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Pancolitis is a very severe form of ulcerative colitis. Pan refers to the fact that the disease is spread throughout the large intestine, from the cecum to the rectum. Symptoms are very similar to those of any ulcerative colitis patient except more severe. Additionally, people with pancolitis have a much greater risk of developing colon cancer. This is especially true when a patient has this chronic form of the disease for a long time, i.e., ten years and more.
Pancolitis is a kind of inflammatory bowel disorder (IBD) that affects the entire internal lining of the colon. It typically appears as a less serious condition termed ulcerative colitis, goes untreated, and extends all through the large intestine. The precise causes of this inflammatory disorder are unclear, although physicians assume that autoimmune diseases and genetic predispositions might play a role in its progress. An individual with such a condition is expected to experience abdominal pain, recurrent episodes of bloody diarrhea, and persistent fatigue. A physician commonly first attempts to remedy the disorder with anti-inflammatory medications and pain relievers, although surgery is usually needed to prevent long-term health dilemmas.