Orientale ( French: Province orientale) (also Oriental; formerly Haut-Zaïre, then Haut-Congo) is one of the ten provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The province lies in the northeast of the country. It borders Équateur to the west, Kasaï-Oriental province to the southwest, Maniema to the south, and North Kivu to the southeast. It also borders the Central African Republic and South Sudan to the north, and Uganda to the east. The provincial capital is Kisangani.
The province is divided into the
Bas-Uele, Haut-Uele and Tshopo districts and the Ituri Interim Administration. Under the 2006 constitution, these were supposed to become provinces in 2009. History [edit ]
In 1998 the Orientale villages of
Durba and Watsa were the center of an outbreak of Marburg virus disease among gold mine workers.
Ituri district of Orientale was the scene of the Ituri conflict.
As of 2014, militia groups continue to fight in the province and have reportedly committed many atrocities against the local population, such as forcing women into sex slavery and forcing men to work in mines.
[1 ] Divisions [edit ]
Name District Territory Pop. 2010 [2 ] Coordinates [2 ] Aketi Bas-Uele District Aketi Territory 40,507 2°44′N 23°47′E / 2.74°N 23.78°E Ango Bas-Uele District Ango Territory 8,381 4°02′N 25°52′E / 4.03°N 25.87°E Aru Ituri Interim Administration Aru Territory 29,801 2°52′N 30°51′E / 2.87°N 30.85°E Bafwasende Tshopo District Bafwasende Territory 14,504 1°05′N 27°16′E / 1.08°N 27.27°E Bambesa Bas-Uele District Bambesa Territory 14,959 3°28′N 25°43′E / 3.47°N 25.72°E Basoko Tshopo District Basoko Territory 50,352 1°14′N 23°35′E / 1.24°N 23.59°E Bondo Bas-Uele District Bondo Territory 18,118 3°49′N 23°40′E / 3.81°N 23.67°E Bunia Ituri Interim Administration Irumu Territory 327,837 1°34′N 30°14′E / 1.56°N 30.24°E Buta Bas-Uele District Buta Territory 53,401 2°49′N 24°44′E / 2.82°N 24.74°E Djugu Ituri Interim Administration Djugu Territory 27,112 1°55′N 30°30′E / 1.92°N 30.50°E Dungu Haut-Uele District Dungu Territory 26,894 3°37′N 28°34′E / 3.62°N 28.57°E Irumu Ituri Interim Administration Irumu Territory 10,387 1°27′N 29°52′E / 1.45°N 29.87°E Isiro Haut-Uele District Rangu Territory 174,551 2°46′N 27°37′E / 2.76°N 27.62°E Kisangani Tshopo District n/a 868,672 0°32′N 25°11′E / 0.53°N 25.19°E Kituku Ituri Interim Administration Irumu Territory 43,460 1°06′N 29°58′E / 1.10°N 29.97°E Mahagi Ituri Interim Administration Mahagi Territory 18,743 2°18′N 30°59′E / 2.30°N 30.98°E Mongbwalu Ituri Interim Administration Djugu Territory 29,672 1°57′N 30°02′E / 1.95°N 30.03°E Niangara Haut-Uele District Niangara Territory 13,504 3°42′N 27°52′E / 3.70°N 27.87°E Opala Tshopo District Opala Territory 15,569 1°17′N 27°16′E / 1.28°N 27.27°E Poko Bas-Uele District Poko Territory 10,873 3°09′N 26°53′E / 3.15°N 26.88°E Ubundu Tshopo District Ubundu Territory 13,332 0°21′S 25°29′E / 0.35°S 25.48°E Wamba Haut-Uele District Wamba Territory 17,651 2°08′N 27°59′E / 2.14°N 27.99°E Watsa Haut-Uele District Watsa Territory 31,978 3°02′N 29°32′E / 3.04°N 29.53°E Yahuma Tshopo District Yahuma Territory 4,857 1°05′N 23°13′E / 1.08°N 23.22°E Yangambi Tshopo District Isangi Territory 40,932 0°46′N 24°26′E / 0.77°N 24.43°E References [edit ] External links [edit ]