Philip Seymour Hoffman

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Philip Seymour Hoffman
Philip Seymour Hoffman 2011.jpg
Hoffman in October 2011
Born(1967-07-23) July 23, 1967 (age 46)
Fairport, New York, U.S.
OccupationActor, director
Years active1991–present
Partner(s)Mimi O'Donnell (1999–present)
Children3
 
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Philip Seymour Hoffman
Philip Seymour Hoffman 2011.jpg
Hoffman in October 2011
Born(1967-07-23) July 23, 1967 (age 46)
Fairport, New York, U.S.
OccupationActor, director
Years active1991–present
Partner(s)Mimi O'Donnell (1999–present)
Children3

Philip Seymour Hoffman (born July 23, 1967) is an American actor and director. He won the Academy Award for Best Actor for the 2005 biographical film Capote, and received three Academy Award nominations as Best Supporting Actor. He has also received three Tony Award nominations for his work in the theater.

Hoffman began his acting career in 1991, and the following year started to appear in films. He gradually gained recognition for his supporting work in a series of notable films, including Scent of a Woman (1992), Twister (1996), Boogie Nights (1997), The Big Lebowski (1998), Magnolia (1999), The Talented Mr. Ripley (1999), Almost Famous (2000), 25th Hour (2002), Punch-Drunk Love (2002) and Cold Mountain (2003).

In 2005, Hoffman played the title role in Capote, for which he won multiple acting awards including an Academy Award for Best Actor. He received another three Academy Award nominations for his supporting work in Charlie Wilson's War (2007), Doubt (2008) and The Master (2012). Other critically acclaimed films in recent years have included Owning Mahowny (2003), Before the Devil Knows You're Dead (2007), The Savages (2007), Synecdoche, New York (2008), Moneyball (2011) and The Ides of March (2011). In 2010, Hoffman made his feature film directorial debut with Jack Goes Boating.

Hoffman is also an accomplished theater actor and director. He joined the LAByrinth Theater Company in 1995, and has directed and performed in numerous stage productions. His performances in three Broadway plays led to three Tony Award nominations: two for Best Leading Actor in True West (2000) and Death of a Salesman (2012); one for Best Featured Actor in Long Day's Journey into Night (2003).

Early life[edit]

Hoffman was born in Fairport, New York. His mother, Marilyn O'Connor (née Loucks), who was born in Waterloo, New York, is a family court judge, lawyer, and civil rights activist. His father, Gordon Stowell Hoffman, is a former Xerox executive.[1][2] He has two sisters, Jill and Emily, and a brother, Gordy Hoffman, who scripted the 2002 film Love Liza, in which Philip starred. He has German, English, Irish, Dutch, and remote Polish, ancestry.[3] His father was Protestant and his mother Catholic; Hoffman was not raised with a deep commitment to any denomination.[4][5][6] Hoffman's parents divorced when he was nine years old.[7]

Hoffman attended the 1984 Theater School at the New York State Summer School of the Arts. After graduating from Fairport High School, Hoffman attended the Circle in the Square Theatre's summer program, continuing his acting training with the acting teacher Alan Langdon.[8] He received a BFA in drama in 1989 from New York University's Tisch School of the Arts. At NYU, he was a founding member of the theater company the Bullstoi Ensemble with actor Steven Schub and director Bennett Miller.[9] Soon after graduating, he went to rehab for drug and alcohol addiction and remained sober until May 2013, when he entered a detox facility after briefly relapsing.[10][11]

Career[edit]

Film and television work[edit]

Hoffman in 2002 Promoting Punch-Drunk Love

Hoffman's first role was as a defendant in the 1991 Law & Order episode "The Violence of Summer". He made his film breakthrough in 1992 when he appeared in four feature films, with the most successful film being Scent of a Woman, in which he played an unscrupulous classmate of Chris O'Donnell's character. He had been stocking shelves at a city grocery store at the time before landing the role and credits the film with starting his career.

Hoffman has established a successful and respected film career playing diverse and idiosyncratic characters in supporting roles, working with a wide variety of noted directors, including Todd Solondz, The Coen Brothers, Spike Lee, Cameron Crowe, David Mamet, Robert Benton, Anthony Minghella and Paul Thomas Anderson; notably, he has appeared in five out of six of Anderson's feature films to date (Hard Eight, Boogie Nights, Magnolia, Punch-Drunk Love and The Master).

