Hoofdinspecteur / Inspecteur principal (Chief Inspector/Superintendent)
Non commissioned rank
Inspecteur / Inspecteur (Inspector, equivalent to Constable or Officer)
Agent van Politie / Agent de Police (Auxiliary Officer)ba
Brazil has several different police forces, each with its own ranks. At a federal level, there are the Federal Police (Policia Federal, the equivalent to the FBI), the Federal Road Police (Policia Rodoviaria Federal) and the Train Network Police (Policia Ferroviaria Federal). At a state level, there are the Military Police (Policia Militar, not to be confused to the Army police, which has a purely internal function) and the Civil Police (Policia Civil). At a city level, there are the City Guard (Guarda Municipal). In terms of staff, the Military Police and the Civil Police are the most important one, although in terms of headlines and prestige, the Federal Police is the one that concentrates most of the media attention.
The Civil Police is responsible for investigating crimes whilst the Military Police is responsible for preventing them to take place, although it is not rare to see their functions clashing and ever so often they actually have open confronts.
The Civil Police is organized accordingly to functions. 'Escrivao' is the low rank position responsible for the internal work inside the police premises (e.g., collecting witness statements). 'Detetive' or 'investigador' (detectives) is the position responsible for actions outside the premises (e.g., investigating the circumstances of a crime), and 'delegado' (similar to Captain in USA) are senior officials (required to have law degrees) responsible for the lower ranks and for coordinating the whole work (investigations) of the Civil Police. The Civil Police also have the assistance of 'peritos', which are the technical body. The Federal Police follows a very similar structure to the Civil Police.
The ranks listed below are valid for the state military police agencies (such as PMMG, PMESP, PMERJ and others) and are listed, respectively, from higher to lower ranks:
1º tenente (1st lieutenant)
2º tenente (2nd lieutenant)
aspirante-a-oficial (cadet, student rank)
1º sargento (1st sergeant)
2º sargento (2nd sergeant)
3º sargento (3rd sergeant)
soldado de 1ª classe (1st class soldier)
soldado de 2ª classe (2nd class soldier, student rank)
The 2nd class soldier and the cadet are considered to be students in the formation courses and have no street policing duties (except in a very few cases, as probationary tours). Despite closely resembling the rank structure within the Brazilian army, there are no rank of general in the military police forces, as the Military Police is slotted under the Army control in case of war, with is colonels slotting under the Army generals.
Probationary Police Lieutenant (Lieutenant de Police stagiaire)
Lieutenant [in-training/student] (élève Lieutenant de Police)
Corps d'Encadrement et d'Application
Major de police
Brigadier-chef de police
Brigadier de police
Peace Guard (Gardien de la Paix)
First year Peace Guard (Gardien de la Paix stagiaire)
Studying Peace Guard (élève Gardien de la Paix)
Emploi Jeune (6 years)
Adjoint de Sécurité
The following ranks are in use by state police forces. Detective Ranks follow the same scheme, replacing the word Polizei with Kriminal, for example a plainclothed detective lieutenant is called Kriminalkommissar. The Federal Police of Germany basically follows the scheme, but deviates in the flag ranks.
They are comparable to military flag (General) officers, and are appointed by the state Minister of Interior (Senators of Interior in City-States). For federal agencies the federal Minister of Interior is responsible. They are usually specialists in public administration and have a master-level law degree. Since they are outside of the career system, they receive payment according to the B-scale of public officer payment grades.
Inspector of (stand-by) police (Inspekteur der Bereitschaftspolizei), this rank is named differently in some states. The officer commands the stand-by police forces of the state.
President of Police (Polizeipräsident), commands an independent regional authority of state police (Polizeipräsidium, Landespolizeidirektion, or similar), directly subordinated to the corresponding state ministry of interior.
Comparable to military staff officers, Major and above. The ranks are available for applicants who completed master level university studies, usually in law. It is possible for officers from the elevated echelon to obtain a master degree from the Deutsche Hochschule der Polizei, so they can enter higher ranks.
Police Chief Director (Leitender Polizeidirektor) acts as lieutenant to the President of Police or heading a branch service of state police. As a career position it corresponds to grade A16. Four gold stars on shoulder patch.
Police Director (Polizeidirektor), commands a subdivision of a regional authority of state police, either territorial (encompassing roughly one or two Districts of Germany districts) or by branches (traffic, crime). Grade A15. 3 gold stars.
Police Councillor (Polizeirat), commands a local police division (Polizeiinspektion) or special branch; grade A13. 1 gold star.
Comparable to military officers, Lieutenant and above. The ranks are obtained after receiving a bachelor level degree of a state college of public administration. In several states of Germany this is the lowest echelon for service entry, the medium service echelon is being abolished.
