Planet of the Apes (franchise)

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Planet of the Apes
Planet of the Apes (logo).svg
CreatorPierre Boulle
Original workLa Planète des singes
Print publications
NovelsLa Planète des singes
Planet of the Apes: The Fall
Conspiracy of the Planet of the Apes
ComicsList of comics
Films and television
FilmsPlanet of the Apes (1968)
Beneath the Planet of the Apes
Escape from the Planet of the Apes
Conquest of the Planet of the Apes
Battle for the Planet of the Apes
Planet of the Apes (2001)
Rise of the Planet of the Apes
Dawn of the Planet of the Apes
Television seriesPlanet of the Apes
Return to the Planet of the Apes
Games
Video gamesPlanet of the Apes
 
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Planet of the Apes
Planet of the Apes (logo).svg
CreatorPierre Boulle
Original workLa Planète des singes
Print publications
NovelsLa Planète des singes
Planet of the Apes: The Fall
Conspiracy of the Planet of the Apes
ComicsList of comics
Films and television
FilmsPlanet of the Apes (1968)
Beneath the Planet of the Apes
Escape from the Planet of the Apes
Conquest of the Planet of the Apes
Battle for the Planet of the Apes
Planet of the Apes (2001)
Rise of the Planet of the Apes
Dawn of the Planet of the Apes
Television seriesPlanet of the Apes
Return to the Planet of the Apes
Games
Video gamesPlanet of the Apes

Planet of the Apes is an American media franchise[1] comprising eight films, two television series, and various comic books, novels and a video game. The series began with the 1968 science fiction film Planet of the Apes, which was based on the 1963 French novel La Planète des singes by Pierre Boulle. Originally owned by producer Arthur P. Jacobs' APJAC Productions, the rights and privileges to the franchise have been under the ownership of 20th Century Fox since 1973.[2]

Background[edit]

The original series of five films (1968–1973) were produced by Arthur P. Jacobs, based on Boulle's original novel premise, and released by 20th Century Fox. They chronicle the fall of humanity and the rise of intelligent apes through the points of view of astronaut George Taylor (Charlton Heston), astronaut John Brent (James Franciscus), the apes Zira (Kim Hunter) and Cornelius (Roddy McDowall), and their ape son Caesar (also played by McDowall). The first film was co-written by Rod Serling, creator of The Twilight Zone and Night Gallery.[3]

This was followed by two television series in the 1970s. The live-action series was called Planet of the Apes, which premiered on September 13, 1974. The series takes place approximately 900 years prior to the original Planet of the Apes film featuring a civilization where apes are the dominant life form, but humans still have the ability to speak. The animated series Return to the Planet of the Apes, that premiered on September 6, 1975, was independent of the film series. While only lasting one season each, both series spun off a variety of tie-in toys.[4]

In 2001, Planet of the Apes, a remake of the original 1968 film was released. Directed by Tim Burton, it featured an entirely new interpretation of Boulle's novel and state-of-the-art visual effects and makeup for the apes.[5]

In 2011, 20th Century Fox produced a reboot to the original series, called Rise of the Planet of the Apes, directed by Rupert Wyatt. The film stars James Franco and tells the story of an ape rebellion on Earth, led by a genetically-altered chimpanzee named Caesar (Andy Serkis). It is intended to be the first in a new series of films.[6] The sequel to Rise, Dawn of the Planet of the Apes, will be released on July 18, 2014, with Matt Reeves directing and Serkis reprising his role.[7]

Feature films[edit]

NumberTitleRelease dateDirectorTimeline
1Planet of the ApesFebruary 8, 1968Franklin J. SchaffnerOriginal series
2Beneath the Planet of the ApesMay 27, 1970Ted Post
3Escape from the Planet of the ApesMay 21, 1971Don Taylor
4Conquest of the Planet of the ApesJune 29, 1972J. Lee Thompson
5Battle for the Planet of the ApesJune 15, 1973
6Planet of the ApesJuly 27, 2001Tim BurtonRemake
7Rise of the Planet of the ApesAugust 5, 2011Rupert WyattReboot series
8Dawn of the Planet of the ApesJuly 14, 2014Matt Reeves

