Zayn Malik of One Direction, Alex Turner of Arctic Monkeys and Justin Timberlake.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sidey, Hugh. "The Presidency: What the Barber Knew". Time Magazine. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 

External links[edit]

General

Definition

Rockabilly connection

Setzer connection

Examples of non-rockabilly male musicians with pompadours

Tango and Latin connection