Padmini (actress)

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Padmini Ramachandran
PadminiTM.jpg
BornPadmini
(1932-06-12)June 12, 1932[1]
Thiruvananthapuram, Travancore
DiedSeptember 24, 2006(2006-09-24) (aged 74)
Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Other namesNatiya Peroli, Pappima
ReligionHindu
Spouse(s)Ramachandran
ParentsGopala Pilla, Saraswathiyamma
 
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Padmini Ramachandran
PadminiTM.jpg
BornPadmini
(1932-06-12)June 12, 1932[1]
Thiruvananthapuram, Travancore
DiedSeptember 24, 2006(2006-09-24) (aged 74)
Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Other namesNatiya Peroli, Pappima
ReligionHindu
Spouse(s)Ramachandran
ParentsGopala Pilla, Saraswathiyamma

Padmini (12 June 1932[1] – 24 September 2006) was an Indian actress and trained Bharathanatyam dancer who acted in over 250 Indian films.[1] She acted in the Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam and Hindi language films. Padmini, with her elder sister Lalitha and her younger sister Ragini, were called the "Travancore sisters".[2]

Padmini was born and raised in Thiruvananthapuram in what was then the princely state of Travancore (now the Indian state of Kerala). She was the second daughter of SreeThankappan Pillai and Saraswathi Amma both comes from noble Nair families.[1] Her sisters, Lalitha and Ragini, were also well known film actresses. Together, the three were known as the Travancore sisters.[2] Padmini and her sisters learnt bharathanatyam from Vazhuvoor B. Ramaiah Pillai. The trio were the disciples of Indian dancer Guru Gopinath. They learnt Kathakali and Kerala Natanam styles of dancing from him. N.S. Krishnan noticed her talents while she was presenting Parijatha Pushpapaharanam in Thiruvananthapuram. After that performance, he said that in the future she will become an actress. She was thus cast as heroine in his own production Manamagal. The Travancore Sisters grew up in a joint family tharavadu 'Malaya Cottage' in Poojappura, Trivandrum.[4] The matriarchial head of the family was Karthiyayini Amma whose husband was PK Pillai (Palakunnathu Krishna Pillai of Cherthala) alias 'Penang Padmanabha Pillai'. PK Pillai had six sons of whom Satyapalan Nair (Baby) was a leading producer of many early Malayalam films. Another son, Raveendran Nair's daughter Latika Suresh, is a leading producer of Malayalam TV programs. They performed at the 1955 Filmfare Awards.[5]

Career[edit]

At the age of 14, Padmini was cast as the dancer in the Hindi film Kalpana (1948), launching her career.[3] She acted in films for nearly 30 years.[4]

Padmini in Payal (1957)

Padmini starred with several of the most well-known actors in Indian film, including Sivaji Ganesan, M. G. Ramachandran, N. T. Rama Rao, Raj Kapoor, Shammi Kapoor, Prem Nazir, Rajkumar, Gemini Ganesan and S. S. Rajendran. She appeared with Sivaji Ganesan in 59 films.

She acted mostly in Tamil films. Ezhai Padum Padu released in 1950 was her first film in Tamil.[1] Her association with Sivaji Ganesan started with Panam in 1952.[3] Some of her noted Tamil films include Thanga Padhumai, Anbu, kattu roja, Thillana Mohanambal, Vietnam Veedu, Edhir Paradhathu, Mangayar Thilakam and Poove Poochudava. Some of her popular Malayalam films include Prasanna, Snehaseema, Vivaahitha, Adhyaapika, Kumara Sambhavam, Nokkethadhoorathu Kannum Nattu, Vasthuhara and Dolar.[2]

In two of her popular Bollywood films — Mera Naam Joker and Jis Desh Mein Ganga Behti Hai — she was paired with Raj Kapoor. She did another film with Raj Kapoor AashiQ (1962). Her other Bollywood films include Payal (1957), Afsana (1966), Vaasna (1968), Chanda Aur Bijli (1969) and Babubhai Mistry's Mahabharat.[1]

Her most famous was Thillana Mohanambal, a Tamil film, where she plays a dancer competing against a musician to see whose skills are better.[2] She also acted in a Indian-Soviet film Journey Beyond Three Seas (Hindi version: Pardesi) based on the travelogues of Russian traveler Afanasy Nikitin (called A Journey Beyond the Three Seas, which is now considered a Russian literary monument), in which she plays the role of Lakshmi, a royal dancer.

