Parish Church of Saints Peter and Paul

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Parish Church of Saints Peter and Paul
Sts.PeterandPaulParishChurchjf201.JPG
"Calasiao Church"
Basic information
LocationPoblacion, Calasiao, Pangasinan, Philippines
AffiliationRoman Catholic
Year consecrated1588
Ecclesiastical or organizational statusSuffragan Diocese
Heritage designation"National Cultural Treasure (September 29, 2001)"
LeadershipBishop
Websitewww.oocities.org/senior_tesoro/srtchurch.htm
Architectural description
Architectural typeBaroque Church
Architectural styleBaroque
Groundbreaking1588
Length88.3 meters
Width25 metres
MaterialsCement, massive bricks, steel, gravel and sand
 
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Coordinates: 16°02′10″N 120°12′45″E / 16.036°N 120.2125°E / 16.036; 120.2125

Parish Church of Saints Peter and Paul
Sts.PeterandPaulParishChurchjf201.JPG
"Calasiao Church"
Basic information
LocationPoblacion, Calasiao, Pangasinan, Philippines
AffiliationRoman Catholic
Year consecrated1588
Ecclesiastical or organizational statusSuffragan Diocese
Heritage designation"National Cultural Treasure (September 29, 2001)"
LeadershipBishop
Websitewww.oocities.org/senior_tesoro/srtchurch.htm
Architectural description
Architectural typeBaroque Church
Architectural styleBaroque
Groundbreaking1588
Length88.3 meters
Width25 metres
MaterialsCement, massive bricks, steel, gravel and sand

The 1588 Parish Church of Saints Peter and Paul, commonly known as Calasiao Church or "Iglesia Parroquial de San San Pedro y San Pablo" is a Baroque (heritage) Church. It is located in Poblacion West, Poblacion, 2418 Calasiao, Pangasinan. The Spanish-colonial-era Church was declared a National Cultural Treasure (because of its age and history) by the National Museum of the Philippines and the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (Philippines) (NCCA), under R.A. 4896 (as amended by P.D. 374 and R.A. 8492), on September 29, 2001 (5th of only 26 Filipino churches bestowed that honor).[1]

It belongs to the Ecclesiastical Province of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Lingayen-Dagupan, in the Vicariate of Sts. Peter and Paul. It has a Catholic population of 57,840 with Feast day of June 29. The Team Moderator is Rev. Fidelis B. Layog, assisted by Team Members, Rev. Isidro Palinar, Jr., & Rev. Raymund Manaois.[2] In 2009, the National Museum installed a marker of its 2001 Proclamation.[3]

The Calasiao church is a National Shrine. It is named after "Saints Peter and Paul". Saint Peter or "Simon Peter" was an early Christian leader and one of the twelve apostles of Jesus. Peter is featured prominently in the New Testament Gospels and the Acts of the Apostles and is venerated as a saint. The son of John[Jn. 1:42] or of Jonah or Jona,[4] he was from the village of Bethsaida in the province of Galilee or Gaulanitis.

Paul the Apostle' (c. AD 5 – c. AD 67; also "the Apostle Paul", "Saint Paul" and "Saul of Tarsus".[5] ),[6] is perhaps the most influential early Christian missionary. The writings ascribed to him by the church (the Pauline epistles) form a considerable portion of the New Testament. The influence on Christian thinking of the epistles ascribed to him has been significant,[7][8] due in part to his association as a prominent apostle of Christianity during the spreading of the Gospel through early Christian communities across the Roman Empire. James, son of Zebedee, (Aramaic Yaʕqov, Greek Ιάκωβος, died 44 AD), was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus. He was a son of Zebedee and Salome, and brother of John the Apostle. He is also called "James the Greater" to distinguish him from James, son of Alphaeus, who is also known as James the Less).

The most revered holy place, Parish Church of Saints Peter and Paul's (5th of the 26 Spanish colonial-era churches) conservation and restoration was spearheaded by the National Commission for Culture and the Arts. The National Museum in 2001 declared it and the 25 Churches as National Cultural Treasures. The Calasiao church (second in Pangasinan, following San Carlos') was adjudged as possessing "outstanding historical, cultural, artistic and/or scientific value and are representative of the original church-building orders of Augustinians, Franciscans, Jesuits, Dominicans, and Augustinian Recollects, and all the major regions of the country."NCCA

The 25 other Churches are: Bacong (Negros Oriental), Balayan (Batangas), Santiago Apostol Parish Church Betis (Pampanga), Boljo-on (Cebu), Calasiao (Pangasinan), Dupax (Nueva Vizcaya), Guiuan (Samar), Jasaan (Misamis Oriental), Jimenez (Misamis Occidental), Lazi (Siquijor), Loboc (Bohol), Luna (La Union), Mahatao (Batanes), Magsingal (Ilocos Sur), Majayjay (Laguna), Maragondon (Cavite), Masinloc (Zambales), Pan-ay (Capiz), Romblon (Romblon), Rizal (Cagayan), San Joaquin (Iloilo), Tabaco (Albay), Tanay (Rizal), Tayabas (Quezon), Tayum (Abra), and Tumauini (Isabela).[9]

History[edit]

Built in several stages from the 17th to 19th centuries by the Dominicans, the best-preserved Pangasinan Iglesia's bell tower and some parts have been reconstructed because of massive earthquakes. The 17th Century Calasiao Dominican Provincial Chapter Church under St. Paul's patronage became Sts. Peter and Paul Parish under Kura Paroko Fr. Juan Maldonado de San Pedro Martin after 1621.

