Patricia Routledge

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Patricia Routledge
CBE
BornKatherine Patricia Routledge
(1929-02-17) 17 February 1929 (age 85)
Tranmere, Cheshire, England, UK
ResidenceChichester, West Sussex, England, UK
OccupationActress, singer
Years active1952–present
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Patricia Routledge
CBE
BornKatherine Patricia Routledge
(1929-02-17) 17 February 1929 (age 85)
Tranmere, Cheshire, England, UK
ResidenceChichester, West Sussex, England, UK
OccupationActress, singer
Years active1952–present

Katherine Patricia Routledge, CBE (born 17 February 1929), is an English actress and singer. She is best known for her role as Hyacinth Bucket in the British television series Keeping Up Appearances, which ran from 1990 to 1995.

Routledge made her professional stage debut at the Liverpool Playhouse in 1952 and her Broadway debut in How's the World Treating You in 1966. In 1968, she won the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical for her role in Darling of the Day. Other theatre credits include Candide, for which she won the 1988 Olivier Award for Best Actress in a Musical.

On television, she came to prominence during the 1980s in monologues written by Victoria Wood and Alan Bennett, appearing as Kitty in Victoria Wood As Seen On TV (1985–86) and in Bennett's A Woman of No Importance (1982) and Talking Heads (1988). For the latter, she was nominated for the British Academy Television Award for Best Actress. For her role as Hyacinth in Keeping Up Appearances she received two further BAFTA nominations. She also starred as Hetty Wainthropp in the British television series Hetty Wainthropp Investigates (1995–99).

Her film roles include To Sir, with Love with Sidney Poitier (1967) and Don't Raise the Bridge, Lower the River with Jerry Lewis (1968).

Early life and education[edit]

Routledge was born in Tranmere, Birkenhead, Cheshire, to parents Catherine and Isaac Routledge.[1] Her father was a haberdasher[2] and during the Second World War, the family lived weeks at a time in the basement of her father's shop.

She was educated at Mersey Park Primary School, Birkenhead High School,[3] now a state-funded Academy school, and the University of Liverpool.[4] At Liverpool she graduated with Honours in English Language and Literature[5][6] and was not on a path to pursue an acting career. She was, however, involved in the university's dramatic society, where she worked closely with the academic Edmund Colledge, who both directed and acted in several of the society's productions. It was Colledge who persuaded her to pursue an acting career.[7] After graduating from Liverpool, she trained at the Bristol Old Vic Theatre School and launched her acting career at the Liverpool Playhouse.[8]

Career[edit]

Theatre[edit]

Routledge has had a prolific career in theatre, particularly musical theatre, in the United Kingdom and the United States. She has been a long-standing member of the Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC), appearing in such acclaimed productions as the 1983 Richard III, which starred Antony Sher in the title role.[9][10] Her West End credits include Little Mary Sunshine,[11] Cowardy Custard,[12] Virtue in Danger,[13] Noises Off,[14] The Importance of Being Earnest,[15] and The Solid Gold Cadillac,[16] as well as a number of less-successful vehicles. A classically trained singer,[17] she has occasionally made forays into operetta; including portraying the title role in an acclaimed production of Jacques Offenbach's La Grande-Duchesse de Gérolstein at the 1978 Camden Festival.

Routledge made her Broadway debut in Roger Milner's outrageous comedy, How's the World Treating You, in 1966, before returning in the short-lived 1968 musical Darling of the Day,[18] for which she won the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical, sharing the honour with Leslie Uggams of Hallelujah, Baby![19] Following this, Routledge had roles in several more unsuccessful Broadway productions including a musical called Love Match, in which she played Queen Victoria; the legendary 1976 Leonard Bernstein flop 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue, in which she portrayed every U.S. First Lady from Abigail Adams to Edith Roosevelt;[20] and a 1981 musical, Say Hello to Harvey – based on the Mary Coyle Chase play Harvey (1944)  – which closed in Toronto before reaching New York City.[21]

In 1980, Routledge played Ruth in the Joseph Papp production of The Pirates of Penzance, co-starring American actor Kevin Kline and pop vocalist Linda Ronstadt, at the Delacorte Theatre in New York City's Central Park, one of a series of Shakespeare in the Park summer events.[22][23] The show was a hit and transferred to Broadway the following January, with Estelle Parsons replacing Routledge. A DVD of the Central Park production, with Routledge, was released in October 2002.

