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Pete O'Neal (b. Felix "Pete" O'Neal, Jr., 1940) was the chairman of the Kansas City chapter of the Black Panther Party. On October 30, 1969, he was arrested for the transporting of a gun across state lines (under a law implemented only two weeks prior to his arrest). He fled to Algeria, a year later and then to Tanzania, where he still lives in exile. Together with his wife, Charlotte, he is the co-founder of the United African Alliance Community Center (UAACC) in the village of Imbaseni, near the northern city of Arusha, Tanzania. The UAACC is a center focusing on healing the community by providing a diverse array of free art, music, film and other classes to members of the community.
The UAACC also serves as a hostel for people travelling through the area—offering several "huts" with bunk beds. The center has been frequented by several celebrities, American politicians, study abroad programs, students, documentary film makers, and artists. Pete and Charlotte provide numerous jobs to locals of the community and the center is entirely run by local Tanzanians. Pete's family still resides in the Kansas City Missouri
His life and exile in Tanzania is the subject of the documentary 'A Panther in Africa', by Aaron Matthews.
He is a cousin to US Representative Emmanuel Cleaver. In 1997, Cleaver attempted unsuccessfully to obtain a pardon for O'Neal.