PGA Championship

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PGA Championship
PGAChampionship2013Logo.svg
Tournament information
LocationLouisville, Kentucky
in 2014
Established1916
Course(s)Valhalla Golf Club, in 2014
Par72 in 2014
Length7,297 yards (6,672 m)
in 2014
Tour(s)PGA Tour
European Tour
Japan Golf Tour
FormatStroke play 1958–present
Match play 1916–1957
Prize fund$8,000,000
Month playedAugust
Tournament record score
Aggregate265* David Toms (2001)
*record for all majors
To par−18 Bob May (2000)
−18 Tiger Woods (2000, 2006)
Current champion
United States Jason Dufner
2014 PGA Championship
 
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PGA Championship
PGAChampionship2013Logo.svg
Tournament information
LocationLouisville, Kentucky
in 2014
Established1916
Course(s)Valhalla Golf Club, in 2014
Par72 in 2014
Length7,297 yards (6,672 m)
in 2014
Tour(s)PGA Tour
European Tour
Japan Golf Tour
FormatStroke play 1958–present
Match play 1916–1957
Prize fund$8,000,000
Month playedAugust
Tournament record score
Aggregate265* David Toms (2001)
*record for all majors
To par−18 Bob May (2000)
−18 Tiger Woods (2000, 2006)
Current champion
United States Jason Dufner
2014 PGA Championship

The PGA Championship (sometimes, especially outside of the United States, referred to as the U.S. PGA Championship or U.S. PGA) is an annual golf tournament conducted by the Professional Golfers Association of America. It is one of the four major championships in professional golf, and it is the golf season's final major, usually played in mid-August four weeks after The Open Championship. It is an official money event on the PGA Tour, the European Tour, and the Japan Golf Tour, with a purse of US$8 million for the 95th edition in 2013.

In line with the other majors, winning "the PGA" gives a golfer several privileges which make his career much more secure, if he is not already one of the elite players of the sport. PGA champions are automatically invited to play in the other three majors (Masters Tournament, U.S. Open, and the Open Championship) for the next five years, and are exempt from qualifying for the PGA Championship for life. They also receive membership on the PGA and European Tours for the following five seasons and invitations to The Players Championship for five years. The PGA Championship has been held at a large number of venues, some of the early ones now quite obscure, but currently it is usually staged by one of a small group of celebrated courses, each of which has also hosted several other leading events.

History[edit]

In 1894, with 41 golf courses operating in the United States, two unofficial national championships for amateur golfers were organized. One was held at Newport Country Club in Rhode Island, and the other at St. Andrew's Golf Club in New York State. In addition, St. Andrew's conducted an Open championship for professional golfers at the same time as the amateur event. None of these championships was officially sanctioned by any governing body for American golf, and this caused considerable controversy among players and organizers. The controversy led to the formation of the United States Golf Association later in 1894; the USGA became the first formal golf organization in the country. After this, golf quickly became a sport of national popularity and importance.

In February 1916 the Professional Golfers Association of America was established in New York City. One month earlier, the wealthy department store owner Rodman Wanamaker hosted a luncheon at the Wykagyl Country Club in nearby New Rochelle. This gathering of Wanamaker with the leading golf professionals of the day prepared the agenda for the formal organization of the PGA.[1] The new organization's first president was Robert White, one of Wykagyl's best-known golf professionals of the time. Golf historians have dubbed Wykagyl "The Cradle of the PGA".[2]

The first PGA Championship was held in October 1916 at Siwanoy Country Club in Eastchester, New York.[3] The winner, Jim Barnes, received $500 and a diamond-studded gold medal donated by Rodman Wanamaker. The 2012 winner, Rory McIlroy, earned $1.445 million. The champion is also awarded a replica of the Wanamaker Trophy, which was also donated by Wanamaker, to keep for one year, and a smaller-sized keeper replica Wanamaker Trophy.

Initially a match play event, the PGA Championship was originally played in early fall but varied from May to December. Following World War II, the championship was mostly played in late May or late June, then moved to early July in 1953 and a few weeks later in 1954, with the finals played on Tuesday. As a match play event (with a stroke play qualifier), it was not uncommon for the finalists to play over 200 holes in seven days. It was changed to stroke play in 1958, with the standard 72-hole format of 18 holes per day for four days, Thursday to Sunday. Network television broadcasters, preferring a large group of well-known contenders on the final day, pressured the PGA of America to make the format change.[4] During the 1960s, the PGA Championship was played the week following The Open Championship five times, making it virtually impossible for players to compete in both majors. In 1965, the PGA was contested for the first time in August, and that move was made permanent in 1969, save for a one-year move to late February in 1971, played in Florida.