She also performed in Façade at New York City's Carnegie Recital Hall.[24]

Routledge won a Laurence Olivier Award in 1988 for her portrayal of the Old Lady in Leonard Bernstein's Candide in the London cast of the critically acclaimed Scottish Opera production.[6] She also played the role of Nettie Fowler to great acclaim in the 1993 London production of Carousel.[25] In a 2006 Hampstead Theatre production of The Best of Friends, she portrayed Dame Laurentia McLachlan.[26] In 2008, she played Queen Mary in Royce Ryton's play Crown Matrimonial.[27] More recent work include the narrator in The Carnival of the Animals with the Nash Ensemble in 2010[28] and the role of Myra Hess in the play Admission: One Shilling in 2011.

Film and television[edit]

Routledge's screen credits include To Sir, with Love (1967),[29] Pretty Polly (1967),[30] The Bliss of Mrs. Blossom (1968),[31] Don't Raise the Bridge, Lower the River (1968),[32] and If It's Tuesday, This Must Be Belgium (1969).

Routledge's early television appearances included a role in Steptoe and Son, in the episode "Seance in a Wet Rag and Bone Yard" (1974), as a clairvoyant called Madame Fontana. She also appeared in Coronation Street,[33] and as a white witch in Doctor at Large (1971). Also in 1971, Routledge played Mrs. Jennings in the BBC mini-series production of Sense and Sensibility. However, she did not come to prominence on television until she featured in monologues written for her by Alan Bennett from 1978 (A Visit from Miss Protheroe), and later Victoria Wood in the 1980s. She first appeared in Alan Bennett's A Woman of No Importance in 1982, and then as the opinionated Kitty in Victoria Wood As Seen On TV in 1985. She performed two further monologues in Bennett's Talking Heads in 1987 and 1998.

In 1990, Routledge was cast as Hyacinth Bucket in the comedy series Keeping Up Appearances.[34] She portrayed a formerly working-class woman with social pretensions (insisting her surname be pronounced "bouquet") and delusions of grandeur (her oft-mentioned "candlelight suppers").[35] Routledge delighted in portraying Hyacinth, as she claimed she couldn't stand people like her in real life. In 1991, she won a British Comedy Award for her portrayal,[36] and she was later nominated for two BAFTA TV Awards in 1992 and 1993. The series ended at Routledge's request in 1995.

In 1995, Routledge accepted the lead in another long-running series, playing Hetty Wainthropp in the mystery drama Hetty Wainthropp Investigates, co-starring rising star Dominic Monaghan as her assistant and Derek Benfield as her husband. It first aired in January 1996, and ran until the autumn of 1998, with one special episode in 1999.

She has also played several real-life characters for television, including Barbara Pym, and, in a dramatised BBC Omnibus biographical documentary of 1994, Hildegard of Bingen.[37]

In 2001, Routledge starred in Anybody's Nightmare, a fact-based television drama in which she played a piano teacher who served four years in prison for murdering her elderly aunt, but was acquitted following a retrial.[38]

Radio and audio books[edit]

Routledge's extensive radio credits include several Alan Bennett plays and the BBC dramatisation of Carole Hayman's Ladies of Letters, in which she and Prunella Scales play retired women exchanging humorous correspondence over the course of several years.[39] A tenth series of Ladies of Letters premiered on BBC Radio 4 in 2009.[40]

