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Peter Wennik Kaplan (February 10, 1954 – November 29, 2013) was a highly-respected editor in New York journalism circles, known for modernizing New Journalism for the digital age. He was best known for his role for fifteen years as the Editor-In-Chief of The New York Observer, a weekly newspaper. The Kingdom of New York, an anthology of articles from the famously pink paper, was co-edited by Kaplan.
In 2010, he worked as the editorial director of Fairchild Publications' Fairchild Fashion Group, where he helped oversee the relaunch of M, a men's magazine, and oversaw Women's Wear Daily, Footwear News, Menswear, the newly formed Fairchild books division, and other ventures.
On November 6, 2009, Kaplan appeared on The Charlie Rose Show, where he discussed the future of newspapers with regards to the Internet and mobile devices such as the Amazon Kindle, and Apple's iPad.
Two former editors from The New York Observer, Peter Stevenson and Jim Windolf, turned Kaplan into a Twitter character with two personalities, "Wise Kaplan" and "Cranky Kaplan," followed by insiders in the New York journalism community.
Kaplan was born in South Orange, New Jersey his mother a psychotherapist and his father owner and President of clothing manufactuer Complex Industries Corp.  While at Columbia High School he joined the newspaper, The Columbian. He had two brothers, the writer James Kaplan and Rob, an entertainment executive and business owner. He went on to obtain his degree from Harvard University in 1976. His college roommate was Robert Kennedy, Jr., son of late Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy.
In the early nineties he served as an Editorial Director at Conde Nast Traveler and a producer at The Charlie Rose Show. He then served as Editor-in-Chief of The New York Observer, from 1994 to 2009.
At The Observer, Kaplan worked with the following writers:
His parents were both from New York and he was one of three boys. He died of cancer in New York City on November 29, 2013, according to his wife, Lisa Chase, an editor at Elle. The couple had a son named Davey. His first marriage was to Audrey Walker and had three children: Caroline, Charlie and Peter Walker.