Ryan PT-22 Recruit

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PT-22 Recruit
RoleTrainer
ManufacturerRyan Aeronautical Company
Primary usersUnited States Army Air Forces
United States Army Air Corps
Unit cost$10,000
Developed fromRyan ST
 
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PT-22 Recruit
RoleTrainer
ManufacturerRyan Aeronautical Company
Primary usersUnited States Army Air Forces
United States Army Air Corps
Unit cost$10,000
Developed fromRyan ST

The Ryan PT-22 Recruit, the main military version of the Ryan ST, is a military trainer aircraft used by the United States Army Air Corps and its successor, the United States Army Air Forces for primary pilot training. It was the first monoplane that the Army had used for primary pilot training, as all previous PT aircraft were biplanes.

Contents

Design and development

The PT-22's fuselage is a simple monocoque structure, with thick gauge alclad skin. The wings feature spruce spars, aluminum alloy ribs, steel compression members, with aircraft fabric covering aft to the trailing edge and aluminum alloy sheet covering from the leading edge to the spar.[1]

The PT-22 fuel system consists of a single tank mounted forward of the front cockpit. Fuel is gravity fed to the carburetor. The oil system is a dry-sump type, with all oil stored in a tank located on the front side of the firewall in the upper section of the fuselage. The wing flaps are mechanically operated from a lever located on the left side of each cockpit. Adjustable elevator trim is provided via an elevator trim tab controllable from a handwheel mounted on the left side of each cockpit. In its original configuration, the aircraft was not equipped with an electrical system. Hydraulic brakes are provided for each wheel, controllable via the rudder pedals in each cockpit.[2]

Variants

Ryan PT-22 Recruit
PT-22
Military version of the Model ST.3KR powered by a 160 hp R-540-1, 1023 built.
PT-22A
Model ST.3S twin-float seaplanes ordered by the Netherlands Navy powered by 160 hp Menasco D4B, ordered cancelled and completed for the United States Army Air Corps with 160 hp R-540-1 engines, 25 built.
PT-22B
Unbuilt project.
PT-22C
PT-22s re-engined with the 160 hp R-540-3, 250 conversions.

Operators

 China
 Ecuador
 United States

Aircraft on display

Survivors

Ryan PT-22 in 2007

Several PT-22 remain in flyable condition worldwide, as the aircraft continues to be a popular sport plane and warbird.

Specifications (PT-22)

Data from Pilots Flight Operating Instructions[2] and The New Ryan[6]

General characteristics

Performance

Armament

Avionics

References

  1. ^ Mitch Mayborn, "The Ryan PT/ST Series", in Aircraft in Profile, 1967, 1970, Profile Publications
  2. ^ a b Pilots Flight Operating Instructions
  3. ^ United States Air Force Museum 1975, p. 22.
  4. ^ Commemorative Air Force - Minnesota Wing (2010-06-05). "Commemorative Air Force - Minnesota Wing - CAF-MN Aircraft". Cafmn.org. http://www.cafmn.org/index.php/ryan-2. Retrieved 2012-05-24.
  5. ^ "Shuttleworth Old Warden". http://shuttleworth.org/shuttleworth-collection/aircraft-details.asp?ID=48.
  6. ^ The New Ryan: Development and History of the Ryan ST and SC 1995, p. 117