Plymouth, Connecticut

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Plymouth, Connecticut
Town

Seal
Location in Litchfield County, Connecticut
Coordinates: 41°40′19″N 73°03′10″W / 41.67194°N 73.05278°W / 41.67194; -73.05278Coordinates: 41°40′19″N 73°03′10″W / 41.67194°N 73.05278°W / 41.67194; -73.05278
CountryUnited States
StateConnecticut
NECTAHartford
RegionCentral Connecticut
Incorporated1795[1]
Government
 • TypeMayor-council
 • MayorVincent Festa
Area
 • Total22.3 sq mi (57.8 km2)
 • Land21.7 sq mi (56.3 km2)
 • Water0.6 sq mi (1.5 km2)
Elevation873 ft (266 m)
Population (2013)
 • Total12,243
 • Density550/sq mi (210/km2)
Time zoneEastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code06782, 06786
Area code(s)860
FIPS code09-60750
GNIS feature ID0213489
Websitewww.plymouthct.us
 
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Plymouth, Connecticut
Town

Seal
Location in Litchfield County, Connecticut
Coordinates: 41°40′19″N 73°03′10″W / 41.67194°N 73.05278°W / 41.67194; -73.05278Coordinates: 41°40′19″N 73°03′10″W / 41.67194°N 73.05278°W / 41.67194; -73.05278
CountryUnited States
StateConnecticut
NECTAHartford
RegionCentral Connecticut
Incorporated1795[1]
Government
 • TypeMayor-council
 • MayorVincent Festa
Area
 • Total22.3 sq mi (57.8 km2)
 • Land21.7 sq mi (56.3 km2)
 • Water0.6 sq mi (1.5 km2)
Elevation873 ft (266 m)
Population (2013)
 • Total12,243
 • Density550/sq mi (210/km2)
Time zoneEastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code06782, 06786
Area code(s)860
FIPS code09-60750
GNIS feature ID0213489
Websitewww.plymouthct.us

Plymouth is a town in Litchfield County, Connecticut, United States. It is named after Plymouth, Devon, England. The population was 12,243 at the 2010 census. The town of Plymouth includes the villages of Terryville and Pequabuck.

History[edit]

The community was incorporated in 1795,[2] and became known nationally for the manufacture of clocks.[1] The town was named after Plymouth, Massachusetts.[3] Plymouth (formerly Northbury[a section of Waterbury]) was originally used as a burying ground for Waterbury. History records show that it was founded by a group of people who believed they found a large deposit of lead, this fabled "lead mine" never actually existed (or is still yet to be discovered). The oldest home in the community is believed to be on South Eagle Street, or North Main Street.

In the 1790s, George Washington traveled through here, both to visit relatives, and to stay away from the coastline. He traveled through Washington Road, which originally stretched from Park Street in Bristol, CT to Thomaston, Connecticut. currently, it leads from Scott Road on Town hill, to East Washington Road Extension (an unpaved road that leads South Main Street to Town Hill). From here it leads to East Washington road, which stops at Tunnel Road. Town Hill was originally supposed to be the center of town, and Washington Road was intended to be Main Street, but lack of water supply caused Main Street to be moved to Route 6 (a road made in the 1830s that was one of the first roads to stretch from the tip of Massachusetts to California).

The Terry family participated in a great deal of Plymouth's history. Eli Terry joined partnership with Seth Thomas (clockmaker) and Silas Hoadley to manufacture clocks in the Greystone section of town. Eli gave the factory to Silas, and opened his own clock factory off of Route 6, while Seth moved to Plymouth Hollow. Eli Terry, Jr. (son of Eli Terry) joined up with another man who was interested in the cabinet and lock industry, and they opened Eagle Lock Company. In the 1880s, the Plymouth Hollow section of town decided to split off, and become their own town called Thomaston, Connecticut, named after Seth Thomas (clockmaker). The Eagle Lock Company closed in the 1970s, and later in 1975, the entire abandoned industry burned to the ground, leaving one building left undamaged; the rest of the buildings where torn down, or had floors removed.

Main Street School was once located on the green or Baldwin Park in Terryville, it was demolished in the 1930s and the new Terryville High School was constructed behind the green on North Main Street. In the mid-2000s, Prospect Street School, and Main Street School (previously called East Main Street) were left abandoned, so the construction of the new Terryville High School could begin in the Holt section of town. Harry S. Fisher Middle School, turned into Harry S. Fisher Elementary, and the old Terryville High School turned into Eli Terry Jr. Middle School.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 22.3 square miles (58 km2), of which 21.7 square miles (56 km2) is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2), or 2.69%, is water. The town contains the Mattatuck State Forest.

Principal communities[edit]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 11,634 people, 4,453 households, and 3,228 families residing in the town. The population density was 535.6 people per square mile (206.8/km²). There were 4,646 housing units at an average density of 213.9 per square mile (82.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.34% White, 0.78% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 0.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.26% of the population.

There were 4,453 households out of which 34.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.7% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.5% were non-families. 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the town the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 31.8% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 99.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $53,750, and the median income for a family was $62,610. Males had a median income of $41,985 versus $32,359 for females. The per capita income for the town was $23,244. About 2.7% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.9% of those under age 18 and 5.3% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Plymouth is served by the Plymouth Public Schools (Connecticut) School District. There are four schools in the district and students attend Terryville High School. Dr. Anthony W. Distasio is the Superintendent of Schools.[6][7][8]

Transportation[edit]

The town is served by Route 6, Route 72, and Route 262.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Plymouth Town History". Plymouth Town History. Retrieved December 3, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Plymouth, Connecticut". City-Data.com. Retrieved December 3, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Profile for Plymouth, Connecticut, CT". ePodunk. Retrieved December 3, 2012. 
  4. ^ Giguere, Judy. Plymouth Revisited. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Pub., 2011. Print.
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Plymouth Education". Town of Plymouth. Retrieved December 3, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Plymouth School District Schools". GreatSchools Inc. Retrieved December 3, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Plymouth Public Schools". Plymouth Public Schools. Retrieved December 3, 2012. 
  9. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Marquis Who's Who. 1967. 
  10. ^ http://plymouthhistoricalsociety.org/?s=atwater&submit= The monument honoring Dorence Atwater, Plymouth’s Civil War hero, is on a hill overlooking Baldwin Park. Atwater enlisted in the Union Army, only to be captured and sent to the notorious Confederate prisoner of war camp at Andersonville, Georgia. While there, he secretly kept a list of 13,000 Union soldiers who died in captivity. After the War, he returned to the prison with Clara Barton, founder of the American Red Cross, and properly identified the dead soldier’s graves
  11. ^ text : Plymouth 1776-1976
  12. ^ "Henry Dutton". National Governors Association. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  13. ^ "Silas Hoadley". Find A Grave. Retrieved December 3, 2012. 
  14. ^ http://www.plymouthct.us/pdf/walking%20guide12_0627.pdf Horseshoe Falls – Canal St. Waterfalls powered the Allen wood turning factory. The bridge is named after Ted Knight, famous actor and Terryville native. N41.66961, W72.99389
  15. ^ http://www.plymouthct.us/history.htm

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]