Patty Duke

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Patty Duke
Patty Duke 1975.JPG
Duke in 1975
President of the Screen Actors Guild
In office
1985–1988
Preceded byEdward Asner
Succeeded byBarry Gordon
Personal details
BornAnna Marie Duke
(1946-12-14) December 14, 1946 (age 67)
Elmhurst, Queens, New York, United States
Spouse(s)Harry Falk (m. 1965–69)
Michael Tell (m. 1970–70)
John Astin (m. 1972–85)
Michael Pearce (m. 1986)
ChildrenSean Astin
Mackenzie Astin
Kevin Pearce
OccupationActress, author, mental health advocate
Websitewww.officialpattyduke.com
 
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Patty Duke
Patty Duke 1975.JPG
Duke in 1975
President of the Screen Actors Guild
In office
1985–1988
Preceded byEdward Asner
Succeeded byBarry Gordon
Personal details
BornAnna Marie Duke
(1946-12-14) December 14, 1946 (age 67)
Elmhurst, Queens, New York, United States
Spouse(s)Harry Falk (m. 1965–69)
Michael Tell (m. 1970–70)
John Astin (m. 1972–85)
Michael Pearce (m. 1986)
ChildrenSean Astin
Mackenzie Astin
Kevin Pearce
OccupationActress, author, mental health advocate
Websitewww.officialpattyduke.com

Anna Marie "Patty" Duke (born December 14, 1946) is an American actress of stage, film, and television. First becoming famous as a child star, winning an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress at age 16, and later starring in her eponymous sitcom for three years, she progressed to more mature roles upon playing Neely O'Hara in the 1967 film Valley of the Dolls. She was later elected president of the Screen Actors Guild from 1985 to 1988.

Duke was diagnosed with bipolar disorder in 1982; since then she has devoted much of her time to advocating and educating the public on mental health issues.

In 1996, Patty Duke was ranked #40 on TV Guide's 50 Greatest TV Stars of All Time.[1]

Early life[edit]

Duke was born in Elmhurst, Queens, New York, the youngest of three children born to Frances (née McMahon), a cashier, and John Patrick Duke, a handyman and cab driver.[2][3] Her father was Irish American and her maternal grandmother was German.[3] Her paternal grandparents, James and Catherine (O'Hara) Duke immigrated to New York from County Longford, Ireland.

Duke and her older brother, Raymond, and their older sister Carol experienced a childhood of hard times. Her father was an alcoholic, and her mother suffered from clinical depression and was prone to violence. When Duke was six, her mother threw her father out; when she was eight, her mother turned Duke's care over to John and Ethel Ross, who became her managers. The Rosses recognized her talent and promoted her as a child actress.[4]

The Rosses' methods of managing Duke's career were often unscrupulous and exploitative; they consistently billed Duke as being two years younger than she actually was, and padded her resume with some false credits.[5] It was Ethel Ross who gave the sweeping name-change order, "Anna Marie is dead; you're Patty now." This was in hopes that the change in her first name would allow her to duplicate the success of child actress Patty McCormack.[6] This act would have painful repercussions for Duke in the decades to come.[6]

Career[edit]

Acting[edit]

1950s - 1990s[edit]

Duke in 1959

One of Duke's first acting jobs was on the soap opera The Brighter Day, in the late 1950s. She also appeared in print ads and in television commercials. At the age of 12, Duke appeared on The $64,000 Question and won $32,000. Her category of expertise was spelling. Three years later, it was revealed that the game show was rigged and she was called to testify before a congressional panel.[7]

Duke's first major starring role was playing Helen Keller (with Anne Bancroft as Annie Sullivan) in the Broadway play The Miracle Worker, which ran for nearly two years (October 1959 – July 1961). Midway through the production-run, her name was placed above the title on the marquee. The play was subsequently made into a 1962 film, for which Duke received the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress. At 16, Duke was the youngest person at that time to receive an Academy Award in a competitive category.

In 1961, Duke returned to television, starring with Laurence Olivier and George C. Scott in a television production of The Power and the Glory.

