Peninsula

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A peninsula (Latin: paeninsula from paene "almost" and insula "island"; also called a byland or biland) is a piece of land that is bordered by water on three sides but connected to mainland.[1] The surrounding water is usually understood to belong to a single, contiguous body,[2][3] but is not always explicitly defined as such.[4] A peninsula can also be a headland (head), cape, island promontory, bill, point, or spit.[5] Note that a point is generally considered a tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water that is less prominent than a cape.[6] In English, the plural of peninsula is peninsulas or, less commonly, peninsulae.

Africa[edit]

The Horn of Africa also known as the Somali peninsula.

Horn of Africa[edit]

The Horn of Africa is a peninsula compassing of the countries of Somalia, Eritrea, Djibouti, and Ethiopia.

Oceania[edit]

Australia[edit]

A beach on the Mornington Peninsula
Looking north over the Kurnell Peninsula.

Papua New Guinea[edit]

New Zealand[edit]

In the North Island:

21 North and 20 South Island locations have the name 'peninsula' on 1:50,000 maps. There are many more peninsulas not named as such on 1:50,000 maps, including Bluff.[7]

In the South Island:

Europe[edit]

Balkan Peninsula[edit]

The Balkans is a peninsula including Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia and Turkey.

Denmark[edit]

Iberian Peninsula[edit]

Satellite view of the Iberian Peninsula

Encompassing continental Spain and Portugal, Andorra, British overseas territory of Gibraltar and a small amount of southern France.

Ireland[edit]

Italy[edit]

Satellite view of the famous Italian Peninsula

Russia[edit]

Curonian Spit, a large peninsula in the Baltic Sea

Scandinavian Peninsula[edit]

Encompassing present-day Sweden, Norway, and part of Finland.

Turkey[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

England[edit]

Scotland[edit]

Wales[edit]

Northern Ireland[edit]

Other countries in Europe[edit]

A small peninsula in Croatia

Asia[edit]

China[edit]

Turkey[edit]

Map of Anatolian Peninsula at the Asian part of Turkey.

Eastern Mediterranean[edit]

Indian subcontinent and South Asia[edit]

South India (Peninsular India).

Japan[edit]

Kyūshū[edit]

Honshū[edit]

Hokkaido[edit]

Kazakhstan[edit]

Korea[edit]

Korean Peninsula.

The whole land mass encompassing North and South Korea is a peninsula, surrounded by the Sea of Japan on the east, the East China Sea to the south, and the Yellow Sea to the west, the Korea Strait connecting the first two bodies of water.

Persian Gulf[edit]

South East Asia[edit]

Indonesia[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

Philippines[edit]

Vietnam[edit]

North America[edit]

Canada[edit]

Greenland[edit]

Mexico[edit]

United States[edit]

Alaska[edit]

California[edit]

Florida[edit]

The Floridian Peninsula, shown by a NASA satellite image.

Florida is a well-known example of a large peninsula, with its land area divided between the larger Florida peninsula and the smaller Florida panhandle on the north and west. It has several smaller peninsulas within it:

Maryland[edit]

Mid-Atlantic shoreline showing, from the upper right, the Cape May Peninsula of New Jersey, Delaware Bay, the Delmarva Peninsula, and Chesapeake Bay. Also visible are the peninsulas of Maryland and Virginia along the Chesapeake's shores.


Massachusetts[edit]

Cape Cod, a peninsula of Massachusetts

Michigan[edit]

The large Michigan Peninsulas from space, showing both the Upper Peninsula and Lower Peninsula.

Michigan - the only bi-peninsular state - is very distinguishable for its mitten-shaped Lower Peninsula of Michigan which includes:

The rifle-shaped Upper Peninsula of Michigan contains:

New Jersey[edit]

New York[edit]

Long Island, New York, with its North and South Forks.

Utah[edit]

  • Antelope Island, Utah, becomes a peninsula when waters are low, on the south shore of the Great Salt Lake
  • Promontory Peninsula, on the north eastern shore of the Great Salt Lake
  • Stansbury Peninsula becomes an island when waters are high, on the south shore of the Great Salt Lake

Virginia[edit]

Washington[edit]

Other states[edit]

South America[edit]

Other countries in South America[edit]

Caribbean[edit]

Antarctica[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Editors of the American Heritage Dictionaries, ed. (2004). Word Histories and Mysteries: From Abracadabra to Zeus. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 216. ISBN 978-0547350271. OCLC 55746553. 
  2. ^ "Definition of peninsula". American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. Houghton Mifflin. Retrieved 2013-03-30. 
  3. ^ "Definition of peninsula". Cambridge Dictionaries Online. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 2013-03-30. 
  4. ^ "Definition of peninsula". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 2013-03-30. 
  5. ^ Peninsula. – Britannica Student Encyclopedia. 2007. Encyclopædia Britannica, Retrieved 2007-07-19.
  6. ^ http://travelingluck.com/Africa/Sierra%20Leone/Northern/_2409328_Fourah+Point.html#local_map
  7. ^ http://www.nztopomaps.com/

External links[edit]