Polityka

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Polityka
(Politics)
Polityka.jpg

Polityka1.jpg
Anna Maria Jopek and Dorota Masłowska on Polityka cover
Typeweekly newsmagazine
Owner(s)Spoldzielnia Pracy Polityka
EditorJerzy Baczyński
Founded1957
Political alignmentsocial liberal
HeadquartersWarsaw
Official websitepolityka.pl
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Not to be confused with Politika.
Polityka
(Politics)
Polityka.jpg

Polityka1.jpg
Anna Maria Jopek and Dorota Masłowska on Polityka cover
Typeweekly newsmagazine
Owner(s)Spoldzielnia Pracy Polityka
EditorJerzy Baczyński
Founded1957
Political alignmentsocial liberal
HeadquartersWarsaw
Official websitepolityka.pl

Polityka (Polish pronunciation: [pɔˈlitɨka], Politics) is a centre-left weekly newsmagazine in Poland. With a circulation of 200,050 (as of April 2011), it is the country's biggest selling weekly,[1] ahead of Newsweek's Polish edition and Wprost. Today, the magazine has a slightly intellectual, socially liberal profile, setting it apart from the more conservative Wprost and the glossier approach of Newsweek Poland. Prominent editors and permanent contributors have included Adam Krzemiński, Janina Paradowska, Daniel Passent, Ludwik Stomma, Adam Szostkiewicz, Jacek Żakowski, Ryszard Kapuściński, Jerzy Urban, and Krzysztof Zanussi.

History[edit]

Established in 1957,[2] after Stalinism had subsided in Poland, the magazine slowly developed a reputation for moderately critical journalism, promoting economical way of thinking, although always remaining within the communist-imposed boundaries that still constrained the press. Notably, Polityka was launched to replace the more radical Po prostu (1947–1957). The magazine achieved renown in 1961 when it printed five parts of Adolf Eichmann's memoires that had been stolen and given to it by anti-Nazis (the only other magazine that acquired fragments of these memoires was Life).[3] It earned the ire of the Soviet Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1983 after expressing a favourable view of political pluralism.[4]

Mieczysław Rakowski was a long-time editor of the publication. It was he who would become the final First Secretary of the Polish Communist Party, the last communist prime minister of Poland, and who would eventually oversee the winding down of communist rule in Poland in 1989. Polityka supported the Round Table talks, which concluded with an agreement to hold the free elections that would result in a peaceful end to communist rule in Poland.

After the fall of communism in 1989, Polityka continued to play an influential role as part of Poland's newly free press. In 1990, the Polityka team left the state-owned publisher RSW Prasa-Książka-Ruch with rights to the title, and established an independent cooperative called "Polityka" - Spółdzielnia Pracy. Such a publishing cooperative is unique in the Polish press. Since 1994, the editor of Polityka has been Jerzy Baczyński. In 1995, the format was switched from a broadsheet to a standard colour magazine, which has more than 100 pages per issue.

Awards[edit]

Since 1959, Polityka has awarded its History Award (for history book of the year), and, since 1993, an annual award for the arts, the Paszport Polityki. Since the late 1990s, it has also funded scholarships for young scientists.

Editorial stance[edit]

Polityka has sometimes been accused of showing a neo-communist bias in their articles, as many of their leading editors served the communist regime. These loyalties were claimed to persist after 1989: Janina Paradowska, for example, was accused of sitting on information it had received from Adam Michnik about corruption involving Lew Rywin, which eventually led to the so-called Rywin affair; Paradowska and the editorial team decided not to publicise the matter until Michnik himself had done so.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sources » Polityka". presseurop.eu. 14 April 2011. Retrieved 22 October 2013. 
  2. ^ "Press and Publishers". Republic of Poland. Retrieved 10 December 2013. 
  3. ^ Daniel Passent: Zbrodniarz na łamach, Polityka nr 10/2007 (2595)
  4. ^ Wiesław Władyka: Historia Polityki dla dorosłych, Polityka nr 9/2007 (2594)
  5. ^ Rafał A. Ziemkiewicz, Michnikowszczyzna. Zapis choroby (Red Horse, 2006). ISBN 83-60504-16-4.

External links[edit]