Piave (river)

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Piave
LocationPiaveRiver.png
OriginMonte Peralba, Valle di Sappada (Province of Belluno)
MouthAdriatic Sea near Cortellazzo (frazione of Jesolo)
Basin countriesItaly
Length220 km (140 mi)
Source elevation2,037 m (6,683 ft)
Basin area4,126.84 km2 (1,593.38 sq mi)
 
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For the cheese made in the region, see Piave (cheese).
Piave
LocationPiaveRiver.png
OriginMonte Peralba, Valle di Sappada (Province of Belluno)
MouthAdriatic Sea near Cortellazzo (frazione of Jesolo)
Basin countriesItaly
Length220 km (140 mi)
Source elevation2,037 m (6,683 ft)
Basin area4,126.84 km2 (1,593.38 sq mi)

The Piave (Latin: Plavis[1]) is a river in northern Italy. It begins in the Alps and flows southeast for 220 kilometres (140 mi) into the Adriatic Sea near the city of Venice.

In 1809 it was the scene of a battle during the Napoleonic Wars, in which Franco-Italian and Austrian forces clashed.

In 1918, during World War I, it was the scene of Battle of the Piave River, the last major Austro-Hungarian attack on the Italian Front, which failed after costing Austria-Hungary nearly 200,000 casualties. The Battle of the Piave was the decisive battle of World War I on the Italian Front. The river is thus called in Italy Fiume Sacro alla Patria (Sacred River of the Homeland) and is mentioned in the patriotic song "La leggenda del Piave".

Viticulture[edit]

North of the city of Venice along the Piave river valley is the Denominazione di origine controllata (DOC) zone that makes up the Veneto wine region known as the Piave DOC. Here both red and white wine is produced, mostly as varietal wines, with Merlot being the dominant grape of the region. Among the other grapes grown in the region are Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet franc (which can be made separately or together as a wine labelled Cabernet), Pinot blanc, Pinot grigio, Pinot nero, Raboso, Friulano, Verduzzo Trevigiano and Verduzzo Friulano (which can be made separately or together as a wine labelled Verduzzo).[2]

For wines to qualify for DOC labeling the stated variety must make up at least 95% of the blend from grapes that are harvested within a maximum yield restriction--11 tonnes/hectare for the Cabernets, Verduzzos and Friulano varieties, 12 tonnes/ha for the Pinots, 13 tonnes/ha for Merlot and 14 tonnes/ha for Raboso. The finished wines also must meet a minimum alcohol level--11.5% for all varieties except Merlot and Friulano which only need to reach 11% alcohol by volume. A separate riserva bottling for the red wine varieties are permitted provided the wine is aged at least two years prior to release and attain a minimum alcohol level of at least 12.5%.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Richard J.A. Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World: Map-By-Map Directory I. Princeton, NJ and Oxford, UK: Princeton University Press. p. 591. ISBN 0691049459. 
  2. ^ a b P. Saunders Wine Label Language pp. 190-191 Firefly Books 2004 ISBN 1-55297-720-X

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°50′34″N 12°6′18″E / 45.84278°N 12.10500°E / 45.84278; 12.10500