The PGA Championship is primarily played in the eastern half of the United States, only ten times has it ventured west. The last championship played in the Mountain Time Zone was in 1985 at Cherry Hills south of Denver and the last in the Pacific was 1998 at Sahalee east of Seattle; no western venues are currently scheduled through 2018, which will be the 100th PGA Championship.

Qualification[edit]

The PGA Championship was established for the purpose of providing a high-profile tournament specifically for professional golfers at a time when they were generally not held in high esteem in a sport that was largely run by wealthy amateurs. This origin is still reflected in the entry system for the Championship. It is the only major which does not explicitly invite leading amateurs to compete (it is possible for amateurs to get into the field, although the only viable way is by winning one of the other major championships), and the only one which reserves a large number of places, 20 of 156, for club professionals. These slots are determined by the top finishers in the club pro championship, which is held in June.

Since 1968, the PGA Tour has been independent of the PGA of America. The PGA Tour is an elite organization of tournament professionals, but the PGA Championship is still run by the PGA of America, which is mainly a body for club and teaching professionals. The PGA Championship is the only major that does not explicitly grant entry to the top 50 players in the Official World Golf Ranking, although it invariably invites all of the top 100 (not just top 50) players who are not already qualified.

List of qualification criteria as of 2010:

Winners[edit]

Stroke play era winners[edit]