Reception[edit]

FilmRotten TomatoesMetacriticWorldwide grossBudget
Planet of the Apes (1968)89% (47 reviews)[8]$32,589,624[9]$5,400,000
Beneath the Planet of the Apes41% (22 reviews)[10]$18,999,718[11]$3,000,000
Escape from the Planet of the Apes78% (23 reviews)[12]$12,348,905[13]$2,500,000
Conquest of the Planet of the Apes44% (18 reviews)[14]$9,700,000[15]$1,800,000
Battle for the Planet of the Apes38% (24 reviews)[16]$8,844,595[17]$1,700,000
Planet of the Apes (2001)45% (156 reviews)[18]50 (34 reviews)[19]$362,211,740[20]$100,000,000
Rise of the Planet of the Apes82% (245 reviews)[21]68 (39 reviews)[22]$481,800,873[23]$93,000,000
Dawn of the Planet of the Apes$120,000,000

Future[edit]

On January 7, 2014, the studio announced a third film with Matt Reeves returning to direct and co-write along with Mark Bomback.

Characters[edit]

The following table shows the cast members who played the primary characters in the film series.

CharacterFilm
Planet of the Apes
(1968)
Beneath
the Planet of the Apes

(1970)
Escape
from the Planet of the Apes

(1971)
Conquest
of the Planet of the Apes

(1972)
Battle
for the Planet of the Apes

(1973)
Planet of the Apes
(2001)
Rise
of the Planet of the Apes

(2011)
Dawn
of the Planet of the Apes

(2014)

Humans[edit]

George TaylorCharlton HestonCharlton Heston (archival footage)
NovaLinda Harrison
BrentJames Franciscus
SkipperTod Andrews
ArmandoRicardo Montalbán
Dr. Otto HassleinEric Braeden
AlbinaNatalie Trundy
Governor BreckDon Murray
Dr. Stephanie ("Stevie") BrantonNatalie Trundy
MacDonaldAustin Stoker
JakeMichael Stearns
Leo DavidsonMark Wahlberg
DaenaEstella Warren
BirnLuke Eberl
Will RodmanJames Franco
Caroline AranhaFreida Pinto
John LandonBrian Cox
Charles RodmanJohn Lithgow
DreyfusGary Oldman
MalcolmJason Clarke
?Keri Russell
CarverKirk Acevedo
WernerJocko Sims

Apes[edit]

CorneliusRoddy McDowallDavid WatsonRoddy McDowall
Dr. ZiraKim Hunter
Dr. ZaiusMaurice Evans
CaesarWalker Edmiston (voice)Roddy McDowallAndy Serkis
LisaNatalie Trundy
AldoDavid ChowClaude Akins
NovaLisa Marie
AriHelena Bonham Carter
ThadeTim Roth
RocketTerry Notary
MauriceKarin Konoval
CorneliaDevyn DaltonJudy Greer
KobaChristopher GordonToby Kebbell
RiverNick Thurston
AshLarramie "Doc" Shaw

Crew and other[edit]

Crew/detailFilm
Planet of the Apes
(1968)
Beneath
the Planet of the Apes

(1970)
Escape
from the Planet of the Apes

(1971)
Conquest
of the Planet of the Apes

(1972)
Battle
for the Planet of the Apes

(1973)
Planet of the Apes
(2001)
Rise
of the Planet of the Apes

(2011)
Dawn
of the Planet of the Apes

(2014)
Untitled Third Film in Reboot Series
(2016)
DirectorFranklin J. SchaffnerTed PostDon TaylorJ. Lee ThompsonTim BurtonRupert WyattMatt Reeves
ProducerArthur P. JacobsRichard D. ZanuckPeter Chernin
Dylan Clark
Rick Jaffa
Amanda Silver
MusicJerry GoldsmithLeonard RosenmanJerry GoldsmithTom ScottLeonard RosenmanDanny ElfmanPatrick DoyleMichael Giacchino
WriterScreenplay:
Michael Wilson,
Rod Serling
Screenplay:
Paul Dehn
Screenplay:
John William Corrington,
Joyce Hooper Corrington
Screenplay:
William Broyles, Jr.,
Lawrence Konner
Mark Rosenthal
Screenplay:
Rick Jaffa,
Amanda Silver
Screenplay:
Rick Jaffa,
Amanda Silver,
Scott Z. Burns,
Mark Bomback
Screenplay:
Matt Reeves,
Mark Bomback
MPAA ratingGPGGPG-13
Running time112 minutes95 minutes98 minutes88 minutes93 minutes119 minutes105 minutes