Two years later, in 1963, Duke was given her own series, titled The Patty Duke Show, created specifically for her by Sidney Sheldon, in which she acted out both of the two main characters: Patricia "Patty" Lane, an American teenager occasionally getting into minor trouble in school and at home, and her 'prim and proper' "identical cousin" from Scotland, Catherine "Cathy" Lane. The show featured co-stars William Schallert as Patty Lane's father, Jean Byron as her mother, Paul O'Keefe as her brother, and Eddie Applegate as her boyfriend Richard, as well as featuring such high-profile guest stars as Sammy Davis, Jr., Peter Lawford, Paul Lynde, and Sal Mineo. The series lasted for three seasons and earned Duke an Emmy Award nomination. In 1999, the program's characters were revisited and updated in The Patty Duke Show: Still Rockin' In Brooklyn Heights, in which supporting cast member Cindy Williams's role was that of the villain.[citation needed]

Duke as Patty Lane on The Patty Duke Show, 1965

Despite the success of her career, Duke was deeply miserable during her teenage years. Efforts were taken by the Rosses to portray her as a normal teenager, but Duke later indicated in Call Me Anna, her memoirs, that she was the virtual prisoner of the Rosses, and that she had little control over her own life and earnings. The Rosses kept control over Duke and her mother by allowing them only a small amount of money to survive on. The Rosses also began providing Duke with alcohol and prescription drugs when she was 13, which, along with her undiagnosed bipolar disorder, contributed to substance abuse problems that she experienced throughout her young adult life. As an adult, Duke accused both John and Ethel Ross of sexual abuse. Upon turning 18, Duke became legally free of the Rosses, only to find that they had squandered most of her earnings in violation of the Coogan Act.

In 1967, with The Patty Duke Show cancelled, Duke attempted to leave her childhood success behind and begin her adult acting career by playing Neely O'Hara in Valley of the Dolls. The film was a box office success, but audiences and critics had a difficult time accepting all-American-teenager Duke as an alcoholic, drug-addicted singing star. While the film has since become a camp classic—thanks, in large part, to Duke's over-the-top performance[8]—it almost ruined her career at the time.

Duke starred in Me, Natalie, a 1969 film in which she played an "ugly duckling" Brooklyn teenager struggling to make a life for herself in the Bohemian world in Greenwich Village. One of her co-stars was a young actor making his screen debut, Al Pacino. The film was a failure at the box office, but Duke won the Golden Globe for Best Actress (Musical or Comedy) for the role.

Duke returned to television in 1970, starring in a made-for-TV movie, My Sweet Charlie. Her sensitive portrayal of a pregnant teenager on the run won Duke her first Emmy Award, but her acceptance speech was rambling, angry, and disjointed, and led many in the industry to believe she was drunk or using drugs at the moment. In fact, Duke was in the throes of a manic phase as part of her then-undiagnosed bipolar disorder, which would remain undiagnosed until 1982.[3]

Duke worked primarily in television from the mid-1970s to the early 2000s. She received her second Emmy for the TV miniseries Captains and the Kings in 1977, and her third in 1980 for a TV version of her 1979 stage revival of The Miracle Worker, this time playing Anne Sullivan to Melissa Gilbert's Helen Keller. Her turns in the made-for-TV movies The Women's Room (1980) and George Washington (1984) both garnered her Emmy nominations.

In 1982, Duke was cast alongside Richard Crenna in the ABC sitcom It Takes Two, from Soap and Benson creator Susan Harris. The socially topical series depicted both Duke's and Crenna's characters as a modern career couple (hers was a lawyer, his a surgeon) and the moral and personal challenges that abounded from their professions. Helen Hunt and Anthony Edwards played their teenaged children. Although It Takes Two was praised, ABC cancelled the series after one season due to low ratings.

Duke would subsequently work with Susan Harris on a new ABC series, Hail To The Chief, which premiered in April 1985. She appeared as the first female President of the United States in the ensemble, all-star series (the cast featured Dick Shawn, Herschel Bernardi, Glynn Turman and Ted Bessell as Duke's husband, among others), and the material was topical yet off-the-wall, much in the fashion of Soap, like which it was partially serialized. Hail To The Chief was even less successful than the star's and producer's previous joint effort of It Takes Two, and was cancelled after seven episodes. In 1987, Duke returned to series television in another short-lived comedy, Karen's Song, which aired on the fledgling Fox network.

