Pluot

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A Raspberry Jewel pluot, before and after cutting

Pluots, apriums, apriplums, or plumcots, are some of the hybrids between different Prunus species that are also called interspecific (or IS) plums. In the United States and Canada, these fruits are known by most regulatory agencies as interspecific plums.[citation needed] Whereas plumcots and apriplums are first-generation hybrids between a plum parent (P. salicina or P. cerasifera or their hybrids), and an apricot (P. armeniaca), pluots and apriums are later-generations.[1][2] Both names "plumcot" and "apriplum" have been used for trees derived from a plum seed parent, and are therefore equivalent. [3] [4]

Plumcots/apriplums[edit]

Natural plumcots/apriplums have been known for hundreds of years from regions of the world that grow both plums and apricots from seed.[5] The name plumcot was created by Luther Burbank.[6] Plumcot tree was asexually reproduced by budding [3] whereas apriplum tree was a result from pollination and it is self-unfruitful.[4]

Pluots[edit]

Pluots /ˈplɒt/[7] are later-generations that show more plum than apricot characteristics; the fruit's exterior has smooth skin closely resembling that of a plum. Pluots were developed in the late 20th century by Floyd Zaiger,[8] and "Pluot" is a registered trademark of Zaiger's Genetics. The Pluot was featured on an Andy Rooney segment on 60 Minutes.

Apriums[edit]

Rose apriums

Apriums are complex plum-apricot hybrids that show more apricot traits and flavor,[1] genetically they are one-fourth (25%) plum and three-fourths (75%) apricot.[citation needed] Aprium varieties were developed in the late 1980s by Floyd Zaiger, and "Aprium" is a registered trademark of Zaiger's Genetics.[citation needed]

Apriums resemble apricots on the outside. The flesh is usually dense. Apriums are noted for their sweet taste, due to their high content of fructose and other complex sugars.[citation needed] Apriums are usually only available early in the fruit season, like apricots and unlike pluots, which include some very late-ripening varieties.

Aprium trees grow quickly and are smaller compared to other common home-grown apricots. The fruit is gold, with red coloration. Semi-mature fruit is hard and does not ripen if picked before completely mature.

Varieties[edit]

Plumcot varieties[edit]

Flavorosa Plumcot

Plumcot varieties include:

Pluot varieties[edit]

Flavorosa pluot
Dapple Dandy pluot
Splash pluot on tree

Pluot varieties include:[9]

Aprium varieties[edit]

Aprium varieties include:[12] [13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Chip Brantley (2009). The perfect fruit: good breeding, bad seeds, and the hunt for the elusive pluot (snippet view). New York: Bloomsbury, USA. 
  2. ^ Brantley, Chip (2009-08-19). "Plu-What? What's the difference between pluots and plumcots?". Slate. 
  3. ^ a b US patent PP4338 Plumcot tree
  4. ^ a b US patent PP19519
  5. ^ Okie, W.R. 2005. Spring satin plumcot. Journal of American Pomological Society. 59(3):119-124.abstract
  6. ^ J. Whitson; R. John; H.S. Williams, ed. (1914). "Chapter 7: How far can plant improvement go? The crossroads — where fact and theory seem to part". Luther Burbank: his methods and discoveries and their practical application 1. Luther Burbank Press. pp. 211–244. 
  7. ^ "Pluot". Oxford English Dictionary Online (subscription required). Draft entry, September 2006. Retrieved 2009-07-03. 
  8. ^ Okie, W.R. 2005. Spring satin plumcot. Journal of American Pomological Society. 59(3):119-124.
  9. ^ Centers for Disease Control, Fruit of the month
  10. ^ Kingsburg Orchards web site
  11. ^ theproduceguide.com listing for Raspberry Jewel pluot
  12. ^ davewilson.com
  13. ^ aprium-facts from grownincalifornia.com
  14. ^ Tasty Rich Aprium, davewilson.com