Peter Cosgrove

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General
Peter John Cosgrove
AC CNZM MC
Peter Cosgrove.jpg
Peter Cosgrove at the 2008 National Anzac Day service at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra
NicknameCos
Born(1947-07-28) 28 July 1947 (age 66)
Sydney, Australia
Allegiance Australia
Service/branchAustralian Army Emblem.JPG Australian Army
Years of service1965–2005
RankAustralian-Army-GEN-Shoulder.png General
Commands heldChief of the Defence Force
Chief of Army
INTERFET
Deployable Joint Force
Land Command
1st Infantry Division
School of Infantry
1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment
Battles/warsVietnam War
International Force for East Timor
AwardsCompanion of the Order of Australia
Military Cross
Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit (New Zealand)
Commander of the Legion of Merit (United States)
Distinguished Service Order (Military) (Singapore)
Officer of the Legion of Honour (France)
Grand Cross of the Order of Prince Henry (Portugal)
Other workAuthor
Leader, Cyclone Larry Task Force
Chancellor, Australian Catholic University
Board member, Qantas and numerous other publicly listed companies
 
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General
Peter John Cosgrove
AC CNZM MC
Peter Cosgrove.jpg
Peter Cosgrove at the 2008 National Anzac Day service at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra
NicknameCos
Born(1947-07-28) 28 July 1947 (age 66)
Sydney, Australia
Allegiance Australia
Service/branchAustralian Army Emblem.JPG Australian Army
Years of service1965–2005
RankAustralian-Army-GEN-Shoulder.png General
Commands heldChief of the Defence Force
Chief of Army
INTERFET
Deployable Joint Force
Land Command
1st Infantry Division
School of Infantry
1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment
Battles/warsVietnam War
International Force for East Timor
AwardsCompanion of the Order of Australia
Military Cross
Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit (New Zealand)
Commander of the Legion of Merit (United States)
Distinguished Service Order (Military) (Singapore)
Officer of the Legion of Honour (France)
Grand Cross of the Order of Prince Henry (Portugal)
Other workAuthor
Leader, Cyclone Larry Task Force
Chancellor, Australian Catholic University
Board member, Qantas and numerous other publicly listed companies
Peter Cosgrove in attendance at the 2008 Anzac Day National Service at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra (second from right)

General Peter John Cosgrove, AC  MC (born 28 July 1947) is a retired Australian Army officer. He was the Chief of the Defence Force from 3 July 2002 to 3 July 2005, when he retired from active service. He has been Chancellor of the Australian Catholic University,[1] since 28 November 2010.

Military service[edit]

Cosgrove was educated at Waverley College, then followed his father, a Warrant Officer, into the Australian Army by attending the Royal Military College, Duntroon in 1965. Early in his career, Cosgrove fought in Vietnam with the 9th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment, where he served with great distinction, receiving the Military Cross in 1971.[2] In 1980 he was awarded the National Medal.[3] In the mid-1980s he commanded the 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment.[4]

Cosgrove came to national fame in 1999 when, as a Major General, he led the international forces (INTERFET) in a peacekeeping mission to East Timor. The mission's success made him one of Australia's most respected and popular military leaders.[5] He was promoted in 2000 to Lieutenant General as Chief of the Army and in 2002 to General as Chief of the Defence Force.[6]

In 2004, then Foreign Minister Alexander Downer queried the judgement of Federal Police Commissioner Mick Keelty.[7] Following a joint interview with then Defence Minister Robert Hill, Cosgrove was accused of "playing politics" when he said that, on this occasion, he disagreed with Keelty's point of view. However, Cosgrove expressed strong support for the Police Commissioner in his memoir published in 2006.[8] On 3 July 2005, Cosgrove's three year appointment as Chief of the Defence Force was completed, and he was succeeded by then-Chief of Air Force Air Marshal Angus Houston.

He subsequently wrote an autobiography, My Story,[8] which was a bestseller in Australia. There was some speculation that after retirement he would take up the post of Governor-General of Australia, or stand for parliament. It is rumoured that he may be appointed to replace Quentin Bryce in 2014.[9]

Cyclone Larry Taskforce[edit]

On 23 March 2006, Cosgrove was selected to lead the Queensland Government taskforce of rebuilding communities damaged by Cyclone Larry, a Category 5 tropical cyclone that devastated the Innisfail region of northern Queensland.[10]

"In recognition of the important contribution General Cosgrove made to the community of North Queensland following Cyclone Larry", on 11 October 2008, Queensland Premier Anna Bligh announced that the new residential suburb in the Bohle Plains area of Townsville will be named Cosgrove.[11][12][13]

Personal life[edit]

Peter Cosgrove is on the board of Australia's main airline Qantas and is on numerous other boards as Chairman or member. He is married to Lynne and has three adult sons and lives in Sydney.

