Polyarny, Murmansk Oblast

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Polyarny (English)
Полярный (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Palyarny2.JPG
View of Polyarny
Map of Russia - Murmansk Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Murmansk Oblast in Russia
Polyarny is located in Murmansk Oblast
Polyarny
Polyarny
Location of Polyarny in Murmansk Oblast
Coordinates: 69°12′N 33°28′E / 69.200°N 33.467°E / 69.200; 33.467Coordinates: 69°12′N 33°28′E / 69.200°N 33.467°E / 69.200; 33.467
Coat of Arms of Polyarny (Murmansk oblast).png
Flag of Polyarny (Murmansk oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of December 2013)
CountryRussia
Federal subjectMurmansk Oblast[1]
Administratively subordinated toclosed administrative-territorial formation of Alexandrovsk[1]
Administrative center ofclosed administrative-territorial formation of Alexandrovsk[1]
Municipal status (as of June 2013)
Urban okrugAlexandrovsk Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center ofAlexandrovsk Urban Okrug[2]
Mayor[citation needed]Vladimir Cherepov[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census)17,293 inhabitants[3]
Time zoneMSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
Founded1896[citation needed]
Previous namesAlexandrovsk (until March 15, 1926),[citation needed]
Alexandrovskoye (until March 11, 1931),[5]
Polyarnoye (until September 19, 1939)[6][7]
Postal code(s)[8]184650, 184651, 184653
Dialing code(s)+7 81551[citation needed]
Polyarny on WikiCommons
 
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For other places with the same name, see Polyarny (inhabited locality).
Polyarny (English)
Полярный (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Palyarny2.JPG
View of Polyarny
Map of Russia - Murmansk Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Murmansk Oblast in Russia
Polyarny is located in Murmansk Oblast
Polyarny
Polyarny
Location of Polyarny in Murmansk Oblast
Coordinates: 69°12′N 33°28′E / 69.200°N 33.467°E / 69.200; 33.467Coordinates: 69°12′N 33°28′E / 69.200°N 33.467°E / 69.200; 33.467
Coat of Arms of Polyarny (Murmansk oblast).png
Flag of Polyarny (Murmansk oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of December 2013)
CountryRussia
Federal subjectMurmansk Oblast[1]
Administratively subordinated toclosed administrative-territorial formation of Alexandrovsk[1]
Administrative center ofclosed administrative-territorial formation of Alexandrovsk[1]
Municipal status (as of June 2013)
Urban okrugAlexandrovsk Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center ofAlexandrovsk Urban Okrug[2]
Mayor[citation needed]Vladimir Cherepov[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census)17,293 inhabitants[3]
Time zoneMSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
Founded1896[citation needed]
Previous namesAlexandrovsk (until March 15, 1926),[citation needed]
Alexandrovskoye (until March 11, 1931),[5]
Polyarnoye (until September 19, 1939)[6][7]
Postal code(s)[8]184650, 184651, 184653
Dialing code(s)+7 81551[citation needed]
Polyarny on WikiCommons

Polyarny (Russian: Поля́рный) is a town and the administrative center of the closed administrative-territorial formation of Alexandrovsk in Murmansk Oblast, Russia, situated on the outermost western side of the Kola Bay. Population: 17,293 (2010 Census);[3] 18,552 (2002 Census);[9] 27,635 (1989 Census).[10]

History[edit]

It was founded in 1896 and named Alexandrovsk (Алекса́ндровск) in honor of Tsar Alexander III.[11] Town status was granted to it on June 20 [O.S. June 7], 1899.[12] At the same time, Alexandrovsk became an uyezd town, for which reason Kolsky Uyezd was renamed Alexandrovsky.[12]

On May 3, 1920, the Alexandrovskaya Volost Executive Committee divided the territory of the volost into six selsoviets, including Alexandrovsky Selsoviet with the administrative center in Alexandrovsk.[13] However, the Murmansky Uyezd Executive Committee's did not approve the creation of all six selsoviets, with Alexandrovsky Selsoviet being one which did not get an approval.[13]

