Pereira, Colombia

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Pereira
City

Flag

Seal
Nickname(s): La Querendona, Trasnochadora y Morena
Motto: Pereira con Vida
Location of the city and municipality of Pereira in Risaralda Department.
Pereira, Colombia is located in Colombia
Pereira
Location in Colombia
Coordinates: 4°48′51.4″N 75°41′40.41″W / 4.814278°N 75.6945583°W / 4.814278; -75.6945583Coordinates: 4°48′51.4″N 75°41′40.41″W / 4.814278°N 75.6945583°W / 4.814278; -75.6945583
CountryColombia
DepartmentRisaralda
RegionAndean
FoundationAugust 30, 1863
Government
 • MayorEnrique Vásquez Zuleta
Area
 • City702 km2 (271 sq mi)
 • Metro628 km2 (242 sq mi)
Elevation1,411 m (4,629 ft)
Population (2005 est.)
 • City576,329
 • Density820/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
DemonymPereira
Time zoneEastern Time Zone (UTC-05)
Area code(s)57 + 6
WebsiteOfficial website (Spanish)
 
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Pereira
City

Flag

Seal
Nickname(s): La Querendona, Trasnochadora y Morena
Motto: Pereira con Vida
Location of the city and municipality of Pereira in Risaralda Department.
Pereira, Colombia is located in Colombia
Pereira
Location in Colombia
Coordinates: 4°48′51.4″N 75°41′40.41″W / 4.814278°N 75.6945583°W / 4.814278; -75.6945583Coordinates: 4°48′51.4″N 75°41′40.41″W / 4.814278°N 75.6945583°W / 4.814278; -75.6945583
CountryColombia
DepartmentRisaralda
RegionAndean
FoundationAugust 30, 1863
Government
 • MayorEnrique Vásquez Zuleta
Area
 • City702 km2 (271 sq mi)
 • Metro628 km2 (242 sq mi)
Elevation1,411 m (4,629 ft)
Population (2005 est.)
 • City576,329
 • Density820/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
DemonymPereira
Time zoneEastern Time Zone (UTC-05)
Area code(s)57 + 6
WebsiteOfficial website (Spanish)

Pereira is the capital city of the Colombian department of Risaralda. It stands in the center of the western region of the country, located in a small valley that descends from a part of the western Andes mountain chain. Its strategic location in the coffee producing area makes the city an urban center in Colombia, as does its proximity to Bogotá, Cali and Medellín. In 2004 it reported a population of 576,329.

History[edit]

The area of Pereira was inhabited, before the European colonization, by the Quimbaya, known for their artworks in gold. The Spaniards established their first settlement in the area around the year 1540. The town of Cartago was first founded here by the conquistators Jorge Robledo and Diego de Mendoza; it was then moved around 1691 to the place where it is today.

In 1816, the brothers José Francisco Pereira and Manuel Pereira took shelter in the area after the defeat of Simón Bolivar and his army at the battle of Cachirí. Francisco Pereira Martinez wanted to found a city on this ground. On August 24, 1863, four days after Pereira's death, priest Remigio Antonio Cañarte headed a caravan from Cartago, and founded the city of Pereira six days later (August 30) where presently is the "Plaza de Bolivar".

In time, settlers from Antioquia occupied the area and established themselves in the city. Pereira was favored by its economically strategic location, fertile soil, and good weather. The settlers grew large quantities of high-quality coffee in the mineral-rich volcanic Andean soil; this is still the most important crop produced in the area, which is in the center of the so-called "coffee axis" (eje cafetero) region.

Migrants have come to Pereira also from Valle del Cauca, Bogotá, and other major Colombian cities. However, during the economic recession of 1999, and the low-growth years of 2000 and 2001, many Pereirans emigrated to the United States and Spain.

A panorama of Pereira

Politics and administration[edit]

Pereira is divided into 19 municipalities: Ferrocarril, Olímpica, San Joaquín, Cuba, Del Café, El oso, Perla del Otún, Consota, El Rocío, El poblado, El jardín, San Nicolás, Centro, Río Otún, Boston, Universidad, Villavicencio, Oriente y Villasantana.

Rural townships of Pereira include Altagracia, Arabia, Caimalito, Cerritos, La Florida, Puerto Caldas, Combia Alta, Combia Baja, La Bella, Estrella- La Palmilla, Morelia, Tribunas.

Pereira, along with La Virginia and Dosquebradas, forms the Area Metropolitana de Centro Occidente, or AMCO.

Economy[edit]

The municipality of Pereira has a diversified economy in its economic structure, the primary sector accounts for 5.7% of the GDP, the secondary sector shows a relative weight of 26.2% in the municipality and the tertiary sector is the most representative with magnitudes 68.1%. The GDP of Pereira grew 3.7% in 2004, this year was certainly successful where several events revived the economy, as the government's flagship national security <the democrática>, greater fluidity in the financial system, <microcredit >, remittances of compatriots living abroad that have a significant impact on consumption, the above best prices accompanied by oil, coal, nickel, coffee. These developments were reflected in the increase in both the supply and demand of goods and services.

Agriculture is diversified city has about 35 types of farming which 70% is permanent crops, 8% are annual crops and 22% correspond to transients to get bread, but turn the value added is concentrated in coffee. Livestock activities are gaining importance. The manufacturing industry emphasizes that the activities of apparel, major companies like Ingenio Risaralda, INCOCO, Two Life Jeans, Blue Kosta, Pentagram, Silvana Jeans Gino Pascalli, Arthur Street, El Palacio de la Ropa, prove it, others like D'Fashion, Footwear NIVI and Boomerang; companies with national presence as Frisby, the Lucerne, Ponkes, Sayonara, Nina Products, Maxticafe, Juancamole, Café Mariscal, Aluminios of Colombia, Western Fleet, Audifarma, Busscar, Suzuki Colombia, Motorcycles AYCO inter-born Pereira as Cable Union (Deceased), Publik and the second largest telecommunications company in the country, Media Commerce, examples of technology companies nationwide coverage.

The city has major logistics centers such as Servientrega International Logistics, The new mega logistics center located in Dosquebradas, Central and TCC latest fast.

Companies like Avesco with Bud and its processing plant and poultry farms, NESTLE and cookie factory, logistics center Alpina, Kimberly Clark Colpapel which produce the Scribe notebooks, thread factory (Coats Cadena). Trade is the second employment generating activity, has been carrying out a process Pereira dizzying in its formal trade, an important part is already in malls (Alcides Arevalo, Bolivar Plaza, Lake Plaza, Novacentro, Grove Park, Pereira Plaza, Victoria, Unicentro, etc.) where there is a wide variety of products and services which can be seen in the short term and successful.

In turn multinationals are present as a hypermarket Carrefour, and two smaller stores in Unicentro and two creeks, success with another Hypermarket and four more of the firm in the center, in the municipality of Dosquebradas, in the sector of Cuba and Grove Park, Megacentro Construction Home Center, Alkosto Hypermarket, Makro Hypermarket.

In less than a year 'McDonalds' for opening of three restaurants and two dessert centers, also comes to the important business city Cinemark with the most modern cinemas in the coffee, 6 and 4 in Grove Park Unicentro. Chilean investors believe in buying the project region and Alameda Mall, who later renamed Grove Park, the firm 'Parque Arauco who are the builders largest shopping centers in the southern cone, in this mall, your store will anchor 'Falabella and many other well known brands that will give the importance Pereira deserves appear after several months as the city with more unemployment in 2010 in Colombia.

On the side of the hotels in recent times have been built several establishments located in the center of Pereira, which can be interpreted as an expansion of visitors to the city for various reasons, generating added value in different sectors. Pereira has the first hotel in the coffee with five stars, the Abbey Plaza, and the most modern exhibition and convention center in the region, Expofuturo.

The construction enters a new cycle of expansion, the municipality has executed major works and executes civil works that have given a new look to the city, also works facilities and water supply network, gas, and telecommunications, as well as preservation and further development of its road network located in a municipality Pereira as competitive with other regions.

The services sector plays a key role in generating added value, benefiting the population of nearby municipalities, this is due to location of utilities in urban areas based on their geographic location, to another rural part is near the capital that easily allows the flow of trade in goods and services.

Transport[edit]

Unit Integrated Mass Transit System Megabús parked in the station Lucy Tejada Cultural Center.
Underground Exchanger Megabús Cuba in the district of Pereira.

Pereira is a major commercial hub of the country, which has the Matecaña International Airport, as well as an access network for the departments of Caldas, Quindio and valley, with roads interdepartmental be the "Autopista del Café ".[1] well as major domestic routes such as August 30 Avenue, Circunvalar Avenue, The South, The Railway and careers Sixth, Seventh and Eighth.

Pilares del Viaducto César Gaviria Trujillo.

In 2006 was inaugurated the mass transit system consisting of feeders and articulated buses, called Megabús, which primarily serves the municipalities of Pereira and Dosquebradas and moves more than 200,000 passengers a day, although it is planned to extend the system to the municipalities of La Virginia, and Santa Rosa de Cabal, still conditioned to it decides to be part of the metropolitan area.

The César Gaviria Trujillo Viaduct Pereira communicates with Dosquebradas, constituting an important part of vehicular traffic between the cities of Armenia, Pereira and Manizales, in addition to being awarded the national prize for architecture. It was inaugurated on November 15, 1997 and his name was given in honor of the 40th president of Colombia, César Gaviria, who was born in the city of Pereira, the length of its center span is 211 m. The bridge is a landmark for the city becoming together with the monument to Bolivar naked in one of the main icons. In 2006 a system was implemented to prevent people Otún thrown into the river, consisting of two barriers at the edges of the bridge difficult climbing.

In the Metropolitan West Center projects are being developed as Railway Station West, the Malecon in Virginia, and Quimbaya Natural Park and its cable car system, the Biopark.

There in Pereira, Risaralda Galicia Comfamiliar Park has extensive hotel infrastructure and a high quality service and a farm where they can find thematic various animal species.

Airport[edit]

The Matecaña International Airport was built between the period of 1944 and 1946 and was officially opened in August 1947. It operates both nationally and internationally. Perhaps most importantly, this airport is capable of receiving a variety of different aircraft, including the Fokker 100, Boeing 737 and Airbus A320. In this way, the Matecaña International Airport is one of the most important airports in Colombia.

Climate[edit]

Pereira's climate ranges from the following topics: Climate warm 9.9%, 60.7% average weather, cold weather, 11.5%, 17.7% moorland, its annual average rainfall of 2,750 mm.

This feature shaping climate and soils, also offers a variety of vegetation and landscape, and making possible the municipality of Pereira with one of the richest biodiversity in the nation. However, the city appears as a zone of high seismic vulnerability of soil types that comprise and fault lines that cross. Its average temperature is 22 degrees Celsius, (71 degrees Fahrenheit).