1588 Parish Church of Saints Peter and Paul (prized original retablos and classic altar ornately decorated with statues of saints).

In 1763, Filipino rebel Palaris (Binalatongan or San Carlos) burned the church. In 1804. Bishop Miguel Garcia de Nueva Segovia presided over the 1773 Synod of Calasiao at the sprawling Convento (per Manila Provincial Council Acts of 1771 to implement Decrees). Archbishop Basilio Sancho de Santa Justa y Rufina convened the Council from May to November, 1771.

Calasiao had a new church of 3 naves (89 varas or yards long, 22 wide and 18 high with 2 rows of windows) with a bell tower. But in 1841 o 1842, this church was destroyed and rebuilt by Father Dalman in 1852 and then burned and restored from 1853 to 1858 by Father Ramos Suarez. The March 16, 1892 massive earthquake damaged the church. Dominican Vicar Fr. Bonifacio Probanza left Calasiao in 1898.

The 1936 Christ the King saw a new Church. In 1945, the Lingayen cathedral and the archbishop's palace was temporarily transferred to Calasiao amid the miraculous 3 Liberation bombs thrown into the church and convent but failed to explode,

The massive earthquake July 16, 1990 destroyed its belfry. Msgr. Luis B. Ungson reconstructed the Church's and restored the bricked front wall, antique statues and the ceiling's original floral motif.[10]

Kura Parokos included, Fr. Juan Bello, Fathers Benigno Serafica, José Ferrer and Msgr. Oscar Aquino under Bishop Jesus Cabrera. The present Parish Priest is Fidelis B. Layog. Msgr. Luis Ungson is assisted by Fr. Ronwell Fabregas and by Fr. Jose R. Carino and Allen O. Romero.

At present, the Church owns fully automatic bells or chimes which could be heard within 7 or 8 kilometer-radius.

The Sts. Peter & Paul Parish Choir (SPPPC) won the grand prize in the May 5, 2006 1st Pistay Dayat Choral Competition of Pangasinan.[11]

Description[edit]

Maundy Thursday, 2012: St. Peter and Paul Church altar displays mysterious Last Supper lights (upper part, right side)

Calasiao's prioririty status is due to its geographic representation of various regions across the nation, being one of the largest Churches in Pangasinan.[12][13]

The imposing Cagayan style facade of bricks and cement of Calasiiao Church, today, is 88.3 meter long, 25 metres wide and 27.3 meters high.The sprawling convent is 75 meter long, 25 meters wide and has 2 yards. Its 5-story hexagonal brick bell tower (replica of the earthquake destroyed original on July 16, 1990) is 30 meter high.

The prized original retablos (and a classic altar) is ornately decorated with statues of saints. The Baroque-style carved, the painted ceilings and the magnificent overall exterior are preserved for centuries.

The intricate sculpture has tone of the Renaissance age's undying European Art as demonstrated by the majesty of its ceiling or dome, walls and the altar from the aisle near the main door.

The magnificent structure's main door, the entrance to the Church features some heavy details: "Iglesia Parroquial San Pedro Y San Pablo Calasiao, Pangasinan". It’s like a grand welcome to heaven!

A mini museum (Museo Calasiao) stands on the right side of the Church inside the sprawling Convento which shows some vintage photos and history of the Church.

Outside, sculptures, could be found including the cave of the Nativity and the Sunico heritage bell on display and the Sacred Heart of Jesus.

Its dome-kitchen structure separately engineered from the church and the Kumbento or convent is one of its odd and distinct features.[14]

Some parts of the church are currently being renovated as there are plans to promote it as a tourist attraction. Father Layog adds there are plans to put up a gallery so that visitors can appreciate the church’s historical value.

In front of the church and Convento are spacious parking areas for vehicles tightly guarded by a solid iron entrance gate.[13] Some meters therefrom is the famous "Senor Divino Tesoro Shrine" with the miraculous statue of a crucified Jesus Christ (believed to grow in size).[12][13] The church's large wooden floors on the second floor was setting of Mga Kuwento ni Lola Basyang and the Sleeping beauty Episode.

Baroque Church[edit]

As one of the Baroque Churches of the Philippines, the Parish Church of Saints Peter and Paul has been at the forefront of Philippine history-Spanish colonial rule. Its unique architectural design reflects the Spanish and Latin American architecture integration of indigenous Philippines works of art with Chinese style fusion. Its massive bricks or ladrillo had been designed to withstand revolts and rebellions, due to its fortresses facade.

Its massive retablo mayor is massive and complex woodwork is seen at the back.[15]

Within the Pacific Ring of Fire, the Philippine Church of Calasiao, known as Earthquake Baroque, has powerful and most imposing buttresses and foundations but failed upon massive earthquakes' annihilations.[16][17][18]

Image gallery[edit]

References[edit]

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