Pampanga

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Province of Pampanga
Balayan ning Pampanga
Lalawigan ng Pampanga
Province

Flag

Seal
Nickname(s): Culinary Capital of the Philippines
Motto: "Mekeni Malaus Ka Pampanga"
Map of the Philippines with Pampanga highlighted
Coordinates: 15°04′N 120°40′E / 15.067°N 120.667°E / 15.067; 120.667Coordinates: 15°04′N 120°40′E / 15.067°N 120.667°E / 15.067; 120.667
Country Philippines
RegionCentral Luzon (Region III)
FoundedDecember 11, 1571
CapitalCity of San Fernando
Government
 • TypeProvince of the Philippines
 • GovernorLilia G. Pineda (NUP/KAMBILAN)
 • Vice GovernorDennis "Delta" G. Pineda (NPC/KAMBILAN)
Area[1]
 • Total2,062.47 km2 (796.32 sq mi)
Area rank59th out of 80
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total2,014,019
 • Rank9th out of 80
 • Density980/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
 • Density rank5th out of 80
 excluding Angeles City
Divisions
 • Independent cities1
 • Component cities2
 • Municipalities19
 • Barangays505
including independent cities: 538
 • Districts4
Time zonePHT (UTC+8)
ZIP code2000 to 2024
Dialing code45
Spoken languagesKapampangan, Tagalog, English
Websitepampanga.gov.ph
 
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Province of Pampanga
Balayan ning Pampanga
Lalawigan ng Pampanga
Province

Flag

Seal
Nickname(s): Culinary Capital of the Philippines
Motto: "Mekeni Malaus Ka Pampanga"
Map of the Philippines with Pampanga highlighted
Coordinates: 15°04′N 120°40′E / 15.067°N 120.667°E / 15.067; 120.667Coordinates: 15°04′N 120°40′E / 15.067°N 120.667°E / 15.067; 120.667
Country Philippines
RegionCentral Luzon (Region III)
FoundedDecember 11, 1571
CapitalCity of San Fernando
Government
 • TypeProvince of the Philippines
 • GovernorLilia G. Pineda (NUP/KAMBILAN)
 • Vice GovernorDennis "Delta" G. Pineda (NPC/KAMBILAN)
Area[1]
 • Total2,062.47 km2 (796.32 sq mi)
Area rank59th out of 80
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total2,014,019
 • Rank9th out of 80
 • Density980/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
 • Density rank5th out of 80
 excluding Angeles City
Divisions
 • Independent cities1
 • Component cities2
 • Municipalities19
 • Barangays505
including independent cities: 538
 • Districts4
Time zonePHT (UTC+8)
ZIP code2000 to 2024
Dialing code45
Spoken languagesKapampangan, Tagalog, English
Websitepampanga.gov.ph

Pampanga (PSGC: 035400000; ISO: PH-PAM; Kapampangan: Lalawigan ning Pampanga; Filipino: Lalawigan ng Pampanga) is a province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. Its capital is the City of San Fernando. Pampanga is bordered by the provinces of Bataan and Zambales to the west, Tarlac and Nueva Ecija to the north, and Bulacan to the southeast. Pampanga also lies on the northern shore of Manila Bay. Angeles City, although geographically within Pampanga, is classified as a first-class, highly urbanized city and has a government independent of the province.

The name "La Pampanga" was given by the Spaniards who found the early natives living near the river banks. It also served as the capital of the archipelago for two years from 1762–1764 during the British invasion of Manila. The word pampang, from which the province's name originates, means river bank. Its creation in 1571 makes it the first Spanish province in the Philippines. The Province of Pampanga is the culinary capital of the Philippines.

Pampanga is served by the Clark International Airport, which is located at Clark Freeport Zone, some 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) north of the provincial capital.

The province is home to two Philippine Air Force air bases, Basa Air Base in Floridabalanca, and Clark Air Base in Angeles City.

The province is also honored as one of the 8 rays of the sun in the national flag because of its revolt against the domination of Spaniards.

History[edit]

Pampanga is the first province and the richest spoil created by the Spaniards in 1571. It was named after the Indung Kapampangan River, the largest river in the former empire. Ancient Pampanga's territorial area used to include portions of the provinces of Bataan, Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pangasinan, Tarlac and Zambales in the big Island of Luzon of the Philippine Archipelago.

Pampanga, one of the richest provinces in the Philippines, was re-organized as a province by the Spaniards on December 11, 1571. For governmental control and taxation purposes, the Spanish authorities subdivided Pampanga into towns (pueblos), which were further subdivided into districts (barrios) and in some cases into royal and private estates (encomiendas).

Due to excessive abuses committed by some grantees of private estates, the King of Spain prohibited in 1574 the awarding of private estates (encomiendas). However, the royal decree was not fully enforced until the year 1620. In a report of Philippine encomiendas on June 20, 1591, Spanish Governor Gomez Perez Dasmarinas reported to the King of Spain that La Pampanga's encomiendas were Bataan, Betis y Lubao, Macabebe, Candava, Apalit, Calumpit, Malolos, Binto, Guiguinto, Caluya, Bulacan and Mecabayan. The encomiendas of La Pampanga at that time had eighteen thousand six hundred and eighty whole tributes.