Personal life[edit]

Both Padmini and Vyjayanthimala, trained classical dancers, vied with each other. They were at the height of their careers and there was professional rivalry between them! Interestingly, the real-life envy did creep into the reel-life dance drama which added its own sugar and spice to the impact of the sequence. [sic]

Randor Guy[5]

After her marriage to Ramachandran, a U.S.-based physician[2] in 1961,[1] she retired temporarily from films and focused on family life and refining her classical dance.[2] She settled in the United States[3] and in 1977 opened her classical dance school in New Jersey, the Padmini School of Fine Arts.[3] Today, her school is considered as one of the largest Indian classical dance institutions in America.[citation needed]

Actress Sukumari is the trio's maternal first cousin. Shobana, the famous dancer, is the niece of Padmini. Actors Vineeth and Krishna are relatives.

Padmini died of a heart attack at the Chennai Apollo Hospital on 24 September 2006. She is survived by a son, who is settled in the United States.

Padmini was well known for her professional rivalry with actress Vyjayanthimala, the successful dancer-actress.[5] They performed a dance number in the Tamil film Vanjikottai Valiban; the well known song was "Kannum Kannum Kalanthu" which was sung by P. Leela and Jikki. In the song they were pitted against each other. Due to their professional rivalry the song has a cult following since the film was released; the popularity of the song surpasses the popularity of the film.[5]

Awards[edit]

Won
Nominations

Filmography[edit]

Hindi[edit]

  1. Dard Ka Rishta (1982) ... Guest artist
  2. Appa Tata (1972)
  3. Mastana (1970) ... Gauri
  4. Aansoo Aur Muskan (1970) ... Mary
  5. Mera Naam Joker (1970) ... Meena/Meena Banu Bochali/Master Meenu aka "My Name Is Joker" – USA (informal literal title)
  6. Bhai Bahen (1969) ... Rani/Tara
  7. Madhavi (1969) .... Rajkumari Mangala V. Singh
  8. Chanda Aur Bijli (1969) .... Bijli
  9. Nannha Farishta (1969) .... Gauri
  10. Woman (1967) .... Parvati aka "Aurat" – India (original title)
  11. Vaasna (1968)
  12. Afsana (1966)
  13. Mahabharat (1965) .... Draupadi / Sairantri
  14. Kaajal (1965) .... Bhanu
  15. Aashiq (1962)
  16. Apsara (1961)
  17. Aai Phirse Bahar (1960)
  18. Singapore (1960) .... Lata
  19. Aai Phirse Bahar (1960)
  20. Bindya (1960) .... Bindya 'Bindu'
  21. Jis Desh Men Ganga Behti Hai (1960) .... Kammo
  22. Amar Shaheed (1959) aka "Immortal Martyrs" – India (English title)
  23. Amar Deep (1958) .... Roopa
  24. Criminal (1958) .... Dancer dressed as man in song "Heeriye, Soniye" aka "Mujrim" – India (original title)
  25. Raj Tilak (1958)
  26. Sitamgar (1958) aka "The Tyrant" – India (English title)
  27. Pardesi (1957)
  28. Payal (1957) .... Kamla
  29. Qaidi (1957)
  30. Mr. Sampat (1952) .... Malini Devi
  31. Bahar (1951) .... Malti

Tamil[edit]

