Plano, Texas

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Plano, Texas
City
City of Plano

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Logo
Nickname(s): Gymnastic Capital of the World[1]
Location of Plano in Collin County, Texas
Coordinates: 33°03′01″N 96°44′45″W / 33.05028°N 96.74583°W / 33.05028; -96.74583Coordinates: 33°03′01″N 96°44′45″W / 33.05028°N 96.74583°W / 33.05028; -96.74583
Country United States of America
State Texas
Counties Collin
 Denton
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • City councilMayor Harry LaRosiliere (D)
Pat Miner
Ben Harris
André Davidson
Lissa Smith
Jim Duggan
Pat Gallagher
Lee Dunlap
 • City managerBruce D. Glasscock
Area
 • City71.6 sq mi (185.5 km2)
 • Land71.6 sq mi (185.5 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation675 ft (206 m)
Population (2012)
 • City269,776 (city proper)
 • Density3,820.2/sq mi (1,474.99/km2)
 • Metro6,426,214
Time zoneCST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes75000-75099
Area code(s)214, 469, 972
FIPS code48-58016[2]
GNIS feature ID1344166[3]
Websitewww.plano.gov
 
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Plano, Texas
City
City of Plano

Flag

Logo
Nickname(s): Gymnastic Capital of the World[1]
Location of Plano in Collin County, Texas
Coordinates: 33°03′01″N 96°44′45″W / 33.05028°N 96.74583°W / 33.05028; -96.74583Coordinates: 33°03′01″N 96°44′45″W / 33.05028°N 96.74583°W / 33.05028; -96.74583
Country United States of America
State Texas
Counties Collin
 Denton
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • City councilMayor Harry LaRosiliere (D)
Pat Miner
Ben Harris
André Davidson
Lissa Smith
Jim Duggan
Pat Gallagher
Lee Dunlap
 • City managerBruce D. Glasscock
Area
 • City71.6 sq mi (185.5 km2)
 • Land71.6 sq mi (185.5 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation675 ft (206 m)
Population (2012)
 • City269,776 (city proper)
 • Density3,820.2/sq mi (1,474.99/km2)
 • Metro6,426,214
Time zoneCST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes75000-75099
Area code(s)214, 469, 972
FIPS code48-58016[2]
GNIS feature ID1344166[3]
Websitewww.plano.gov

Plano /ˈpln/ is a city in the state of Texas, located mostly within Collin County. The city's population was 269,776 at the 2010 census, making it the ninth most populous city in the state of Texas (Corpus Christi is ranked at #8 and Laredo is ranked at #10) and the 70th most populous city in the United States.[4] Plano is located within the metropolitan area commonly referred to as the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex. The city is home to many corporate headquarters: Alliance Data, Cinemark Theatres, Dell Services, Dr Pepper Snapple Group, Ericsson, Frito-Lay, HP Enterprise Services, Huawei, J. C. Penney, Pizza Hut, Rent-A-Center, Traxxas, and Siemens PLM Software.

In 2005, 2006, and 2011, Plano was designated the best place to live in the Western United States by CNN Money magazine. In 2006, Plano was selected as the 11th best place to live in the United States by CNN Money magazine.[5] It was also selected as the safest city in America in 2010[6] and 2011 by Forbes.[7] Plano schools consistently score among the highest in the nation.[8] It has been rated as the wealthiest city in the United States by CNN Money,[9] and the United States Census Bureau declared Plano the wealthiest city of 2008 by comparing the median household income for all U.S. cities whose populations were greater than 250,000.[10] In 2008, Forbes.com selected Plano, University Park, and Highland Park as the three "Top Suburbs To Live Well" of Dallas.[11] The annual Plano Balloon Festival and the Plano International Festival are two of the city's premiere cultural and entertainment events.