First Police Chief Inspector (Erster Polizeihauptkommissar), may serve in lieu of an Police Councillor, grade A13. 4 silver stars (in some states 5).
Police Chief Inspector (Polizeihauptkommissar), grades A11 and A12. 3 silver stars, in some states 4 stars when in grade A12.
Comparable to military non-commissioned officers. Those ranks are usually obtained during or after two years service in training companies (Ausbildungshundertschaften) of the Bereitschaftspolizei. The ranks are indicated by light blue (with blue uniform) or light green (with green-brown uniform) stars.
Police Chief Master (upgraded pay) (Polizeihauptmeister mit Amtszulage), may serve in lieu of an Police Inspector, grade A9 with upgrade, 4 or 5 stars.
Chief Constable (Hauptwachtmeister), grade A6, 1 star (only in a few states, usually during service in the Bereitschaftspolizei).
Senior Constable (Oberwachtmeister) (only in a few states, usually during service in the Bereitschaftspolizei), grade A5.
There have been lower ranks in use in earlier times, with the abolishment of the basic echelon, they have been out of use since the 1980s. The most well-known of these is Wachtmeister (Constable) which still is considered the standard address for a policeman of unknown rank, even though it may now be considered libellous on occasion, given the policeman has a higher rank than mere Wachtmeister.
Candidates (Anwärter), usually the word is appended to the rank, to which the person is going to be commissioned, e.g. Polizeikommissaranwärter. Pay is a reduced amount of the corresponding rank.
The ranks of the Greek police; 1. the Greek name; 2. the old military name; 3. the new ranks (police style).
Αντιστράτηγος -Police Lieutenant General -Commissioner
Υποστράτηγος -Police Major General -Deputy-Commissioner
Ταξίαρχος -Police Brigadier General -Assistant Commissioner (AC)
The Iraqi Police is made up of three branches, under the command of the Iraqi Ministry of Interior, these being the Iraqi Police Service which tasked with general patrol of Iraq's cities, the National Police which are a paramilitary organisation which deals with incidents that are beyond the control of the Iraqi Police, but are not so serious the Iraqi Army are involved, and the supporting force that is made up of the Department of Border Enforcement.
Iraqi Police Service ranks, ordered lowest to highest with symbol on epaulette:
Superintendent Supervisor (警視監,Keishi-kan?): Deputy Commissioner General, Deputy Superintendent General, The Chief of Regional Police Bureau, The Chief of Prefectural Police Headquarters, others. 38 capacity.
Lance Corporal [LC]: Obsolete for the regular force. Currently only available for the Gurkha Contingent.
Special constable [SC]: Full-time National Servicemen. Promoted FTNS officers will have the SC prefix to their rank, e.g. SC/Cpl, SC/Sgt.
Police Constable [PC]: This rank is no longer granted to regulars. However, officers below the rank of inspector being discharged from the police force on disciplinary grounds are first reduced to the rank of constable before their discharge.
Deputy Director-General Deputy National Police Commissioner, tentative translation Head of National Criminal Police, tentative translation Chief Commissioner, Stockholm, Västra Götaland and Skåne County Police Departments respectively
Länspolismästare, övriga län Biträdande länspolismästare i Stockholms län, Västra Götaland respektive Skåne
Chief Commissioner, all other County Police Departments Deputy Chief Commissioner, Stockholm, Västra Götaland and Skåne County Police Departments respectively
Biträdande länspolismästare, övriga län Polismästare Polisöverintendent rektor på Polishögskolan enhetschef vid Rikspolisstyrelsen
Chief Commissioner, all other County Police Departments District Police Commissioner Deputy Police Commissioner Director of Swedish National Police Academy, tentative translation Director at the National Police Board, tentative translation
Assistant Police Commissioner
Poliskommissarie med särskild tjänsteställning Kriminalkommissarie med särskild tjänsteställning
Superintendent Detective Superintendent
Chief Inspector Detective Chief Inspector
Polisinspektör med särskild tjänsteställning Kriminalinspektör med särskild tjänsteställning
Inspector Detective Inspector
Sergeant Detective Sergeant
Polisassistent med minst 4 års anställning
Senior Police Constable
Police Trainee, tentative translation
Student at the Swedish National Police Academy, tentative translation
A police officer with investigative duties, up to and including the rank of Chief Superintendent, is a detective and the word 'Detective' is prefixed to their rank (e.g. Detective Chief Inspector), except for the rank of Police Constable where the word 'Police' is replaced, making them a Detective Constable.
The United States police rank model is generally quasi-military in structure. Although the large and varied number of federal, state, and local police departments and sheriff's office have different ranks, a general model, from highest to lowest rank, would be: