Peter Davison

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Peter Davison
10.14.12PeterDavisonByLuigiNovi.jpg
Davison at the 2012 New York Comic Con.
BornPeter M. G. Moffett
(1951-04-13) 13 April 1951 (age 62)
Streatham, London, England
Spouse(s)Diane J. Russell (1973–1975) (divorced)
Sandra Dickinson (1978–1994) (divorced)
Elizabeth Morton (2003-present)
ChildrenGeorgia Moffett (born 1984)
Louis Moffett (born 1999)
Joel Moffett (born 2001)
 
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Peter Davison
10.14.12PeterDavisonByLuigiNovi.jpg
Davison at the 2012 New York Comic Con.
BornPeter M. G. Moffett
(1951-04-13) 13 April 1951 (age 62)
Streatham, London, England
Spouse(s)Diane J. Russell (1973–1975) (divorced)
Sandra Dickinson (1978–1994) (divorced)
Elizabeth Morton (2003-present)
ChildrenGeorgia Moffett (born 1984)
Louis Moffett (born 1999)
Joel Moffett (born 2001)

Peter Davison (born Peter M. G. Moffett on 13 April 1951)[1] is an English actor, best known for his roles as Tristan Farnon in the television version of James Herriot's All Creatures Great and Small, and as the fifth incarnation of the Doctor in Doctor Who, which he played from 1981 to 1984.[2] Also, he played David Braithwaite in At Home with the Braithwaites. Since 2011 he has been playing Henry Sharpe in Law & Order: UK.

Early life[edit]

Davison was born Peter Moffett in Streatham, London, son of an electrical engineer who was originally from Guyana.[citation needed] The family then moved to Knaphill in Surrey.[3] During this time, Davison was a member of an amateur theatre company called the Byfleet Players.[4] Before becoming an actor, he gained three O-levels at Winston Churchill School, St John's, Woking, Surrey, and then had several odd jobs, including a stint as a mortuary attendant and a Hoffman Press operator.[3]

Davison studied at the Central School of Speech and Drama. His first job was as an actor and assistant stage manager at the Nottingham Playhouse.[3] He chose the stage name Peter Davison to avoid confusion with the actor and director Peter Moffatt, with whom Davison later worked.

In 1973, aged 21, Davison married Diane Russell.

His first television work was in a 1975 episode of the children's science fiction television programme The Tomorrow People, alongside American actress Sandra Dickinson, whom he married on 26 December 1978. Davison portrayed an alien named "Elmer", who arrives on Earth along with his sister (played by Dickinson) and his mother, known as "the Mama" (played by Margaret Burton).

In the mid-1970s, during a lull in his acting career, Davison spent 18 months working in a tax office in Twickenham.[5]

In 1976, he was offered a prominent role in the 13-segment TV miniseries Love for Lydia opposite a young Jeremy Irons; the series was broadcast on ITV the following year. In 1978, Davison's performance as the youthfully mischievous Tristan Farnon in All Creatures Great and Small made him a household name. Davison has said that he was mainly cast in the role because he looked as if he could be Robert Hardy's younger brother.[3]

Davison and his wife composed and performed the theme tunes to Button Moon, a children's programme broadcast in the 1980s, and Mixed Blessings, a sit-com broadcast on ITV in 1978. Davison subsequently appeared alongside Dickinson as the Dish of the Day in the television version of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy (1981), whose producers considered it humorous for an actor known for playing a veterinary surgeon to appear as a cow. The couple had a daughter, Georgia Moffett, in 1984, but later divorced in 1994.

Davison has also appeared in several British sitcoms, including Holding the Fort and Sink or Swim, as well as appearing in dramatic roles.[5]

Doctor Who (1981–1984 and later revivals)[edit]

In 1981, Davison signed a contract to play the Doctor for three years, succeeding Tom Baker (the Fourth Doctor) and, at age 29, was at the time the youngest actor to have played the lead role, a record he retained for nearly thirty years until Matt Smith (the Eleventh Doctor) took the role in 2009 at age 26. Attracting such a high-profile actor as Davison was as much of a coup for the programme's producers as getting the role was for him, but he did not renew his contract because he feared being typecast.[6] Patrick Troughton (who had played the Second Doctor and whom Davison had watched on the programme as a teenager) had recommended to Davison that he leave the role after three years, and Davison followed his advice.[7][8] The Fifth Doctor encountered many of the Doctor's best-known adversaries, including the Daleks (in Resurrection of the Daleks) and the Cybermen (in Earthshock). In 2008, Davison spoke unfavourably of some of the writing for the series during his tenure, claiming: "There were some very suspect scripts we did, knocked off by TV writers who'd turn their hand to anything. Fair enough, but they weren't science fiction fans. You do get the impression, both with the television series now and Big Finish, that they are fans of science fiction and that's why they are doing those stories."[9] Interviewed in 2013, Davison stated that The Caves of Androzani, The Visitation and Earthshock were his favourite serials from his time on the series, and that Time-Flight was the biggest disappointment because of a lack of budget.[10]

In 1982, Davison had lent his name to two series of short stories published by Arrow. The two were Peter Davison's Book of Alien Monsters and Peter Davison's Book of Aliens which both featured a photograph of him on the cover.[11]

Davison did, in fact, return to play the Fifth Doctor in the 1993 multi-doctor charity special Dimensions in Time and in the 1997 video game Destiny of the Doctors (audio only). He continues to reprise the role in a series of audio plays by Big Finish Productions. He returned once again in "Time Crash", a special episode written by Steven Moffat for Children in Need; in the episode, which aired on 16 November 2007, the Fifth Doctor met the Tenth Doctor, played by future son-in-law David Tennant.[12] Tennant later presented a documentary, Come in Number Five, which examined Davison's Doctor Who years in some detail, and which was included as a special feature on the 2011 DVD re-release of Resurrection of the Daleks. It is one of many DVD releases of his Doctor Who serials in which Davison has appeared as an in-vision interviewee or in DVD commentary recordings.

In 2012, Davison expressed further interest in returning to the role of the Doctor for the series' 50th anniversary,[13] but he did not take part. He did, however, write and direct The Five(ish) Doctors Reboot, an affectionate and comedic account of Colin Baker, Sylvester McCoy and himself attempting to get parts in the Anniversary Special, featuring cameos from numerous Doctor Who cast, crew, and famous fans.[14]

After Doctor Who[edit]

After Davison left Doctor Who in 1984, he immediately landed a role in "Anna of the Five Towns," a period drama. In 1985, he appeared in the television movies "Miss Marple Mysteries: A Pocketful of Rye," an "All Creatures Great and Small" Christmas special, and a feature-length episode of the American show Magnum, P.I. ("Deja Vu", set in the UK).

Davison did not work on another full television series until 1986, when he played Dr Stephen Daker, the hero of A Very Peculiar Practice, written by Andrew Davies. The black comedy-drama ran for two series (the latter was in 1988) and had a sequel with A Very Polish Practice, a television film.

Davison played Tristan Farnon again in two more series in 1988 and 1990, but largely sat out two series of "All Creatures" that aired in between in order to play the lead in Campion, a series based on the period whodunnits of Margery Allingham.

Davison's next lead television roles were in the TV movie Harnessing Peacocks (1992) and the sitcoms Fiddlers Three (1991) and Ain't Misbehavin'(1993 and 1995).

In 1995, Davison presented Heavenly Bodies a six-part series about astronomy broadcast on BBC1. This led to him being featured on the cover of Practical Astronomy magazine.[15]

It was not until 2000 that he returned in another major role, that of David Braithwaite in At Home with the Braithwaites. During convention appearances in 2013, Davison cited this as his favorite among the roles he has played.

Davison has appeared in several radio series including Change at Oglethorpe in 1995 and Minor Adjustment in 1996. In 1985 he appeared in the BBC Radio 4 comedy drama series King Street Junior, as teacher Eric Brown, but he left after only two series and was replaced by Karl Howman (as Philip Sims). In the 2000s, he starred in the comedy series Rigor Mortis.

In 1992 he presented the video documentary release Doctor Who: Daleks – The Early Years, showcasing surviving episodes of missing stories featuring the Daleks.

In 1994 he provided the voice of Mole in the The Wind in the Willows animated special Mole's Christmas. He also played a doctor in Heartbeat episode "A Bird in the Hand".

In 1997 Peter Davison acted the part Buttons in the pantomime Cinderella in the Arts Theatre in Cambridge.