History[edit]

Plano, Texas in 1891. Toned lithograph by A.E. Downs, Boston. Published by T. M. Fowler & James B. Moyer. Amon Carter Museum, Fort Worth, Texas

Settlers came to the area near present-day Plano in the early 1840s.[12] Facilities such as a sawmill, a gristmill, and a store soon brought more people to the area. Mail service was established, and after rejecting several names for the budding town (including naming it in honor of then-President Millard Fillmore),[13] the locals suggested the name Plano (from the Spanish word for "flat"), as a reference to the local terrain. The name was accepted by the post office.[13] In 1872, the completion of the Houston and Central Texas Railway helped the city grow, and the city was officially incorporated in 1873.[13] The population grew to more than 500 by 1874.[12] In 1881, a fire raged through the central business district, destroying most of the buildings.[12][13] The town was rebuilt and business again flourished through the 1880s. Also in 1881, the city assumed responsibility for what would eventually become Plano Independent School District (PISD), ending the days of Plano being served only by private schools.[12]

The population of Plano initially grew slowly, reaching 1,304 in 1900 and increasing to 3,695 in 1960.[12] By 1970, Plano began to feel some of the boom its neighbors had experienced following World War II. A series of public works projects and a change in taxes that removed the farming community from the town helped increase the overall population of Plano. In 1970, the population reached 17,872,[12] and by 1980, the population had exploded to 72,000.[12] Sewers, schools and street development kept pace with this massive increase, largely due to Plano's flat topography, grid layout and planning initiatives.

In 1981 the Plano City Council adopted the City’s official logo based on a design submitted via a community contest by long-time Plano resident James R. (Jim) Wainner, a professional artist and graphic designer. City of Plano Code of Ordinances, Chapter 2, Article I, Section 2-1 (b) states that no person, firm, organization, or corporation other than the city shall adopt, use, display, incorporate, or appropriate the official logo of the city as any part of any material, equipment, or other matter of such person, firm, organization or corporation, without written application to and approval of the city council.

During the 1980s, many large corporations moved their headquarters to Plano, including J. C. Penney and Frito-Lay, which helped the city grow. By 1990, the population reached 128,713,[12] dwarfing the county seat of McKinney. In 1994, the city was recognized as an All-America City.[14] By 2000, the population grew to 222,030,[12] making it one of the largest suburbs of Dallas. Plano is completely locked in by other municipalities and cannot expand in area, and there is little undeveloped land remaining within the city limits. However, one large tract of land is being developed as of July 2012. Turnpike Commons at the intersection of Renner Rd and the George Bush Turnpike (bordered also by Shiloh Rd to the east). The development will feature apartments, medical facilities, restaurants, a Race Trac gas station, and a hotel.

In 2013, Plano received top-scoring nationally in a livability index according to an algorithm created by AreaVibes.com, a Toronto-based company specializing in such data. The chart can be found here Best Places to Live in America. AreaVibes ranked Plano at the top of the list of U.S. cities with populations between 100,000 and 10,000,000. Another chart, Best Places to Live in 2013, also has Plano ranked number 1. Follow this link to see the chart Top 10 Best Places to Live.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, Plano has a total area of 71.6 square miles (185.5 km2).

Plano, Texas
Climate chart (explanation)
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Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: Weather.com/ NWS

Parks and recreation[edit]

Haggard Park, Downtown Plano

Although Plano is named for the flat plains of the area, large trees abound in the city's many parks (Plano's map of big trees). One such tree, estimated to be over 500 years old, resides in Bob Woodruff park near Rowlett Creek on the city's east side (Plano’s Quin-centennial Bur Oak).

The two main Open Space Preserves, Bob Woodruff Park (321 acres) and Oak Point Park and Nature Preserve (801 acres), are connected by biking trails making the green space one large uninterrupted park space that is larger than Central Park in New York City (840 acres). Total acreage of all spaces managed by the Parks department currently totals 3,830.81. The Plano Master Plan has the acreage growing to 4,092.63 when complete. Plano Park Master Plan

Climate[edit]

Plano is considered to be in the humid subtropical climate zone. The highest recorded temperature was 118°F (48°C) in 1936. On average, the coolest month is January and the warmest month is July. The lowest recorded temperature was -7°F (-22°C) in 1930. The maximum average precipitation occurs in May.

