Pentrich, Derbyshire

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Pentrich
Pentrich church 153101 2e33864c.jpg
Pentrich Church
Pentrich is located in Derbyshire
Pentrich
Pentrich
 Pentrich shown within Derbyshire
OS grid referenceSK389525
DistrictAmber Valley
Shire countyDerbyshire
RegionEast Midlands
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townRIPLEY
Postcode districtDE5
Dialling code01773
PoliceDerbyshire
FireDerbyshire
AmbulanceEast Midlands
EU ParliamentEast Midlands
UK ParliamentAmber Valley
List of places
UK
England
Derbyshire
 
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Pentrich
Pentrich church 153101 2e33864c.jpg
Pentrich Church
Pentrich is located in Derbyshire
Pentrich
Pentrich
 Pentrich shown within Derbyshire
OS grid referenceSK389525
DistrictAmber Valley
Shire countyDerbyshire
RegionEast Midlands
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townRIPLEY
Postcode districtDE5
Dialling code01773
PoliceDerbyshire
FireDerbyshire
AmbulanceEast Midlands
EU ParliamentEast Midlands
UK ParliamentAmber Valley
List of places
UK
England
Derbyshire

Coordinates: 53°04′N 1°25′W / 53.07°N 1.42°W / 53.07; -1.42

Pentrich is a small village and civil parish between Belper and Alfreton in Amber Valley, Derbyshire, England.

Pentrich rising[edit]

Main article: Pentrich rising

The village gave its name to the Pentrich rising, an armed uprising which occurred on the night of 9/10 June 1817. The name is controversial.[citation needed] While much of the planning took place in Pentrich, two of the three ringleaders were from South Wingfield and the other was from Sutton in Ashfield; the 'revolution' itself started from Hunt's Barn in South Wingfield, and the only person killed died in Wingfield Park.

A gathering of some two or three hundred men (stockingers, quarrymen and iron workers), led by Jeremiah Brandreth ('The Nottingham Captain'), (an unemployed stockinger, and claimed, without substantiation, by Gyles Brandreth as an ancestor), set out from South Wingfield to march to Nottingham. They were lightly armed with pikes, scythes and a few guns, which had been hidden in a quarry in Wingfield Park, and had a set of rather unfocussed revolutionary demands, including the wiping out of the National Debt.

The organizer of the event[citation needed] turned out to be a government spy, who became known as Oliver the Spy, and the uprising was quashed soon after it began.[1] Three men were hanged for their participation in the uprising, including Brandreth.[2]

St Matthew's Church[edit]

St Matthew's Church

Whilst St Matthew's Church[3] is not mentioned in the Domesday book (1086), a charter of 1154–9 confirms the gift of the church of Pentrich to the cannons of Darley Abbey. Of this Norman church or one which shortly after replaced it the five arcades separating the aisles from the nave, parts of the west wall and south aisle and lower part of the tower remain.

The tower was made higher in the late 14th century and the two aisles were rebuilt. Around 1430 a new pointed chancel arch was built, retaining the earlier capitals and piers and a clerestory was added. The tracery of the east window suggests a date of 1420–50.

The font stands on a pedestal dated 1662 but the bowl has decoration typical of the Norman period. During the 19th century the bowl was absent and was used for the salting of beef.

On the exterior of the south chancel wall is a scratch dial or mass clock, a sort of sundial used to show service times.

Today the church meets for worship every Sunday at 9.30 am.

For further details and a downloadable history see http://swanwick-pentrich-cofe.btck.co.uk/

Interior St Matthew's Church

In literature[edit]

Percy Bysshe Shelley wrote the pamphlet "We Pity the Plumage, But Forget the Dying Bird" (1817) contrasting the wretched fate of the 'Pentrich Martyrs' (Brandreth, Turner & Ludlam) to the public mourning for the death of Princess Charlotte Augusta of Wales in childbirth a day earlier.

Charles Lamb wrote "The Three Graves" (1820) (which turns out to be not for the condemned men, but their accusers)

...
I ask'd the fiend, for whom these rites were meant?
"These graves," quoth he, "when life's brief oil is spent,
When the dark night comes, and they're sinking bedwards,
I mean for Castles, Oliver, and Edwards."

Historical romance and erotic novelist Pam Rosenthal involves the hero and heroine of her novel The Slightest Provocation in the unmasking of the Pentrich uprising's government provocateur.

Historical romance author Regan Walker's novel "Against the Wind" features in large part the Pentrich Rebellion of 1817. Published in March 2013, it is available as an eBook on Amazon and other Internet sites.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sean Lang (18 February 2011). British History For Dummies. John Wiley & Sons. p. 308. ISBN 978-0-470-74068-2. Retrieved 17 May 2012. 
  2. ^ John Cannon (4 July 2009). A Dictionary of British History. Oxford University Press. p. 1106. ISBN 978-0-19-955038-8. Retrieved 17 May 2012. 
  3. ^ St Matthew's Church

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]