While between series in 1986, Duke starred in the made-for-TV movie A Time to Triumph, the true story of Concetta Hassan, a middle-aged woman struggling to support her family after her construction worker husband suffers an on-the-job injury, eventually becoming a United States Army helicopter pilot. On-set, Duke became good friends with Army drill sergeant Michael Pearce, who was a technical advisor for the production; the couple married on March 15, 1986.

Duke became the second woman (actress Kathleen Nolan was the first) to be elected as President of the Screen Actors Guild in 1985, and would hold the post until 1988.

In 1990, Duke's autobiography, Call Me Anna, was adapted for television; she played herself from her mid-30s onward.

Though Duke's primary medium from the late-70s to the mid-2000s was television, she continued to take small roles in movies. Her 1982 portrayal of a lesbian fashion designer in the Canadian film By Design garnered her a Genie Award nomination for Best Foreign Actress. Duke would later portray the mother of Meg Ryan's character in the 1992 film adaptation of the play Prelude to a Kiss. Her appearances in three episodes of Touched by an Angel resulted in a nomination in 1999 for an Emmy Award.

2000s[edit]

Duke gradually reduced her work schedule throughout the first decade of 2000, but took occasional TV and film roles. She returned to the New York stage in 2002, playing Aunt Eller in a revival of Oklahoma!. She returned to New York in 2005, but not for any role; she instead attended a memorial for Anne Bancroft, who had died from uterine cancer.

On November 2, 2004, Duke announced that she would undergo single cardiac bypass surgery in Idaho. The surgery was successful.

On October 4, 2007, Duke appeared on The Oprah Winfrey Show, talking about her bipolar disorder to a guest, advising the guest to seek out a support group.

In early 2009, Duke reprised her role(s) as Patty Lane and Cathy Lane in PSAs about retiring for The Social Security Administration.[9][10]

On March 24, 2009, she replaced Carol Kane as Madame Morrible in the San Francisco production of the musical Wicked. She left the production on February 7, 2010.

On July 20, 2009, Duke was given a tribute in her honor at The Castro Theatre in San Francisco titled "Sparkle, Patty, Sparkle!" During the evening, Duke met and posed for pictures with over one thousand fans and was interviewed on stage by comic Bruce Vilanch. In addition to showing clips from her long career, Duke's 1967 film Valley of the Dolls was screened at the end of the evening. The event sold out the 1400 seat theater.

In 2010, Duke recorded a series of PSAs for the Social Security Administration to help promote applying online for Medicare, including one with George Takei.

In May 2011, Duke directed the stage version of The Miracle Worker at Interplayers Theater in Spokane, Washington.[11]

In June 2011, TVLine announced that Duke will be joining the cast in Lifetime’s drama The Protector playing the role of Beverly, the mother of Ally Walker’s titular homicide detective. The series was cancelled not long after this announcement was made.

She played the mother of a murdered deep-sea diver on the Oct. 10, 2011, episode of Hawaii Five-0.

In the fourth season of Fox's hit show Glee, Duke played lesbian jeweler Jan, who helped Blaine Anderson pick out a wedding ring to propose to his ex-boyfriend Kurt Hummel.

Singing[edit]

Duke had a successful singing career, including two Top 40 hits in 1965, "Don't Just Stand There" (#8) and "Say Something Funny" (#22).[12] Another recording was "Dona Dona" in 1968, which she performed as the second song on The Ed Sullivan Show. Also during 1968, she had appeared on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson, and after George Jessel's comic appearance, she was introduced and sang an old Irish song, "Danny Boy". She also sang songs on such shows as Shindig!, Kraft Music Hall, The Mike Douglas Show, and The Merv Griffin Show. She sang in the 1965 feature film Billie and sang on the soundtrack of the 1966 feature film, The Daydreamer, in which she voiced the character of Thumbelina. She has recorded a string of six LP's in her musical career.

Mental health advocacy[edit]

In 1987, Duke revealed in her autobiography that she was diagnosed with manic depression (now called bipolar disorder) in 1982. Her treatment, which included lithium as a medication and therapy, stabilized Duke's life and put her on the road to recovery. She became the first celebrity to go public with her bipolar disorder diagnosis, and has contributed to de-stigmatizing bipolar disorder. Duke has since become an activist for numerous mental health causes. She has lobbied the United States Congress and joined forces with the National Institute of Mental Health and National Alliance for the Mentally Ill in order to increase awareness, funding, and research for people with mental illness.[3]

Patty Duke's character in the 2011 series The Protector is shown struggling with accepting her bipolar disorder, mimicking her real life condition.

