Ostoja coat of arms

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Ostoja
Ostoja Coat of Arms
Battle cry: Hostoja, Ostoja
Details
Alternative namesHostoja, Mościc, Ostojczyk
Earliest mentionNicolaus Ostoja de Stiboricz 1232
TownsKonstantynów Łódzki, Terespol, Skierbieszów
Families205 families altogether

Ancient lines - 150 Lords of Ostoja Balicki, Bańkowski (Bankowski), Baliński, Banczelski, Baranowski, Bartkowski (Bartoszewski), Bąduski, Bątkowski, Bębnowski, Biel, Bielski, Bieńkowski, Biestrzykowski, Blinowski, Błaszkowski, Błociszewski, Bobinski, Bogusławski, Boguszewski, Borowieski, Bratkowski, Brokowski, Broniowski, Bzowski, Bukowski, Chechelski Chełmski, Chocienski, Chodorkowski, Chotkowski, , Chrostowski, Chrościcki, Chrząstowski, Chyżyński (Chyżewski), Ciechański, Cieszęcicki, Cieśliński, Czajkowski, Czernikowski, Dembowski (Dębowski), Dmosicki (Dmościcki), Dmuszewski, Dubaniewski (Dobaniowski), Dobromirski, Domaradzki (Domaracki), Dudkowski (Dutkowski), Dulowski, Dzieczyński, Gajewski, Gawłowski, Glewski, Głazowski (Głazewski), Głębocki, Głodowski, Głogiński, Gniady, Godziszewski, Gorkowski, Halczyński, Ilikowski, Iłowiecki, Iwański, Jackowski, Jajkowski (Jaykowski), Janikowski, Janiszewski, Jański, Jerzykowski, Kamieński, Karabczewski (Krabczyjowski, Karapczewski), Karliński, Kaweczyński (Kawieczyński), Kiedrowski, Kiedrzyński, Klonowski, Kobylski, Komorowski, Kondradzki (Kondracki), Kośniewski, Koźniewski (Kożniewski), Kowalkowski, Kreza, Krępski (Kempski), Książnicki, Kropidła, Krzelczycki (Krzylczycki), Krzyczkowski, Krzywicki, Latkowski, Leksycki, Leski (Lenski, Łęski), Lniski, Łowiecki (Łowicki), Lubicki, Lubiatowski, Lubochowski, de Łopuszna, Łuczanowski, Łukowicki, Maleczkowski, Marchocki, Markiewicz (Markowicz), Marylski, Niedzwiedzki (Niedzwiecki, Miedzwiecki), Mietelski, Mioduszewski, Modrzejowski (Modrzejewski, Modrzewski), Mościcki, Nagórski (Nagorski), Olewiński (Oliwiński), Osieczkowski (Osiczkowski), Ostaszewski, Ostojski, Owsiany, Oziębłowski, Pęgowski, Pękowski, Piaszczyński, Pilawski, Podwysocki, Politalski (Politański), Poniecki, Potocki, Postrumieński, Radogowski (Radogorski), Raduński, Rokosz (Rekosz), Roguski, Rożniatowski, Ryk, Rylski, Rysiński, Sarbski, Sędzimir (Sendzimir), Siedlecki, Sieradzki, Skórka, Skrzyszewski (Skrzyszowski, Skrzeszewski), Słoński, Smuszewski (Smoszewski), Solecki, Stachorski (Stachurski, Stachera), Starzewski (Starzeski), Staszewski, Stobiecki, Strzałkowski (Strzałka), Suchorabski (Suchorębski), Świerczyński (Swierczyński), Szyszkowski, Targoński, Teliński, Turznicki (Turnicki), Unichowski, Wadowski, Woynowski, Zabierzowski, Zaborowski (Zborowski), Zagórski (Zagorski, Zagurski), Zajarski (Zajerski), Zakobielski, Żelisławski.

Ancient Lithuanian and Russian lines of Ostoja - 23 Lords of Ostoja: Ancyparowicz, Błyszczanowicz, Boratynski, Brodowicz, Czechowicz, Czeczot, Danielewicz (Danilewicz), Darowski, Hrebnicki Doktorowicz, Gajdowski-Potapowicz, Kaczanowski, Karlewicz, Krzywiec (Okołowicz), Kublicki (Piottuch-Kublicki), Kumanowski, Kurosz, Mokrzecki, Nieradzki, Palecki, Pietrzkiewicz (Wadowski-Pietrzkiewicz), Raczko, Słuszka, Tumiłowicz.