YearChampionCountryVenueLocation of venueWinner's scoreWinner's[5]
share ($)
2014Valhalla Golf ClubLouisville, Kentucky
2013Jason Dufner United StatesOak Hill Country Club, East CourseRochester, New York[N 1]68-63-71-68=270 (−10)1,445,000
2012Rory McIlroy Northern IrelandKiawah Island Golf Resort, The Ocean CourseKiawah Island, South Carolina67-75-67-66=275 (−13)1,445,000
2011Keegan Bradley[6] United StatesAtlanta Athletic Club, Highlands CourseJohns Creek, Georgia[N 2]71-64-69-68=272 (−8)1,445,000
2010Martin Kaymer[7] GermanyWhistling Straits, Straits CourseKohler, Wisconsin[N 3]72-68-67-70=277 (−11)1,350,000
2009Yang Yong-eun South KoreaHazeltine National Golf ClubChaska, Minnesota73-70-67-70=280 (−8)1,350,000
2008Pádraig Harrington IrelandOakland Hills Country Club, South CourseBloomfield Township, Michigan71-74-66-66=277 (−3)1,350,000
2007Tiger Woods (4) United StatesSouthern Hills Country ClubTulsa, Oklahoma71-63-69-69=272 (−8)1,260,000
2006Tiger Woods (3) United StatesMedinah Country Club, Course No. 3Medinah, Illinois69-68-65-68=270 (−18)1,224,000
2005Phil Mickelson United StatesBaltusrol Golf Club, Lower CourseSpringfield, New Jersey67-65-72-72=276 (−4)1,170,000
2004Vijay Singh (2)[8] FijiWhistling Straits, Straits CourseKohler, Wisconsin[N 3]67-68-69-76=280 (−8)1,125,000
2003Shaun Micheel United StatesOak Hill Country Club, East CourseRochester, New York[N 1]69-68-69-70=276 (−4)1,080,000
2002Rich Beem United StatesHazeltine National Golf ClubChaska, Minnesota72-66-72-68=278 (−10)990,000
2001David Toms United StatesAtlanta Athletic Club, Highlands CourseDuluth, Georgia[N 2]66-65-65-69=265 (−15)936,000
2000Tiger Woods (2)[9] United StatesValhalla Golf ClubLouisville, Kentucky[N 4]66-67-70-67=270 (−18)900,000
1999Tiger Woods United StatesMedinah Country Club, Course No. 3Medinah, Illinois70-67-68-72=277 (−11)630,000
1998Vijay Singh FijiSahalee Country ClubSammamish, Washington70-66-67-68=271 (−9)540,000
1997Davis Love III United StatesWinged Foot Golf Club, West CourseMamaroneck, New York66-71-66-66=269 (−11)470,000
1996Mark Brooks[10] United StatesValhalla Golf ClubLouisville, Kentucky[N 4]68-70-69-70=277 (−11)430,000
1995Steve Elkington[11] AustraliaRiviera Country ClubPacific Palisades, California[N 5]68-67-68-64=267 (−17)360,000
1994Nick Price (2) ZimbabweSouthern Hills Country ClubTulsa, Oklahoma67-65-70-67=269 (−11)310,000
1993Paul Azinger[12] United StatesInverness ClubToledo, Ohio69-66-69-68=272 (−12)300,000
1992Nick Price ZimbabweBellerive Country ClubSt. Louis, Missouri[N 6]70-70-68-70=278 (−6)280,000
1991John Daly United StatesCrooked Stick Golf ClubCarmel, Indiana69-67-69-71=276 (−12)230,000
1990Wayne Grady AustraliaShoal Creek Golf and Country ClubBirmingham, Alabama72-67-72-71=282 (−6)225,000
1989Payne Stewart United StatesKemper Lakes Golf ClubLong Grove, Illinois74-66-69-67=276 (−12)200,000
1988Jeff Sluman United StatesOak Tree Golf ClubEdmond, Oklahoma69-70-68-65=272 (−12)160,000
1987Larry Nelson (2)[13] United StatesPGA National Resort & SpaPalm Beach Gardens, Florida70-72-73-72=287 (−1)150,000
1986Bob Tway United StatesInverness ClubToledo, Ohio72-70-64-70=276 (−8)145,000
1985Hubert Green United StatesCherry Hills Country ClubCherry Hills Village, Colorado67-69-70-72=278 (−6)125,000
1984Lee Trevino (2) United StatesShoal Creek Golf and Country ClubBirmingham, Alabama69-68-67-69=273 (−15)125,000
1983Hal Sutton United StatesRiviera Country ClubPacific Palisades, California[N 5]65-66-72-71=274 (−10)100,000
1982Raymond Floyd (2) United StatesSouthern Hills Country ClubTulsa, Oklahoma63-69-68-72=272 (−8)65,000
1981Larry Nelson United StatesAtlanta Athletic Club, Highlands CourseDuluth, Georgia[N 2]70-66-66-71=273 (−7)60,000
1980Jack Nicklaus (5) United StatesOak Hill Country Club, East CourseRochester, New York[N 1]70-69-66-69=274 (−6)60,000
1979David Graham[14] AustraliaOakland Hills Country Club, South CourseBloomfield Township, Michigan69-68-70-65=272 (−8)60,000
1978John Mahaffey[15] United StatesOakmont Country ClubOakmont, Pennsylvania75-67-68-66=276 (−8)50,000
1977Lanny Wadkins[16] United StatesPebble Beach Golf LinksPebble Beach, California69-71-72-70=282 (−6)45,000
1976Dave Stockton (2) United StatesCongressional Country Club, Blue CourseBethesda, Maryland70-72-69-70=281 (+1)45,000
1975Jack Nicklaus (4) United StatesFirestone Country Club, South CourseAkron, Ohio70-68-67-71=276 (−4)45,000
1974Lee Trevino United StatesTanglewood Park, Championship CourseClemmons, North Carolina73-66-68-69=276 (−4)45,000
1973Jack Nicklaus (3) United StatesCanterbury Golf ClubBeachwood, Ohio72-68-68-69=277 (−7)45,000
1972Gary Player (2) South AfricaOakland Hills Country Club, South CourseBloomfield Hills, Michigan71-71-67-72=281 (+1)45,000
1971Jack Nicklaus (2) United StatesPGA National Golf ClubPalm Beach Gardens, Florida69-69-70-73=281 (−7)40,000
1970Dave Stockton United StatesSouthern Hills Country ClubTulsa, Oklahoma70-70-66-73=279 (−1)40,000
1969Raymond Floyd United StatesNCR Country Club, South CourseDayton, Ohio69-66-67-74=276 (−8)35,000
1968Julius Boros United StatesPecan Valley Golf ClubSan Antonio, Texas71-71-70-69=281 (+1)25,000
1967Don January[17] United StatesColumbine Country ClubColumbine Valley, Colorado71-72-70-68=281 (−7)25,000
1966Al Geiberger United StatesFirestone Country Club, South CourseAkron, Ohio68-72-68-72=280 (E)25,000
1965Dave Marr United StatesLaurel Valley Golf ClubLigonier, Pennsylvania70-69-70-71=280 (−4)25,000
1964Bobby Nichols United StatesColumbus Country ClubColumbus, Ohio64-71-69-67=271 (−9)18,000
1963Jack Nicklaus United StatesDallas Athletic Club, Blue CourseDallas, Texas69-73-69-68=279 (−5)13,000
1962Gary Player South AfricaAronimink Golf ClubNewtown Square, Pennsylvania72-67-69-70=278 (−2)13,000
1961Jerry Barber[18] United StatesOlympia Fields Country ClubOlympia Fields, Illinois69-67-71-70=277 (−3)11,000
1960Jay Hebert United StatesFirestone Country Club, South CourseAkron, Ohio72-67-72-70=281 (+1)11,000
1959Bob Rosburg United StatesMinneapolis Golf ClubMinneapolis, Minnesota71-72-68-66=277 (−3)8,250
1958Dow Finsterwald United StatesLlanerch Country ClubHavertown, Pennsylvania67-72-70-67=276 (−4)5,500