Radio work prior to 1985 included Private Lives, Present Laughter, The Cherry Orchard, Romeo and Juliet, Alice in Wonderland and The Fountain Overflows.[24]

Having a distinctive voice, Routledge has also recorded and released a variety of audiobooks including unabridged readings of Wuthering Heights and Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and abridged novelisations of the Hetty Wainthropp series.[41]

In 1966, she sang the role of Mad Margaret in Ruddigore, the title role in Iolanthe, and Melissa in Princess Ida, in a series of BBC radio Gilbert and Sullivan recordings. She took part in a studio broadcast of Tchaikovsky's opera Vakula the Smith (narrating excerpts from the work by Gogol) in 1989.[42] In 2006, she was featured in a programme of the "Stage and Screen" series on Radio 3.[43]

Record[edit]

In 1975 RCA released a soloalbum Presenting Patricia Routledge Singing the Classics. She sang songs from among others Richard Rodgers, Cole Porter en Noël Coward. In 1996 it was released on CD by Camden Records.

Personal life[edit]

She has never married, has no children, and as of June 2008 resides in Chichester, West Sussex[44] and regularly worships at Chichester Cathedral.[6]

She was appointed OBE in 1993 and CBE in 2004.[5] As of July 2012, she was a patron of the Beatrix Potter Society.[45]

In 2008, Routledge received a Doctor of Letters degree from Lancaster University for her contribution to drama and theatre.[46]

Filmography[edit]

Film and television work[edit]