Television series[edit]

Two brief television series also make up the bulk of the Planet of the Apes mythos: Planet of the Apes (1974) and Return to the Planet of the Apes (1975). Both series lasted for one season, with a total of 27 episodes.

Spin-off media[edit]

Books[edit]

Comics[edit]

Planet of the Apes-based comics have been published almost continuously since 1968 by several companies including: Marvel, Dark Horse, and Malibu. BOOM! Studios is the most recent company to publish comics within the series, launching a series of issues taking place prior to the events of the original 1968 film.

Games[edit]

In 1983, a game developed for the Atari VCS also entitled Planet of the Apes was to be the first computer game based on the Planet of the Apes series. However, a crash in the gaming industry at the time led to its advertised release being abandoned.[25] Many years later the prototype game began to circulate among gaming enthusiasts. It wasn't until 2001 that a video game based on the series was officially released. Constantly delayed,[26] Planet of the Apes was released by Fox Interactive in conjuncture with the 2001 remake film for Windows, PlayStation, and Game Boy Advance.[27]

1974 Film Marathon[edit]

In 1974, in preparation for the premiere of the Planet of the Apes television series, 20th Century Fox re-released the five theatrical films and called it the "Go Ape" marathon. The advertising campaign's major image featured a nondescript Ape pointing out to the viewer with the slogan "20th Century Fox Wants YOU to GO APE!", aping James Montgomery Flagg's famous Uncle Sam "I Want You for U.S. Army" poster. The marathon package was released with a PG rating, completely due to the MPAA rating that was given to "Conquest of the Planet of the Apes" (All other films in the original Ape series had been rated G.)

Mego, who released the Planet of the Apes action figures, also had a tie-in promotion with the "Go Ape" marathon where they were giving away free passes to the marathon.

Shared plot elements[edit]

Taylor's Spacecraft[edit]

Icarus is the fan-given name for the spacecraft in Planet of the Apes (1968), designed by art director William Creber. Similar spaceships, but with different doors and interiors, appear in Beneath the Planet of the Apes (1970), Escape from the Planet of the Apes (1971), and the first episode of the Planet of the Apes (1974) television series. It also makes a cameo via news feed in Rise of the Planet of the Apes (2011). Although unnamed in the films and the scripts, the name Icarus, coined by a fan named Larry Evans in 1972, was used by some toy model companies, then later in the Mr. Comics' miniseries Revolution on the Planet of the Apes. The film Rise of the Planet of the Apes did eventually utilize the name officially. Evans named the ship after the tragic Greek hero.[28]

The Forbidden Zone, as seen in Beneath the Planet of the Apes.

Forbidden Zone[edit]

The Forbidden Zone in the Planet of the Apes movie series is the barren, lifeless area declared off-limits to all apes. While most apes do not know the precise reasons why the area is forbidden, it is generally understood to be a wasteland, one fit only for humans, outlaws, and fools. According to the secret scrolls available only to the senior orangutan clergy, the Forbidden Zone "was once a paradise" and humans "made a desert out of it"[29] as the result of a nuclear war which occurs off-screen in-between Conquest of the Planet of the Apes and Battle for the Planet of the Apes.[30] To the apes' general public, however, the Forbidden Zone is forbidden simply because their ancient Lawgiver forbade it. In the first two films, the Forbidden Zone is the post-apocalyptic ruins of New York City, populated by telepathic human mutants whose Méndez religion seated at St. Patrick's Cathedral centres around the Alpha Omega bomb capable of burning the atmosphere and thus instantly destroying all life on Earth. The city depicted whole in Conquest of the Planet of the Apes and as a nuclear wasteland in Battle for the Planet of the Apes is unspecified although the skyline of Century City district of Los Angeles is prominently featured and no New York landmarks are seen; despite this, Battle ends with Méndez's creation of the mutants' religion around the atom bomb. The television series' forbidden city is set in the San Francisco Bay Area and, although in ruins, the city lacks telepathic mutants and the Méndez holy fallout religion. In the third episode the characters venture through a BART tunnel and see advertisements for San Francisco attractions.

