Point Pleasant was incorporated as a borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 21, 1920, from portions of Brick Township, based on the results of a referendum held on May 19, 1920. The borough was reincorporated on March 12, 1928. Point Pleasant is distinct from Point Pleasant Beach, which is a separate community.
Around 1500, the area that included the future Point Pleasant was the ceremonial meeting place of the LenapeNative Americans, who called it the "Land of Tall Timber". In approximately 1665, the first European settlers arrived in the area, who were mainly fishermen, farmers and boat builders.
On February 15, 1850, Governor Daniel Haines and the New Jersey Legislature separated Ocean County from Monmouth County, and created Brick Township, including the Point Pleasant area, which became independent of Brick Township in 1920, though the post office carried the designation "West Point Pleasant" until 1956. According to the town's official website, many longtime residents still use that name. The town's first mayor was Melville B. Parker was chosen and as the borough's first mayor, after J.H. Harvey declined the position after being elected. The town was initially a logging town, although logging was never a significant part of the local economy.
In 1924, the Manasquan River-Bay Head Canal was completed as part of the inland waterway. The canal, which divides Point Pleasant in half, provides a passage for boats, and is the northern most leg of the Intracoastal Waterway which traverses the East Coast of the United States along the Atlantic Ocean between New Jersey and Florida. In 1964, Senator Case introduced legislation that changed the canal's name to the Point Pleasant Canal.
Though often regarded as a summer resort, the borough's website emphasizes that it is a "year round community of approximately 19,000 residents".
There were 7,273 households of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.5% were non-families. 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.03.
In the borough, 22.1% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 24.3% from 25 to 44, 32.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.0 years. For every 100 females there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.3 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $78,521 (with a margin of error of +/- $3,209) and the median family income was $94,399 (+/- $4,750). Males had a median income of $67,632 (+/- $4,111) versus $47,428 (+/- $5,097) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $36,596 (+/- $1,783). About 1.8% of families and 3.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.5% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over.
There were 7,560 households out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.8% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the borough the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 92.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.6 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $55,987, and the median income for a family was $64,798. Males had a median income of $50,828 versus $32,886 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $25,715. About 2.0% of families and 3.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.0% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.
Point Pleasant is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The government consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.
The Mayor is the head of municipal government; sees that state laws and borough ordinances are faithfully executed; presides over the Council. votes only to break ties; can veto ordinances subject to override by ⅔ majority of Council; and appoints subordinate officers with Council approval. After thirty days or upon Council disapproval, Council fills posts.
The Borough Council is the legislative body of municipality. The Council overrides a mayor's veto by ⅔ majority of all members, confirms mayor's appointments. The Council gains appointment power upon failure to confirm mayor's appointee or after office vacant for thirty days. The Council has all executive responsibility not placed in office of mayor.
As of 2013[update], the Mayor of Point Pleasant is William G. Schroeder (D, term ends December 31, 2014). The members of the Borough Council are Council President Robert A. Sabosik (R, 2013), William T. Borowsky (R, 2015), Antoinette "Toni" DePaola (R, 2015), Christopher Goss (D, 2013), Christopher B. Leitner (D, 2014) and John R. Wisniewski (R, 2014).
Federal, state and county representation
Point Pleasant is split between the 3rd and 4th Congressional Districts and is part of New Jersey's 30th state legislative district. Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Point Pleasant had been in the 10th state legislative district. Prior to the 2010 Census, all of Point Pleasant had been part of the 4th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections. As part of the 2013 redistricting, 1,802 residents in a wedge-shaped section in the western part of the borough were placed in the 3rd District, while the remaining 16,590 were placed in the 4th District.
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 12,681 registered voters in Point Pleasant, of which 2,336 (18.4%) were registered as Democrats, 4,026 (31.7%) were registered as Republicans and 6,311 (49.8%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 8 voters registered to other parties. Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 68.9% (vs. 63.2% in Ocean County) were registered to vote, including 88.5% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 82.6% countywide).