Pampanga which is about 850 square miles (2,200 km2) in area and presently inhabited by more than 1.5 million people, had its present borders drawn in 1873. During the Spanish regime it was one of the richest Philippine provinces. Manila and its surrounding region were then primarily dependent on Pampangan agricultural, fishery, and forestry products as well as on the supply of skilled workers. As other Luzon provinces were created due to increases in population, some well-established Pampanga towns were lost to new emerging provinces in Central Luzon.

During the 17th century, The Dutch recruited men from Pampanga as mercenaries who served the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army, known as Papangers[3] contingent which was a part of the larger Mardijkers community. Their legacy can still be found in North Jakarta,[4] however there are no traces of their descendants, except for a small community currently lives in Kampung Tugu.

Pampanga, 1899

The historic province of Bataan which was founded in 1754 under the administration of Spanish Governor General Pedro Manuel Arandia, absorbed from the province of Pampanga the municipalities of Abucay, Balanga, Dinalupihan, Llana Hermosa, Orani, Orion, Pilar, and Samal.

The old Pampanga towns of Aliaga, Cabiao, Gapan, San Antonio and San Isidro were ceded to the province of Nueva Ecija in 1848 during the term of Spanish Governor-General Narciso Claveria y Zaldua. The municipality of San Miguel de Mayumo of Pampanga was yielded to the province of Bulacan in the same provincial boundary configuration in 1848.

In 1860, the northern towns of Bamban, Capas, Concepcion, Victoria, Tarlac, Mabalacat, Magalang, Porac and Floridablanca were separated from Pampanga and were placed under the jurisdiction of a military command called Comandancia Militar de Tarlac. However, in 1873, the four latter towns were returned to Pampanga and the other five towns became municipalities of the newly created Province of Tarlac.

On December 8, 1941, Japanese planes bombed Clark Air base marking the beginning of the invasion of Pampanga.

Between 1941 and 1942, occupying Japanese forces began entering Pampanga.

During the Counter-Insurgencies under the Japanese Occupation from 1942 to 1944, Kapampangan guerrilla fighters and the Hukbalahap Communist guerrillas fought side by side in the province of Pampanga, attacking and retreating the Japanese Imperial forces for three years and few months of fighting and invasion.

The establishment of the military general headquarters and military camp bases of the Philippine Commonwealth Army was active from 1935 to 1946 and the Philippine Constabulary was active from 1935 to 1942 and 1944 to 1946 in the province of Pampanga. During the military engagements of the Anti-Japanese Imperial Military Operations in Central Luzon from 1942 to 1945 in the province of Bataan, Bulacan, Northern Tayabas (now. Aurora), Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Tarlac, and Zambales, the local guerrilla resistance fighters and Hukbalahap Communist guerrillas, helped the U.S. military forces fight the Imperial Japanese armed forces.

In the 1945 liberation of Pampanga, Kapampangan guerrilla fighters and the Hukbalahap Communist guerrillas supported combat forces from both Filipino and American ground troops in attacking Japanese Imperial forces during the Battle of Pampanga until the end of the Second World War. The sending the local military operations of local Filipino soldiers and officers of the Philippine Commonwealth Army 2nd, 21st, 26th, 3rd, 31st, 32nd, 33rd, 35th, 36th and 37th Infantry Division and the Philippine Constabulary 3rd Infantry Regiment was recaptured and liberated the province of Pampanga and fought against the Japanese Imperial forces during the Battle of Pampanga.

After the Second World War, The operations in the main province of Pampanga was downfall insurgencies and conflicts between the Philippine Government forces and the Hukbalahap Communist rebels on 1946 to 1954 during the Hukbalahap Rebellion.

The 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo displaced a large number of people with the submersion of whole towns and villages by lahar.

Geography[edit]

Political[edit]

Political map of Pampanga

Pampanga is subdivided into 19 municipalities and 3 cities (one highly urbanized city, and two component cities).

City/

municipality

TypeNo. of
Barangays
Population
(2010)[5]
Area
(km²)[6]
Pop. density
(per km²)
Income
Class
Zip Code
Angeles CityHighly urbanized city
(independent of province)
33
326,336
60.27
5,415
1st class
2009
San FernandoComponent city (Capital)
36
285,912
67.74
4,221
1st Class
2000
MabalacatComponent City
27
215,610
83.18
2,592
1st Class
2010
ApalitMunicipality
12
101,537
61.47
1,652
1st Class
2016
ArayatMunicipality
30
121,348
134.48
902
1st Class
2012
BacolorMunicipality
21
31,508
71.70
439
3rd Class
2001
CandabaMunicipality
33
102,399
176.40
580
1st class
2013
FloridablancaMunicipality
33
110,846
175.48
632
1st Class
2006
GuaguaMunicipality
31
111,199
48.67
2,285
1st Class
2003
LubaoMunicipality
44
150,843
155.77
966
1st Class
2005
MacabebeMunicipality
25
70,777
105.16
673
1st Class
2018
MagalangMunicipality
27
103,597
97.32
1,064
1st Class
2011
MasantolMunicipality
26
52,407
48.25
1,086
2nd Class
2017
MexicoMunicipality
43
146,851
117.41
1,251
1st Class
2021
MinalinMunicipality
15
44,001
48.27
912
4th Class
2019
PoracMunicipality
29
111,441
314.00
355
1st Class
2008
San LuisMunicipality
17
49,311
56.83
868
3rd Class
2014
San SimonMunicipality
14
48,353
57.37
843
3rd Class
2015
Santa AnaMunicipality
14
52,001
39.84
1,305
3rd Class
2022
Santa RitaMunicipality
10
38,762
29.76
1,302
4th Class
2002
Santo TomasMunicipality
8
38,062
21.30
1,787
4th Class
2020
SasmuanMunicipality
12
27,254
91.80
297
4th Class
2004

Physical[edit]

The province has a total land mass of 206,247 hectares (509,650 acres).[1] Its terrain is relatively flat with one distinct mountain, Mount Arayat and the notable Pampanga River. Among its municipalities, Porac has the largest land mass with 314 square kilometres (121 sq mi); Candaba comes in second with 176 square kilometres (68 sq mi); followed by Floridablanca with 175 square kilometres (68 sq mi). Santo Tomas, with an area of 21 square kilometres (8.1 sq mi), is the smallest.[6]

Climate[edit]

The province of Pampanga has two distinct climates, rainy and dry. The rainy or wet season normally begins in May and runs through October, while the rest of the year is the dry season. The warmest period of the year occurs between March and April, while the coolest period is from December through February.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Pampanga
YearPop.  ±% p.a.  
19901,295,929—    
19951,401,7561.58%
20001,618,7592.92%
20071,911,9512.41%
20102,014,0191.75%
Excluding Angeles City
Source: National Statistics Office[2]

Based on the 2010 census, the population of the province excluding the independent Angeles City is 2,014,019 persons, or 2,340,355 including Angeles City.[2]

The inhabitants of Pampanga are generally referred to as Kapampangans (alternatively spelled Capampañgan), Pampangos, or Pampangueños.

Kapampangan is one of the eight provinces in the country to have revolted against Spain. The population has produced two presidents, three chief justices, a senate president, the first Filipino cardinal and many outstanding personalities in public service, education, diplomacy, journalism, the arts and sciences, entertainment and business.

Religions[edit]

Our Lady of Grace Parish in Mabalacat City, Pampanga

The province of Pampanga is composed of many religious groups but it is predominantly Roman Catholic.Other prominent religious groups include Iglesia ni Cristo, Church of the Nazarene, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Jehovah's Witnesses, Most Holy Church of God in Christ Jesus, Jesus is Lord Church, Seventh-day Adventist, Evangelicals, Islam, Aglipayan, Jesus Miracle Crusade, Ang Dating Daan and many other religious groups are also found and established in the province.

Economy[edit]

Farming and fishing are the two main industries of the province. Major products include rice, corn, sugar cane, and tilapia. In addition to farming and fishing, the province also supports thriving cottage industries that specialize in wood carving, furniture-making, guitars, and handicrafts. Every year during the Christmas season, the province of Pampanga becomes the center of a thriving industry centered on handcrafted lighted lanterns called "parols" that displays a kaleidoscope of light and color. Other industries include its casket industry and the manufacturing of all Purpose Vehicles present in the Municipality of Sto. Tomas.

The province is famous for its sophisticated culinary industry. Kapampangans are well known for their culinary creations. Well known food products range from the ordinary to the exotic. Pampanga's Best and Mekeni Food are among the better known meat brands of the country producing Kapampangan favorites such as pork and chicken tocinos, beef tapa, hot dogs, and longanezas (Philippines-style sausages and cured meats.)

Speciality foods such as the siopao, pandesal, tutong, lechon (roasted pig) and its sarsa (sauce), are popular speciality foods in the region. The more exotic betute tugak (stuffed frog), kamaru (mole crickets) cooked ala adobo, bulanglang (pork cooked in guava juice), lechon kawali, and bringhe (a green sticky rice dish like paella) are a mainstay in Kapampangan feasts. Native sweets and delicacies like pastillas, turonnes de casuy, buro, are the most sought after by Filipinos including a growing number of tourists who enjoy authentic Kapampangan cuisine. The famous cookie in Mexico, Pampanga, Sanikulas, which is known as the mother of all Philippine cookies are one of the best and the best are made in Mexico, Pampanga by Mrs. Lillian Borromeo.

Tourism is a growing industry in the province of Pampanga. Clark Freeport is home to Clark International Airport, designated as the Philippines' future premier gateway.[citation needed]. Other developing industries include semiconductor manufacturing for electronics and computers mostly located within the freeport.

Within the Clark Special Economic Zone are well established hotels and resorts. Popular tourist destinations in the province include: St. Peter Shrine in Apalit, Mt. Arayat National Park in San Juan Bano, Arayat, the Paskuhan Village in the City of San Fernando, the Casino Filipino in Angeles City, and for Nature and Wildlife "Paradise Ranch and Zoocobia Fun Zoo" in Clark. Well known annual events include the Giant Lantern Festival in December, the annual hot air balloon festival in Clarkfield during the month of February, the San Pedro Cutud Lenten Rites celebrated two days before Easter and the Aguman Sanduk in Minalin celebrated on the afternoon of New Year's Day.

Infrastructure[edit]

Telecommunication[edit]

Telephone services in the Province are provided by the Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company (PLDT), Digitel, Datelcom the Evangelista Telephone Company and the Pampanga Telecom Company in the town of Macabebe. The province has 24 public telegraph offices distributed among its towns while the facilities of PT&T and RCPI were set up to serve the business centers in Angeles City, San Fernando City and Guagua.[7]

Several Internet Service Providers and available in the province. These include the Angeles Computer Network Specialist, Information Resources Network System, Inc., Mosaic communications Inc., Net Asia Angeles City, Phil World On Line and Comclark Network and Technology Corp.