In 1998 he guest starred in the sixth episode of the crime drama Jonathan Creek as the son-in-law of a horror writer who was shot dead on Halloween.

In 1999 he appeared as the outgoing head teacher in the television series Hope and Glory, and had the recurring role of Inspector Christmas in several episodes of the 1999 series of Diana Rigg's Mrs Bradley Mysteries.

He has also starred in the television series as Dangerous Davies in The Last Detective (2003–2007) and Distant Shores (2005), both for ITV, in the latter of which he also played a doctor. In 2006 he appeared as Professor George Huntley in The Complete Guide to Parenting. He has also appeared on the TV series Hardware as himself.

Davison made a guest appearance in the first episode of the second series of the BBC Radio 4 science fiction comedy series Nebulous, broadcast in April 2006.

Davison has also worked on the stage. In 1984, he appeared in Neil Simon's Barefoot in the Park at the Apollo Theatre alongside his then wife, Sandra Dickinson. In 1991, he appeared in Arsenic and Old Lace at the Chichester Festival Theatre. Further theatre appearances include: The Last Yankee, by Arthur Miller at the Young Vic Theatre and later the Duke of York's Theatre, London in 1993, and Vatelin in An Absolute Turkey, by Georges Feydeau, at the Gielgud Theatre in 1994. In 1996 he played the role of Tony Wendice in the theatrical production of Dial M for Murder. He also appeared as Amos Hart in Chicago at the Adelphi Theatre in 1999, and as Dr Jean-Pierre Moulineaux, in Under the Doctor at the Churchill Theatre, Bromley and later at the Comedy Theatre, London in 2001.

In early 2007 Davison appeared in a BBC comedy Fear, Stress and Anger, which also starred his daughter Georgia Moffett. Davison plays one half of an overworked couple with two irresponsible daughters and his senile mother at home.

Davison performed as King Arthur in the London production of Spamalot. He first appeared in the role on 23 July 2007 and his final performance was 1 March 2008. Also in 2008 he voiced Simon Draycott in the radio adaptation of The Long Dark Tea-Time of the Soul.

He appeared in the popular television show Al Murray's Happy Hour in March 2008, and in January 2009 appeared in Unforgiven, an ITV1 drama starring Suranne Jones. Davison played John Ingrams, a lawyer who helps Jones' character, Ruth Slater, find her sister after her release from prison.[16]

Davison has made television appearances in an episode of Midsomer Murders, in July 2009,[17] and a guest appearance in Miranda Hart's sitcom, Miranda, on BBC 2 in autumn 2009.

In October 2009, Davison was seen in a small but memorable role as a bank manager in Micro Men, a drama about the rise of the British home computer market in the late 1970s and early 1980s.

In December 2009, he played Denis Thatcher in The Queen, a docu-drama on Channel 4.

Throughout 2010 and 2011 he appeared as Professor Callahan in the West End production of Legally Blonde, which opened at the Savoy Theatre.[18]

In November 2010, it was announced that Davison would be joining the regular cast of the UK version of Law and Order as Henry Sharpe, the Director of the London Crown Prosecution Service (CPS). Davison's debut in the role will be from the beginning of the series' fifth season, alongside fellow Doctor Who actress Freema Agyeman.

He appeared in an episode of the police comedy-drama New Tricks in 2011, and an episode of Lewis in early 2013.

Personal life[edit]

Davison married his third wife, actress and writer Elizabeth Morton, in 2003. The couple have two sons, Louis and Joel.

Davison's daughter from his second marriage is actress Georgia Moffett. She is married (since December 2011) to Scottish actor David Tennant, who played the Tenth Doctor, and has three children, Ty (born 2002), Olive (born 2011), and Wilfred (born 2013).[19]

Views and advocacy[edit]

In 2010, Davison was one of 48 celebrities who signed a letter warning voters against Conservative Party policy towards the BBC.[20]

On 21 April 2010, Davison appeared in a party election broadcast on behalf of the UK Labour Party, following in the footsteps of fellow Doctor Who actor David Tennant and Jon Pertwee's son Sean Pertwee. Quoted in The Guardian, Davison said:

