Pes anserinus (leg)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Pes anserinus
Pes anserinus.png
Muscles of the gluteal and posterior femoral regions. Area of pes anserinus is encircled at bottom. sartorius, gracilis and semitendinosus are labeled at bottom left.
LatinPes anserinus
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Pes anserinus
Pes anserinus.png
Muscles of the gluteal and posterior femoral regions. Area of pes anserinus is encircled at bottom. sartorius, gracilis and semitendinosus are labeled at bottom left.
LatinPes anserinus

The pes anserinus ("goose's foot") is the insertion of the conjoined tendons of three muscles[1] onto the anteromedial (front and inside) surface of the proximal extremity of the tibia.

Goose feet

Anatomy[edit source | edit]

The three muscles are (from anterior to posterior):[2]

The conjoined tendon lies superficial to the tibial insertion of the medial collateral ligament (MCL) of the knee.

Mnemonic[edit source | edit]

A good mnemonic to remember the muscles which contribute tendons to this conjoined tendon and the innervations of these muscles is SGT FOT (sergeant FOT).

S- Sartorius G- Gracilis T- semiTendinosus (from medial to lateral)

F- femoral nerve O- obturator nerve T- tibial nerve (one of the two component nerves of the sciatic nerve [the other being the common fibular (or common peroneal) nerve]. The sciatic nerve itself cannot technically innervate anything because it is merely the designation for the common sheath that encases the tibial and common fibular nerves.)

Notice the order of the muscles (S, G, T) follows the order of the innervating nerves which correspond to those muscles (F, O, T)

Clinical significance[edit source | edit]

It is a cause of chronic knee pain and weakness ("pes anserine bursitis").[3][4] Pes bursitis is a condition in which the medial portion of the knee is inflamed. If the bursa underlying the tendons of the sartorius, gracilis, and semitendinosus gets irritated from overuse or injury a person can develop this ailment. This condition usually occurs in athletes from overuse. This pathology is characterized by pain, swelling, and tenderness.[3]

The semitendinosus tendon can be used in certain techniques for reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament.[5]

References[edit source | edit]

  1. ^ Mochizuki T, Akita K, Muneta T, Sato T (January 2004). "Pes anserinus: layered supportive structure on the medial side of the knee". Clin Anat 17 (1): 50–4. doi:10.1002/ca.10142. PMID 14695588. 
  2. ^ Mnemonic at medicalmnemonics.com 3447
  3. ^ a b pmr/104 at eMedicine - "Pes anserinus bursitis"
  4. ^ Alvarez-Nemegyei J (April 2007). "Risk factors for pes anserinus tendinitis/bursitis syndrome: a case control study". J Clin Rheumatol 13 (2): 63–5. doi:10.1097/01.rhu.0000262082.84624.37. PMID 17414530. 
  5. ^ Zaffagnini S, Golanò P, Farinas O, et al. (January 2003). "Vascularity and neuroreceptors of the pes anserinus: anatomic study". Clin Anat 16 (1): 19–24. doi:10.1002/ca.10073. PMID 12486734. 

Additional Images[edit source | edit]

External links[edit source | edit]