United Parcel Services (UPS) and Federal Express (FedEx) provide international courier services for the province and the rest of the country. Their hubs are located within the Clark Freeport Zone. These international courier are complemented by four local couriers operating as the communication and baggage of the province. There are 3 postal district offices and 35 post office stations distributed in the 20 municipalities and 2 cities of the province.[8]

Water and power[edit]

Potable water supply in the province reaches the populace through three levels namely: Level I (point source system), Level II (communal faucet system), and Level III (individual connections). A well or spring is the pinpointed water source in areas where houses are few as the system is only designed to serve 15 to 25 households. As of 1997, there were 128,571 Level I water system users in the province. The communal faucet system (Level II) serves the rural areas while the Level III system is managed by the Local Water Utilities Administration (LWUA). The system provides individual house connections to all second and first class private subdivisions.

Electric power is distributed to majority of the towns through the distribution centers of the Pampanga Electric Cooperative (PELCO) which include PELCO I, II, III. Small parts of Candaba and Macabebe are also supplied by Manila Electric Company (MERALCO). Angeles City and small parts of Mabalacat, Bacolor, and Porac are supplied by Angeles Electric Corporation (AEC). City of San Fernando is supplied by San Fernando Electric Company (SFELAPCO).[7]

Transportation[edit]

The province of Pampanga is strategically located at the crossroads of central Luzon and is highly accessible by both air and land. The province is home to two airstrips: Basa Air Base in Floridablanca, which is utilized by the military, and Clark International Airport in Clark Freeport Zone. Pampanga also has five existing municipal ports which function as fish landing centers. These are situated in the municipalities of Guagua, Macabebe, Masantol, Minalin, and Sasmuan.[7]

Land travel to the province is made easy by numerous buses that travel the routes of Manila-Pampanga-Bataan, Manila-Pampanga-Zambales, Manila-Pampanga-Tarlac, Manila-Pampanga-Nueva Ecija, Manila-Bulacan-Pampanga, and Manila-Pampanga-Dagupan. These buses are serviced by:

  • Philippine Rabbit,
  • Genesis Transport Service
  • Five Star Bus Co.
  • Hernandez Liner
  • Fermina Express
  • Saulog Transit Inc.
  • Victory Liner
  • Dagupan Bus Company
  • Santrans
  • Fariñas Trans.
  • Dominion Bus Lines
  • Arayat Express
  • Sierra Madre Trans.
  • RJ Express
  • Partas
  • Vizcaya Liner
  • Baliwag Transit.[7]
  • Solid North Transit Inc.

The 84 kilometres (52 mi) North Luzon Expressway (NLEX) extends from Balintawak in Metro Manila to Sta. Ines in Pampanga. It passes through the large cities of San Fernando, Angeles and ends through Sta. Ines in Mabalacat, which is located near Clark Field, and municipalities of Minalin and San Simon

The 94 kilometres (58 mi) four-lane Subic-Clark-Tarlac Expressway (SCTEx) to date, is the longest toll expressway in the Philippines. Its southern terminus is located at the Subic Bay Freeport Zone in Zambales, and passes through the Clark Freeport Zone in two interchanges: Clark North and Clark South. The expressway is linked to the North Luzon Expressway through the Mabalacat Interchange. Its northern terminus is located at the Central Techno Park in Tarlac City, Tarlac.

Education[edit]