YearTitleRoleNotes
1961Hilda LesswaysHilda LesswaysTV series (6 episodes)
1959ITV Play of the WeekDido Morgan/Kate Barclay/Louisa LindleyTV series (6 episodes)
1960The Terrible ChoiceTV series
1961Coronation StreetSylvia SnapeTV series (5 episodes)
1962Z-CarsMadge KentonTV series (1 episode: "Search")
1964Victoria ReginaQueen VictoriaTV mini-series (4 episodes)
1965Not So Much a Programme, More a Way of LifeIrish MotherTV series (2 episodes)
1965No Hiding PlacePatTV series (1 episode: "A Place in the Sun")
1965Gaslight Theatre'Our Mary'TV series (1 episode: "Britons to the Rescue or, English Virtue Preserved in South America")
1956–66ITV Play of the WeekAlice Clay/Maggie HobsonTV series (3 episodes)
1966Eamonn Andrews ShowherselfTV series (1 episode)
1967Thirty-Minute TheatreBeryl TurnerTV series (1 episode: "An Absolute Treasure")
1967Seven Deadly SinsMrs. VealfoyTV series (1 episode: "The Good & Faithful Servant")
1967To Sir, with LoveClinty Clintridge
1967A Matter of InnocenceMiss GudgeonOriginally titled "Pretty Polly", starring Hayley Mills as the title role, Polly Barlow
1967Androcles and the LionMegaera, Androcles' WifeTV film
1967Don't Raise the Bridge, Lower the RiverLucille BeattyFilm directed by Walter Shenson[47]
196830 Is a Dangerous Age, CynthiaMrs. WoolleyFilm directed by Joseph McGrath[47]
1968The Bliss of Mrs. BlossomMiss ReeceFilm directed by Joseph McGrath[47]
1968The Ed Sullivan Showherself (Audience Bow/Singer)TV series (2 episodes)
1968The Ed Sullivan ShowPerformer, "Not on Your Nellie"Soundtrack
1969Lock Up Your Daughters!NurseFilm directed by Peter Coe[47]
1969ITV Saturday Night TheatreHazel DayTV series (1 episode: "Hazel and Her New Gas Cooker")
1969If It's Tuesday, This Must Be BelgiumMrs. Featherstone
1970Egghead's RobotMrs Janice WentworthChildren's Film Foundation[47]
1961–70Armchair Theatre[48]Miss Furling/New motherTV series (2 episodes)
1970ITV PlayhouseFern/RoseTV series (1 episode: "Rose and Fern")
1971Girl Stroke BoyPamela HovendonFilm directed by Bob Kellett[47]
1971Sense and SensibilityMrs. JenningsTV series (4 episodes)
1971Doctor at LargeAudrey WattTV series (1 episode: "It's All in the Mind")
1971Play of the Month: Tartuffe[49]DorineVideotaped drama
1971Vincent Price Is in the CountryherselfTV film
1972His and HersMyrtle WallerTV series (1 episode: "Driving")
1973Ooh La La!Lucienne Homenides de HistangauTV series (1 episode: "Caught in the Act")
1973That's LifeOn-screen ParticipantBBC pilot programme[47]
1974Affairs of the HeartMrs. MeldrumTV series (1 episode: "Flora")
1974Steptoe and SonMadame FontanaTV series (1 episode: "Seance in a Wet Rag and Bone Yard")
1974...And Mother Makes FiveMrs. FletcherTV series (2 episodes)
1974David CopperfieldMrs. MicawberTV mini-series (3 episodes)
1975More Awkward CustomersCast memberVideo Arts training film[47]
1971–75Play of the Month: When We Are MarriedAnnie ParkerVideotaped drama
1977Nicholas NicklebyMadame MantaliniBBC TV mini-series (5 episodes)
1977JubileeTV series (1 episode: "Plain Jane")
1977The Cost of LovingSarah TaplowTV series (1 episode: "The Years Between")
1978BBC2 Play of the WeekMiss ProtheroeTV series (1 episode: "A Visit from Miss Protheroe")
1978Doris and DoreenDoreen BidmeadTV film
1979Crown CourtRita FinchTV series (1 episode: "Forever: Part 1")
1980The Pirates of PenzanceRuthTV film
1980Play for TodayATS OfficerTV series (1 episode: "The Imitation Game")
1980The Curse of King Tut's Tomb'Posh' LadyTV film
1982Objects of AffectionPeggy SchofieldTV series (1 episode: "A Woman of No Importance")
1983The Beggar's OperaMrs. PeachumTV film
1983Keep Off the GrassBag LadyShort
1983The Two RonniesMadame MultitudeTV series (1 episode)
1984Home VideoTV film
1985Marjorie and MenMarjorie BeltonTV series (6 episodes)
1985–86Victoria Wood: As Seen On TVKittyTV series (5 episodes)
1987When We Are MarriedMaria HelliwellTV film
1988Tales of the UnexpectedMilly DobsonTV series (1 episode: "The Verger")
1988Talking HeadsMiss RuddockTV mini-series (1 episode: "A Lady of Letters")
1988Sophia and ConstanceMrs. BainesTV series (3 episodes)
1989First and LastIvyTV film
1989Let's Face the MusicOn-screen participantYorkshire TV (programmes on Noël Coward, Jerome Kern and Frederick Loewe)[47]
1990Missing PersonsHetty WainthroppTV film
1990Alas Smith and JonesTV series (1 episode)
1991Miss Pym's Day OutBarbara PymTV series
1993The World of Peter Rabbit and FriendsCousin RibbyTV series (2 episodes)
1994Hildegard of BingenHildegard von BingenBBC TV Dramatisation/documentary[47]
1990–95Keeping Up AppearancesHyacinth BucketTV series (44 episodes)
1997Heroes of ComedyherselfTV series documentary (1 episode: "Alastair Sim", as Patricia Routledge OBE)
1996–98Hetty Wainthropp InvestigatesHetty WainthroppTV series (27 episodes)
1998Talking Heads 2Miss FozzardTV mini-series (1 episode: "Miss Fozzard Finds Her Feet")
1998Funny WomenherselfTV series documentary (1 episode: "Patricia Routledge")
2001Anybody's NightmareSheila BowlerTV film
2003In Search of the BrontësnarratorTV film
2004The Funny Ladies of British ComedyherselfTV documentary
2004Ronnie Barker: A BAFTA TributeherselfTV film
2004Comedy ConnectionsherselfTV series documentary (1 episode: "Keeping Up Appearances")
2005The Funny Blokes of British ComedyherselfTV documentary
2006A Taste of My LifeherselfTV series documentary (1 episode: "Alan Bennett")
2008Keeping Up Appearances: Life Lessons from OnslowHyacinth BucketVideo
2008The Greatest Christmas Comedy MomentsherselfTV documentary