I'll be voting Labour without a doubt. I tremble at the idea we might put a Tory government back into power. I think back to the last time a Conservative government was running the country and can't believe we might do it. I'm also a big Brown fan; he might not have that slick charm that we seem to buy into these days, as we did with Blair, which turned into a big mistake, and as we seem to be doing with Cameron. With Brown, it's substance over style; he's a career politician, who has spent his life working to help people. I like that he isn't slick, unlike Cameron, who's only been in politics for a few years.[21]

Filmography[edit]

Television[edit]

YearTitleRoleNotes
1974WarshipConstable Monk
1975The Tomorrow PeopleElmerDavison's future wife, Sandra Dickinson was also in the programme.
1977Love for LydiaTom Holland13-part series for LWT
1978–1990All Creatures Great and SmallTristan Farnon
1979–1982Once Upon a TimeHimself
1980Pebble Mill at OneHimselfAppeared to discuss his new role in Doctor Who
1980–1982Sink or SwimBrian Webber
1980–1982Holding the FortRussell Milburn
1981The Hitchhiker's Guide to the GalaxyDish of the DayAppears alongside then wife Sandra Dickinson
1981–1984Doctor WhoThe Doctor
1982This Is Your LifeHimself
1985Fox TalesVariousVoice only
1985Anna of the Five TownsHenry Mynors
1986–1988A Very Peculiar PracticeDr Stephen Daker
1986Agatha Christie's Miss MarpleLance FortescueEpisode: "A Pocket Full of Rye"
1986Magnum P.I.Ian MackerrasEpisode: "Déjà vu"
1988Tales of the UnexpectedJeremy TylerEpisode: "Wink Three Times"
1989–1990CampionAlbert Campion
1991Fiddlers ThreeRalph West
1992A Very Polish PracticeDr Stephen Daker
1992KinseyBob Stacey
1993Harnessing PeacocksJim Huxtable
1993Dimensions in TimeThe DoctorA celebration of Doctor Who's 30th Anniversary; shown as part of Children in Need
1994HeartbeatDoctorEpisode: A Bird in the Hand
1994–1995Ain't Misbehavin'Clive Quigley
1995Mole’s ChristmasVariousVoice only
1995Heavenly BodiesHimselfA 6-part series about astronomy
1996CutsHenry Babbacombe
1997Dear NobodyMr Garton
1997Harry HillHimself
1997SceneEpisode: "A Man of Letters"
1998Jonathan CreekStephen ClaithorneEpisode: "Danse Macabre"
1998The Stalker’s ApprenticeMaurice Burt
1998VerdictMichael NaylorEpisode: "Be My Valentine"
1998Wuthering HeightsJoseph Lockwood
1999MollyMr Greenfield
1999Hope and GloryNeil BruceEpisode 1
1999The Nearly Complete and Utter History of EverythingFerdinand Magellan
2000The Mrs Bradley MysteriesInspector Henry Christmas3 episodes
2000It’s Only TV… But I Like ItHimself
2000–2003At Home with the BraithwaitesDavid Braithwaite
2003Too Good to be TrueRobert
2003–2007The Last DetectiveDC ‘Dangerous’ Davies
2004HardwareHimself
2005–2008Distant ShoresBill Shore
2006The Complete Guide to ParentingProfessor George Huntley
2007The Wright StuffHimself
2007Fear, Stress and AngerMartin ChadwickAppeared alongside his daughter, Georgia Moffet
2007MarpleHubert CurtainEpisode: "At Bertram’s Hotel"
2007Doctor WhoThe Doctor"Time Crash" Special mini-episode for Children in Need
2008Al Murray's Happy HourHimself
2009UnforgivenJohn Ingrams
2009Al Murray’s Multiple Personality DisorderNazi doctor
2009Micro MenBank Manager
2009Midsomer MurdersNicky FrazerEpisode: "Secrets and Spies"
2009MirandaMr ClaytonAppeared alongside Patricia Hodge, his co-star in Holding the Fort
2009The QueenDenis ThatcherEpisode: "The Rival"
2010SherlockPlanetarium VoiceEpisode: "The Great Game", uncredited
2011New TricksCharles AllenforthEpisode: "The End of the Line"
2011–2013Law and Order UKHenry Sharpe
2013LewisPeter FalkenerEpisodes: "The Ramblin Boy", parts one and two
2013Doctor Who Live: The Next DoctorHimselfGuest
2013Doctor Who At the PromsHimselfGuest
2013Pat & CabbageMichael
2013The Five(ish) Doctors RebootHimselfAlso Writer and Director
2013Doctor Who Live: The AfterpartyHimselfGuest
2014Death in ParadiseArnold FinchEpisode series 3.2