The province is home to 45 Colleges/Universities, including

  • Angeles University Foundation, Angeles City
  • Holy Angel University, Angeles City
  • St. Nicolas College of Business and Technology
  • Infant Jesus Academy (IJA )
  • Guagua National Colleges, Guagua
  • New Era University, City of San Fernando
  • Harvardian Colleges, City of San Fernando
  • Colegio de Sebastian, City of San Fernando
  • University of the Philippines - Diliman Extension Program in Pampanga, Clark Freeport Zone
  • Mother Of Good Counsel Minor Seminary, City of San Fernando
  • NorthPoint Academy for Culinary Arts, Culinary School in San Fernando, Pampanga.
  • University of the Assumption, City of San Fernando
  • Don Honorio Ventura Technological State University, Bacolor
  • Don Honorio Ventura Technological State University, Mexico
  • Pampanga Colleges - Macabebe
  • The Metropolitan Academy Of Arts & Beauty - Pampanga, City of San Fernando
  • Information and Communication Technology High School, San Fernando
  • Mabalacat College, Dolores, Mabalacat City
  • Bro. Andrew Gonzales Technical High School
  • Proverbsville School -Angeles City/City of San Fernando
  • San Lorenzo Ruiz Center of Studies and Schools, City of San Fernando, Pampanga
  • Mauaque National High School, Sapang Biabas, Mabalacat City
  • Mary Help of Christians School Inc. Mabiga, Mabalacat City
  • Republic Central Colleges, Angeles City
  • Arayat Institute, Arayat
  • Saint Anthony College of Technology, Mabalacat City
  • AMA Computer College, Angeles City and City of San Fernando
  • AMA Computer Learning Center, Angeles City and City San Fernando
  • AMA Computer Learning Center, Apalit, Pampanga
  • Mother of Good Counsel Major Seminary, City of San Fernando
  • Santa Rita College Integrated School, Santa Rita, Pampanga
  • Mary the Queen College, Guagua
  • East Central Colleges, City of San Fernando
  • Mt. Carmel Colleges, City of San Fernando
  • Philippine State College of Aeronautics, Basa Air Base, Floridablanca
  • Asian College of Science & Technology
  • St. Augustine School of Nursing, Angeles City
  • Central Luzon College of Science and Technology (CELTECH College),[9] City of San Fernando
  • Development for Advanced Technology Achievement (DATA) College, City of San Fernando
  • Harvadian Colleges, City of San Fernando
  • Jocson College, Angeles City
  • Mega Computer College, Angeles City
  • Systems Plus College Foundation, Inc., Angeles City
  • Mother of Perpetual Help Institute School of Midwifery and Nursing Aide, Angeles City
  • STI Colleges, Angeles City and City of San Fernando
  • Jose C. Feliciano College, Inc., Dau, Mabalacat City
  • Saint Michael's College, Guagua
  • Dau Academy-St. Muchen, Dau, Mabalacat City
  • Megabyte College of Science and Technology, Floridablanca and Guagua
  • Don Bosco Academy Pampanga, Mabiga, Mabalacat City
  • Holy Cross College Pampanga, Sta. Ana
  • Pampanga State Agricultural University, formerly Pampanga Agricultural College, Magalang[10]
  • Pampanga Colleges, Macabebe
  • Pampanga Institute, Masantol
  • Somascan Fathers Seminary, Lubao
  • Guillermo D.Mendoza National High School, Guagua
  • Madapdap Resettlement National High School, Madapdap Mabalacat City
  • Dee Hwa Liong College Foundation, Mabalacat City
  • San Vicente Pilot School for Philippine Craftsmen, Bulaon Resettlement, City of San Fernando
  • Gonzalo Puyat School of Arts and Trades, San Luis
  • TESDA Training Center, PEO Sindalan, City of San Fernando
  • Global Standard English Language School, http://www.gsnels.com/, Clark Freeport Zone
  • Clark Education City, http://www.clarkeducationcity.com.au/ Clark Freeport Zone
  • Asian Institute of Computer Studies, Mabalacat City and City of San Fernando
  • Integrated Computer School Foundation, Angeles City
  • Computer System Specialist, Inc., Angeles City
  • La Verdad Christian College, Apalit, Pampanga

Elementary and Secondary Schools[edit]

  • Holy Family Academy,[11] Angeles City
  • Andres Luciano M. High School, San Pablo, Magalang, Pampanga
  • Hillcrest Heights Institute, San Francisco, Magalang, Pampanga
  • Dominican School Pampanga, San Matias Santa Rita, Pampanga
  • St. Scholastica's Academy, City of San Fernando
  • Justino Sevilla High School, Arayat, Pampanga
  • Narciso School Inc., Angeles City
  • Pampanga High School, City of San Fernando
  • San Fernando Elementary School
  • Mabalacat National High School
  • Heath's Montessori Elementary School
  • Humphrey Foundation Learning Center, Plaridel II Subdivision, Angeles City
  • Claro M. Recto Information Communication and Technology High School
  • Infant Jesus Academy - Pilar Village, City of San Fernando
  • Philippine Science High School Central Luzon Campus, Clark Freeport Zone
  • Don Teodoro V. Santos Institute, Mabalacat City
  • Lubao Institute (LI - Established 1929)
  • Jesus is Lord Christian School - San Agustin, San Fernando, Pampanga
  • St. Anthony Academy - Guagua,Pampanga (Located at the boundary of Sta Monica Lubao and San Antonio Guagua - since 1971
  • St. Mary's Academy - Guagua, Pampanga (also known as Sacred Heart Academy) - since 1908
  • Sta Cruz Academy - Sta Cruz Lubao, Pampanga
  • Sta Cruz National Highschool - Sta Cruz Lubao, Pampanga
  • Holy Cross Institute - Sta Cruz Lubao, Pampanga
  • Planas Elementary School
  • Assumpta Technical High School-Assumption Pampanga, Religious of the Assumption, San Simon[12]
  • Pampanga Institute - Masantol, Pampanga
  • St. Augustine Academy of Pampanga, Floridablanca, Pampanga
  • Diosdado P. Macapagal Memorial High School, Floridablanca, Pampanga
  • Gutad High School, Floridablanca, Pampanga
  • Don Antonio Lee Chi Uan Integrated School(Xevera Pampanga)-Bacolor, Pampanga
  • Montessori de Xevera - Mabalacat City, Pampanga
  • Montessori School of Saint Nicholas - Dau, Mabalacat, Pampanga
  • Angeles City Sped Center - Angeles City, Pampanga
  • Floridablanca Elementary School, Floridablanca, Pampanga
  • Cabetican Elementary School, Bacolor, Pampanga
  • San Vicente Pilot School for Philippine Craftsmen, Bulaon Resettlement, City of San Fernando
  • Potrero High School, Bulaon Resettlement, City of San Fernando
  • Malino High School, San Jose Malino, Mexico, Pampanga http://bradpetehoops.blogspot.com/2013/02/malino-high-school.html
  • ICT Sindalan, City of San Fernando, Pampanga
  • Santa Rita Catholic School, Santa Rita
  • Lourdes School of Pampanga, San Roque Dau 2nd Lubao, Pampanga
  • Pampanga Agricultural College - High School, Magalang
  • Sto. Rosario High School - Minalin
  • Angeles City Science High School
  • Achievers Special Education
  • Minalin Central Elementary School - Minalin
  • Porac Model Community High School - Porac
  • Holy Rosary Academy - Lubao, Pampanga(Established 1950)
  • Westfields International School, Angeles City
  • Republic Central Colleges, Angeles City
  • Magalang Christian Ecumenical School, Magalang
  • Planas High School - Planas, Porac, Pampanga
  • Arayat Holy Child Educational Foundation Inc. Arayat, Pampanga
  • St. Augustine Academy of Pampanga, Floridablanca, Pampanga
  • Mabiga Elementary School, Mabiga, Mabalacat City
  • Basic Thoughts Learning Center, Mexico, Pampanga
  • Claro M Recto Information and Communication Technology High School, Angeles City
  • Colegio de San Lorenzo Pampanga Campus - Macabebe
  • Psalms Academy of Pampanga, Inc. - Guagua
  • School of St. Brother Benilde- De La Salle Supervised,Mexico, Pampanga
  • Magalang Institute, Magalang, Pampanga
  • Little Saint's School, Magalang, Pampanga
  • St. Bernice School, Magalang, Pampanga
  • Golden Vine Center For Child Care and Development, Magalang, Pampanga
  • Bucanan Elementary School, Magalang, Pampanga
  • San Miguel Elementary School, Magalang, Pampanga
  • San Francisco Elementary School, Magalang, Pampanga
  • San Pablo Elementary School, Magalang, Pampanga
  • Hillcrest Baptist Academy, Angeles City, Pampanga
  • Nazarene Academy, Angeles City, Pampanga
  • Apalit Christian Ecumenical School, Apalit, Pampanga
  • CITY COLLEGE of ANGELES, Angeles City
  • Pandan Elementary School, Pandan Angeles City.
  • San Ignacio Elementary School, San Ignacio Pandan, Ageles City.
  • Francisco G. Nepomuceno Memorial High School, Pandan Angeles City.
  • Duquit High School, Brgy. Duquit, Mabalacat City

