Palace of the Parliament

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Palace of Parliament
Palatul Parlamentului
Palatul Parlamentului 1b.jpg
General information
Architectural styleLate interpretation of neoclassical architecture
Town or cityBucharest
Country Romania
Construction started25 June 1984
Completed1997[1]
Cost€3-billion
Technical details
Size270m by 240 m, 86 m high
92 m underground
1,100 rooms
12 stories tall
with four additional underground levels currently available and in use (another four in different stages of completion)
Floor count12
Floor area340,000 m2 (3,700,000 sq ft)
Design and construction
ArchitectAnca Petrescu (chief architect) led a group of 700 architects[2]
 
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Palace of Parliament
Palatul Parlamentului
Palatul Parlamentului 1b.jpg
General information
Architectural styleLate interpretation of neoclassical architecture
Town or cityBucharest
Country Romania
Construction started25 June 1984
Completed1997[1]
Cost€3-billion
Technical details
Size270m by 240 m, 86 m high
92 m underground
1,100 rooms
12 stories tall
with four additional underground levels currently available and in use (another four in different stages of completion)
Floor count12
Floor area340,000 m2 (3,700,000 sq ft)
Design and construction
ArchitectAnca Petrescu (chief architect) led a group of 700 architects[2]

The Palace of Parliament (Romanian: Palatul Parlamentului) in Bucharest, Romania is a multi-purpose building containing both chambers of the Romanian Parliament. According to the World Records Academy, the Palace is the world's largest civilian building with an administrative function, most expensive administrative building and heaviest building.[3]

The Palace was designed by architect Anca Petrescu and nearly completed by the Ceaușescu regime as the seat of political and administrative power. Nicolae Ceaușescu named it the People's House (Casa Poporului),[4] also known in English as the Palace of the People.[5]

Since the Romanian Revolution[edit]

Since 1996, the building has housed Romania's Chamber of Deputies, which had previously been housed in the Palace of the Patriarchy; the Romanian Legislative Council and the Romanian Competition Council. The Romanian Senate joined them there in 2005, having previously been housed in the former Communist Party Central Committee building. The Palace also contains a massive array of miscellaneous conference halls, salons, etc. used for a wide variety of other purposes. There are public tours organized in a number of languages.

In 2003-2004 a glass annex was built[citation needed], alongside external elevators. This was done to facilitate access to the National Museum of Contemporary Art (MNAC) opened in 2004 inside the west wing of the Palace of Parliament, and to the Museum and Park of Totalitarianism and Socialist Realism, also opened in 2004.

The cafeteria for use of the legislators has been refurbished. Also in the building is the headquarters of the Southeast European Cooperative Initiative (SECI), an organization focused on regional cooperation among governments against cross-border crime.

In 2008, the Palace hosted the 20th NATO summit. In 2010, politician Silviu Prigoană proposed re-purposing the building into a shopping mall and entertainment complex. Citing costs, Prigoană said Parliament should move to a new building, as they occupied only 30 percent of the massive palace. While the proposal has sparked debate in Romania; politician Miron Mitrea dismissed the idea as a "joke".[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "O capodoperă a geniului românesc: Palatul Parlamentului". 10 May 2011. Retrieved 11 June 2012. 
  2. ^ http://www.gandul.info/news/casa-poporului-de-trei-ori-in-cartea-recordurilor-video-2521487
  3. ^ "Largest administrative building". World Records Academy. p. 1. 
  4. ^ "Palatul Parlamentului / Casa Poporului" (in Romanian). miculparis.ro. p. 1. 
  5. ^ Tessa Dunlop (7 August 2013). "Romania's costly passion for building churches". BBC News. Retrieved 7 August 2013. 
  6. ^ "Nicolae Ceausescu palace 'to be turned into shopping mall'". 4 February 2010. Retrieved 6 September 2013. .

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°25′39″N 26°5′15″E / 44.42750°N 26.08750°E / 44.42750; 26.08750