He appeared in The Party's Over, a documentary about the 2000 US elections. Throughout his career he has rarely been given a chance to play the lead role. In 2002, however, Hoffman starred as a widower coping with his wife's suicide in Love Liza, for which his brother, Gordy Hoffman, wrote the screenplay. In 2003, he played the lead role in Owning Mahowny as a bank employee who embezzles money to feed his gambling addiction.

Hoffman has continued to play supporting roles in such films as Cold Mountain, as a carnally obsessed preacher, Along Came Polly, as Ben Stiller's crude, has-been actor buddy, and Mission: Impossible III, as villainous arms dealer Owen Davian out to kill Ethan Hunt.

Hoffman in September 2010.

He received his first Primetime Emmy Award nomination for the HBO miniseries Empire Falls, but lost to castmate and personal idol Paul Newman. One of Hoffman's earliest roles was as a police deputy who gets punched in the face by Newman in 1994's Nobody's Fool. He received a second Emmy Award nomination for the Daytime Emmy Awards for Outstanding Performer In An Animated Program in his vocal work on Arthur.

In 2005, Hoffman won widespread acclaim for his portrayal of writer Truman Capote in the film Capote. His performance received numerous high-profile accolades and awards, including the Academy Award for Best Actor, the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama, the Screen Actors Guild Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture, and the BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role. In addition, he was also awarded Best Actor by at least ten film critic associations, including the National Board of Review, Toronto Film Critics, and Los Angeles Film Critics.

In 2007, Hoffman was nominated for the Golden Globe for Best Actor in a Supporting Role for playing Gust Avrakotos, a CIA officer who helps Congressman Charlie Wilson support a covert war in Afghanistan in the movie Charlie Wilson's War. In 2008, he was also nominated for Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for the same role, which he lost to Javier Bardem for No Country for Old Men.

In 2008, he appeared in Synecdoche, New York, in which he played Caden Cotard, a man who attempts to build a scale replica of New York inside a warehouse for a play, and Doubt, in which he played Father Brendan Flynn, a priest accused of sexually abusing a student. He received Golden Globe and Screen Actors Guild nominations for the latter. He also received a second consecutive nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance in Doubt.

In 2012, he starred in Paul Thomas Anderson's critically acclaimed drama The Master, which featured him as the charismatic leader of a nascent movement in post-war America. For this role, he was once again nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. In 2013, he played Plutarch Heavensbee in The Hunger Games: Catching Fire, the sequel to The Hunger Games.[12]

Theater work[edit]

Hoffman has also won acclaim for his work in the theater. He joined the LAByrinth Theater Company in 1995, and has staged and performed in numerous productions.

As a director, Hoffman has received two Drama Desk Award nomination for Outstanding Director of a Play: one for Jesus Hopped the 'A' Train in 2001; another for Our Lady of 121st Street in 2003. Of the difference between acting and directing in a play, Hoffman has said that "the director’s experience is not the real experience...You are the most subjective person in the room. You have no objectivity. You have to take a couple of weeks off and then come back to watch it without telling anyone, and you will see it with different eyes."[13]

As an actor, he first gained recognition in 2000 for the Off-Broadway play The Author's Voice, receiving a Drama Desk Award nomination for Outstanding Featured Actor in a Play. On Broadway, Hoffman starred in the 2000 revival of True West and the 2003 revival of Long Day's Journey into Night, both leading to Tony Award nominations.[14]

In 2012, Hoffman starred as Willy Loman in the Broadway revival of Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman at the Ethel Barrymore Theatre, prompting the New York Times critic to conclude that "Mr. Hoffman is one of the finest actors of his generation [...] beyond dispute."[15] He received his third Tony Award nomination as Best Leading Actor in a Play.

Personal life[edit]

Hoffman is in a relationship with costume designer Mimi O'Donnell. They met while working on the 1999 play In Arabia We'd All Be Kings, which Hoffman directed. They have a son, Cooper Alexander, born in March 2003, and two daughters, Tallulah, born in November 2006,[16] and Willa, born in October 2008.[17]

Filmography[edit]

