Politics of Oregon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Jump to: navigation, search

Like many other U.S. states, the politics of Oregon is centered mostly around regional concerns.[citation needed] Oregon leans Democratic as a state, with both U.S Senators from the Democratic party, as well as four out of Oregon's five U.S. Representatives.[1] The state has voted Democrat, by relatively small margins, since 1988 in Presidential elections but also is showing a Libertarian streak in recent years.[2]

The state is broken up into two main geographically separate political areas: the Portland metropolitan area and Eugene, liberal centers of the state, and the rest of the state, whose voters are moving from conservative to libertarian vs democrat. While roughly three fifths (~57%) of the population of Oregon (Total population 3.8 Million plus) lives in the Portland area,[3] the state has a rural population with generally conservative views on gay marriage and state taxes. On most other issues however, the state leans considerably left, including public health care, medical marijuana, euthanasia[4] and environmental protections.



For the first half of the 20th century, Oregon was the most consistently Republican west coast state.[5] In 1954, the upset of incumbent Republican Senator Guy Cordon by Democrat Richard L. Neuberger, along with Democratic wins in the U.S. House and statewide races and pickups of 14 and two seats in the state House and Senate, respectively, signaled a strong shift towards the Democratic Party.[5]

Key issues

Key issues in Oregon include:[citation needed]

Population's political ideology

Presidential elections results[6]
200840.40% 738,47556.75% 1,037,291
200447.19% 866,83151.35% 943,163
200046.46% 713,57747.01% 720,342
199639.06% 538,15247.15% 649,641
199232.53% 475,75742.48% 621,314
198846.61% 560,12651.28% 616,206
198455.91% 685,70043.74% 536,479
198048.33% 571,04438.67% 456,890
197647.78% 492,12047.62% 490,407
197252.45% 486,68642.33% 392,760
196849.83% 408,43343.78% 358,866
196435.96% 282,77963.72% 501,017
196052.56% 408,06047.32% 367,402
195655.25% 406,39344.75% 329,204
195260.54% 420,81538.93% 270,579

Similar to the West Coast states of California and Washington, Oregon has a high percentage of people who identify as liberals. A 2010 Gallup poll that surveyed the political ideology of residents in every state found that people in Oregon identified as:[7]

Another study on the state's resident's political ideology noted that the state's conservatives were the most conservative of any state (more so than Utah or Tennessee) and that the state's liberals were more liberal than any state (more so than Vermont or D.C.).[8]

Political parties

As of August 1st, 2012, there were 2,095,721 registered voters in Oregon and their political party affiliations were:[9]

See also


  1. ^ [1] George Washington University
  2. ^ [2] President Elect: The Unofficial Webpage of the Electoral College
  3. ^ 2005 Oregon Population Report Portland State University
  4. ^ Oregon Death with Dignity Act
  5. ^ a b Swarthout, John M. (December 1954). "The 1954 Election in Oregon". The Western Political Quarterly (The Western Political Quarterly) 7 (4): 620–625. doi:10.2307/442815. JSTOR 442815. 
  6. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/ Retrieved 2010-10-12
  7. ^ Jones, Jeffrey M. (2010-02-03). "Ideology: Three Deep South States Are the Most Conservative". Gallup. http://www.gallup.com/poll/125480/Ideology-Three-Deep-South-States-Conservative.aspx. Retrieved 2010-07-18. 
  8. ^ Nate Silver (2008-05-17). "Oregon: Swing State or latte-drinking, Prius-driving lesbian commune?". FiveThirtyEight.com. http://www.fivethirtyeight.com/2008/05/oregon-swing-state-or-latte-drinking.html. Retrieved 2010-02-24. 
  9. ^ Elections Division (2012-08-06). "Voter Registration By County - July 2012". Oregon Secretary of State. http://www.sos.state.or.us/elections/doc/voterresources/registration/aug12.pdf. Retrieved 2012-08-06. 

External links