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Those Damned Dirty Apes!". Mediacircus.net. Retrieved 2011-05-25. 
  2. ^ "Natalie Trundy: Monkey Business on the Planet of the Apes". Planet of the Apes (Marvel Comics) (26): 18. April 19, 1975. Retrieved May 29, 2013. 
  3. ^ Webb, Gordon C. (July–August 1998). "30 Years Later: Rod Serling's Planet of the Apes". Creative Screenwriting. Retrieved June 1, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Toys You Had Presents Planet of the Apes". Toys You Had. Retrieved May 28, 2013. 
  5. ^ Natale, Richard (May 6, 2001). "Remaking, Not Aping, an Original". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 1, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Collider Visits The Set of RISE OF THE PLANET OF THE APES; Plus Video Blog". Lussier, Germain. (April 14, 2011). Collider.com. Retrieved 2011-06-13.
  7. ^ Matt Reeves Confirmed to Helm ‘Dawn of the Planet of the Apes’
  8. ^ "Planet of the Apes (1968) – Rotten Tomatoes". Flixster. Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved May 28, 2013. 
  9. ^ Total Domestic Gross for Planet of the Apes (1968)
  10. ^ "Beneath the Planet of the Apes – Rotten Tomatoes". Flixster. Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved May 28, 2013. 
  11. ^ Total Domestic Gross for Beneath the Planet of the Apes (1970)
  12. ^ "Escape from the Planet of the Apes – Rotten Tomatoes". Flixster. Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved May 28, 2013. 
  13. ^ Total Domestic Gross for Escape from the Planet of the Apes (1971)
  14. ^ "Conquest of the Planet of the Apes – Rotten Tomatoes". Flixster. Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved May 28, 2013. 
  15. ^ Total Domestic Gross for Conquest of the Planet of the Apes (1972)
  16. ^ "Battle for the Planet of the Apes – Rotten Tomatoes". Flixster. Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved May 28, 2013. 
  17. ^ Total Domestic Gross for Battle for the Planet of the Apes (1973)
  18. ^ "Planet of the Apes (2001) – Rotten Tomatoes". Flixster. Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved May 28, 2013. 
  19. ^ "Planet of the Apes Reviews – Metacritic". Metacritic. Retrieved May 28, 2013. 
  20. ^ Total Domestic Gross for Planet of the Apes (2001)
  21. ^ "Rise of the Planet of the Apes – Rotten Tomatoes". Flixter. Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved May 28, 2013. 
  22. ^ "Rise of the Planet of the Apes Reviews – Metacritic". Metacritic. Retrieved May 28, 2013. 
  23. ^ Total Domestic Gross for Rise of the Planet of the Apes (2011)
  24. ^ William T. Quick (2003). Colony. HarperEntertainment. ISBN 0060086211. 
  25. ^ "Planet of the Apes". AtariProtos.com. Retrieved May 28, 2013. 
  26. ^ Anthony D'Alessandro (May 16, 2001). "Fox's ape-athy". Variety. Retrieved May 28, 2013. 
  27. ^ "Planet of the Apes: Fox Interactive brings the classic movie and books to the PlayStation.". IGN. May 13, 1999. Retrieved May 28, 2013. 
  28. ^ "Top 75 spaceships in movies and TV part 2". Den of Geek. Retrieved 2011-05-31. 
  29. ^ Quoting Dr. Zaius' statements to Col. Taylor at Dr. Cornelius' archaeological cave in Planet of the Apes.
  30. ^ The Lawgiver's narration at the start of Battle for the Planet of the Apes, and discussed by many characters in that film.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]