Stage work[edit]

YearProductionRoleVenue
1952A Midsummer Night's DreamHippolytaLiverpool Playhouse, Liverpool
1954The DuennaCarlottaWestminster Theatre, London
1956The Comedy of ErrorsAdrianaArts Theatre, London
1957ZuleikaAunt MabelSaville Theatre, London
1959The Love DoctorHenrietta ArganPiccadilly Theatre, London
1960Follow That GirlMrs. GilchristVaudeville Theatre, London
1961Come As You AreGuildford
1961Out of My MindLyric Theatre, Hammersmith
1962Little Mary SunshineMary Potts ("Little Mary Sunshine")Comedy Theatre, London
1963The Relapse, Virtue in DangerBerinthiaMermaid and Strand Theatres, London
1964Home and BeautyVictoriaCroydon
1965How's the World Treating You?Violet/Nell/RoverLondon (1965) and Music Box Theatre, Broadway (1966)
1968Darling of the DayAlice ChalliceGeorge Abbott Theatre, New York City
1968Love MatchQueen VictoriaAhmanson Theatre, Los Angeles
1969The Caucasian Chalk CircleMother-in-lawChichester Festival
1969The Country WifeLady FidgetChichester Festival
1969The MagistrateAgatha PosketChichester Festival and Cambridge Theatre, London
1971First ImpressionsMrs BennetBirmingham Rep
1972Cowardy CustardMermaid Theatre, London
1973Dandy DickGeorgina TidmanChichester Festival and Garrick Theatre, London
1975The Cherry OrchardMadame RanevskyBristol Old Vic
1975OthelloEmiliaChichester Festival
1975Made in HeavenMartha AvonChichester Festival
19761600 Pennsylvania AvenueAll of the First LadiesMark Hellinger Theatre, New York City
1976The RivalsMrs MalapropRoyal Exchange Theatre, Manchester
1976ZackMrs MunningsRoyal Exchange Theatre
1977On ApprovalMaria WislackVaudeville Theatre, London
1978Gracious Living[50]Daisy TuttleEisenhower Theatre, Washington, D.C.
1978SemmelweissJuliaEisenhower Theatre, Washington, D.C.
1979The SchoolmistressMiss DyottRoyal Exchange Theatre
1979And a Nightingale Sang...Peggy StottQueen's Theatre, London
1980The Pirates of PenzanceRuthDelacorte Theater, New York City
1981Say Hello to HarveyToronto
1982Noises OffDotty OtleyLyric Theatre, Hammersmith and Savoy Theatre, London
1983When the Wind BlowsWhitehall Theatre, London
1984Richard IIIQueen MargaretRoyal Shakespeare Company
1985When We Are MarriedMaria HeliwellWhitehall Theatre, London
1988CandideOld LadyThe Old Vic, London
1989Come for the Ride(one-woman show)UK tour
1992Talking HeadsComedy Theatre, London
1992CarouselNettie FowlerNational Theatre, London
1994Mr and Mrs NobodyCarrie PooterGreenwich Theatre, London
1994The RivalsMrs MalapropChichester Festival
1997BeatrixBeatrix PotterMinerva Theatre, Chichester
1999, 2001The Importance of Being EarnestLady BracknellHaymarket Theatre and Savoy Theatre, London
2002Wild Orchids[51]DuchessChichester Festival
2004The Solid Gold CadillacMrs Laura PartridgeGarrick Theatre, London
2006The Best of FriendsDame Laurentia MacLachlanHampstead Theatre and UK tour
2007Office SuiteDoreen/Miss ProtheroeMinerva Theatre, Chichester and UK tour
2008Crown MatrimonialQueen MaryUK tour
2009Admission: One ShillingMyra HessUK tour