Playoff runner-up:

  1. ^ Wykagyl, 1898-1998; by Desmond Tollhurst and John Barban; pages 28-30
  2. ^ Wykagyl, 1898-1998 by Desmond Tollhurst and John Barban; pages 1-2
  3. ^ pga.com/pgachampionship/2008/history/|work=Official PGA website
  4. ^ Golf's Golden Grind: A History of the PGA Tour, first edition, by Al Barkow, 1974
  5. ^ "PGA of America - PGA Championships - history - total purses and first prize money". Retrieved August 2, 2011. 
  6. ^ 2011 - Jason Dufner (United States)
  7. ^ 2010 - Bubba Watson (United States)
  8. ^ 2004 - Chris DiMarco and Justin Leonard (both United States)
  9. ^ 2000 - Bob May (United States)
  10. ^ 1996 - Kenny Perry (United States)
  11. ^ 1995 - Colin Montgomerie (Scotland)
  12. ^ 1993 - Greg Norman (Australia)
  13. ^ 1987 - Lanny Wadkins (United States)
  14. ^ 1979 - Ben Crenshaw (United States)
  15. ^ 1978 - Tom Watson and Jerry Pate (both United States)
  16. ^ 1977 - Gene Littler (United States)
  17. ^ 1967 - Don Massengale (United States) - 18 holes
  18. ^ 1961 - Don January (United States) - 18 holes

Match play era winners[edit]

YearChampionCountryRunner-upMarginVenueLocation of venueWinners
share ($)
1957Lionel Hebert United StatesDow Finsterwald2 & 1Miami Valley Golf ClubDayton, Ohio8,000
1956Jack Burke, Jr. United StatesTed Kroll3 & 2Blue Hill Country ClubCanton, Massachusetts5,000
1955Doug Ford United StatesCary Middlecoff4 & 3Meadowbrook Country ClubDetroit, Michigan5,000
1954Chick Harbert United StatesWalter Burkemo4 & 3Keller Golf CourseSaint Paul, Minnesota5,000
1953Walter Burkemo United StatesFelice Torza2 & 1Birmingham Country ClubBirmingham, Michigan5,000
1952Jim Turnesa United StatesChick Harbert1 upBig Spring Country ClubLouisville, Kentucky3,500
1951Sam Snead (3) United StatesWalter Burkemo7 & 6Oakmont Country ClubOakmont, Pennsylvania3,500
1950Chandler Harper United StatesHenry Williams, Jr.4 & 3Scioto Country ClubColumbus, Ohio3,500
1949Sam Snead (2) United StatesJohnny Palmer3 & 2Hermitage Country ClubRichmond, Virginia3,500
1948Ben Hogan (2) United StatesMike Turnesa7 & 6Norwood Hills Country ClubSt. Louis, Missouri3,500
1947Jim Ferrier AustraliaChick Harbert2 & 1Plum Hollow Country ClubDetroit, Michigan3,500
1946Ben Hogan United StatesEd Oliver6 & 4Portland Golf ClubPortland, Oregon3,500
1945Byron Nelson (2) United StatesSam Byrd4 & 3Moraine Country ClubDayton, Ohio3,750
1944Bob Hamilton United StatesByron Nelson1 upManito Golf and Country ClubSpokane, Washington3,500
1943Not held due to World War II
1942Sam Snead United StatesJim Turnesa2 & 1Seaview Country ClubAtlantic City, New Jersey1,000
1941Vic Ghezzi United StatesByron Nelson38 holesCherry Hills Country ClubCherry Hills Village, Colorado1,100
1940Byron Nelson United StatesSam Snead1 upHershey Country Club, West CourseHershey, Pennsylvania1,100
1939Henry Picard United StatesByron Nelson37 holesPomonok Country ClubFlushing, New York1,100
1938Paul Runyan (2) United StatesSam Snead8 & 7The Shawnee Inn & Golf ResortSmithfield Township, Pennsylvania1,100
1937Denny Shute (2) United StatesHarold McSpaden37 holesPittsburgh Field ClubO'Hara Township, Pennsylvania1,000
1936Denny Shute United StatesJimmy Thomson3 & 2Pinehurst Resort, No. 2 CoursePinehurst, North Carolina1,000
1935Johnny Revolta United StatesTommy Armour5 & 4Twin Hills Golf & Country ClubOklahoma City, Oklahoma1,000
1934Paul Runyan United StatesCraig Wood38 holesThe Park Country ClubWilliamsville, New York1,000
1933Gene Sarazen (3) United StatesWillie Goggin5 & 4Blue Mound Golf & Country ClubWauwatosa, Wisconsin1,000
1932Olin Dutra United StatesFrank Walsh4 & 3Keller Golf CourseSaint Paul, Minnesota1,000
1931Tom Creavy United StatesDenny Shute2 & 1Wannamoisett Country ClubRumford, Rhode Island1,000
1930Tommy Armour Scotland
 United States^
Gene Sarazen1 upFresh Meadow Country ClubQueens, New York
1929Leo Diegel (2) United StatesJohnny Farrell6 & 4Hillcrest Country ClubLos Angeles, California
1928Leo Diegel United StatesAl Espinosa6 & 5Baltimore Country Club, East CourseTimonium, Maryland
1927Walter Hagen (5) United StatesJoe Turnesa1 upCedar Crest Country ClubDallas, Texas
1926Walter Hagen (4) United StatesLeo Diegel5 & 3Salisbury Golf Club, Red CourseEast Meadow, New York
1925Walter Hagen (3) United StatesBill Mehlhorn6 & 5Olympia Fields Country ClubOlympia Fields, Illinois
1924Walter Hagen (2) United StatesJim Barnes2 upFrench Lick Springs Resort, Hill CourseFrench Lick, Indiana
1923Gene Sarazen (2) United StatesWalter Hagen38 holesPelham Country ClubPelham Manor, New York
1922Gene Sarazen United StatesEmmet French4 & 3Oakmont Country ClubOakmont, Pennsylvania500
1921Walter Hagen United StatesJim Barnes3 & 2Inwood Country ClubInwood, New York500
1920Jock Hutchison Scotland
 United States^
J. Douglas Edgar1 upFlossmoor Country ClubFlossmoor, Illinois500
1919Jim Barnes (2) EnglandFred McLeod6 & 5Engineers Country ClubRoslyn Harbor, New York500
1918Not held due to World War I
1917
1916Jim Barnes EnglandJock Hutchison1 upSiwanoy Country ClubEastchester, New York500

