Phoenix roebelenii

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Phoenix roebelenii
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
(unranked):Angiosperms
(unranked):Monocots
(unranked):Commelinids
Order:Arecales
Family:Arecaceae
Genus:Phoenix
Species:P. roebelenii
Binomial name
Phoenix roebelenii
O'Brien
 
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Phoenix roebelenii
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
(unranked):Angiosperms
(unranked):Monocots
(unranked):Commelinids
Order:Arecales
Family:Arecaceae
Genus:Phoenix
Species:P. roebelenii
Binomial name
Phoenix roebelenii
O'Brien

Phoenix roebelenii (Pygmy Date Palm or Miniature Date Palm) is a species of date palm native to southeastern Asia from southwestern China (Yunnan Province), northern Laos and northern Vietnam, (in Dien Bien Province, Ha Giang Province, Cao Bang Province, Lang Son Province).[1][2] The name is sometimes mistakenly cited as roebelinii.

It is a small to medium size, slow-growing slender tree growing to 2-3 meters or 6-10 feet tall. The plant likes partial shade to full sun, but local climate must be taken into account when deciding where to plant. In the southwest desert areas, morning sun is recommended for best growth. It requires little pruning to develop a strong structure, is resistant to pests, is tolerant to soil variation, and is moderately drought tolerant. The leaves are 60-120 cm long, pinnate with around 100 leaflets arranged in a single plane (unlike the related P. loureiroi where the leaflets are in two planes). Each leaflet is 15-25 cm long and 1 cm broad, slightly drooping, and grey-green in colour with scurfy pubescence below. The flowers are small, yellowish, produced on a 45 cm inflorescence. The fruit is a 1 cm drupe resembling a small, thin-fleshed date.[3]

Cultivation and uses

The Pygmy Date Palm is a popular ornamental plant in tropical to warm temperate areas, including Hawaii, Australia, New Zealand, California, southern Nevada, coastal Texas, Florida, parts of Louisiana and Arizona.

References

  1. ^ WCSP, World Checklist of Arecaceae: Phoenix roebelenii
  2. ^ Germplasm Resources Information Network: Phoenix roebelenii
  3. ^ Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan ISBN 0-333-47494-5.