Other verified lines - 32 families: Bohatyrewicz (Bohatyrowicz), Bochuszewicz, Chudziński (Chudzyński), Dworzecki (Dworecki, Dworzecki-Bohdanowicz), Głowczewski (Kłopotek-Głowczewski), Gołąbek-Kowalski, Grądzki, Hełczyński, Jakliński, Jotejko (Joteyko), Kałłaur, Kątkowski (Kontkowski), Kotnowski, Kozłowiecki, Lubochoński (Lubochiński), Miklaszewicz (Mikłaszewicz), Miklaszewski, Mikorski, Ochocki, Piestrzecki, Podgorski, Raczewski, Rudziecki, Rumszewicz, Samborski, Samorok (Samorak, Sumorok), Siedlikowski, Siedliski, Siemoński, Starzycki, Suchcicki, Ulejski (Uleski)

Not verified lines - 25 families: Barankiewicz (tatar origin), Bociarski, Bogorajski - nob, Bohuszewicz (Boguszewicz), Chodkowski, Chrostecki, Duczman, Duszakiewicz, Gajewicz, Gołębiowski, Hulanicki, Juckiewicz, Kończycki, Krall - nob, Mikutowicz, Modliszewski, Nagórczewski , Nagorski - nob, Nyko (Nyka, Nyk), Ostaniewicz, Palczyński, Pankiewicz, Siemienowicz, Stackiewicz, Stebelski

Not verified and most probably not belonging to the Clan of Ostoja - 77 families: Bardecki, Bęczelski, Biestrzecki, Błoszczyński, Chełmowski, Chocimowski, Chotkowicz, Chudzicki, Czapiewski, Domontow, Dreling, Dulski, Elżanowski, Glokman, Gralewski, Hajewski, Hubnicki, Jakowicki, Kargowski, Kasprzycki, Kleczewski, Kłębowski, Kołodziejski, Konczyński, Krzelewski, Lutomirski, Mokrzewski, Mosalski, Nasierowski, Nass, Nos, Ochocimski, Oczepowski, Orda (Ordyniec, Ordyński - tatars of Orda coat of arms), Osiejewski, Ostanowski, Ostarzewski, Ostaszewicz, Ostyłowski, Przeszmiński, Raduński (tatar, extinct), Rafalski, Raszewski, Redej (Rhedey), Rozkoszewski, Rudołtowski, Rzepliński, Rzymczykowski, Ściborski, Słupski, Stachelski, Steblecki, Strzelecki, Sułecki, Szczoskowski, Szmigłowski, Szyszko, Trzebnicki, Tucznia, Tołkacz, Tomkiewicz, Turkułł, Tworowski, Ubliński, Ustarbowski, Wojtkiewicz, Woyszyk, Wyrzek, Wróblewski, Zabokrzycki, Zakrzewski, Zarogowski, Zasztowt, Zębedey, Zdaniszewski, Złoszcz

Ostoja is a Polish coat of arms that originally was used by the family of Ostoja from Lesser Poland and later also in Kujavia, Mazowsze and Greater Poland.[1] It is a coat of arms of knightly families that fought in the same military unit using battle cry Hostoja or Ostoja, and that was given the right to use the ancient sign of Stibor family as their coat of arms, forming a clan of knights. Later, when the clan expanded their territory to Pomerania, Prussia, Slovakia, Hungary and Romania they also adopted a few noble families from Lithuania, Belarus and Ukraine mostly in the year 1450, finally turning into the Clan of Ostoja. As different lines of the clan formed surnames after their properties and adding the adoptions, Ostoja become the name of a coat of arms used by several families not necessarily blood-related with each other.[2][3][4]

History and notable members[edit]

Blazon[edit]

Original version: the coat of arms of the medieval version differed significantly from the generalized form in later times. The following reconstruction appearance comes from Josef Szymanski: Gules, between an increscent and a decrescent a cross in pale point downwards, all Or. On a helmet a dragon Sable, exhaling fire Gules, on two crescents pointing up, Or. Mantling Sable, lined Or

Modern version from the 17th century replaced a cross between crescents with the sword in pale point downwards. On a crowned helmet, five ostrich feathers.

Ostoja coat of arms[edit]

The last image is of the seal of Dobieslaw de Koszyce from 1381 that is identical to an early sign found on the entry of the church in Wysocice of Nicolaus Ostoja de Sciborzyce (Lesser Poland) from about 1232. It is significant that both seal and the sign on the church wall are identical. Therefore, we can presume that it is an original sign of the family before it become a coat of arms, at least from the time when the clan joined Christian society.

Imaginary Ostoja coat of arms[edit]

Those coat of arms as below are of noble families and linked en masse to Ostoja simply because the moon or the sword in the shield. The list of imaginary Ostoja coats of arms might be longer than here presented. There are also Russian families that was ennobled and given the coat of arms that also looked like Ostoja during the partition time and that some call Ostoja. It is also possible that coats of arms where painted with error during the nobility verification process in the time of partition.

Families that are members of the Clan of Ostoja:

From the left: Błyszczanowicz - ancient family noted in 1497, error in 1806 by Russian authorities in Kiev that painted the coat of arms in the wrong way. Miklaszewski - this family was adopted to the Clan of Ostoja in 1569 when the family received nobility. Suppose to sign original Ostoja coat of arms. Third from the left is Ochocki coat of arms that received nobility in 1683 and was adopted to the Clan of Ostoja and sign modern version of Ostoja with sword instead of a cross. Fourth from the left, Gawłowski family of ancient origin and with a coat of arms that is simple error of foreign authorities, suppose to be original version of Ostoja. Strzałkowski (Strzałka) family is of ancient origin, also here the coat of arms is modified during partition of the Commonwealth but here most probably family helped authorities to change their original coat of arms. Purpose or reason of that is not known. Finally the coat of arms of Nagorski family that received nobility in 1590 and was adopted to the Clan of Ostoja. Note that there is another family of Nagorski of Ostoja of ancient origin but it is almost impossible now to separate those families from each other.

