Peninsula Point Light

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Peninsula Point Light
PeninsulaPointLight.jpg
Peninsula Point Lighthouse
Peninsula Point Light is located in Michigan
Peninsula Point Light
LocationStonington, Michigan
Coordinates45°40′06″N 86°58′00″W / 45.6682°N 86.9666°W / 45.6682; -86.9666Coordinates: 45°40′06″N 86°58′00″W / 45.6682°N 86.9666°W / 45.6682; -86.9666
Year first constructed1865
Year first lit1866
Automated1922[1]
Deactivated1936[2]
FoundationNatural emplaced[2]
ConstructionBrick
Tower shapeSquare, decagonal lantern
Markings / patternNatural yellow with Black Parapet and Lantern
Height40 feet (12 m)[3][4]
Focal height40 feet (12 m)[5]
Original lensOil lamp,[6] 4th order Fresnel lens
Current lensRemoved
Range10 nautical miles; 19 kilometres (12 mi)[citation needed]
Characteristicwhite flash every 30 seconds.
ARLHS number

USA-591[7][8]

Peninsula Point Lighthouse
USCGPeninsulapoint.jpg
U.S. Coast Guard Archive Photo
Nearest cityEscanaba, Michigan
Arealess than one acre
Governing bodyUnited States Forest Service
NRHP Reference #75000941[9]
Added to NRHPApril 28, 1975
 
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Peninsula Point Light
PeninsulaPointLight.jpg
Peninsula Point Lighthouse
Peninsula Point Light is located in Michigan
Peninsula Point Light
LocationStonington, Michigan
Coordinates45°40′06″N 86°58′00″W / 45.6682°N 86.9666°W / 45.6682; -86.9666Coordinates: 45°40′06″N 86°58′00″W / 45.6682°N 86.9666°W / 45.6682; -86.9666
Year first constructed1865
Year first lit1866
Automated1922[1]
Deactivated1936[2]
FoundationNatural emplaced[2]
ConstructionBrick
Tower shapeSquare, decagonal lantern
Markings / patternNatural yellow with Black Parapet and Lantern
Height40 feet (12 m)[3][4]
Focal height40 feet (12 m)[5]
Original lensOil lamp,[6] 4th order Fresnel lens
Current lensRemoved
Range10 nautical miles; 19 kilometres (12 mi)[citation needed]
Characteristicwhite flash every 30 seconds.
ARLHS number

USA-591[7][8]

Peninsula Point Lighthouse
USCGPeninsulapoint.jpg
U.S. Coast Guard Archive Photo
Nearest cityEscanaba, Michigan
Arealess than one acre
Governing bodyUnited States Forest Service
NRHP Reference #75000941[9]
Added to NRHPApril 28, 1975

The Peninsula Point lighthouse is located at the southern tip of the Stonington Peninsula in Bay de Noc township in Delta County, Michigan. United States Coast Guard historical documents have over the years listed the name of the site as both Peninsula Point and Point Peninsula.

Service[edit]

The Stonington Peninsula juts into Lake Michigan from the southern coast of Michigan's Upper Peninsula at a key point along the shipping lanes to and from the docks of Escanaba and Gladstone, as a hazardous shoal extends more than 2 miles (3.2 km) out into the lake, posing a hazard to shipping. Thus the light had two purposes: (1) it marked a turning point; and (2) it warned mariners away from the rocks and shallows.[10] Danger was inherent in the confluence of reefs and the shipping channels, through which fish, iron ore, lumber,along with other products were transported. "The U.S. Government recognized the need for a lighthouse on the peninsula to aid navigation around these dangerous shoals and reefs separating Big Bay de Noc, Little Bay de Noc, and Green Bay of Lake Michigan."[11]

Although Congress voted funds to build the lighthouse founded in 1856.[12] On July 20, 1864, funds were again appropriated for the building of a lighthouse on the Stonington Peninsula on July 20, 1864.[11] It was not built until 1865 (following the United States Civil War.[12] It maintained as an active aid to navigation until 1934.[13]

Point Peninsula Light's first keeper was Mr. Charles Beggs, who died there in 1887. The second keeper was Mr. Henry Corgan. Mr. Peter Knutsen was third. In 1889 Captain James D. Armstrong was appointed keeper and this was home to him and his family until 1922.[11]

In 1922, by the United States Lighthouse Service installed an automatic acetylene light to replace the hand operated oil lamp. Thus, it was no longer necessary to occupy the site since the light was automated. Captain Armstrong continued to be responsible for Peninsula Point until 1931.[11]