Not all school are included

Tourist attractions[edit]

Festivals[edit]

Throughout the year, various towns and cities within the Province of Pampanga celebrates feasts honoring their patron saint. These fiesta days are listed below:

  • Angeles City — Second Sunday of October "Nuestra Señora del Santisimo Rosario de La Naval de Angeles"
  • Apalit — June 28,29 and 30 "San Pedro Apostol"
  • Arayat — November 25 "Santa Catalina Alexandria"
  • Bacolor — Third Sunday of November "Nuestra Señora del Santisimo Rosario de La Naval de Bacolor"
  • Candaba — November 30 "San Andres Apostol"
  • Floridablanca — May 1 "San Jose Talapagobra"
  • Betis — July and December "Santiago Apostol"
  • Guagua — December 8 "La Purisima Concepcion"
  • Lubao — August 28 "San Agustin de Hippo"
  • Mabalacat — February 2 "Nuestra Señora de la Divina Gracia"
  • Macabebe — September 10 "San Nicolas Tolentino"
  • Magalang — August 24 "San Bartolome Apostol"
  • Masantol — May 8 "San Miguel Arcanghel"
  • Mexico — May 4 "Santa Monica"
  • Minalin — Second Sunday of May "Santa Monica"
  • Porac — November 25 "Santa Catalina Alexandria"
  • City of San Fernando — May 30 "San Fernando Rey"
  • San Luis — June 21 "San Luis Gonzaga"
  • San Simon — October 12 "Nuestra Señora del Pilar"
  • Santa Ana — July 26 "Santa Ana"
  • Santa Rita — May 22 "Santa Rita de Casia"
  • Santo Domingo - August 8 "Sto. Domingo De Guzman"
  • Santo Tomas — December 21 "Santo Tomas Apostol
  • Sasmuan — December 13 "Santa Lucia Martir"

In addition to the town fiesta many barangays within each municipality celebrates a local fiesta also honoring a particular patron saint.

Heritage churches and shrines[edit]

  • St. Joseph the Worker Parish, Floridablanca, Pampanga
  • San Vicente Ferrer Parish Church, Calulut, City of San Fernando
  • Our Lady Of Grace Parish Church, Mabalacat
  • Metropolitan Cathedral of San Fernando, City of San Fernando
  • St. James the Apostle — Betis Church, Betis, Guagua (National Cultural Treasure)
  • San Agustin Church, Lubao (National Historical Landmark)- Oldest in Pampanga
  • San Guillermo Church, Bacolor
  • Sta. Catalina Church, Arayat
  • Sta. Ana Church, Sta. Ana
  • San Lorenzo Ruiz Paris, Dau, Mabalacat City
  • Sta. Monica Parish Old Belfry, Mexico
  • San Jose old Visita, San Jose Matulid, Mexico
  • San Luis Gonzaga Church, San Luis
  • Sto. Rosario (Holy Rosary) Church, Angeles City
  • Sta. Monica Church, Minalin (National Cultural Treasure)
  • La Purisima Concepcion Church, Guagua
  • St. Peter Parish Church, San Juan, Apalit
  • San. Andres Apostol Church, Candaba
  • San Bartolome Church, Magalang
  • Shrine of the Lord of the Holy Sepulcher of Angeles City (Apung Mamacalulu), Angeles City
  • Shrine of Our Lady of Lourdes, Cabetican, Bacolor
  • Pio Chapel, Porac
  • Sta. Catalina Church, Porac
  • San Nicolas de Tolentino Church, Macabebe
  • San Miguel Archanghel Church, Masantol
  • Sta. Rita Church, Sta. Rita
  • Sta. Lucia Church, Sasmuan
  • Sto. Tomas Church, Sto. Tomas
  • Nuestra Senora Del Pilar, San. Simon
  • Goddess of Peace Shrine (Buddish)[Filipino-Japanese Friendship] Lily Hill, Clarkfield, Pampanga