Transportation[edit]

The tracks and adjacent platforms at the Parker Road DART station in Plano, Texas

Plano is one of 12 suburbs of Dallas that opts into the Dallas Area Rapid Transit (DART) public transportation system. During most of its membership in DART, Plano was lightly served by bus lines, but in recent years, the Red Line of the DART Light Rail project has opened stations in Downtown Plano and at Parker Road, which provide access to commuters traveling to work elsewhere in the Dallas area. Approximately 1% of the city's population uses DART. The Parker Road station began charging for parking for non-member city residents on April 2, 2012. The program is called the Fair Share Parking initiative.

Plano was the first city in Collin County to adopt a master plan for its road system. The use of multi-lane, divided highways for all major roads allows for higher speed limits, generally 40 mph (64 km/h), but sometimes up to 55 mph (89 km/h) on the northern section of Preston Road. Plano is served directly by several major roadways and freeways. Central Plano is bordered to the east by U.S. Highway 75, the west by Dallas North Tollway, the south by President George Bush Turnpike, and the north by Texas State Highway 121. Preston Road (Texas State Highway 289) is a major thoroughfare that runs through the city.

Plano opened a new interchange at Parker Rd. and U.S. 75 in December 2010. The single-point interchange is the first of its kind in Texas. The design is intended to reduce severe congestion at this interchange. According to reports traffic congestion has been reduced 50-75%.

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

According to the city’s most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city’s general fund had $194.0.million in Revenues, $212.3 million in expenditures, $277.5 million in total assets, $31.4 million in total liabilities, and $337.2 million in cash and investments.[15] The structure of the management and coordination of city services is:[16]

Director of Marketing and Community Engagement Mary Vail-Grube Plano is part of the North Texas Municipal Water District headquartered in Wylie, TX. Lake Lavon is the principal source of raw water for the district. Plano's Water Distribution System:

State government[edit]

Plano is represented in the Texas Senate by Republican Florence Shapiro District 8, and in the Texas House of Representatives by Republican Van Taylor, District 66 and Republican Jeff Leach, District 67.

Federal government[edit]

At the Federal level, the two U.S. Senators from Texas are Republicans John Cornyn and Ted Cruz; Plano is part of Texas' US Congressional 3rd District, which is currently represented by Republican Sam Johnson.

Economy[edit]

Rent-A-Center headquarters office building in Plano, Texas
The Shops at Willow Bend, Plano's upscale shopping mall[17]

According to the Plano 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[18] the top employers in Plano are:

City DepartmentDirector
City ManagerBruce D. Glasscock
Deputy City Manager, Development ServicesFrank Turner
Deputy City Manager, Community ServicesLaShon Ross
Municipal JudgeDon Stevenson
City AttorneyDiane Wetherbee
City SecretaryDiane Zucco
Executive Director Economic Development & Business RecruitmentSally Bane
Director Public WorksGerald Cosgrove
Director Environmental HealthBrian Collins
Director Property StandardsCynthia O’Banner
Director Technology ServicesDavid Stephens
Director Emergency Management & Public Safety CommunicationsRon Timmons
Director Parks & Recreation/Convention & TourismAmy Fortenberry
Police ChiefGreg Rushin
Fire ChiefBrian Crawford
Director FinanceDenise Tacke
Director Library ServicesCathy Ziegler
Director Budget & ResearchKaren Rhodes-Whitley
Director Human ResourcesJim Parrish
Director Policy & Government RelationsMark Israelson
Director Internal AuditorMike Rogers
Director Sustainability & Environmental ServicesRobert Smouse
Director PlanningPhyllis Jarrell
Director Building InspectionsSelso Mata
#Employer# of Employees
1Bank of America Home Loans5,400
2JCPenney5,000
3HP Enterprise Services4,800
4Capital One3,500
5Dell3,000
6Frito-Lay2,400
7Ericsson2,200
8Alcatel-Lucent1,830
9Medical Center of Plano1,500
10Dr Pepper Snapple Group1,250

Approximately 80% of Plano's visitors are business travelers, due to its close proximity to Dallas and the many corporations headquartered in Plano. The city also has a convention center that is owned and operated by the city. Plano has made a concerted effort to draw retail to its downtown area and the Shops at Legacy in an effort to boost sales tax returns. The Shops at Legacy area has apartments, shops, and restaurants constructed with the new Urbanism philosophy.[19] An experimental luxury Walmart Supercenter is located at Park Boulevard and the Dallas North Tollway.[20]