In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 56.5% of the vote here (5,599 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 41.4% (4,103 votes) and other candidates with 1.4% (138 votes), among the 9,904 ballots cast by the borough's 13,154 registered voters, for a turnout of 75.3%. In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 60.5% of the vote here (5,857 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 38.2% (3,700 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (85 votes), among the 9,683 ballots cast by the borough's 12,795 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 75.7.
In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 64.4% of the vote here (4,606 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 27.6% (1,977 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 5.9% (421 votes) and other candidates with 1.0% (69 votes), among the 7,152 ballots cast by the borough's 12,905 registered voters, yielding a 55.4% turnout.
The borough had a total of 78.04 miles (125.59 km) of roadways, of which 64.28 miles (103.45 km) are maintained by the municipality, 7.86 miles (12.65 km) by Ocean County and 3.30 miles (5.31 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
state highways include Route 13, which extends a total of .56 miles (0.90 km), most of which is in the borough with a small portion in Bay Head. Route 88 traverses the borough to its eastern terminus at Route 35, just across the border with Point Pleasant Beach.
^ abCheslow, Jerry. "If You're Thinking of Living In/Point Pleasant, N.J.; A Borough With a Variety of Boating", The New York Times, November 9, 2003. Accessed November 1, 2013. "The most famous Point Pleasant resident was Eugene O'Neill, who married a local girl named Agnes Boulton and grumbled about being bored through the winter of 1918-19, as he lived rent free in a home owned by Agnes's parents... Seven years later, the couple divorced and Agnes moved back to Point Pleasant with their two children, Shane and Oona, who would marry Charlie Chaplin."
^via Associated Press. "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in", NJ.com, October 31, 2013. Accessed October 31, 2013. "Former Newark Mayor Cory Booker was sworn in as a Democratic senator from New Jersey today, taking the oath of office, exchanging hugs with Vice President Joe Biden and acknowledging the applause of friends and family members seated in the visitor's gallery that rings the chamber.... Booker, 44, was elected to fill out the term of the late Sen. Frank Lautenberg, who died earlier this year."
^Leonardi, Ron."Athletics part of family life for Frazier", Erie Times-News, April 10, 2008. Accessed November 1, 2013. "As youngsters growing up in Point Pleasant, N.J., Charlie, Todd and Jeff were known for their rambunctious approach to anything they participated in against each other, from no blood-no foul backyard basketball games to Wiffle Ball, pool and ping pong."
^Lucas, Ed. "Nice to report Jersey native Todd Frazier is making good with Cincinnati Reds", The Jersey Journal, June 1, 2012. Accessed July 15, 2012. "Earlier this week, Cincinnati Reds third baseman and Point Pleasant native Todd Frazier was having lunch in a Pittsburgh restaurant before heading to the ballpark for that night’s game. In the middle of his meal, he noticed a man sitting at the next table choking on a piece of steak. Without hesitation, Frazier jumped up and successfully performed the Heimlich maneuver on his fellow diner, saving his life."
^Americans Playing Abroad, Soccer Times, as of September 15, 2013. Accessed November 1, 2013. "Nick Gkionis - midfielder - FC Atlas Brussels - Point Pleasant, N.J."
^Haberstroh, Christina. " A hometown baseball legend is remembered; Shop owners deliver on decades-old promise to mother of Frankie Hayes", Sentinel, June 30, 2011. Accessed November 1, 2013. "Hayes ultimately finished his 14-year career in the majors in 1947 after 1,364 games played and 1,164 hits for a career batting average of .259. He had 119 homeruns and 585 RBIs.He moved to Point Pleasant, where he opened a small sporting goods store and worked with a larger company to produce a Frank Hayes model catcher’s mitt, with a nohinge deep pocket that allowed the catcher to secure the ball without using the other hand."
^Teddy Mann, New Jersey Boxing Hall of Fame. Accessed November 1, 2013. "Born on September 5,1951, Point Pleasant, NJ as Ted Groff. He changed his name legally to Ted Mannschreck in 1967, which evolved to Ted “The 'Irish' Mann for promotional purposes in 1977."