Awards[edit]

Order of Australia (Military) ribbon.png Military Cross ribbon.png

Australian Active Service Medal 1945-75 ribbon.png Vietnam Medal ribbon.png Australian Active Service Medal ribbon.png INTERFET Medal ribbon.png

Australian Service Medal 1945-1975 ribbon.png Centenary Medal (Australia) ribbon.png DFSM with Fed Star.png National Medal (Australia) ribbon.png

Australian Defence Medal (Australia) ribbon.png Vietnam Campaign Medal ribbon.png New Zealand Order of Merit ribbon.png US Legion of Merit Commander ribbon.png

Tong-il Medal (South Korea) ribbon.png Darjah Utama Bakti Cemerlang (Tentera) ribbon.png Legion Honneur Officier ribbon.svg PRT Order of Prince Henry - Grand Cross BAR.png

Order of Australia (Military) ribbon.pngCompanion of the Order of Australia (AC)(Military division) 25 March 2000[5]
Member of the Order of Australia (AM)(Military division) 26 January 1985[4]
Military Cross ribbon.pngMilitary Cross (MC)12 February 1971 for gallantry in Vietnam.[2]
Australian Active Service Medal 1945-75 ribbon.pngAustralian Active Service Medal 1945-1975
Vietnam Medal ribbon.pngVietnam Medal
Australian Active Service Medal ribbon.pngAustralian Active Service Medal
INTERFET Medal ribbon.pngInternational Force East Timor Medal (INTERFET)
Australian Service Medal 1945-1975 ribbon.pngAustralian Service Medal 1945-1975
Centenary Medal (Australia) ribbon.pngCentenary Medal1 January 2001[6]
DFSM with Fed Star.pngDefence Force Service Medal with Federation Star(40–44 years service)
National Medal (Australia) ribbon.pngNational Medal16 October 1980[3]
Australian Defence Medal (Australia) ribbon.pngAustralian Defence Medal
Vietnam Campaign Medal ribbon.pngVietnam Campaign Medal (Republic of Vietnam)
New Zealand Order of Merit ribbon.pngCompanion of the New Zealand Order of Merit (CNZM)
US Legion of Merit Commander ribbon.pngCommander of the United States Legion of Merit
Tong-il Medal (South Korea) ribbon.pngOrder of National Security Merit (Tong-il Medal) (South Korea)within the Order of National Security Merit
Darjah Utama Bakti Cemerlang (Tentera) ribbon.pngDarjah Utama Bakti Cemerlang (Tentera) (Singapore)Distinguished Service Order (Military)
7 September 2004[14]
Legion Honneur Officier ribbon.svgOfficer of the Légion d'honneur (France)
PRT Order of Prince Henry - Grand Cross BAR.pngGrand Cross of the Order of Prince Henry (Ordem do Infante Dom Henrique) (Portugal)28 May 2002[15][dead link]
Other awards
Australian of the Year2001[16][dead link]

See also[edit]

Media related to Peter Cosgrove at Wikimedia Commons

References[edit]

  1. ^ "General Peter Cosgrove appointed Chancellor of ACU – 25 May 2010". Acu.edu.au. Retrieved 2013-07-12. 
  2. ^ a b It's an honour entry – Military Cross – 12 February 1971 Citation: Infantry – 9 RAR – Vietnam
  3. ^ a b "It's an honour entry – National Medal – 16 October 1980". Itsanhonour.gov.au. 1980-10-16. Retrieved 2013-07-12. 
  4. ^ a b It's an honour entry – Member of the Order of Australia – 26 January 1985 Citation: In recognition of service as Commanding Officer 1st Battalion, The Royal Australian Regiment
  5. ^ a b It's an Honour entry – Companion of the Order of Australia – 25 March 2000 Citation: For eminent service to the Australian Defence Force as the Commander of the International Force East Timor.
  6. ^ a b It's an Honour entry – Centenary Medal – 1 January 2001 Citation: For service to Australian society as Chief of the Defence Force
  7. ^ Honest copper emerges victor, The Age, 2004-03-18. During a "doorstop" interview, Downer said Mr Keelty was "expressing a view which reflects a lot of the propaganda we're getting from al-Qaeda".
  8. ^ a b My Story (HarperCollins Publishers Australia, October 2006, ISBN 0-7322-8384-1)
  9. ^ Virginia Trioli (2013-04-25). "General Peter Cosgrove speaks with ABC News Breakfast - Anzac Day 2013 - ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)". Abc.net.au. Retrieved 2013-07-12. 
  10. ^ Peter Beattie (23 March 2006) General Cosgrove to lead Cyclone Larry taskforce, (Press release) Premier of Queensland. Retrieved 2013-10-12
  11. ^ Townsville suburb named in honour of General Cosgrove, ABC News, 11 October 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-11.
  12. ^ Ryan, Lendl (11 October 2008). "Townsville "Cosgrove" storm". Townsville Bulletin (News Limited). Archived from the original on 15 September 2012. Retrieved 2008-10-11. 
  13. ^ Townsville suburb named after Cosgrove, Australian Associated Press Pty Limited (AAP), appearing in the Sydney Morning Herald, 11 October 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-11.
  14. ^ MINDEF Singapore, President Nathan Confers Top Military Award on Chief of the Australian Defence Force, 7 September 2004. Retrieved 19 April 2008.
  15. ^ Annual Portuguese Honorary Orders, Foreign citizens 1910–2006, 2006, retrieved 19 April 2008, p111. (Portuguese)
  16. ^ 2001 Australian of the Year Awards[dead link]

External links[edit]

Copyright pictures of Cosgrove

Military offices
Preceded by
Lieutenant General Frank Hickling
Chief of Army
2000–2002
Succeeded by
Lieutenant General Peter Leahy
Preceded by
Admiral Chris Barrie
Chief of Defence Force
2002–2005
Succeeded by
Air Chief Marshal Angus Houston
Awards
Preceded by
Sir Gustav Nossal
Australian of the Year Award
2001
Succeeded by
Patrick Rafter