Headquarters of major corporations[edit]

Some of the country's largest and most recognized companies have their headquarters in Plano. Tree-lined Legacy Drive in the 75024 ZIP code, between Preston Road and the Dallas North Tollway, has many corporate campuses. The following companies have headquarters or major regional offices in Plano:

Education[edit]

There are 70 public schools, 16 private schools, two campuses of the Collin County Community College District (Collin College), and six libraries in Plano.[25]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

The Plano Independent School District serves most of the city. Student enrollment has increased dramatically over the past few decades. Plano has a unique high school system, in which grades 9-10 attend a high school and grades 11-12 attend a senior high.[26] There are three senior high schools (grades 11-12) in PISD; Plano East, Plano, and Plano West.[26] In Newsweek's 2012 list of best national high schools, Plano West was ranked as 63rd, Plano Senior as 108th, and Plano East as 243rd.[8] Small portions of Plano are served by the Lewisville Independent School District, Frisco Independent School District, and Allen Independent School District. In 2012, Plano Independent School District announced that 128 seniors were selected as National Merit Semifinalists.[27] Plano has given $1.2 billion in property tax revenue to other school districts through the Texas "Robin Hood" law, which requires school districts that are designated as affluent to give a percentage of their property tax revenue to other districts outside of the county.[28] In 2008, PISD gave $86 million. Controversy erupted when the salaries of teachers in less affluent districts, like Garland ISD, exceeded the salaries of teachers in districts that had to pay into "Robin Hood".[29]

In the 2013-2014 school year, Plano ISD will open two four-year high school Academies, one focusing on STEAM (STEM education plus Media Arts) and the other on health science. Additionally, the district will modify its existing International Baccalaureate program to allow freshman and sophomores in the program to be housed at Plano East Senior High School.[30]

In addition to Catholic primary and middle schools, the Roman Catholic Diocese of Dallas operates John Paul II High School in Plano. Non-Catholic private schools in Plano include Plano Christian Academy, Great Lakes Academy, Spring Creek Academy, Prince of Peace Lutheran School, and Prestonwood Christian Academy. In addition, the Collin County campus of Coram Deo Academy is located in the One Church (previously Four Corners Church) facility in Plano.[31]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Entrance to the Spring Creek campus of Collin College in Plano, Texas

Plano is the home to two campuses of Collin College, one at the Courtyard Center on Preston Park Boulevard and the larger Spring Creek Campus on Spring Creek Parkway at Jupiter.[32] SMU-in-Plano, formerly SMU-in-Legacy, a branch of Southern Methodist University, is a graduate university serving the needs of 3,000 working professionals.[33] Its academic programs include business, engineering and computer training, education and continuing education. It also features The Guildhall at SMU, which offers a masters program in video game development.[34]

Public libraries[edit]

The Plano Public Library System (PPLS) operates public libraries. The system consists of the W.O. Haggard, Jr. Library, the Maribelle M. Davis Library, the Gladys Harrington Library, the Christopher A. Parr Library, the L.E.R. Schimelpfenig Library, and the Municipal Reference Library. The Haggard library houses the system's administrative offices.[35]

Miscellaneous education[edit]

HuaYi Education (Simplified Chinese: 华裔中文学校, Traditional Chinese: 華裔中文學校, Pinyin: Huá​yì Zhōng​wén Xué​xiào; "Ethnic Chinese (non-Chinese citizen of Chinese ancestry) Chinese language School") is a Chinese language after school program located within a shopping center in Plano.[36][37] Its students are mostly Asian American students enrolled in the Plano Independent School District. It has Mandarin Chinese classes, advanced reading lessons, mathematics lessons, and ping pong programs.[36]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.  ±%  
1874500—    
1890824+64.8%
19001,304+58.3%
19101,258−3.5%
19201,715+36.3%
19301,554−9.4%
19401,582+1.8%
19502,126+34.4%
19603,695+73.8%
197017,872+383.7%
198072,331+304.7%
1990128,713+77.9%
2000222,030+72.5%
2010259,841+17.0%
2012272,068+4.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
Texas Almanac: 1850–2000