Public service announcements[edit]

As of early 2011, Duke appears in PSAs promoting the Social Security Website. In several, she appears as Patty & Cathy using split-screen effects. In others, she appears with George Takei wearing a Star Trek-like costume.[13]

Other achievements[edit]

Duke is the author of two books: Her autobiography, Call Me Anna (ISBN 0-553-27205-5), and Brilliant Madness: Living with Manic Depressive Illness (ISBN 0-553-56072-7).

On August 17, 2004, Duke received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for her contribution to the motion picture industry.

In December 2007, Duke was awarded an honorary Doctorate from the University of North Florida for her work in advancing awareness of mental health issues.[14]

On March 6, 2010, Duke was awarded the honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from the University of Maryland Eastern Shore.[citation needed]

Personal life[edit]

In 1965, Duke married her first husband, director Harry Falk, who was 13 years her senior. During their marriage, she had repeated mood swings, a symptom of bipolar disorder, and like many bipolar sufferers, she self-medicated; she drank heavily, became anorexic, and overdosed on pills a number of times.[4] The couple separated in 1969 and were divorced on March 3, 1970.

In early 1970, at the age of 23, Duke had an affair with 17-year old Desi Arnaz, Jr..[4] The couple's relationship became tabloid fodder, due in part to the vocal and public opposition of Arnaz's mother, Lucille Ball. By late spring, Duke and Arnaz had broken off their relationship, and she began dating actor John Astin, who was 16 years her senior. Around the same time, Duke developed an intimate relationship with rock promoter Michael Tell. In June 1970, in the midst of a manic phase, Duke learned she was pregnant. Unsure whether Arnaz[15] or Astin[4] was the father of her unborn child, Duke married Michael Tell on June 26, 1970 in order to "give (her child) a name". Their marriage lasted 13 days before ending in an annulment on July 9, 1970;[4] Duke claimed the marriage was never consummated.[16] Her son, actor Sean Astin, was born on February 25, 1971. Though Duke said in her 1987 autobiography that John Astin was Sean's biological father, she later stated that she had always believed that Desi Arnaz, Jr. was Sean's actual biological father.[17] It turned out that neither statement was correct; in 1994, Sean Astin underwent biological testing to determine his paternity, and the results showed that Astin's father is actually Michael Tell.[18][19]

Duke and John Astin were married in August 1972. Astin adopted Sean, and the couple had another son, actor Mackenzie, in 1973. Duke and Astin worked together extensively during their marriage, and she took his name professionally, becoming "Patty Duke Astin". The couple divorced in 1985.

Duke married her fourth husband, drill sergeant Michael Pearce, in 1986. Duke and Pearce had met during the production of A Time to Triumph, for which Pearce served as a consultant. The couple moved to Hayden, Idaho, and adopted a son, Kevin, who was born in 1988. Pearce became a firefighter. Since her marriage to Pearce, Duke occasionally uses the name "Anna Duke-Pearce" in her writings and other professional work.

Duke has three granddaughters by her son Sean: Actress Alexandra Astin (who played Elanor Gamgee in The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, opposite her father, who played Samwise Gamgee), Elizabeth Astin, and Isabella Astin.

Filmography[edit]