Awards and nominations[edit]

YearAwardCategoryWorkResult
1968Tony AwardBest Actress in a MusicalDarling of the DayWon
1979Olivier AwardBest Supporting ActressAnd a Nightingale Sang...Nominated
1985Olivier AwardBest Supporting PerformanceRichard IIINominated
1988Olivier AwardBest Actress in a MusicalCandideWon
1989BAFTA TV AwardBest ActressTalking Heads: A Lady of LettersNominated
1992BAFTA TV AwardBest Light Entertainment PerformanceKeeping Up AppearancesNominated
1992Olivier AwardBest ActressTalking HeadsNominated
1993BAFTA TV AwardBest Light Entertainment PerformanceKeeping up AppearancesNominated

References[edit]

  1. ^ Archer, Peter (14 October 2004). "Favourite snob to collect CBE". The Age. Retrieved 12 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "CBE for TV favourite Routledge". BBC News. 12 June 2004. Retrieved 12 November 2013. 
  3. ^ Hughes, Lorna (17 February 2010). "Birkenhead-born actress Patricia Routledge marks return to home town with reading from classic children's book". Liverpool Echo. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  4. ^ "Patricia Routledge". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "Patricia Routledge Biography". Chichester Festival Theatre. Retrieved 29 March 2011.
  6. ^ a b c Westby, Isabel (6 July 2012). "The celebrated actress who loves tea, cake and debate with nuns". The Catholic Herald. Retrieved 13 November 2013. 
  7. ^ Hussey, Stanley (26 November 1999). "Obituary: The Rev Edmund Colledge". The Independent. Retrieved 13 November 2013. 
  8. ^ Dubuis, Anna (8 October 2013). "Sitcom star Patricia Routledge comes to Barking to reveal her musical theatre past". Barking and Dagenham Post. Retrieved 12 November 2013. 
  9. ^ Day, Gillian (2002). King Richard III: Shakespeare at Stratford Series. Cengage Learning. p. 200. ISBN 978-1-903436-12-7. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  10. ^ Patricia Routledge – Unsung Heroines, Musical Theatre.net
  11. ^ Wright, Adrian (2012). West End Broadway: The Golden Age of the American Musical in London. Boydell Press. p. 306. ISBN 978-1-84383-791-6. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  12. ^ Dietz, Dan (2010). Off Broadway Musicals, 1910–2007: Casts, Credits, Songs, Critical Reception and Performance Data of More Than 1,800 Shows. McFarland & Company. p. 3108. ISBN 978-0-7864-5731-1. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  13. ^ Huckvale, David (2006). James Bernard, Composer to Count Dracula: A Critical Biography. McFarland & Company. p. 123. ISBN 978-0-7864-2302-6. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  14. ^ Crompton, Sarah (4 April 2012). "Noises Off, Novello Theatre, review". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  15. ^ "Earnest Returns to West End with Routledge". What's On Stage. 15 November 2000. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  16. ^ Billington, Michael (28 September 2004). "The Solid Gold Cadillac, Garrick, London". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  17. ^ Meakin, Nione (2 November 2013). "Made for the stage". The Argus. Retrieved 12 November 2013. 
  18. ^ Norman, Neil (27 August 2010). "Darling Of The Day: Lost Musicals, Ondaatje Wing Theatre, The National Portrait Gallery". Daily Express. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  19. ^ "Aussie, Briton Win Tonys". The Miami News. Associated Press. 22 April 1968. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  20. ^ Blekicki, Kenneth C. (14 March 1976). "'1600' Is Weighty Address". Reading Eagle. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  21. ^ Britain's Best. New York. 21 September 1981. p. 33. ISSN 0028-7369. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  22. ^ "Patricia Routledge". Masterworks Broadway. Sony Music Entertainment. Retrieved 13 November 2013. 
