Petawawa

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Town of Petawawa
Municipality
Emerald Necklace Trail and the Petawawa River
Petawawa is located in Ontario
Town of Petawawa
Coordinates: 45°54′N 77°17′W / 45.900°N 77.283°W / 45.900; -77.283
Country Canada
Province Ontario
CountyRenfrew County
Incorporated (town)July 1, 1997
Area[1]
 • Land164.68 km2 (63.58 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total15,988
 • Density97.1/km2 (251/sq mi)
 Source: Canada 2011 Census
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
WebsiteTown of Petawawa
 
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Town of Petawawa
Municipality
Emerald Necklace Trail and the Petawawa River
Petawawa is located in Ontario
Town of Petawawa
Coordinates: 45°54′N 77°17′W / 45.900°N 77.283°W / 45.900; -77.283
Country Canada
Province Ontario
CountyRenfrew County
Incorporated (town)July 1, 1997
Area[1]
 • Land164.68 km2 (63.58 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total15,988
 • Density97.1/km2 (251/sq mi)
 Source: Canada 2011 Census
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
WebsiteTown of Petawawa

Petawawa is a town located in eastern portion of Southern Ontario. Situated in the Ottawa Valley, with a population of 15,988 (2011 Census). Petawawa is the most populous municipality in Renfrew County.

Geography[edit]

Petawawa is located at latitude 45°54' north and longitude 77°17' west.

The town lies on the west bank of the Ottawa River, at the confluence of the Petawawa River. Situated across the Ottawa River from the Laurentian Mountains, and east of Algonquin Park, Petawawa is a favourite stop for outdoor enthusiasts, anglers, hikers, canoers, and kayakers.

Transportation[edit]

Ontario Highway 17, Greyhound bus lines, and the local commercial airport (Pembroke Airport) located in Petawawa, all provide access to this town.

Primary industries[edit]

Petawawa's primary employer is the Canadian Government. Most of Petawawa's residents work as civilian employees, or as members of the Canadian Forces at CFB Petawawa which is home to 2 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group, and 2 Area Support Unit[2]

Another major employer is Atomic Energy of Canada Limited located nearby in Chalk River.[3]

History[edit]

The earliest settlement in the Petawawa area was inhabited by the Algonquin First Nation. The name of Petawawa originates from a local Algonquin language word, biidaawewe, meaning "where one hears a noise like this".

Historical populations
YearPop.  ±%  
19511,017—    
19614,509+343.4%
19715,784+28.3%
19815,520−4.6%
19915,793+4.9%
19966,540+12.9%
200114,398+120.2%
200614,651+1.8%
201115,988+9.1%
Pre-2001 figures are for the Village of Petawawa; 2001 figures onward are for the Town of Petawawa.

In the late 19th century, the area was surveyed and settled by emigres from Scotland, Ireland and Germany. The land was unsuitable for crops, but the heavily forested surroundings were useful for logging. The Canadian military acquired land in the area in 1905, which later became Canadian Forces Base Petawawa. During this period it was used as an internment camp for German POWs during World War II. Later, it became home to the Canadian Airborne Regiment before it was disbanded in 1995. Today, it is one of Canada's largest ground forces bases with members deployed throughout the world on various missions supporting the United Nations in peacekeeping or the War on Terror.

Petawawa was incorporated as a township in 1865. In 1961, the urban area of Petawawa was incorporated as a separate village. On July 1, 1997, the village and township re-amalgamated to form the Town of Petawawa.

Climate[edit]

Petawawa has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb) with long, cold, snowy winters and warm summers.

Communities[edit]

View from Petawawa ski hill

In addition to the primary urban core of Petawawa, the town also comprises the communities of Black Bay, Kramer Subdivision, Laurentian View, McGuire, Petawawa Point, Pine Meadows, Pine Ridge, Pinehurst Estates and Riverview.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2011 Census Profile". 
  2. ^ http://www.army.gc.ca/iaol/143000440000726/index-Eng.html
  3. ^ http://www.aecl.ca/site3.aspx
  4. ^ "Petawawa A, Ontario". Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000 (in English & French). Environment Canada. Retrieved February 7, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Petawawa Nat Forestry, Ontario". Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000 (in English & French). Environment Canada. Retrieved February 7, 2013. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Petawawa at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 45°54′N 77°17′W / 45.900°N 77.283°W / 45.900; -77.283