  1. Poove Poochudava (1985) ... Pungavanathama – Sundari's grandmother
  2. Gurudakshinai (1976)
  3. Athiparashakthi (1976) ... dubbed in Hindi as "Jai Jagat Janani"
  4. Devi Shri Kaumariamman (1974)
  5. Thayi (1974)
  6. Annai Velankanni (1971)
  7. Rickshawkaran (1971) ... Parvathi aka "Rickshaw Man" – India (English title)
  8. Ethirkalam (1970)
  9. Penn Daivam (1970) ... Ponnamma
  10. Vietnam Veedu (1970) ... Savitri
  11. Thillana Mohanambal (1968) .... Mohanambal
  12. Thirumal Perumai (1968) aka "Fame of Lord Krishna" – India (English title)
  13. Engaluckum Kalam Varum (1967)
  14. Iru Malargal (1967)
  15. Paladai (1967)
  16. Pesum Daivam (1967)
  17. Thiruvarutselvar (1967)
  18. Chitthi (1966) .... Meenakshi
  19. Saraswathi Sabatham (1966) .... Devi Maa Parvati 'Shakti'
  20. Thaye Unakkaga (1966)
  21. Naan Vanangum Daivam (1963)
  22. Rani Samyuktha (1962)
  23. Senthamarai (1962)
  24. Sri Valli ... Valli
  25. Raagini (1958)
  26. Vikramadithan (1962)
  27. Arasilankumari (1961) .... Anbukarasi
  28. Deivapiravi (1960) aka "Divine Birth" – India (English title)
  29. Kalpana (1960) .... Kalpana
  30. Mannathai Mannan (1960)
  31. Meenda Sorgam (1960)
  32. Raja Desingu (1960)
  33. Daivame Thunai (1959)
  34. Maragatham (1959) .... Maragatham/Alamu
  35. Ponnu Vilayum Bhoomi (1959)
  36. Thangapathumai (1959)
  37. Veerapandiya Kattabomman (1959) .... Vellayamma aka "The Great Pandiya King" – India (English title)
  38. Mangayar Thilakam (1955) .... Sulochana
  39. Raja Rajan (1957)
  40. Madurai Veeran (1956) .... Velaiammai
  41. Raja Rani (1956)
  42. Kaveri (1955)
  43. Koteshwaran (1955)
  44. Ethirparadathu (1954) .... Sumathi aka "Unexpected" – India (English title)
  45. Illara Jyothi (1954)
  46. Kalyanam Panniyum Brahmachari (1954) .... Padmini
  47. Sorgavasal (1954) .... Queen Kumara Devi aka "Gateway to Heaven" – India (English title)
  48. Thooku Thooki (1954)
  49. Marumagal (1953)
  50. Velaikkaran (1952)
  51. Manamagal (1951) ....
  52. Ezhai Padum Padu (1950)
  53. Maruthanattu Ilavrasi (1950)

Malayalam[edit]

  1. An American Dream (2002) TV series ... Parvathy Amma
  2. Dollar (1994)... Ammachi
  3. Vaasthuhaara (1991) .... Bhavani
  4. Nokkethadhoorathu Kannum Nattu (1984) ... Kunjoonjamma Thomas
  5. Ezham Kadalinakkare (1979)... Radha
  6. Anthonees Punyavaalan (1978)
  7. Velaankanni Mathavu (1977)
  8. Raathrivandi (1971)
  9. Sabarimala Sree Dharmashaastha (1970)
  10. Vivaahitha (1970).... Meena
  11. Sandhya (1969)
  12. Kumara Sambhavam (1969) .... Sathi,Parvathy (double role)
  13. Aparaadhini (1968)
  14. Adhyaapika (1968) .... Saramma
  15. Kanakachilanka (1966)
  16. Atombomb (1964) .... Sushama
  17. Devaalayam (1964)
  18. Umminithanka (1961) .... Thanka
  19. Minnalppadayaali (1959)
  20. Chathurangam (1959)
  21. Sneehaseema (1954) .... Omana
  22. Aashadeepam (1953)
  23. Kaanchana (1952)
  24. Chandrika (1950)
  25. Prasanna (1950)
  26. Martanda Varma (1933) .... Parukutty

Telugu[edit]

  1. Oka Talli Pillalu (1953)
  2. Ammalakkalu (1953)
  3. Dharmadevata (1952/I) .... Narthaki

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Front Page : Queen of Tamil cinema no more". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 2006-09-26. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Friday Review Chennai : Beauty, charm, charisma". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 2006-09-29. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Entertainment / Interview : The tillana glitter is intact". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 2004-09-24. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Beauty, charm, charisma". Chennai, India: The Hindu. Sep 29, 2006. 
  5. ^ a b c Randor Guy (2011-03-26). "Vanjikottai Vaaliban 1958". The Hindu. Retrieved 2012-01-22. 
  6. ^ "Miscellaneous / This Day That Age: dated March 17, 2010: Afro-Asian film festival". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 2010-03-17. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ Sulochana Pattabhiraman (2001-02-04). "A role model". Chennai, India: The Hindu. Retrieved 2011-04-13. 

External links[edit]