Recreational facilities and leisure parks[edit]

  • Widus Resort and Casino(Clark Freeport Zone)
  • Nabuklod Zipline (Floridablanca)
  • Paskuhan sa Basa (Floridablanca)
  • The Lakeshore (Mexico)
  • Fontana (Clark Field, Pampanga)
  • Paskuhan Village (renamed Hilaga) (City of San Fernando)
  • Expo Pilipino (Clark Freeport Zone, Angeles City)
  • Plaza Imeld
  • Bayanihan Park (Angeles City)
  • Bren Z. Guiao Sports Complex (City of San Fernando)
  • Air Force City (Clark Freeport Zone)
  • Benigno Aquino Hall (City of San Fernando)
  • Federosa Island Resort (Sto. Tomas)
  • Nayong Pilipino (Clark Freeport Zone)
  • Sito Palakol Resort (Floridablanca)
  • Pagcor Angeles City
  • Mimosa Leisure Estate (Clark Freeport Zone)
  • Clearwater Resort and Country Club (Clark Freeport Zone)
  • Clark International Airport (Clark Freeport Zone)
  • Hidden Vale Sports Club (Angeles City)
  • Pagcor Mimosa
  • Paradise Ranch (Nature and Conservation Park) Clark
  • Bulaon Resettlement Octagonal Park (known as Oval for jogging & aerobics at the Circle) (City of San Fernando)
  • Madapdap Resettlement Park (Mabalacat)
  • St. Jude Village Oval-Farm Park (City of San Fernando)
  • Bicentennial Park (Clark Field, Pampanga)
  • Museo Ning Angeles (Angeles City)
  • Center of Kapampangan Studies, http://www.hau.edu.ph/kapampangan_center/ (Angeles City)
  • Members Church of God International Ang Dating Daan International Convention Center
  • Family History Center (http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/FHC/frameset_fhc.asp)
  • Xevera Plaza (Calibutbut, Bacolor)
  • Feliz Cidade Theme Park Mabalacat Pamapanga
  • Gintung Pakpak Eco Park (Baliti, Arayat, Pampanga)

Historical landmarks[edit]

Angeles City Historical Sites

  • Fort Stotsenburg
  • Old Pamintuan Residence
  • Don Juan Nepomuceno Residence
  • Holy Family Academy Building
  • Camalig
  • Bale Herencia
  • Angeles Post Office Building (now houses the Angeles Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Center)
  • Lily Hill
  • Bale Matua
  • Bayanihan Park (formerly Astro Park)
  • Salakot Arch
  • Museo Ning Angeles

City of San Fernando Heritage District

Bacolor Historical Sites

Mabalacat Historical Site

Lubao Historical Site

Arayat Historical Sites

Natural parks[edit]

Government and politics[edit]

Like other Provinces in the Philippines, Pampanga is governed by a Governor and Vice Governor who are elected to three-year terms. The Governor is the executive head and leads the Province's departments in executing the ordinances and improving public services. The Vice Governor heads a legislative council (Sangguniang Panlalawigan) consisting of Board Members from the Districts.

Provincial Government[edit]

Pampanga Provincial Capitol

Just as the national government, the Provincial government is divided into three branches: executive, legislative and judiciary. The judicial branch is administered solely by the Supreme Court of the Philippines. The LGUs have control of the executive and legislative branch.

The executive branch is composed of the Governor for the province, mayors for the cities and municipalities, and the barangay captains for the barangays.Local Government Code of the Philippines, Book III, Department of Interior and Local Government official website. The legislative branch is composed of the Sangguniang Panlalawigan (provincial assembly) for the provinces, Sangguniang Panlungsod (city assembly) for the cities, Sangguniang Bayan (town assembly) for the municipalities, Sangguniang Barangay (barangay council), and the Sangguniang Kabataan for the youth sector.

The seat of Government is vested upon the Governor and other elected officers who hold office at the Provincial Capitol building. The Sanguniang Panlalawigan is the center of legislation.

Court system[edit]

The Supreme Court of the Philippines recognizes Pampanga regional trial courts and metropolitan or municipal trial courts within the province and towns, that have an over-all jurisdiction in the populace of the province and towns, respectively.[13]

Façade of Halls of Justice (view from the rear of the Capitolio)

Batas Pambansa Blg. 129, "The Judiciary Reorganization Act of 1980", as amended, created Regional, Metropolitan, Municipal Trial and Circuit Courts. The Third Judicial Region includes RTCs in Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Palayan and San Jose, inter alia: xxx. There shall be - (c) Seventy-five Regional Trial judges shall be commissioned for the Third Judicial Region: Twenty-two branches (Branches XLI to LXII) for the province of Pampanga and the city of Angeles, Branches XLI to XLVIII with seats at San Fernando, Branches XLIX to LIII at Guagua, Branches LIV and LV at Macabebe, and Branches LVI to LXII at Angeles City;

The law also created Metropolitan Trial Court in each metropolitan area established by law, a Municipal Trial Court in each of the other cities or municipalities, and a Municipal Circuit Trial Court in each circuit comprising such cities and/or municipalities as are grouped together pursuant to law: three branches for Cabanatuan City; in every city which does not form part of a metropolitan area, there shall be a Municipal Trial Court with one branch, except as hereunder provided: Three branches for Angeles City;