YearTitleRoleNotes
1991Law & OrderSteven HanauerTV Series – Episode: "The Violence of Summer" (credited as Philip Hoffman)
1991Triple Bogey on a Par Five HoleKlutch
1992SzulerMartin
1992My New GunChris
1992Leap of FaithMatt
1992Scent of a WomanGeorge Willis, Jr.Credited as Philip S. Hoffman
1993Joey BreakerWiley McCall
1993My Boyfriend's BackChuck Bronski
1993Money for NothingCochran
1994Getaway, TheThe GetawayFrank Hansen
1994Yearling, TheThe YearlingBuckTV Film
1994When a Man Loves a WomanGary
1994Nobody's FoolOfficer Raymer
1995The Fifteen Minute HamletBernardo, Horatio & Laertes
1996Hard EightYoung Craps Player
1996TwisterDustin "Dusty" Davis
1997Boogie NightsScotty J.
1997Liberty! The American RevolutionJoseph Plumb Martin
1998CultureBill
1998MontanaDuncan
1998Next Stop WonderlandSeanNominated — Chlotrudis Award for Best Supporting Actor
1998Big Lebowski, TheThe Big LebowskiBrandt
1998HappinessAllen
1998Patch AdamsMitch Roman
1999FlawlessRusty Zimmerman
1999MagnoliaPhil Parma
1999Talented Mr. Ripley, TheThe Talented Mr. RipleyFreddie Miles
2000Titanic 2000Himself
2000State and MainJoseph Turner White
2000Almost FamousLester Bangs
2001The Party's OverHimselfTheatrically released as Last Party 2000
2002Love LizaWilson Joel
2002Punch-Drunk LoveDean TrumbellNominated — Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actor - Motion Picture
2002Red DragonFreddy Lounds
200225th HourJacob Elinsky
2003Owning MahownyDan Mahowny
2003Cold MountainReverend Veasey
2004Along Came PollySandy Lyle
2005Strangers with CandyHenry, Board Of Education
2005Empire FallsCharlie Mayne
2005CapoteTruman Capote
2006Mission: Impossible IIIOwen DavianNominated – Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actor
2007Before the Devil Knows You're DeadAndy Hanson
2007Savages, TheThe SavagesJon Savage
2007Charlie Wilson's WarGust Avrakotos
2008Synecdoche, New YorkCaden Cotard
2008DoubtFather Brendan Flynn
2009Mary and MaxMax Jerry Horowitz(Voice Only)
2009Boat That Rocked, TheThe Boat That RockedThe CountReleased as Pirate Radio in the United States and as Radio Rock Revolution in Germany
2009Invention of Lying, TheThe Invention of LyingJim the Bartender
2009ArthurWill ToffmanEpisode: No Acting Please
Nominated — Daytime Emmy Awards for Outstanding Performer In An Animated Program
2010Jack Goes BoatingJack
2011MoneyballArt Howe
2011Ides of March, TheThe Ides of MarchPaul ZaraNominated — BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role
Nominated — Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Cast
Nominated — Central Ohio Film Critics Association Award for Best Cast
2012The MasterLancaster DoddAlliance of Women Film Journalists Award For Best Supporting Actor
Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
Chlotrudis Award for Best Supporting Actor
Florida Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor
International Cinephile Society Award for Best Supporting Actor
International Online Film Critics' Poll Award for Best Supporting Actor[18]
Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor
London Film Critics' Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor
Oklahoma Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor
Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actor
Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actor
Southeastern Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
Toronto Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
Vancouver Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor
Volpi Cup for Best Actor (shared with Joaquin Phoenix)
Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor[19]
Nominated — Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated — BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role
Nominated — Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated — Detroit Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor - Motion Picture[20]
Nominated — Houston Film Critics Society for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated — San Diego Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actor[21]
Nominated — Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actor - Motion Picture[22]
Nominated — Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Supporting Role
Nominated — Utah Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
2012A Late QuartetRobert Gelbart
2013The Hunger Games: Catching FirePlutarch Heavensbee
2013A Most Wanted ManGünther Bachmann
2014The Hunger Games: Mockingjay – Part 1Plutarch Heavensbee
2014Child 44Filming
2014God's PocketFilming

Theatre[edit]

