Piedras Negras, Coahuila

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Piedras Negras

Seal
Nickname(s): The Safe Border!
Piedras Negras is located in Mexico
Piedras Negras
Coordinates: 28°42′00″N 100°31′23″W / 28.7°N 100.52306°W / 28.7; -100.52306Coordinates: 28°42′00″N 100°31′23″W / 28.7°N 100.52306°W / 28.7; -100.52306
Country Mexico
StateCoahuila
MunicipalityPiedras Negras
Established15 June 1850
Government
 • MayorJose Manuel Maldonado (PRI) 2010 Oscar López Elizondo(PRI) 2010-2013
Area
 • City914.2 km2 (353.0 sq mi)
Elevation223 m (732 ft)
Population (2010)
 • City460,194
 • Density500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
 • Urban150,178
 • Metro202,948
DemonymNigropetense
Time zoneCST (UTC-6)
Postal code26000
Area code(s)878
AirportPiedras Negras Int. Airport
Websitepiedrasnegras.gob.mx
 
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Piedras Negras

Seal
Nickname(s): The Safe Border!
Piedras Negras is located in Mexico
Piedras Negras
Coordinates: 28°42′00″N 100°31′23″W / 28.7°N 100.52306°W / 28.7; -100.52306Coordinates: 28°42′00″N 100°31′23″W / 28.7°N 100.52306°W / 28.7; -100.52306
Country Mexico
StateCoahuila
MunicipalityPiedras Negras
Established15 June 1850
Government
 • MayorJose Manuel Maldonado (PRI) 2010 Oscar López Elizondo(PRI) 2010-2013
Area
 • City914.2 km2 (353.0 sq mi)
Elevation223 m (732 ft)
Population (2010)
 • City460,194
 • Density500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
 • Urban150,178
 • Metro202,948
DemonymNigropetense
Time zoneCST (UTC-6)
Postal code26000
Area code(s)878
AirportPiedras Negras Int. Airport
Websitepiedrasnegras.gob.mx

Piedras Negras is a city and seat of the surrounding municipality of the same name in the Mexican state of Coahuila. It stands at the northeastern edge of Coahuila on the U.S.-Mexico border, across the Río Bravo (Rio Grande) from Eagle Pass in the U.S. state of Texas. In the 2010 census the city had a population of 150,178 people, which accounted for 98.28 percent of its municipality's total population of 152,806. The municipality's area is relatively small, but does include some outlying minor localities not located inside the city limits. The Eagle Pass and Piedras Negras area is connected by the Eagle Pass-Piedras Negras International Bridge, Camino Real International Bridge, and the Eagle Pass Union Pacific International Railroad Bridge.

The city was founded in 1849. It was renamed Ciudad Porfirio Díaz in 1888, in homage to President Porfirio Díaz, but reverted to its original name following the Mexican Revolution.

In Spanish Piedras Negras translates to "black stones" – a reference to the coal deposits that exist in the area. Across the river, coal was formerly mined on the US side at Dolchburg, near Eagle Pass. This mine closed around 1905, after a fire. Mexico currently operates two large coal-fired power plants named "José López Portillo" and "Carbón 2" located 30 miles (48 km) south of Piedras Negras.

Contents

History

On 15 June 1850, a group of 34 men (commanded by Andrés Zapata, Gaspar Salazar and Antonio Ramírez) met with Colonel Juan Manuel Maldonado to give the news that they had created a pass point at Piedras Negras, to the right of the Rio Grande, south of Fort Duncan; and having given it the name of: Nueva Villa de Herrera. Later on it would be renamed Villa de Piedras Negras. In Otto Schober's "Breve historia de Piedras Negras," the local historian points out that the 34 men in in question were repatriates (Mexican Americans) that arrived on June 15, 1850 in what was then called "Colonia Militar de Guerrero en Piedras Negras."[1]

Due to the discovery of huge deposits of coal at the region, in 1881 a railroad track was begun, finishing in 1883. With this construction, the regional economy flourished and on 1 December 1888, it was granted the status of city; this time with the name of Ciudad Porfirio Díaz. After the fall of Diaz in 1911, the city reverted back to Piedras Negras, Coahuila.