Climate data for Pereira, Colombia
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)32.0
(89.6)
32.8
(91)
34.6
(94.3)
32.0
(89.6)
30.0
(86)
30.0
(86)
32.0
(89.6)
31.6
(88.9)
31.8
(89.2)
30.2
(86.4)
32.0
(89.6)
30.4
(86.7)
34.6
(94.3)
Average high °C (°F)27.0
(80.6)
27.1
(80.8)
27.0
(80.6)
26.3
(79.3)
25.9
(78.6)
26.1
(79)
26.7
(80.1)
26.8
(80.2)
26.4
(79.5)
25.7
(78.3)
25.8
(78.4)
26.3
(79.3)
26.43
(79.56)
Daily mean °C (°F)21.6
(70.9)
21.8
(71.2)
21.7
(71.1)
21.4
(70.5)
21.1
(70)
21.3
(70.3)
21.5
(70.7)
21.6
(70.9)
21.2
(70.2)
20.6
(69.1)
20.7
(69.3)
21.1
(70)
21.3
(70.35)
Average low °C (°F)16.7
(62.1)
16.9
(62.4)
17.0
(62.6)
17.0
(62.6)
16.9
(62.4)
16.8
(62.2)
16.5
(61.7)
16.5
(61.7)
16.5
(61.7)
16.5
(61.7)
16.7
(62.1)
16.8
(62.2)
16.73
(62.12)
Record low °C (°F)12.2
(54)
13.0
(55.4)
13.6
(56.5)
12.4
(54.3)
13.4
(56.1)
11.0
(51.8)
12.4
(54.3)
10.0
(50)
13.0
(55.4)
12.3
(54.1)
12.0
(53.6)
12.4
(54.3)
10
(50)
Precipitation mm (inches)135.3
(5.327)
121.0
(4.764)
191.1
(7.524)
221.3
(8.713)
255.2
(10.047)
178.7
(7.035)
123.4
(4.858)
134.4
(5.291)
185.3
(7.295)
267.6
(10.535)
271.3
(10.681)
173.6
(6.835)
2,258.2
(88.905)
Avg. precipitation days151418212321181720242218231
 % humidity74747678797875747679797776.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours189.8164.6163.3134.1134.8149.6185.2180.0150.6141.9151.1170.81,915.8
Source: Instituto de Hidrologia Meteorologia y Estudios Ambientales[2]

Geography[edit]

The municipal area is 702 km², bordered on the north by the municipalities of La Virginia, Marseille Dosquebradas in northeast Santa Rosa de Cabal and east by the department of Tolima, south with the departments of Quindío and Valle del Cauca, west with the municipality of Balboa and the department of Valle del Cauca. Pereira is the first urban center in the Colombian Coffee-Growers Axis

Pereira is on the central mountains, the valley of the river Otún, and part of the Cauca river valley, Pereira like many Colombian cities, has high areas of difficult access or flat spots or a little steep, the streets of the city made pursuant to the relief of the area, the Avenida case as the river that crosses the river valley Otún, so it has few hills but several ondulcaiones side.

Most of the municipal territory corresponds to the relief of the Cordillera Central. Among the accidents highlight the snowy terrain of Quindio, del Ruiz and Santa Isabel, located on the borders with the departments of Quindio, Caldas and Tolima respectively. It also has other features such as Santa Barbara, also known as the Alto del Nudo. The hydrographic system of the municipality includes the rivers Cauca, Barbas, Old, Otún and Consota, with its many tributaries. It's broken relief, has a variety of climates, thermal levels by presenting the following: warm, 60 km², middle, 367 km², cold, 70 km² and moorland, with 107 km².

Demographics[edit]

Map of the city.

The population is believed to be approximately 576,329 inhabitants as of 2005, making it the sixth biggest city in Colombia. Pereira also has a twin city, Dosquebradas, some five minutes drive from the Plaza de Bolivar, which has approximately 200,000 inhabitants. Neighboring cities, Cartago (35 minutes away), La Virginia (25 min), and Santa Rosa de Cabal (15 min.) have another 210,000 inhabitants, for a total of about 986,000, making the area one of the most crowded urban areas in Colombia. Pereira, Dosquebradas and La Virginia comprise the Metropolitan Area. These three cities are connected via a massive transport system of articulated buses called Megabús; which is projected to be expanded later on to Cartago and Santa Rosa de Cabal. The first stage of the system was inaugurated on 21 August 2006.


Tourism[edit]

Lucy Tejada Cultural Center, taken in 2005.
Lions at the Zoo City Matecaña Pereira.
Macaws in the Zoo Matecaña city of Pereira.