  23. ^ Watt, Douglas (9 January 1981). "Gilbert Might Be Startled, But Happy". Toledo Blade. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  24. ^ a b Biographical note in Royal Shakespeare Company programme for Henry V, Barbican Theatre, London, 1985.
  25. ^ John, Emma (2 October 2011). "Patricia Routledge: 'The King James Bible has great cadences'". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 November 2013. 
  26. ^ Spencer, Charles (13 March 2006). "Old friends reunited for the best of times". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 13 November 2013. 
  27. ^ "INTERVIEW: Patricia Routledge in Crown Matrimonial". Worthing Herald. 27 June 2008. Retrieved 13 November 2013. 
  28. ^ Nash Concert Society programme, Wigmore Hall, 16 January 2010.
  29. ^ Willis, John (1 June 1983). Screen World 1968. Biblo & Tannen Publishers. p. 150. ISBN 978-0-8196-0309-8. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  30. ^ Cowie, Peter (1977). World Filmography: 1967. Fairleigh Dickinson University Press. p. 204. ISBN 978-0-498-01565-6. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  31. ^ "The Bliss of Mrs Blossom". The Sydney Morning Herald. 30 March 1986. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  32. ^ Mavis, Paul (31 May 2013). The Espionage Filmography. McFarland & Company. p. 157. ISBN 978-1-4766-0427-5. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  33. ^ Rees, Jasper (9 May 2007). "Very kinky? I didn't really enjoy it". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  34. ^ Barnett, Laura (2 November 2011). "Patricia Routledge: 'There's a fashion to speak badly'". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 November 2013. 
  35. ^ O'Shea, Stephen (1 October 2013). "Gulf between dreams and reality in Doha". The Irish Times. Retrieved 12 November 2013. 
  36. ^ "Past Winners 1991". The British Comedy Awards. 1991. Retrieved 12 November 2013. 
  37. ^ "Omnibus: Hildegard". British Film Institute. 1994. Retrieved 12 November 2013. 
  38. ^ Cooke, Rachel (4 October 2001). "The innocent". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 November 2013. 
  39. ^ "Ladies of Letters". BBC Radio 4 Extra. BBC. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  40. ^ "Episode 1 Ladies of Letters Crunch Credit". BBC Radio 4. BBC. 4 May 2009. Retrieved 15 November 2013. 
  41. ^ Barnett, David (10 July 2008). "I can never stay tuned to audiobooks". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 November 2013. 
  42. ^ "Classical/Tchaikovsky & Stravinsky Radio Highlights". BBC Radio 3. BBC. 2007. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  43. ^ "Legends: Patricia Routledge". BBC Radio 3. BBC. 27 November 2006. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  44. ^ Revoir, Paul (27 June 2008). "Patricia Routledge says BBC is run by '10-year-old children' after her detective series is axed". Daily Mail. Retrieved 12 November 2013. 
  45. ^ "Beatrix Potter finally presents her paper". University of Huddersfield. 24 April 2012. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  46. ^ "University honours for TV actress". BBC News. 10 December 2008. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  47. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "ROUTLEDGE, Patricia". British Film Institute. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  48. ^ "Up Among The Cuckoos". Evening Times. 8 June 1970. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  49. ^ "TV transmission - Play of the Month: Tartuffe", BFI Film & TV database.
  50. ^ McDermott, Ruth (6 July 1978). "'Gracious Living' is Packing 'em In". The Hour. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  51. ^ Spencer, Charles (6 June 2002). "Routledge's doughty duchess rescues Anouilh from ennui". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 

External links[edit]