In each of the municipalities that are not comprised within a metropolitan area and a municipal circuit there shall be a Municipal Trial Court which shall have one branch, except as hereunder provided: Four branches for San Fernando and two branches for Guagua, both of Pampanga.[14]

Governors of Pampanga[edit]

ALCALDES MAYORES 1812 to 1886:[15]
  • 1812-1820 Jose Avilés
  • 1821–1824 Francisco Paula de los Santos and Fulgencio Nuñez
  • 1824-1827 Manuel de Olea
  • 1827-1831 Antonio Chacon y Conde
  • 1831–1836 Juan Garrido
  • 1836-1839 Mariano Valero y Soto
  • 1839-1840 Angel Viniegra
  • 1841-1846 Jose Urbina y Daoiz
  • 1846–1847 Mariano Valero y Soto
  • 1848–1849 Juan Lopéz Cordón
  • 1849–1850 Manuel Gastero Serrano
  • 1850–1852 Fernando Cajigas
  • 1852–1854 José Paez y Lopéz
  • 1854-1855 Jose Sanchez Guerrero
  • 1855-1856 Francisco de Paula Rodriguez
  • 1856–1860 Francisco Hidalgo y Caballero
  • 1860–1862 Jose Maria Barrasa
  • 1862–1864 Ramón Barrueta
  • 1864 Mariano de la Cortina y Oñate
  • 1864–1865 Vega
  • 1865-1866 Juan Muñoz y Alvarez
  • 1867 José Bolaños
  • 1867–1869 Mariano de la Cortina y Oñate
  • 1869–1870 Francisco Godínez y Esteban
  • 1870-1871 Romero
  • 1871-1872 Romay
  • 1873 Jose Dias y Oliver
  • 1873-1874 Jose Feced y Temprado
  • 1875 Emilio Martín Bolaños
  • 1875-1877 Miguel Sanz y Urtasun
  • 1877–1879 Jose Feced y Temprado
  • 1879 Antonio Graciano de Oro
  • 1880 Carmona
  • 1880–1881 Rafael Manzanares
  • 1881-1883 Antonio Graciano de Oro
  • 1883-1884 Pampillon
  • 1884 Gaspar Castaño
  • 1885-1886 Emilio Martín Bolaños
GOBERNADORES CIVILES 1886 to 1898:
  • 1886 Garanto
  • 1886-1887 Requiferos
  • 1887 Luis Goza
  • 1887-1888 A. de Águila
  • 1888-1891 Luis de la Torre Villanueva
  • 1891-1892 José Ignacio Chacón
  • 1892-1893 Joaquin Oliver
  • 1893 Bascaran
  • 1893-1895 Tomás Pérez del Pulgar y O’Lawlor
  • 1895-1898 José Canovas y Vallejo
  • 1898 Mota

REPUBLICA FILIPINA 1898 to 1901:[15]

  • 1898 Mariano Alimurung
  • 1896-1898 Tiburcio T. Hilario[16]
  • 1899 Gen. Tomás Mascardo
  • 1900 Francisco Dizon
  • 1900–1901 Gen. José M. Alejandrino

U.S. MILITARY GOVERNMENT 1899 to 1901:

CIVIL GOVERNORS 1901 to 1937:

JAPANESE OCCUPATION 1942 to 1944:
  • 1942 Lazaro Yambao
  • 1942-1944 Eligio Lagman
  • 1944 Urbano Dizon
  • 1942 Jose David

CIVIL GOVERNORS 1945: (cont.)

PROVINCIAL GOVERNORS 1946 to present:

Notable people from Pampanga[edit]

Politics[edit]

Businessmen[edit]

Artists and entertainers[edit]

Zoilo J. Hilario Y Sangalang Monument, Pampanga Provincial Capitol.

Religious leaders[edit]

Others[edit]

Sports[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 16 September 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities". 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  3. ^ East of Bali: from Lombok to Timor - Colonial Kupang
  4. ^ Citerep Palace Opera (Indonesian)
  5. ^ "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 12 December 2012. 
  6. ^ a b "Province: Pampanga". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 12 December 2012. 
  7. ^ a b c d Province of Pampanga, A Profile of Region III September, 2001.
  8. ^ Official website of the Province of Pampanga
  9. ^ http://www.clcst.edu.ph
  10. ^ http://www.pac.edu.ph/
  11. ^ http://www.hfa.edu.ph/
  12. ^ http://www.assumptans.com/
  13. ^ http://www.chanrobles.com/republicactno8369.htm
  14. ^ http://www.chanrobles.com/bataspambansabilang129.html
  15. ^ a b Henares, Ivan Anthony S. "Filipino Alcaldes Mayores in the Province of Pampanga"
  16. ^ Philippine Panorama, Feb.10, 1985
  17. ^ http://viewsfromthepampang.blogspot.com/2008/08/99-hon-pablo-angeles-david-no-fear.html
  18. ^ "The 1999 Ramon Magsaysay Award for Public Service: Biography of Rosa Rosal". Ramon Magsaysay Award Foundation. Retrieved 2008-02-19. 
  19. ^ Hoy! Pinoy Ako!
  20. ^ wcbstv.com - Kristine Johnson
  21. ^ Ivan About Town: Ninoy and FPJ death masks on display in Pampanga

External links[edit]