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 259,841 people. in the 2000 census there were 80,875 households, and 60,575 families in Plano. The population density was 3,102.4 people per square mile (1,197.8/km2). There were 86,078 housing units at an average density of 1,202.8 per square mile (464.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 66.9% White, 7.6% Black, 0.36% Native American, 16.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.86% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.7% of the population. Non-Hispanic Whites were 58.4% of the population,[38] down from 85.4% in 1990.[39]

Of the 80,875 households, 42.0% had children under the age of 18. Married couples accounted for 64.3%; 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.1% were non-families. Approximately 20.2% of all households were individuals, and 2.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73, and the average family size was 3.18.

Data indicates that 28.7% of Plano's population is under the age of 18, 7.0% is 18 to 24, 36.5% is 25 to 44, 22.9% is 45 to 64, and 4.9% who is 65 years of age or older. The median age is 34 years. For every 100 females, there are 99.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 97.2 males.

According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $84,492, and the median income for a family is $101,616.[40] About 3.0% of families and 4.3% of the population live below the poverty line, including 4.6% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.

Plano was the highest income place with a population of 130,000 or more in 2000. Plano was ranked the most affluent city with a population over 250,000 in the United States with the lowest poverty rate of 6.3%. Its neighbor to the northwest, Frisco, was ranked the richest city for the population of under 250,000 in the United States with a 2.7% poverty rate. In 2007, Plano had the highest median income of a city with a population exceeding 250,000 in the nation at $84,492.[41] As of 2010, Plano has a median income of $103,913 annually. According to crime statistics, there were four homicides in Plano in 2006, the lowest homicide rate of all U.S. cities of 250,000 or more population.[42]

Sister cities[edit]

Plano has six sister cities[43] designated by Sister Cities International. This program's presence is seen in Plano ISD schools, where representatives from sister cities often meet and tour.

Notable residents[edit]

The following is a list of current residents of Plano, who have become famous outside of the community:

Historic sites[edit]

For a more thorough list of Plano's history see this link Plano Conservancy's Historic Plano Tour

