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Oswald Rayner (1889, Smethwick, Staffordshire - 1961, Botley, Oxfordshire) was a British MI6 agent in Russia during World War I. He later went on to be the Daily Telegraph correspondent in Finland.
Oswald Theodore Rayner was born in Smethwick the son of Thomas Rayner, a draper and his wife Florence. Between the years 1907 and 1910 Rayner studied Modern Languages at Oriel College, Oxford, during which time he struck up what would be a lifelong friendship with Felix Yusupov, who was studying at University College, Oxford. By the outbreak of the First World War, Rayner was highly proficient in the French, German and Russian languages, and so, was recruited to MI6 as an intelligence officer.
Later he compiled an English translation of Yusupov's book about Rasputin. He named his only son, John Felix Rayner, after Yusupov.
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