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Pelmanism was a system of training the mind which was popular in the United Kingdom during the first half of the twentieth century.
Originally devised as a memory system in the 1890s by William Joseph Ennever, the system was taught via correspondence from the Pelman Institute in London. It was advertised as a system of scientific mental training which strengthened and developed your mind just as physical training strengthened your body. It was developed to expand "Mental Powers in every direction" and "remove those tendencies to indolence and inefficiency".
Pelmanism was practiced and promoted by former British prime minister Herbert Asquith, Sir Robert Baden-Powell, founder of the Boy Scout movement, novelist Rider Haggard, playwright Jerome K. Jerome, and composer Ethel Smyth as well as thousands of less famous Britons.