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hageland, Kevin (2009-01-08). "Anatomy of a top 10 list". Plano Star Courier (Plano, Texas: Star Local News). Retrieved 2011-07-11. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "2010 United States Census". 2010 United States Census. 2010. Retrieved 2011-07-11. 
  5. ^ "Money Magazine Best Places to Live 2006". Money (Cable News Network). 2006. Retrieved 2011-07-11. 
  6. ^ Levy, Francesca (2010-10-11). "America's Safest Cities". Forbes.com (Forbes.com). Retrieved 2011-07-11. 
  7. ^ "America's Safest Cities 2011". Forbes. Retrieved 5 March 2013. 
  8. ^ a b "America's Best High Schools 2012". Newsweek. Retrieved 11 June 2012. 
  9. ^ Christie, Les (2007-08-28). "The richest (and poorest) places in the U.S". Money (Money.cnn.com). Retrieved 2011-07-11. 
  10. ^ "Plano leaders run from Census Bureau's 'wealthiest' designation". Dallas, Texas. Retrieved 2011-07-11. 
  11. ^ Woolsey, Matt (2008-03-25). "In Depth: Top Suburbs To Live Well". Forbes.com (Forbes.com). Retrieved 2011-07-11. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Plano Timeline". Plano, Texas: City of Plano. 2011-02-17. Retrieved 2011-07-11. 
  13. ^ a b c d Schell, Shirley; Wells, Frances B. "Plano, TX". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 2011-07-11. 
  14. ^ "All-America Cities by State (1949–2009)". All-America City Award. Retrieved 2011-07-11. 
  15. ^ "City of Plano CAFR". Plano, Texas: City of Plano. 2008. Retrieved 2011-07-11. 
  16. ^ "City of Plano Executive Team Listing". Plano, Texas: City of Plano. Retrieved 2011-07-11. 
  17. ^ "Upscale mall Shops at Willow Bend opens today in Plano to offer array of stores new to Texas". The Fort Worth Star-Telegram. 2001-08-03. Retrieved 2013-01-08. 
  18. ^ "Plano 2011 CAFR". Plano, Texas: City of Plano. 2010. Retrieved 2012-08-31. 
  19. ^ "Legacy Town Center". Plano, Texas: Legacy In Plano. Retrieved 2011-07-11. 
  20. ^ Bivins, Ralph (2000-02-13). "The Woodlands becomes a leader in office construction". Houston Chronicle. pp. Business 8. Retrieved 2011-07-11. 
  21. ^ "USA". Ericsson. 2004. Retrieved 2011-07-11. 
  22. ^ "Robot Entertainment". 
  23. ^ "TektronixCommunications.com". 
  24. ^ "tylertech.com". 
  25. ^ "suva fiji island new york at". Mywikicity.com. Retrieved 2011-07-11. 
  26. ^ a b "Secondary schools". Plano, Texas. Retrieved 2011-07-11. 
  27. ^ "128 Seniors Named Semifinalists in National Merit Program". Plano ISD. Retrieved 1 November 2012. 
  28. ^ "Budget FAQ". Plano, Texas. 2008. Retrieved 2011-07-11. 
  29. ^ Plano ISD mutes criticism of 'Robin Hood' as its annual funding hit declines | Dallasnews.com - News for Dallas, Texas - The Dallas Morning News. Dallasnews.com. Retrieved on 2013-07-17.
  30. ^ "Academy Programs of Plano". Plano ISD. Retrieved 1 November 2012. 
  31. ^ "Collin County Campus." Coram Deo Academy. Retrieved on October 12, 2011. "Located at One Church- 2400 State Highway 121, Plano, TX"
  32. ^ "Campuses". Plano, Texas. Retrieved 2011-07-11. 
  33. ^ "SMU Plano". Plano, Texas. Retrieved 2011-07-11. 
  34. ^ "Guild hall/". Retrieved 2011-07-11. 
  35. ^ "General Information." Plano Public Library System. Retrieved on October 17, 2011. "W.O. Haggard, Jr. Library 2501 Coit Road (75075 )" and "Library Administration 2501 Coit Road"
  36. ^ a b Light, Nanette. "Editor's Note: Plano program connects kids to Chinese culture." Neighbors Go Plano. The Dallas Morning News. Published October 5, 2013. Updated October 4, 2013. Retrieved on October 29, 2013.
  37. ^ Home page (Archive). HuaYi Education. Retrieved on October 29, 2013.
  38. ^ "Plano (city), Texas". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census Bureau. 
  39. ^ "Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. 
  40. ^ "Plano 2007 Income Estimates". 2007. Retrieved 2011-07-11. 
  41. ^ "NBC5i.com". Retrieved 2011-07-11. 
  42. ^ "Offenses Known to Law Enforcement by State by City, 2006". Uniform Crime Report, 2006. FBI. 2007. Retrieved 2011-07-11. [dead link]
  43. ^ "List of Plano's sister cities". Plano.gov. Retrieved 2011-07-11. 
  44. ^ "Hsinchu celebrates ties with its Texas sister city". Taipei Times. 2003-09-24. Retrieved 2011-07-11. 
  45. ^ "Former Plano resident, 7-time Tour de France winner Lance Armstrong retires". Dallas Morning News. Dallas, Texas: Dallas Morning News. 2011-02-16. Retrieved 2011-07-11. 
  46. ^ "Chace Crawford busted for pot possession". Reuters. 2010-06-04. Retrieved 2011-07-11. 
  47. ^ "Boz Scaggs". Rock and Roll Biographies. ClassicBands.com. 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-11. 
  48. ^ Fong-Torres, Ben (2011). "Boz Scaggs: The Lowdown". The Official Boz Scaggs Fan Site. Boz Scaggs Music Community. Retrieved 2011-07-11. 
  49. ^ Hathorn, Billy (2010). "Mayor Ernest Angelo, Jr., of Midland and the 96-0 Reagan Sweep of Texas, May 1, 1976". West Texas Historical Association Yearbook 86: 81–2. 

External links[edit]