Ouistreham

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Ouistreham
Ouistreham locks

Coat of arms
Ouistreham is located in France
Ouistreham
Coordinates: 49°17′N 0°16′W / 49.28°N 0.26°W / 49.28; -0.26Coordinates: 49°17′N 0°16′W / 49.28°N 0.26°W / 49.28; -0.26
CountryFrance
RegionLower Normandy
DepartmentCalvados
ArrondissementCaen
CantonOuistreham
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014)André Ledran
Area
 • Land19.95 km2 (3.84 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population29,322
 • Population2 Density940/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code14488 / 14150

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
 
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Ouistreham
Ouistreham locks

Coat of arms
Ouistreham is located in France
Ouistreham
Coordinates: 49°17′N 0°16′W / 49.28°N 0.26°W / 49.28; -0.26Coordinates: 49°17′N 0°16′W / 49.28°N 0.26°W / 49.28; -0.26
CountryFrance
RegionLower Normandy
DepartmentCalvados
ArrondissementCaen
CantonOuistreham
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014)André Ledran
Area
 • Land19.95 km2 (3.84 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population29,322
 • Population2 Density940/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code14488 / 14150

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Ouistreham (French pronunciation: ​[wistʁe.am], or French pronunciation: ​[wistʁə.am]) is a commune in the Calvados department in the Basse-Normandie region in northwestern France.

Ouistreham is a small port with fishing boats, leisure craft and a ferry-harbour. It serves as the port of the city of Caen. The town is about the mouth of the Canal de Caen à la Mer.

History[edit]

The name Ouistreham derives from ouistre - 'oyster' and Saxon ham= 'village'. It has been a trading port since the Middle Ages. The harbour is now a part of "Port de Caen-Ouistreham". Ouistreham is pronounced Wee-ss-tray-am or Wee-ss-truh-am.

Since the beginning of the 20th century, it has been a bathing beach on the "Riva Bella".

On 6 June 1944, No. 4 Commando landed at Ouistreham (Sword Beach) and fought their way to Pegasus Bridge, with the 177 Free French of the No. 10 (Inter-Allied) Commando given the honour of spearheading the advance.[1] The assault on Ouistreham was featured in the movie The Longest Day, although the film location for Ouistreham was actually at Port-en-Bessin.

German battery in Ouistreham, fitted with the turret of a Renault FT-17 tank.

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.  ±%  
1793854—    
1800796−6.8%
18061,050+31.9%
18211,104+5.1%
18311,162+5.3%
18361,149−1.1%
18411,359+18.3%
18461,194−12.1%
18511,133−5.1%
18561,221+7.8%
18611,259+3.1%
18661,243−1.3%
18721,249+0.5%
18761,196−4.2%
18811,222+2.2%
18861,206−1.3%
18911,194−1.0%
18961,354+13.4%
19011,688+24.7%
19061,523−9.8%
19111,574+3.3%
19212,013+27.9%
19262,220+10.3%
19312,584+16.4%
19362,790+8.0%
19463,527+26.4%
19544,342+23.1%
19624,780+10.1%
19685,223+9.3%
19756,140+17.6%
19826,310+2.8%
19906,709+6.3%
19998,674+29.3%
20089,322+7.5%

Sights[edit]

The town is crossed by the EuroVelo 4 track.

Transportation[edit]

The port of Ouistreham has a scheduled cross-Channel ferry service to Portsmouth, operated by Brittany Ferries.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Ouistreham is twinned with:[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dunning, James (2003). The Fighting Fourth - No. 4 Commando at War 1940-45. Stroud: Sutton Publishing. p. 133. ISBN 0-7509-3095-0. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Retrieved 2013-12-26. 
  3. ^ "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media Ltd. Retrieved 2013-07-11.