As far as tourism, from Matecaña City Zoo to the Lake Otún and Santa Isabel, all located within the municipality, provide scenarios for activities ranging from sports adventure tourism. Pereira is also known as "night city" for its bars and nightclubs.

The Matecaña City Zoo houses numerous animal species, and has train travelling around the park. The planetarium and botanical garden of Pereira Technological University, located in the Technological University of Pereira, are places of cultural and educational interest. The Cathedral of Our Lady of Poverty, is religious architectural heritage of the city and the world. The Cultural Centre "Lucy Tejada, the Museum of Art Pereira, Jaime Mejia Archaeological Museum and the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Fatima are sites to visit.

Noah's Farm, located in the recreation center Confamiliar is an eco-park, providing interaction with the animals, fauna and flora of the place and the agricultural life of the region. Right there is a spa with pools, slides and green areas. Other sports venues to be found in the city would be the bowling, and the Olympic Village complex which is composed of Olympic pools, tennis courts, basketball and the velodrome.

The Los Nevados National Natural Park, encompasses a wide strip east of the department of Risaralda, offers a view of the Nevada del Ruiz, Tolima and Santa Isabel and the Laguna del Otun, birthplace of crossing the Rio Otún city of Pereira. The Botanical Garden of Marseille (municipality located 45 minutes from downtown) has an eco-trail, decorated with flora and fauna of the region. projected rapid industrial to fifth place in the country, after Bogotá, Cali, Medellin, Barranquilla and Bucaramanga is currently fifth.

"Naked Bolivar", by Rodrigo Arenas Betancur.

Main sights[edit]

Other monuments in the city include:

Education[edit]

Educational computer resource center (CRIE) in the Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira.

The city has several schools and universities. Among the most prominent is the Technological University of Pereira, which offers undergraduate and graduate courses on a campus of more than six hectares, with botanical gardens. Other universities include the Popular Catholic University of Risaralda and the Free University of Colombia, Andina University, the Cooperative University of Colombia, the National University of Colombia Distance Learning branch, the Saint Thomas Aquinas University branch, CEIPA University, Antonio Nariño University, and the Autonomous University of the Americas. It also has a number of training institutions associated with the National Learning Service (SENA).

Popular culture[edit]

In addition, the first settlers created a festival to promote the city, this celebration was made in the anniversary of the city (which conveniently coincided with the harvest), they decided to name it "Harvest Fest" (Fiestas de la cosecha); this festivity was promoted widely across the country, and, eventually became a major one, that generated several phrases that still survive in the lexic of Colombians as: "asi no vamos a llegar a ningún Pereira" (which could be translated as: this way, we're not going to arrive to Pereira, which is used to mean that the actions taken aren't useful to achieve a goal), "hicieron su Agosto" ("they made their August" meaning that someone made a really good deal, due that everyone used to sell all its merchandise at the festivities of the city).

Sports[edit]

Pereira's main football team is the Deportivo Pereira, which currently plays in the Categoría Primera B.

The city is home to the Hernán Ramírez Villegas stadium, a velodrome, a skating area, an Olympic swimming pool and a motocross track.

Pereira is also home to a "coffee marathon". Now Pereira has become a city of sports - during the year many important championships takes part here, for example motorcycle races and the Word Cup of Football Sub 20 which starts in August 2011.

Pereira is also the birthplace of the Colombian tennis player Santiago Giraldo.

Religion[edit]

Like many Colombian cities, the predominante religion is the Roman Catholic Church. Many Protestant churches have been established in the city in recent years, bringing together thousands of people and forming one of the largest Protestant churches in Colombia

Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "En servicio calzada de la Autopista del Café" (in Spanish). eldiario.com.co. Retrieved February 1, 2013. 
  2. ^ "CARTAS CLIMATOLÓGICAS - MEDIAS MENSUALES - AEROPUERTO MATECAÑA (Pereira)" (in Spanish). Instituto de Hidrologia Meteorologia y Estudios Ambientales. Retrieved February 1, 2013. 

External links[edit]