Film[edit]

YearTitleRoleNotes
1993The Airzone SolutionAl Dunbar
1994The Zero ImperativePatient One
1994A Man You Don’t Meet Every DayRobert
1994Black BeautySquire Gordon
1995The Devil Of WinterborneGavin Purcell
1996Ghosts Of WinterborneGavin Purcell
1999Parting ShotsJohn

Theatre[edit]

YearTitleRoleNotes
1972Love’s Labour’s LostNottingham Playhouse
1973The Taming of the ShrewOpen Space
1973Midsummer Night’s DreamRoyal Lyceum Theatre
1973HamletRoyal Lyceum Theatre
1974Two Gentlemen of VeronaRoyal Lyceum Theatre
1974Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are DeadRoyal Lyceum Theatre
1980Barefoot in the ParkPaul BratterChurchill Theatre, Bromley and UK tour
1982CinderellaButtonsAssembly Hall Theatre Tunbridge Wells
1984The Owl and the PussycatFelixUK tour
1991Arsenic and Old LaceMortimer BrewsterChichester Festival Theatre
1992The DecoratorYvonne Arnaud Theatre
1992–1993The Last YankeeLeroy HamiltonYoung Vic Theatre and Duke of York's Theatre
1994An Absolute TurkeyValetinGielgud Theatre
1996Dial M For MurderTony WendiceUK tour
1997CinderellaButtonsArts Theatre, Cambridge
1998–1999ChicagoAmos HartAdelphi Theatre
2001Under the DoctorDr Jean-Pierre MoulineauxYvonne Arnaud Theatre and Comedy Theatre, London
2007–2008SpamalotKing ArthurPalace Theatre
2009–2012Legally BlondeProfessor CalahanSavoy Theatre

Radio and CD audio drama[edit]

YearTitleRoleNotes
1985–1987King Street JuniorEric BrownBBC Radio 4 Series 1 and 2
1995–1996Change at OglethorpeDavid ClareBBC Radio 2
1999Sirens of TimeThe Fifth DoctorBig Finish
1999PhantasmagoriaThe DoctorBig Finish
2000The Land of the DeadThe DoctorBig Finish
2000Red DawnThe DoctorBig Finish
2000Winter for the AdeptThe DoctorBig Finish
2000The Mutant Phase: Dalek Empire, Part 3The DoctorBig Finish
2001Loups-GarouxThe DoctorBig Finish
2001PrimevalThe DoctorBig Finish
2001The Eye of the ScorpionThe DoctorBig Finish
2001Excelis DawnsThe DoctorBig Finish
2002Spare PartsThe DoctorBig Finish
2002The Church and the CrownThe DoctorBig Finish
2003NekromanteiaThe DoctorBig Finish
2003Creatures of BeautyThe DoctorBig Finish
2003OmegaThe DoctorBig Finish
2003ZagreusReverend TownsendBig Finish
2003No Place Like HomeThe DoctorBig Finish
2003–2006Rigor MortisDr. Anthony WebsterBBC Radio 4
2004The Axis of InsanityThe DoctorBig Finish
2004The Roof of the WorldThe DoctorBig Finish
2005The GameThe DoctorBig Finish
2005Three’s a CrowdThe DoctorBig Finish
2005The Council of NicaeaThe DoctorBig Finish
2005SingularityThe DoctorBig Finish
2006The KingmakerThe DoctorBig Finish
2006The GatheringThe DoctorBig Finish
2007Circular TimeThe DoctorBig Finish
2007Renaissance of the DaleksThe DoctorBig Finish
2007Exotron and Urban MythsThe DoctorBig Finish
2007Son of the DragonThe DoctorBig Finish
2007Return to the Web PlanetThe DoctorBig Finish
2007The Mind's EyeThe DoctorBig Finish
2008The Bride of PeladonThe DoctorBig Finish
2008The Long Dark Tea-Time of the SoulSimon DraycottBBC Radio 4
2008The Haunting of Thomas BrewsterThe DoctorBig Finish
2008The Boy That Time ForgotThe DoctorBig Finish
2008Time Reef and A Perfect WorldThe DoctorBig Finish
2009Key 2 Time: The Judgement of IsskarThe DoctorBig Finish
2009Key 2 Time:The Destroyer of DelightsThe DoctorBig Finish
2009Key 2 Time:The Chaos PoolThe DoctorBig Finish|
2009Castle of FearThe DoctorBig Finish
2009The Eternal SummerThe DoctorBig Finish
2009Plague of the DaleksThe DoctorBig Finish
2010CobwebsThe DoctorBig Finish
2010The Whispering ForestThe DoctorBig Finish
2010Cradle of the SnakeThe DoctorBig Finish
2010The Demons of Red Lodge and Other StoriesThe DoctorBig Finish
2011Heroes of SontarThe DoctorBig Finish
2011Kiss of DeathThe DoctorBig Finish
2011Rat TrapThe DoctorBig Finish
2011HexagoraThe DoctorBig Finish
2011The EliteThe DoctorBig Finish
2011Children of SethThe DoctorBig Finish
2012The Four CompanionsThe Fifth DoctorBig Finish
2012The Emerald TigerThe DoctorBig Finish
2012The Jupiter ConjunctionThe DoctorBig Finish
2012The Butcher of BrisbaneThe DoctorBig Finish
2012The Burning PrinceThe DoctorBig Finish
20121001 NightsThe DoctorBig Finish
2012-13Welcome To Our Village, Please Invade CarefullyRichard LyonsBBC Radio 2
2013The Lady of MerciaThe DoctorBig Finish
2013Prisoners of FateThe DoctorBig Finish
2013Eldrad Must DieThe DoctorBig Finish
2013Fanfare for the Common MenThe DoctorBig Finish
2013The Light At The EndThe DoctorBig Finish

