Parkland (film)

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Parkland
Parkland poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byPeter Landesman
Produced byGary Goetzman
Tom Hanks
Bill Paxton
Nigel Sinclair
Matt Sinclair
Screenplay byPeter Landesman
Based onReclaiming History: The Assassination of President John F. Kennedy 
by Vincent Bugliosi
StarringJames Badge Dale
Zac Efron
Jackie Earle Haley
Colin Hanks
David Harbour
Marcia Gay Harden
Ron Livingston
Jeremy Strong
Billy Bob Thornton
Jacki Weaver
Tom Welling
Paul Giamatti
Music byJames Newton Howard[1]
CinematographyBarry Ackroyd
Edited byMarkus Czyzewski
Leo Trombetta
Production
  company
American Film Company
Playtone
Distributed byExclusive Media Group
Release date(s)
  • September 1, 2013 (2013-09-01) (Venice Film Festival)
  • October 4, 2013 (2013-10-04) (United States)
Running time94 minutes[2]
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$10 million[3]
Box office$1,412,181[4]
 
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Parkland
Parkland poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byPeter Landesman
Produced byGary Goetzman
Tom Hanks
Bill Paxton
Nigel Sinclair
Matt Sinclair
Screenplay byPeter Landesman
Based onReclaiming History: The Assassination of President John F. Kennedy 
by Vincent Bugliosi
StarringJames Badge Dale
Zac Efron
Jackie Earle Haley
Colin Hanks
David Harbour
Marcia Gay Harden
Ron Livingston
Jeremy Strong
Billy Bob Thornton
Jacki Weaver
Tom Welling
Paul Giamatti
Music byJames Newton Howard[1]
CinematographyBarry Ackroyd
Edited byMarkus Czyzewski
Leo Trombetta
Production
  company
American Film Company
Playtone
Distributed byExclusive Media Group
Release date(s)
  • September 1, 2013 (2013-09-01) (Venice Film Festival)
  • October 4, 2013 (2013-10-04) (United States)
Running time94 minutes[2]
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$10 million[3]
Box office$1,412,181[4]

Parkland is a 2013 American historical drama film that recounts the chaotic events that occurred following John F. Kennedy's assassination.[5] The film is written and directed by Peter Landesman, produced by Playtone's Tom Hanks and Gary Goetzman, and Bill Paxton with Exclusive Media’s Nigel and Matt Sinclair.[6] The film is based on Vincent Bugliosi's 2008 book Four Days in November: The Assassination of President John F. Kennedy.

Plot[edit]

Parkland weaves together the perspectives of a handful of ordinary individuals suddenly thrust into extraordinary circumstances: the young doctors and nurses at Parkland Hospital; Dallas’s chief of the Secret Service; an unwitting cameraman who captured what became the most famous home movie in history; the FBI agents who were visited by Lee Harvey Oswald before the shooting; the brother of Lee Harvey Oswald, left to deal with his shattered family; and JFK’s security team, witnesses to both the president’s death and Vice President Lyndon Johnson’s rise to power.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

Production began in January 2013 in Austin, Texas. Writer/director Peter Landesman has stated that the film does not explore the various conspiracy theories surrounding the Kennedy assassination.[6][15][16]

Release[edit]

Parkland premiered at the 70th Venice International Film Festival and was also screened at the 2013 Toronto International Film Festival.[17][18] Coinciding with the assassination's 50th anniversary year, the film was released theatrically in the United States on October 4, 2013.[6][19][20]

Reception[edit]

Parkland received mixed reviews, currently holding a 48% rating based on 118 reviews on review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes; the consensus states: "Although its decision to look at John F. Kennedy's assassination through uncommon perspectives is refreshing, Parkland never achieves the narrative cohesion its subject deserves."[21] On Metacritic, the film has a 51/100 rating, signifying "mixed or average reviews".[22]

Home media[edit]

The film was released on DVD and Blu-ray on November 5, 2013.