Families that are not members of the Clan of Ostoja

First row from the left: Bogorajski, received nobility in 1775 and a rang crown of a baron not being a baron, although in this version crown of the noble by error since there are no other paintings of correct coat of arms jet. Next coat of arms is of Raczewski (Racięski) family that also received nobility in 1775. The coat of arms of Kleczewski family followed by Mokrzewski family that are not members of the clan but show similar coats of arms to Ostoja. Last coat of arms in first row and last two coat of arms in second row are of families Orda, Plat and Wasilewski - none of them are members of the clan, coat of arms have been simply added to Ostoja and are called variant of Ostoja coat of arms.

First row from the left: coat of arms of Fincke von Finkenthal family that received nobility in 1805, followed by the coat of arms of the Ostaszewski family that received nobility in 1785, most probably the name is wrongly spelled, and should be Ostarzewski. Third coat of arms from the left is of Krall family that received nobility in 1768 followed by the coat of arms of the Szyszko family that should be not mixed up with ancient Szyszkowski de Szyszki family. The coat of arms of the Turkuł family that received nobility in 1676, this family is extinct. The last two coats of arms in second row are of Wysocki and Zawadzki families. Both families have never been considered as members of the Clan of Ostoja but also here their coat of arms become recognized as variant of the Ostoja coat of arms. In the case of Wysocki family belong to the Clan of Kolumna with a modified coat of arms called Kolumna ze skrzydlami - Kolumna with wings.

von Finkenstein coat of arms[edit]

POL COA Finckenstein.svg

Finally, below is the coat of arms of Jewish German family of von Finkenstein, also written as Fink von Finkenstein referring to the family of Fink that is noted in German records already in 13th century. This family moved at that time to the land occupied by Teutonic Knights. In time this family become prominent.

It is not known who decided to call this coat of arms Ostoja Pruska but it is a significant example of breaking every possible heraldic rule in the name of Polish clan tradition where clan members used same coat of arms. It seems that this coat of arms was added to Ostoja almost by force. There are two families that was part of the Clan of Ostoja in 14th century according to the records of Teutonic Knights, they lived in Pomerania and that have been given this coat of arms by all publications - the families of Lniski and Skrzyszewski vel Skrzeszewski. Here it is notable that the Skrzyszewski vel Skrzeszewski line in 18th century suddenly changed their name to Lniski. It is not known if there is any blood relation between those families around 14th century.

It is presumed that both families with roots dating back to the 14th century used the original Ostoja coat of arms and just because this family lived in Pomerania or Prussia, they have been given the coat of arms of the Finck family and called it "Ostoja Pruska".

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Andrzej Kulikowski: Wielki Herbarz Rodów Polskich. Warszawa: Świat Książki-Bertelsmann Media, 2005. ISBN 83-7391-523-0
  2. ^ Seweryn Uruski: Rodzina. Herbarz szlachty polskiej, Warszawa 1906
  3. ^ Franciszek Piekosiński: Heraldyka polska wieków średnich. Kraków, Akademia Umiejętności 1899
  4. ^ Adam Boniecki: Herbarz polski. T. 16. Warszawa: skł. gł. Gebethner i Wolff, 1913

Sources[edit]

  • Adam Boniecki: Herbarz polski. T. 16. Warszawa: skł. gł. Gebethner i Wolff, 1913
  • Alfred Znamierowski: Herbarz rodowy. Warszawa: Świat Książki, ISBN 83-7391-166-9
  • Tadeusz Gajl: Herbarz polski od średniowiecza do XX wieku,L&L, 2007, ISBN 978-83-60597-10-1
  • Seweryn Uruski: Rodzina.Herbarz szlachty polskiej, Warszawa 1906
  • Kasper Niesiecki: Herbarz polski, 1839–1846
  • Jan Długosz: Jana Długosza kanonika krakowskiego Dziejów polskich ksiąg dwanaście, Kraków 1867-1870
  • Józef Szymański: Herbarz rycerstwa polskiego z XVI wieku. Warszawa, ISBN 83-7181-217-5
  • Andrzej Kulikowski: Wielki Herbarz Rodów Polskich. Warszawa: Świat Książki-Bertelsmann Media, 2005. ISBN 83-7391-523-0
  • Medieval armorial: Gelre Armorial
  • Medieval armorials: Armorial "Zlotego Runa", Armorial Lyncenich, Codex Bergshammar, "Klejnoty" of Jan Długosz, Armorial Bellenville
  • Franciszek Piekosiński: Heraldyka polska wieków średnich. Kraków, Akademia Umiejętności 1899

External links[edit]