YearTitleRoleNotes
1996The SkrikerRawHeadAndBloodyBonesApril 23, 1996 – May 26, 1996
1997–98Defying GravityC.B.November 2, 1997 – January 4, 1998
1998Shopping and FuckingMarkMarch 17, 1998 – April 11, 1998
1999The Author's Voice & Imagining BradN/AMay 11, 1999 – May 29, 1999
Nominated — Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Featured Actor in a Play
2000True WestLee AustinBroadway
Mar 2, 2000 – Jul 29, 2000
Theatre World Award
Nominated — Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Actor in a Play
Nominated — Tony Award for Best Actor in a Play
Jesus Hopped the 'A' TrainDirector
November 29, 2000 – December 31, 2000
Nominated — Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Director of a Play
2001The SeagullKonstantinAugust 12, 2001 – August 26, 2001
The Glory of LivingDirector
October 30, 2001 – December 1, 2001
2003Our Lady of 121st StreetDirector
March 6, 2003 – July 27, 2003
Nominated — Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Director of a Play
Nominated — Lucille Lortel Award for Outstanding Director
Long Day's Journey into NightJames Tyrone, Jr.Broadway
May 6, 2003 – Aug 1, 2003
Nominated — Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Featured Actor in a Play
Nominated — Tony Award for Best Featured Actor in a Play
Dutch Heart of ManArtistic Director
September 25, 2003 – October 19, 2003
2004Guinea Pig SoloArtistic Director
May 9, 2004 – June 6, 2004
Sailor's SongExecutive Director
November 7, 2004 – November 21, 2004
2005The Last Days of Judas IscariotDirector/Artistic Director
March 2, 2005 – April 3, 2005
2006School of the AmericasArtistic Director
July 6, 2006 – July 23, 2006
A Small, Melodramatic StoryArtistic Director
October 24, 2006 – November 5, 2006
2007Jack Goes BoatingJackArtistic Director
March 18, 2007 – April 29, 2007
Nominated — Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Actor in a Play
Nominated — Lucille Lortel Award for Outstanding Lead Actor
A View From 151st StreetArtistic Director
October 18, 2007 – November 4, 2007
2008UnconditionalArtistic Director
February 18, 2008 – March 9, 2008
The Little Flower of East OrangeDirector
April 6, 2008 – May 4, 2008
2009OthelloIagoSeptember 27, 2009 – October 4, 2009
2012Death of a SalesmanWilly LomanBroadway
Mar 15, 2012 – Jun 2, 2012
Nominated — Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Actor in a Play
Nominated — Tony Award for Best Actor in a Play

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Philip Seymour Hoffman Biography (1967–)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved August 14, 2010. 
  2. ^ Syracuse Post Standard, Tuesday, March 07, 2006, Page 78
  3. ^ Philip Seymour Hoffman - Biography
  4. ^ Whitty, Stephen (December 8, 2008). "The talented Mr. Hoffman". Nj.com. Retrieved January 4, 2009. 
  5. ^ "PSH Frequently Asked Questions". Retrieved November 1, 2006. 
  6. ^ "Transcript: Inside the Actor's Studio, 2000". Retrieved November 1, 2006. 
  7. ^ "Philip Seymour Hoffman Biography". Yahoo! Movies. Retrieved November 1, 2006. 
  8. ^ "Philip Seymour Hoffman.net A PSH Fansite". Philipseymourhoffman.net. July 23, 1967. Retrieved August 14, 2010. 
  9. ^ Philip Seymour Hoffman on Inside the Actors Studio
  10. ^ "Nominee Hoffman once struggled with drugs". Associated Press. February 16, 2006. Retrieved November 1, 2006. 
  11. ^ "Philip Seymour Hoffman does detox for heroin abuse". USA Today. May 30, 2013. Retrieved May 30, 2013. 
  12. ^ Vary, Adam B. (July 9, 2012). "Philip Seymour Hoffman cast as Plutarch in 'Catching Fire'". CNN. Retrieved August 5, 2012. 
  13. ^ Stein, June. "Philip Seymour Hoffman", BOMB Magazine, Spring, 2008. Retrieved August 1, 2011.
  14. ^ "Philip Seymour Hoffman Awards". IBDB. Retrieved May 25, 2012. 
  15. ^ Brantley, Ben (March 15, 2012). "American Dreamer, Ambushed by the Territory". The New York Times. Retrieved May 17, 2012. 
  16. ^ Hancock, Noelle (June 22, 2006). "Philip Seymour Hoffman and Girlfriend Expecting Second Child". Us Weekly. Retrieved November 1, 2006. 
  17. ^ Hirschberg, Lynn (December 19, 2008). "A Higher Calling". New York Times. Retrieved January 4, 2009. 
  18. ^ International Online Film Critics Poll declares 3rd edition winners | Flickering Myth
  19. ^ 2012 WAFCA Award Winners - The Washington DC Area Film Critics Association (WAFCA)
  20. ^ 70th Golden Globe Awards Nominations - Deadline.com
  21. ^ San Diego Film Critic's Society — Movie Reviews by San Diego's Top Film Critics
  22. ^ 2012 Winners | Categories | International Press Academy

External links[edit]