Thereafter, the Fourth Order lens was removed from the lantern and replaced by a 12-inch (300 mm) lens equipped with a 300 candlepower acetylene flasher Dalén light and sun valve. Upon this installation, the light's characteristic was changed to repeated 1-second flash followed by a nine-second eclipse, exhibited initially on the evening of May 20, 1922.[10]

When the Minneapolis Shoal Light Station went into service. this light was decommissioned and abandoned in 1936.[14] Its tower is open for visitors to climb into the cast iron lantern room at the top of a cast iron spiral staircase. The attached lighthouse keeper's residence burnt in 1959, after it had been restored by the Stonington, Michigan Grange.[10]

In 1937, the USDA-Forest Service "was granted custodianship." The building was repaired and public picnic grounds were constructed by the Civilian Conservation Corps. The Stonington Grange took over maintenance of the structure and grounds. In 1949 the Grange won first prize in their State contest for their work at the lighthouse.[11]

The house portion burned to the ground in 1959. Debris was cleared and damage to the north side of the tower repaired in 1962 by the USDA Forest Service.[11]

Current status[edit]

The light is listed on the National Register of Historical Places, Reference #75000941, Name of Listing: PENINSULA POINT LIGHTHOUSE.[2] It is not listed on the state registry.[15]

The lighthouse tower is managed by the National Forest Service, which maintains a webpage for the light and picnic area.[16]

Bird and butterfly migrations[edit]

Because of their placement on points of land, lighthouses are often situated on migratory pathways, and are so-called 'bird traps.' See Whitefish Point Light and Tawas Point Light.

The Stonington Peninsula plays a crucial role in the migration of the Monarch butterfly, which gathers there in September before migrating across Lake Michigan to Door County, Wisconsin.[10] In the fall, thousands of monarch butterflies converge on the area to rest before their migration across Green Bay.[11] It has been called the Point Pelee of the Upper Peninsula, and is an important bird area. The location is also an important location for migratory birds, and has been deemed to be a successful effort by the Hiawatha National Forest.[17]

The area is said to be a rock hound's paradise. "The rocky shoreline yields fossils estimated at 400-500 million years old."[citation needed]

Getting there[edit]

The USDA Forest Service operates the grounds as a picnic area. There are ten tables and grills on the lawns surrounding the tower. Pit toilets are available, as well as drinking water.[11]

The light tower is located at the end of County Road 513 from US 2, about 3 miles (4.8 km) east of Rapid River, Michigan. The road that "progressively gets narrower and rougher, but the climb up the spiral staircase and the view from the ten-sided tower (which is open to the public), and "is worth the trip."[18] The view is said to be "spectacular" so "Be sure to bring you camera." The road's last mile is "not recommended for recreational vehicles or trailers over 16 feet (4.9 m) long or 8 feet (2.4 m) high." A parking area for RV's is available at the beginning of the narrowing road.[11]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Michigan lighthouse Fund, Peninsula Point Light.". 
  2. ^ a b c "Michigan Lighthouse Conservancy, Point Peninsula Light.". 
  3. ^ Pepper, Terry. "Database of Tower Heights". Seeing the Light. terrypepper.com. 
  4. ^ "Michigan Lighthouse Conservancy, Poe Reef Light.". 
  5. ^ Pepper, Terry. "Database of Focal Heights". Seeing the Light. terrypepper.com. 
  6. ^ "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Michigan". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. 
  7. ^ "Amateur Radio Lighthouse Society, Peninsula Point (Lake Michigan) Light ARLHS USA-591.". 
  8. ^ "Amateur Radio Lighthouse Society, World List of Lights (WLOL)". 
  9. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  10. ^ a b c d "Terry Pepper, Seeing the Light, Point Peninsula Light.". 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Peninsula Point lighthouse and picnic area, Hiawatha National Forest, webpage.". 
  12. ^ a b Roach, Jerry, Lighthouse Central, History and Waypoints of Peninsula Point Light.The Ultimate Guide to Upper Michigan Lighthouses by Jerry Roach. (Publisher: Bugs Publishing LLC - 2007). ISBN 978-0-9747977-2-4.
  13. ^ Wagner, John L. "Beacons Shining in the Night: The Lighthouses of Michigan". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. 
  14. ^ Interactive map on Michigan lighthouses. Detroit News.
  15. ^ National Park Service Maritime Heritage Program National Park Service, Inventory of Historic Lighthouses, Peninsula Point Light.
  16. ^ Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of the United States: Michigan's Eastern Upper Peninsula". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 
  17. ^ "Monarch butterflies in the Hiawatha National Forest.". 
  18. ^ "Wobser, David, "Peninsula Point Light" Boatnerd.com.". 

External links[edit]