Philippe de Gaulle

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Philippe de Gaulle
Philippe de Gaulle.jpg
Born(1921-12-28) 28 December 1921 (age 91)
Paris, France
EducationÉcole Navale
RelativesCharles de Gaulle (father),
Yvonne de Gaulle (mother)
 
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Philippe de Gaulle
Philippe de Gaulle.jpg
Born(1921-12-28) 28 December 1921 (age 91)
Paris, France
EducationÉcole Navale
RelativesCharles de Gaulle (father),
Yvonne de Gaulle (mother)

This article incorporates information from the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia.

Admiral Philippe de Gaulle (born 28 December 1921) is a French politician and retired admiral. He was born in Paris, France. The son of General Charles de Gaulle, he is a former senator[1] and was Inspector-General of the French Navy.

Early life[edit source | edit]

De Gaulle was born in Paris on 28 December 1921, the eldest child and only son of Charles de Gaulle, then a commandant in the French Army and his wife Yvonne. He was baptised on 8 June of the following year in the Church of St. Francis Xavier in the 7th Arrondissement. He was educated at the Collège Stanislas de Paris, where his father had also studied, and subsequently joined the French Navy.

Free French naval officer[edit source | edit]

A student at the École Navale at the time of the invasion of France in 1940, he did not hear his father's appeal of 18 June, but escaped to the United Kingdom and declared his allegiance to the Free French Naval Forces. During the Second World War he fought in the Channel campaign and in the Battle of the Atlantic. Promoted to sub-lieutenant in 1943, de Gaulle participated in the Battle of France (1944-1945) as a platoon commander of the armored regiment of marines of the 2nd Armored. On 25 August 1944 he participated in the liberation of Paris and was sent from the Montparnasse Station to carry the order to surrender to the Germans entrenched at the Palais Bourbon in the premises of the National Assembly. Risking being shot if things went wrong, he negotiated among them, alone and unarmed. He fought in the Vosges during the winter of 1944-1945.

Postwar naval career[edit source | edit]

De Gaulle was promoted to lieutenant in 1948, and received fleet command 6F in 1952. He was promoted to corvette captain (lieutenant-commander) in 1956 and to frigate captain (commander) in 1961, commanding the escort Quick Picard (1960-1961). He pursued a military career in the navy as a naval aviation fighter pilot and was made naval aviation commander of the Paris Region (1964-1966). Promoted to captain in 1966, he commanded the missile frigate Suffren from 1967 to 1968.

In 1971 he was promoted to counter-admiral (commodore), becoming commander of the naval group of test and measurement ("GROUPEM") (1973-1974) where he hoisted his flag on the headquarters building Henri Poincare. He was then commander of aviation maritime patrol (ALPATMAR) from 1974 to 1975 and was elevated to vice-admiral (rear-admiral) in 1975. From 1976 to 1977 he was Wing Commander of the Atlantic and was promoted to squadron vice-admiral (vice-admiral) in 1977.

Promoted to admiral in 1980, he finished his military career as Inspector General of the Navy, retiring in 1982.

Politician[edit source | edit]

From 1986 to 2004 (reelected in 1995), de Gaulle served as a senator from Paris in the RPR and UMP. Near the end of the 1960s, a "legitimist" Gaullist party led by Joseph Bozzi advocated de Gaulle as the only legitimate heir of Gaullism. De Gaulle's influence, however, remained very low.

Personal life[edit source | edit]

On 30 December 1947 de Gaulle married Henriette de Montalembert Cers (born 1929), a descendant of the family of the Marquis de Montalembert. The marriage was blessed by Admiral Thierry d'Argenlieu. The couple had four sons:

Honours[edit source | edit]

Charles never appointed his son a Companion of the Liberation, probably to avoid being open to possible accusations of nepotism. Yet, in the opinion of some Gaullists and companions, Philippe would not have been undeserving of this honor, given his immediate engagement in Free France and his service in the army for five years, often at the forefront. Nor did Philippe's father award his son the medal of the Resistance.

References[edit source | edit]

  1. ^ Bremner, Charles (2003-10-18). "Did De Gaulle really hate the British? Mais non". The Times. Retrieved 2009-01-25.