Petrich

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Petrich
Петрич
Skyline of Petrich
Petrich is located in Bulgaria
Petrich
Petrich
Location of Petrich
Coordinates: 41°24′N 23°13′E / 41.400°N 23.217°E / 41.400; 23.217Coordinates: 41°24′N 23°13′E / 41.400°N 23.217°E / 41.400; 23.217
CountryBulgaria
Province
(Oblast)
Blagoevgrad
Government
 • MayorVelyo Iliev
Area
 • Total80.421 km2 (31.051 sq mi)
Elevation168 m (551 ft)
Population (2009-12-31)
 • Total29,920
 • Density370/km2 (960/sq mi)
Time zoneEET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST)EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code2850
Area code(s)0745
WebsiteOfficial website
 
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see Petrich (disambiguation).
Petrich
Петрич
Skyline of Petrich
Petrich is located in Bulgaria
Petrich
Petrich
Location of Petrich
Coordinates: 41°24′N 23°13′E / 41.400°N 23.217°E / 41.400; 23.217Coordinates: 41°24′N 23°13′E / 41.400°N 23.217°E / 41.400; 23.217
CountryBulgaria
Province
(Oblast)
Blagoevgrad
Government
 • MayorVelyo Iliev
Area
 • Total80.421 km2 (31.051 sq mi)
Elevation168 m (551 ft)
Population (2009-12-31)
 • Total29,920
 • Density370/km2 (960/sq mi)
Time zoneEET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST)EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code2850
Area code(s)0745
WebsiteOfficial website

Petrich (Bulgarian: Петрич) is a town in Blagoevgrad Province in southwestern Bulgaria, located at the foot of the Belasica Mountains in the Strumeshnitsa Valley. As of 31 December 2009, the town has 29920 inhabitants.[1]

It is the seat of Petrich Municipality.

Petrich is located close to the borders with Greece and the Republic of Macedonia. The crossing into Republic of Macedonia is known as Novo Selo-Petrich, as the first settlement across the border is Novo Selo.

Petrich Peak on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica is named for Petrich.

History[edit]

World War I memorial

Petrich was included in the territory of the Bulgarian State during the reign of Knyaz Boris I (852-889). During the Middle Ages it was a Bulgarian fortress of importance during Tsar Samuil's wars (997-1014) with Byzantium. During Ottoman rule, it formed part of the Rumeli Eyalet, and in the 19th century became a kaza of the Sanjak of Serres in the Salonica Vilayet. From 19 January 1892 Petrich and its district were included in the Bulgarian Exarchate, before being included in Bulgaria following the Balkan Wars in 1912-13. The Greek army attempted to capture the town in 1925 but was stopped at the outskirts; this event is known as the Incident at Petrich.

Climate[edit]

The climate of Petrich is mediterranean climate with considerable continental influence, especially in winter. Average winter temperature is one of the highest in the county with average around 5 °C, while the average summer temperature is around 25 °C. Winter season, around two months, starts in late December and lasts until early February. Summer is the longest season in Petrich, lasting from May through September, even as late as October. Petrich is the sunniest city in Bulgaria with yearly sunshine hours exceeding 2,700 on average but it varies a lot between the years. In December, the darkest months, there are only 3–4 hours of sunshine while in July, the sunniest month, Petrich averages 12 hours of sunshine, making it one of the sunniest places of Continental Europe.

Climate table:

Climate data for Petrich (2000-)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)7.3
(45.1)
10.2
(50.4)
15.3
(59.5)
20.1
(68.2)
25.3
(77.5)
29.8
(85.6)
32.9
(91.2)
33.1
(91.6)
26.8
(80.2)
20.7
(69.3)
14.2
(57.6)
8.3
(46.9)
20.3
(68.5)
Daily mean °C (°F)3.7
(38.7)
5.5
(41.9)
9.4
(48.9)
13.8
(56.8)
19.1
(66.4)
23.5
(74.3)
26.2
(79.2)
26.5
(79.7)
21.0
(69.8)
15.5
(59.9)
9.4
(48.9)
4.9
(40.8)
15.0
(59)
Average low °C (°F)0.1
(32.2)
1.3
(34.3)
4.7
(40.5)
8.8
(47.8)
13.3
(55.9)
17.1
(62.8)
19.5
(67.1)
19.8
(67.6)
15.2
(59.4)
10.3
(50.5)
5.2
(41.4)
1.5
(34.7)
9.7
(49.5)
Precipitation mm (inches)46
(1.81)
42
(1.65)
42
(1.65)
41
(1.61)
53
(2.09)
57
(2.24)
34
(1.34)
31
(1.22)
31
(1.22)
53
(2.09)
71
(2.8)
53
(2.09)
563
(22.17)
Mean monthly sunshine hours1131392112152863313733442432061471032,703
[[Category:Articles with unsourced statements from August 2013

http://www.stringmeteo.com/synop/bg_tuti.php?mode=c&year=2010&month=12&day=01&station=157120&submit1=%CF%CE%CA%C0%C6%C8#sel]][citation needed]

Economy[edit]

The town is an agricultural centre for fruit, vegetables and tobacco. It has two factories, making water level detectors and details for cranes.

Broadcasting station[edit]

There is a 500 kW mediumwave broadcasting station working on 747 kHz. It uses as antenna a 205 metre tall guyed mast insulated with an additional cage antenna. This mast was built in 1977.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]