Video games[edit]

YearTitleRoleNotes
1997Destiny of the DoctorsThe DoctorVoice only

References[edit]

  1. ^ GRO Register of Births: JUN 1951, 5c 47, Battersea, Peter M. G. Moffett, mother's maiden surname Hallett
  2. ^ "Doctor Who – Classic Series – Episode Guide – Fifth Doctor Index". BBC. Retrieved 10 October 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d Davison, Peter; Yvonne Swann (22 February 2007). "All Roles Great and Small". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 2007-02-23. 
  4. ^ "Peter Moffett aka Peter Davison". streathamlife.co.uk. 
  5. ^ a b Peter Davison biography at the BFI
  6. ^ Starlog (102). 1986. 
  7. ^ Haining, Peter (1988). Doctor Who: 25 Glorious Years. WH Allen Planet. 
  8. ^ Interview with Peter Davison (April 2009)
  9. ^ "Peter Davison ('Doctor Who')". Digital Spy. 12 March 2008. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  10. ^ "Peter Davison: 'I was quicker than most Doctors'". BBC News. 21 November 2013. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  11. ^ Howe, Stammers, Walker (1996). Doctor Who: The Eighties. London: Virgin Publishing Ltd. p. 168. ISBN 1-85227-680-0. 
  12. ^ "Who Needs Another Doctor?". BBC Doctor Who website. 21 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-23. [dead link]
  13. ^ "Peter Davison on Doctor Who's 50th anniversary:"I don’t think it will involve the older Doctors"". Radio Times online. 7 March 2013. 
  14. ^ "The Five(ish) Doctors Reboot, BBC Red Button Review". The Daily Telegraph online. 24 November 2013. 
  15. ^ Practical Astronomy, Volume 1, number 5, dated March 1995
  16. ^ "Unforgiven". itv.com. January 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  17. ^ "Midsomer Murders – Episode List". Archived from the original on 26 October 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  18. ^ "Casting Complete for London's Legally Blonde The Musical", Playbill, 10 September 2009
  19. ^ Duncan, Andrew (26 October - 1 November 2013). "Geeks should rule the world". The Radio Times. p. 13. 
  20. ^ "General Election 2010: leading stars oppose Tory BBC plans". The Daily Telegraph (London). 25 April 2010. 
  21. ^ "My vote". The Guardian (London). 11 April 2010. 

External links[edit]