Historical accuracy[edit]

Historian Peter Ling awarded Parkland four stars for enjoyment and three stars for historical accuracy. Reviewing the film, he praised its attempt to "capture the desperate efforts made to save Kennedy in the operating room". He told historyextra: "It shows that the head nurse, Doris Nelson (played by Marcia Gay Harden), had to take a piece of JFK's skull and some brain tissue from Mrs Kennedy [Jackie picked up a piece of her husband's skull at the scene], and that junior doctor, Jim Carrico (played by Zac Efron), had to be told to stop the frenetic but fruitless cardiac massage at one o'clock, when the team declared JFK dead."[23]

However, he noted the "suspect influences" on Abraham Zapruder's decision to hand over his tapes to Life magazine. He said: "Once copies have been given to the Secret Service and the FBI, Zapruder has to choose from many media outlets who want to buy the film. He chooses Life because he says he respects the publication, but the movie seems to hint that any suppression of the film’s contents is in line with Zapruder’s wishes, and not because of suspect influences at Life itself, whose managing director had CIA connections."[24]

Journalist Hugh Aynesworth, who witnessed the assassination of JFK and was a consultant for Parkland, told historyextra: "I worked with the producers on character development. They did a tremendous job describing the mother and brother of Oswald. I worked with the Oswalds in the beginning [Aynesworth secured the first-ever print interview with Marina Oswald, the wife of Lee Harvey]. He added "It’s very accurate, but that’s one of the problems. People want more; they want a conspiracy theory...There were so many people impacted, and the film shows the bravery of some of the people at the hospital and the bravery of Jackie."[25]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "James Newton Howard Scoring ‘Parkland’". Film Music Reporter. June 20, 2013. 
  2. ^ "PARKLAND (15)". British Board of Film Classification. October 4, 2013. Retrieved October 5, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Parkland (2013) - Box office / business". Internet Movie Database. Amazon.com. Retrieved October 5, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Parkland". boxofficemojo. November 7, 2013. Retrieved November 18, 2013. 
  5. ^ Roddy, Michael (September 1, 2013). "JFK assassination film 'Parkland' shows gore, avoids conspiracy". Reuters. Retrieved September 6, 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c Richford, Rhonda (September 6, 2013). "Deauville: 'Parkland's' Peter Landesman on Tackling JFK's Assassination and Moving From Journalism to Film (Q&A)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 6 September 2013. 
  7. ^ Friedman, Roger (December 1, 2012). "James Badge Dale Will Play Lee Harvey Oswald’s Brother". Showbiz411. 
  8. ^ a b c d Jagernauth, Kevin (December 19, 2012). "Zac Efron Will Play The First Doctor To Look At JFK In Assassination Pic 'Parkland'". 
  9. ^ a b c d "James Badge Dale, Jackie Earle Haley, Colin Hanks and More Head to Parkland". Comingsoon.net. Exclusive Media. 25 January 2013. 
  10. ^ Chitwood, Adam (December 19, 2012). "Zac Efron and Marcia Gay Harden Join JFK Assassination Drama PARKLAND". Collider.com. 
  11. ^ Sneider, Jeff (January 1, 2013). "Actor Jeremy Strong comes on strong". Variety. Retrieved October 2, 2013. 
  12. ^ Tom Welling Heads to Parkland
  13. ^ "Bitsie Tulloch Is A Part Of 'Parkland'". InsomniacMania. January 31, 2013. 
  14. ^ "IMDb: Brett Stimely". 
  15. ^ Tartaglione, Nancy (1 September 2013). "Venice: ‘Parkland’ Helmer Peter Landesman On Conspiracy-Free JFK Assassination Pic". Deadline London. Retrieved 7 September 2013. 
  16. ^ Alexander, Bryan (28 July 2013). "'Parkland' shines new light on Kennedy assassination". USA Today. Retrieved 6 September 2013. 
  17. ^ "Venice film festival 2013: the full line-up". The Guardian (London). July 25, 2013. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  18. ^ "Toronto film festival 2013: the full line-up". The Guardian (London). July 23, 2013. Retrieved 24 July 2013. 
  19. ^ Farber, Stephen (1 September 2013). "Parkland: Venice Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 6 September 2013. 
  20. ^ Debruge, Peter (1 September 2013). "Venice Film Review: ‘Parkland’". Variety. Retrieved 7 September 2013. 
  21. ^ "Parkland". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved May 16, 2014. 
  22. ^ "Parkland Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved May 16, 2014. 
  23. ^ Historian at the Movies: Parkland reviewed. History Extra (2013-11-26). Retrieved on 2014-05-22.
  24. ^ "Historian at the Movies: Parkland reviewed". historyextra.com. Retrieved 27 November 2013. 
  25. ^ "The assassination of JFK: an eyewitness account". historyextra.com. Retrieved 27 November 2013. 

External links[edit]