On October 16, 1925—when the Murmansk Governorate Commission meeting initiated work on compiling the lists of the urban and rural localities—Murmansk, Alexandrovsk, and Kola were categorized as urban; however, a recommendation was sent to the All-Russian Central Executive Committee (VTsIK) to demote the latter two to rural localities due to economic conditions, sparse population, low trade volume, lack of industrial enterprises, and "general regression".[14] On January 9, 1926, the assembly of the town residents created Alexandrovsky Selsoviet[13] and on March 15, 1926, when the VTsIK approved the recommendation to demote the towns, Alexandrovsk and Kola were re-categorized as rural localities.[14] At the same time the name was unofficially changed to Alexandrovskoye (Александровское).[citation needed]

On January 12, 1931, the Third Congress of the Soviets of Alexandrovsky District issued a resolution, renaming the district "Polyarny"; at the same time the village of Alexandrovskoye was renamed Polyarnoye (Поля́рное).[5] On March 5, 1931 the new name of the district was approved by the administrative commission of the Leningrad Oblast Executive Committee, and on March 11, 1931—by its Presidium.[5] While the Presidium of the VTsIK never officially gave a final approval for this renaming, de facto the name has changed.[5]

In 1934, the Murmansk Okrug Executive Committee unsuccessfully petitioned to grant town status to Polyarnoye and to rename it Krasnoflotsk.[15] Town status, however, was not granted to Polyarnoye until September 19, 1939, when it was at the same time renamed Polyarny.[6][7]

By the June 14, 1956 Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR, Polyarny was demoted in status to that of a town under district jurisdiction and subordinated to Polyarny District.[16] By the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR of July 9, 1960, Polyarny District was abolished and the town of Polyarny was administratively subordinated to Severomorsk.[17] Finally, by the June 17, 1983 Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR Decree, the town was elevated in status to that of a town under oblast jurisdiction, and by the August 10, 1983 Decision of the Murmansk Oblast Executive Committee, several inhabited localities previously subordinated to Severomorsk were transferred to it.[18]

Old coat of arms of Polyarny

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Polyarny serves as the administrative center of the closed administrative-territorial formation of Alexandrovsk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts—to which it is directly subordinated.[1] Within the framework of municipal divisions, the town of Polyarny is a part of Alexandrovsk Urban Okrug.[2]

Military[edit]

Russian Shipyard Number 10 (Shkval) is located in Polyarny, and in the West is more often referred to by the name of the town than by its official name. As the first nuclear-powered submarines were delivered to the Northern Fleet at the end of the 1950s, the yard was modified for docking and repair of these vessels. As Soviet (and now Russian) naval nuclear vessels are decommissioned, they are laid up at Polyarny to await defuelling and disposal.

Watercolor of HMS Ulysses at "Polyarno" (Polyarny), May 1944, by Arnold Barlow (crewmember). Part of the 1944 "Arctic Convoys" supplying Russia in World War II

Honors[edit]

In a presidential decree dated May 5, 2008, the town of Polyarny was awarded the title of the City of Military Glory.

In popular culture[edit]

In the Tom Clancy novel The Hunt for Red October, the experimental Typhoon-class nuclear submarine Red October departs on its fateful voyage from Polyarny.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #96-01-ZMO
  2. ^ a b c Law #530-01-ZMO
  3. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ a b c d Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, p. 41
  6. ^ a b Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, p. 53
  7. ^ a b Official website of Polyarny. History of Polyarny, p. 9 (Russian)
  8. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  9. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  10. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  11. ^ Official website of Polyarny. History of Polyarny, p. 5 (Russian)
  12. ^ a b Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, p. 24
  13. ^ a b c Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, pp. 66-67
  14. ^ a b Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, pp. 31–32
  15. ^ Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, p. 47
  16. ^ Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, p. 55
  17. ^ Decree #741/18
  18. ^ Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, pp. 57–58

Sources[edit]