Films
YearFilmRoleNotes
1958Country Music HolidaySis Brand
1958Goddess, TheThe GoddessEmily Ann Faulkner, age 8
19594D ManMarjorie Sutherland
1959Happy AnniversaryDebbie Walters
1962Miracle Worker, TheThe Miracle WorkerHelen KellerAcademy Award for Best Supporting Actress
Golden Globe for New Star of the Year – Actress
Nominated – Golden Globe for Best Supporting Actress
1965BillieBillie Carol
1966Daydreamer, TheThe DaydreamerThumbelinaVoice
1967Think TwentiethHerselfShort subject
1967Valley of the DollsNeely O'Hara
1969Me, NatalieNatalie MillerGolden Globe for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1972You'll Like My MotherFrancesca Kinsolving
1978Swarm, TheThe SwarmRita
1982By DesignHelenNominated–Genie Award for Best Performance by a Foreign Actress
1986Willy/MillyDoris NicemanAlternative titles: I Was a Teenage Boy
Something Special
1992Prelude to a KissMrs. Boyle
1999KimberlyDr. FeinstenbergerAlternative title: Daddy Who?
2005Bigger Than the SkyMrs. Keene/Earlene
2006Falling In Love With The Girl Next Door
2008Four Children of Tander Welch, TheThe Four Children of Tander WelchSusan Metler
2012Amazing LoveHelen
Television
YearTitleRoleNotes
1963–
1966
Patty Duke Show, TheThe Patty Duke ShowPatty Lane/Cathy Lane104 episodes
Nominated–Emmy Award; Nominated–Golden Globe
1967Virginian, TheThe VirginianSue Ann MacRae"Sue Ann" Season 5, Episode 16
1970My Sweet CharlieMarlene ChambersTV movie
Limited theatrical release after television premiere
Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress – Miniseries or a Movie
1971If Tomorrow ComesEileen PhillipsTV movie
1971She WaitsLaura WilsonTV movie
1972Deadly HarvestJennyTV movie
1973Hawaii Five-OToniSeason 5, Episode 15 "Thanks for the Honeymoon"
1974NightmareJanTV movie
1975Police WomanLaRue CollinsGuest-starred with then husband John Astin in Season 1 / Episode 18 "Nothing Left to Lose"
1976Look What's Happened to Rosemary's BabyRosemary WoodhouseTV movie
1976Captains and the KingsBernadette Hennessey ArmaghMiniseries
Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress – Miniseries or a Movie
1978Family Upside Down, AA Family Upside DownWendyTV movie
Nominated–Primetime Emmy Award Nomination for Outstanding Performance by a Supporting Actress in a Drama or Comedy Special
1978Having Babies IIILeslee WexlerPrimetime series, 3rd installment
Nominated–Primetime Emmy Award Nomination for Outstanding Lead Actress for a Single Appearance in a Drama or Comedy Series
1979Before and AfterCarole MatthewsTV movie
1979The Miracle WorkerAnnie SullivanTV movie
Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress – Miniseries or a Movie
1980The BabysitterLiz BenedictTV movie
1980Women's Room, TheThe Women's RoomLilyTV movie
Nominated–Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Limited Series or a Special
1981Girl on the Edge of Town, TheThe Girl on the Edge of TownMarthaTV movie
Nominated–Primetime Emmy for Outstanding Individual Achievement – Children's Programming
1981Violation of Sarah McDavid, TheThe Violation of Sarah McDavidSarah McDavidTV movie
1981Please Don't Hit Me, MomBarbara ReynoldsTV movie (appearing with her son, Sean Astin)
1982It Takes TwoMolly QuinnTV series
1983September GunSister DolcinaTV movie
1984Best Kept SecretsLaura DietzTV movie : also known as Under Suspicion
1984InsightUnnamedSeries episode: The Hit Man
Nominated–Daytime Emmy for Outstanding Individual Achievement in Religious Programming – Performers
1984George WashingtonMartha WashingtonMiniseries
Nominated–Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Limited Series or a Special
1985Hail to the ChiefPresident Julia MansfieldTV series
1986Time to Triumph, AA Time to TriumphConcetta HassanTV docudrama
1987Fight for LifeShirley AbramsTV docudrama
1987Karen's SongKaren MatthewsTV series
1988Fatal JudgementAnne CaputeTV movie
1990Always Remember I Love YouRuth MonroeTV movie
1990Call Me AnnaHerselfTV docudrama
1991Killer Among Friends, AA Killer Among FriendsJean MonroeTV movie
1991The TorkelsonsWesley Hodges' daughter-in-law1 episode ("Return to Sender")
1991Absolute StrangersJudge RayTV docudrama
1992Last WishBetty RollinTV docudrama
1993Matter of Justice, AA Matter of JusticeMary BrownTV docudrama
1994Cries from the HeartTerry WilsonTV movie
1995When the Vows BreakBarbara ParkerTV docudrama
Also titled: Courting Justice
1995Amazing GraceHannah Miller5 episodes
1996Harvest of FireAnnie BeilerTV movie
1996Race Against Time: The Search for SarahNatalieTV movie
1997Christmas Memory, AA Christmas MemorySook FaulkTV movie
1997FrasierCaller1 episode
1998Patty Duke Show: Still Rockin' in Brooklyn Heights, TheThe Patty Duke Show: Still Rockin' in Brooklyn HeightsPatty Lane/Cathy Lane MacAllisterTV movie
1998Disappearing Act, TheThe Disappearing ActFaye DolanTV movie
1998–
2003
Touched by an AngelJean3 episodes
Nominated– Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Drama Series (1999)
1999Season for Miracles, AA Season for MiraclesAngelTV movie
2000Miracle on the Mountain: The Kincaid Family StoryAnne KincaidTV docudrama
2002Little JohnSylviaTV movie
2004Murder without ConvictionMother JosephTV movie
2004Judging AmyValerie Bing1 episode
2006Falling in Love with the Girl Next DoorBridget ConnellyTV movie
2009Love Finds a HomeMary WatsonTV movie
2010Unanswered PrayersIreneTV movie
2012Hawaii 5-0Sylvia Spencer1 episode
2013GleeJan1 episode