^ These players were British born, but they were based in the United States when they won the PGA Championship, and they became U.S. citizens:

Match play era details[edit]

The table below lists the field sizes and qualification methods for the match play era. All rounds were played over 36 holes except as noted in the table.[1]

YearsField sizeQualification18 hole rounds
1916–2132sectional*
192264sectional1st two rounds
192364sectional
1924–343236 hole qualifier
1935–416436 hole qualifier1st two rounds
1942–453236 hole qualifier
1946–556436 hole qualifier1st two rounds
1956128sectional1st four rounds
1957128sectional1st four rounds, consolation matches (3rd-8th place)

* In 1921, the field consisted of the defending champion and the top 31 qualifiers from the 1921 U.S. Open.

Records[edit]

Future sites[edit]

YearEditionCourseLocationDatesTimes hosted
201496thValhalla Golf ClubLouisville, KentuckyAugust 7–101996, 2000
201597thWhistling Straits, Straits CourseKohler, WisconsinAugust TBA2004, 2010
201698thBaltusrol Golf Club, Lower CourseSpringfield Township, New JerseyJuly TBA*2005
201799thQuail Hollow ClubCharlotte, North CarolinaAugust TBANever
2018100thBellerive Country ClubTown and Country, MissouriAugust TBA1992
2019101stBethpage Black CourseFarmingdale, New YorkAugust TBANever

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c The club has a Rochester postal address, but is located in the adjacent town of Pittsford.
  2. ^ a b c The club is in a portion of the postal area of Duluth that became part of the newly incorporated city of Johns Creek in 2006. Although the club continues to be served by the Duluth post office, it now states its postal address as Johns Creek.
  3. ^ a b The course has a Kohler postal address, but is located in the unincorporated community of Haven.
  4. ^ a b At that time, the club had a Louisville postal address, but was located in unincorporated Jefferson County. In 2003, the governments of Louisville and Jefferson County merged, putting the club within the political boundaries of Louisville.
  5. ^ a b Pacific Palisades is a neighborhood in Los Angeles with its own postal identity.
  6. ^ The club has a St. Louis postal address, but is located in the suburb of Town and Country.

References[edit]

External links[edit]