Geography

Demography

In the Northern Region of Coahuila there are approximately 300,000 inhabitants. According to the National Institute of Statistics, Geography and Data Processing (INEGI), in 2005 the population of the municipio of Piedras Negras was of 143,915 inhabitants; this is equal to 5.77% of the population of Coahuila. 17% of the population of Piedras Negras came from other states, 3% are foreigners, and the rest are native-born in Coahuila. Piedras Negras has a high population growth due in part by its status as a border city fueled by US bound exports from several factories and also by persons who hope to cross the border into the United States. It is estimated that in a couple of years it will become the third most populated city of the state of Coahuila, surpassing Monclova. Nowadays Piedras Negras has more than 200,000 inhabitants.

Climate

The climate of the region is semi-arid and hot. During summer the temperatures often surpass 45°C. The hottest months are May through September with a daily average (mean) temperature between 79°F (26°C) and 88°F (31°C).

The high temperatures recorded in Piedras Negras have earned it recognition as one of the hottest cities in the country.[2]

Highest precipitation months are May, June and September with an average monthly downfall in excess of 3.1 inches (80 mm) but that is highly sporadic lending to frequent drought conditions. The period of lowest precipitation is between December through March, with a monthly average of 1.2 inches (30 mm).

Climate data for Piedras Negras
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °F (°C)64
(18)
69
(21)
77
(25)
83
(28)
88
(31)
94
(34)
95
(35)
96
(36)
91
(33)
83
(28)
72
(22)
64
(18)
81
(27)
Average low °F (°C)41
(5)
44
(7)
49
(9)
56
(13)
63
(17)
69
(21)
71
(22)
71
(22)
66
(19)
57
(14)
48
(9)
41
(5)
56
(13)
Precipitation inches (mm)0.4
(10)
1
(25)
0.8
(20)
1.9
(48)
3
(76)
2.2
(56)
1.9
(48)
2.2
(56)
3.9
(99)
2.3
(58)
1.8
(46)
0.9
(23)
22.4
(569)
Source: SAGARPA. Estadísticas Climatológicas Básicas del Estado de Coahuila (1961–2003)[3]''

Natural Resources

Coal used in the thermoelectric physical

This region generates a large amount of the national production of coal, one of the most economically important non-metallic minerals in the state.

Piedras Negras in film and television

Tourism

Church Our Lady of Guadalupe

Piedras Negras' main tourist attractions are:

Home of the Nacho

Nachos were originated in the city of Piedras Negras, Coahuila, Mexico, just over the border from Eagle Pass, Texas, (It is said[by whom?] that it was first made in Ciudad Acuña, Coahuila, Mexico[citation needed]) at a restaurant called the Victory Club, owned by Rodolfo De Los Santos.[1][2][3] One day in 1943, the wives of ten to twelve U.S. soldiers stationed at Fort Duncan in nearby Eagle Pass were in Piedras Negras on a shopping trip, and arrived at the restaurant after it had closed for the day. The maître d', Ignacio "Nacho" Anaya, invented a new snack for them with what little he had available in the kitchen: tortillas and cheese sauce. Anaya cut the tortillas into triangles, added nacho cheese, quickly heated them, and added sliced jalapeño peppers.[Note 1] He served the dish, calling it Nachos especiales[4] - meaning "Special Nachos" in Spanish.


Anaya went on to work at the Moderno Restaurant in Piedras Negras, which still uses the original recipe. He also opened his own restaurant, "Nacho's Restaurant", in Piedras Negras. Anaya's original recipe was printed in the 1954 St. Anne's Cookbook.[1][2]

The popularity of the dish swiftly spread throughout Texas. The first known appearance of the word "nachos" in English dates to 1949, from the book A Taste of Texas.[1] According to El Cholo restaurant history, waitress Carmen Rocha is credited with making nachos in San Antonio, Texas before introducing the dish to Los Angeles at El Cholo Mexican restaurant in 1959.[5]

A modified version of the dish, with permanently soft cheese and pre-made tortilla chips was marketed in 1976 by a man named Frank Liberto, owner of Ricos Products, during sporting events at Arlington Stadium in Arlington, Texas this version of nachos became known as "Ball Park Nachos". During a Monday Night Football game, sportscaster Howard Cosell enjoyed the name "nachos", and made a point of mentioning the dish in his broadcasts over the following weeks, further popularizing it and introducing it to a whole new audience.[6][7][8]

Ignacio Anaya died in 1975. In his honor, a bronze plaque was erected in Piedras Negras, and October 21 was declared the International Day of the Nacho. Anaya's son Ignacio Anaya Jr. serves as a judge at the annual nacho competition.[1][2]

International Day of the Nacho

The International Day of the Nacho takes place every October 21. It was initiated in the 1990s in the United States and Mexico to commemorate the invention of nachos by Ignacio "Nacho" Anaya in 1943 at El Moderno restaurant in the border town of Piedras Negras, Coahuila.

