Pantaleon

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Pantaleon
Indo-Greek king
KingPantaleon.jpg
King Pantaleon in profile, with Zeus on the reverse.
Reign190–180 BCE
 
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Pantaleon
Indo-Greek king
KingPantaleon.jpg
King Pantaleon in profile, with Zeus on the reverse.
Reign190–180 BCE
Cupro-nickel coin of king Pantaleon.
Obv: Bust of Dionysos with a wreath of leaves.
Rev: Panther with a small bell around the neck, touching a vine with the left leg. Greek legend: BASILEOS PANTALEONTOS "King Pantaleon".

Pantaleon was a Greek king who reigned some time between 190–180 BCE in Bactria and India. He was a younger contemporary or successor of the Greco-Bactrian king Demetrius, and is sometimes believed to have been his brother and/or subking. He was the first Greek king to strike Indian coins, peculiar irregular bronzes which suggests he had his base in Arachosia and Gandhara and wanted support from the native population.

The limited size of his coinage indicates a short reign. Known evidence suggests that he was replaced by his (probable) brother or son Agathocles, by whom he was commemorated on a "pedigree" coin. Some of his coins (as well as those of Agathocles and Euthydemus II) have another surprising characteristic: they are made of copper-nickel alloy, a technology that would not be developed in the West until the 18th century, but was known by the Chinese at the time. This suggests that exchanges of the metallic alloy or technicians happened between China and the region of Bactria.

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Preceded by
Demetrius I
Indo-Greek Ruler
(Arachosia, Gandhara)

190–185 BCE
Succeeded by
Apollodotus I


INDO-GREEK KINGS AND THEIR TERRITORIES
Based on Bopearachchi (1991)
Territories/
Dates
PAROPAMISADE
ARACHOSIAGANDHARAWESTERN PUNJABEASTERN PUNJAB
200–190 BCEDemetrius I DemetriusCoin.jpg
190–180 BCEAgathocles AgathoclesWithAlexander.jpgPantaleonCoin of Greco-Baktrian Kingdom king Pantaleon.jpg
185–170 BCEAntimachus IAntimachusMedaille.jpg
180–160 BCEApollodotus IApollodotosi.jpg
175–170 BCEDemetrius II Demetriosii.jpg
170–145 BCEEucratidesTetradrachm Eukratides.jpg
160–155 BCEAntimachus IIAnimachusii(2).jpg
155–130 BCEMenander IMenander Alexandria-Kapisa.jpg
130–120 BCEZoilos IZoilosI-525.jpgAgathokleiaAgathokleia.jpg
120–110 BCELysias Lysias-150.jpgStrato IAgathokleia&Strato.jpg
110–100 BCEAntialcidasAntialcidas.JPGHeliokles IIHelioclesii.jpg
100 BCEPolyxeniosPolyxenos.jpgDemetrius III Demetrius Aniketou.jpg
100–95 BCEPhiloxenus Philoxenos.jpg
95–90 BCEDiomedes Diomedes2.jpgAmyntas Amyntas.jpgEpanderEpander.jpg
90 BCETheophilos Theophilos-634.jpgPeukolaosPeukolaos coin.jpgThraso
90–85 BCENicias Nikias.jpgMenander IIMenanderDikaiou.jpgArtemidorosArtimedoros.jpg
90–70 BCEHermaeusHermaeusCoin.jpgArchebiosArchebios229.jpg
Yuezhi tribesMaues (Indo-Scythian)
75–70 BCETelephos Telephos.jpgApollodotus IIAppollodotosii.jpg
65–55 BCEHippostratosHippostratos.jpgDionysios Dyonisos coin.jpg
55–35 BCEAzes I (Indo-Scythian)Zoilos IIZoilosIICoin.JPG
55–35 BCEApollophanesApollophanes.jpg
25 BCE – 10 CEStrato II & III Stratoii.jpg
Rajuvula (Indo-Scythian)