Discography[edit]

Numbers indicate Billboard chart peak positions

Albums
Singles

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Special Collectors' Issue: 50 Greatest TV Stars of All Time". TV Guide (December 14–20). 1996. 
  2. ^ "Patty Duke Biography (1946–)". FilmReference.com. Retrieved 2010-08-04. 
  3. ^ a b c d Duke, Patty; Kennen Turan (1987). Call Me Anna: The Autobiography of Patty Duke. Bantam Books. p. 8. ISBN 0-553-27205-5. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Lipton, Michael A. (May 3, 1999). "Duke of Hazards; Having Survived a Hellish Youth and Manic Depression, Patty Duke Relishes Her Rustic Life Down on the Farm". People Magazine 51 (16). Retrieved August 15, 2009. 
  5. ^ "TV Preview: Patty Duke pairs off again as 'Identical cousins'". Pittsburghpostgazette.com. 1999-04-27. Retrieved 2010-08-04. 
  6. ^ a b "Biography". Officialpattyduke.com. Retrieved 2010-08-04. 
  7. ^ "The Quiz Show Scandal: Program Transcript". pbs.org. Retrieved 2008-11-10. 
  8. ^ Duke, Patty; Kennen Turan (1987). Call Me Anna: The Autobiography of Patty Duke. Bantam Books. p. 187. ISBN 0-553-27205-5. 
  9. ^ "Public Service Announcements for Television". Press Office, Social Security Administration. Retrieved August 15, 2009. 
  10. ^ "Social Security Videos". Press Office, Social Security Administration. Retrieved August 15, 2009. [dead link]
  11. ^ Posted by Jim (2011-05-07). "Review of Duke-directed 'Miracle Worker' - Spotlight - Spokesman.com - May 7, 2011". Spokesman.com. Retrieved 2013-02-03. 
  12. ^ "Don't Just Stand There". Songfacts.com. Retrieved 2010-01-30. 
  13. ^ Heller, Corrine. "Patty Duke, George Takei in 'Star Trek' videos". On The Red Carmet. 
  14. ^ Duke Awarded Honorary Degree/Senior Recognized for Service. Press Release For: December 06, 2007. University of North Florida
  15. ^ Duke, Patty; Kennen Turan (1987). Call Me Anna: The Autobiography of Patty Duke. Bantam Books. p. 234. ISBN 0-553-27205-5. 
  16. ^ Duke, Patty; Kennen Turan (1987). Call Me Anna: The Autobiography of Patty Duke. Bantam Books. p. 231. ISBN 0-553-27205-5. 
  17. ^ Duke, Patty; Kennen Turan (1987). Call Me Anna: The Autobiography of Patty Duke. Bantam Books. p. 235. ISBN 0-553-27205-5. 
  18. ^ Barrett, Victoria (December 19, 2003). "'I don't want to play the fat guy or the friend all my life' (interview with Sean Astin)". The Guardian (London). Retrieved August 15, 2009. 
  19. ^ "Local Publisher's Son in Spotlight". Las Vegas Review Journal. February 29, 2004. Retrieved August 15, 2009. 
  20. ^ Craig Emery. "Sings Folk Songs". The Official Patty Duke Website. Retrieved March 6, 2011. 

External links[edit]