The International Nacho Festival is held on between October 13 and 15 at Piedras Negras and features a "biggest nacho of the world" contest which is registered with the Guinness Book of World Records. [9]


Local media

Newspapers

Radio

Local Television

Internet

Internet Local News

Sports

Recent events

Sister cities

Piedras Negras has two sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:

References

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ "Piedras Negras, una de las ciudades más calientes del país". ZÓCALO SALTILLO. 08/03/2009. http://www.zocalo.com.mx/seccion/articulo/piedras-negras-una-de-las-ciudades-mas-calientes-del-pais/. Retrieved 12 April 2011. 
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ Bienvenidos Diocesis de Piedras Negras
  5. ^ "Verbena popular por inauguración del Bosque Urbano "El Vergel"". http://www.territoriodecoahuilaytexas.com/noticia/bcs-184-10-verbena-popular-por-inauguracion-del-bosque-urbano-el-vergel/3076/. Retrieved 1 April 2010. 
  6. ^ Youtube - Teatro Piedras Negras!!!
  7. ^ "Entrega el Gobernador Humberto Moreira el Teatro de la Ciudad de Piedras Negras "Pepe Maldonado"". http://www.territoriodecoahuilaytexas.com/noticia/entrega-el-gobernador-humberto-moreira-el-teatro-de-la-ciudad-de-piedras-negras-pepe-maldonado/5214/. Retrieved 28 December 2010. 
  8. ^ Youtube - Spot Coahuila El Norte - P Negras Nuevo Auditorio.Flv
  9. ^ "Inauguran Auditorio y Casa de las Artes de Piedras Negras". http://www.zocalo.com.mx/seccion/articulo/inauguran-auditorio-y-casa-de-las-artes-de-piedras-negras. Retrieved 21 December 2010. 
  10. ^ YouTube - SPOT COAHUILA EL NORTE - PIEDRAS NEGRAS GRAN PLAZA 2.avi.flv
  11. ^ "Entrega Humberto Moreira "Gran Plaza" a Piedras Negras". http://www.zocalo.com.mx/seccion/articulo/entrega-humberto-moreira-gran-plaza-a-piedras-negras. Retrieved 09 December 2010. 
  12. ^ Youtube - Spot Coahuila El Norte - Piedras Negras Asta Monumental.Flv
  13. ^ "Asta Bandera Monumental de Piedras Negras es un símbolo de identidad nacional". http://www.zocalo.com.mx/seccion/articulo/asta-bandera-monumental-de-piedras-negras-es-un-dimbolo-de-identidad-nacion. Retrieved 23 December 2010. 
  14. ^ Youtube - Spot Coahuila El Norte - Piedras Negras Infoteca.Flv
  15. ^ "El Gobernador Humberto Moreira Valdés entregó la moderna Infoteca de Piedras Negras". http://www.territoriodecoahuilaytexas.com/noticia/el-gobernador-humberto-moreira-valdes-entrego-la-moderna-infoteca-de-piedras-negras/5217/. Retrieved 29 December 2010. 
  16. ^ "Museo del Niño "El Chapulín" se construirá en Piedras Negras". http://www.milenio.com/node/427240. Retrieved 21 April 2010. 
  17. ^ YouTube - SPOT COAHUILA - CASA DE LAS ARTES EN PIEDRAS NEGRAS.mp4
  18. ^ "Inauguran Auditorio y Casa de las Artes de Piedras Negras". http://www.zocalo.com.mx/seccion/articulo/inauguran-auditorio-y-casa-de-las-artes-de-piedras-negras. Retrieved 21 December 2010. 
  19. ^ YouTube - Spot Coahuila - Paseo del Rio Piedras Negras.flv
  20. ^ "Inauguran Paseo del Río de Piedras Negras". http://www.zocalo.com.mx/seccion/articulo/inauguran-paseo-del-rio-de-piedras-negras. Retrieved 28 November 2010. 
  21. ^ NOAA Global Hazards and Significant Events April 2004

External links