Outline of earth science

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The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to earth science:

Earth science – all-embracing term for the sciences related to the planet Earth.[1] It is also known as geoscience, the geosciences or the Earth sciences, and is arguably a special case in planetary science, the Earth being the only known life-bearing planet.

Earth's spheres[edit]

A false-color composite of global oceanic and terrestrial photoautotroph abundance from September 1997 to August 2000, showing Earth's biosphere. Provided by the SeaWiFS Project, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center and ORBIMAGE.

The Earth's spheres are the many "spheres" into which the planet Earth is divided. The four most often recognized are the atmosphere, the biosphere, the hydrosphere and the geosphere. As a whole, the system is sometimes referred to as an ecosphere. Listed roughly from outermost to innermost the named spheres of the Earth are:

Branches of earth science[edit]



Soil science[edit]

Atmospheric science[edit]




History of earth science[edit]

Main article: History of earth science; see also History of geology

Earth science topics[edit]

Main article: List of earth science topics

See also[edit]


External links[edit]