Ordos City

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Ordos
ᠣᠷᠳᠣᠰ
鄂尔多斯
Prefecture-level city
鄂尔多斯市
Sculpture in Ordos City
Ordos City (red) in Inner Mongolia (orange)
Ordos City is located in Inner Mongolia
Ordos
Location of the city centre in Inner Mongolia
Coordinates: 39°36′N 109°47′E / 39.600°N 109.783°E / 39.600; 109.783Coordinates: 39°36′N 109°47′E / 39.600°N 109.783°E / 39.600; 109.783
CountryPeople's Republic of China
RegionInner Mongolia
Municipal seatDongsheng District
Area
 • Total87,000 km2 (34,000 sq mi)
Elevation1,305 m (4,281 ft)
Highest elevation2,149 m (7,051 ft)
Lowest elevation850 m (2,790 ft)
Population (2010 census)
 • Total1,940,653
 • Density22/km2 (58/sq mi)
Time zoneChina Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code017000
GDP
(2011)
CNY 321.85 billion
(US$ 49.83 billion)[1]
GDP per capita
(2011)
CNY 163,012
(US$ 25,239)
Licence plate prefixesK
Administrative division code150600
ISO 3166-2CN-15-06
Websiteordos.gov.cn
 
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Ordos
ᠣᠷᠳᠣᠰ
鄂尔多斯
Prefecture-level city
鄂尔多斯市
Sculpture in Ordos City
Ordos City (red) in Inner Mongolia (orange)
Ordos City is located in Inner Mongolia
Ordos
Location of the city centre in Inner Mongolia
Coordinates: 39°36′N 109°47′E / 39.600°N 109.783°E / 39.600; 109.783Coordinates: 39°36′N 109°47′E / 39.600°N 109.783°E / 39.600; 109.783
CountryPeople's Republic of China
RegionInner Mongolia
Municipal seatDongsheng District
Area
 • Total87,000 km2 (34,000 sq mi)
Elevation1,305 m (4,281 ft)
Highest elevation2,149 m (7,051 ft)
Lowest elevation850 m (2,790 ft)
Population (2010 census)
 • Total1,940,653
 • Density22/km2 (58/sq mi)
Time zoneChina Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code017000
GDP
(2011)
CNY 321.85 billion
(US$ 49.83 billion)[1]
GDP per capita
(2011)
CNY 163,012
(US$ 25,239)
Licence plate prefixesK
Administrative division code150600
ISO 3166-2CN-15-06
Websiteordos.gov.cn
Ordos City
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese鄂尔多斯
Traditional Chinese鄂爾多斯
Mongolian name
Mongolian CyrillicОрдос хот
Mongolian scriptᠣᠷᠳᠣᠰ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ

Ordos (Mongolian: ᠣᠷᠳᠣᠰᠬᠣᠲᠠ; Chinese: 鄂尔多斯市) is one of the twelve major subdivisions of Inner Mongolia, People's Republic of China. It is located within the Ordos Loop of the Yellow River. Although mainly rural, Ordos is administered as a prefecture-level city. The administrative seat is at Dongsheng.

The area had been administered as Ih Ju League (Mongolian: ᠶᠡᠬᠡᠵᠤᠤᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ Yeke Juu ayimaγ; Chinese: 伊克昭盟; pinyin: Yīkèzhāo Méng) since the 17th century, and was redesignated a prefecture-level city and renamed to Ordos on 26 February 2001. "Ordos" means "palaces" in the Mongolian language;[2] the name is sometimes claimed to be related to the eight white yurts of Genghis Khan.[3] Linguistically, the Ordos dialect of Mongolian is quite different from neighboring Chakhar Mongolian. Ordos is known for its lavish government projects, including the new Ordos City, a large city with abundant infrastructure, seldom used by residents and frequently described as a 'ghost city'.[4] It hosted the 2012 Miss World Final.

Geography and climate[edit source | edit]

Ordos's prefectural administrative region occupies 86,752 square kilometres (33,495 sq mi) and covers the bigger part of the Ordos Desert, although the urban area itself is relatively small. It borders the prefecture-level divisions of Hohhot to the east, Baotou to the northeast, Bayan Nur to the north, Alxa League to the northwest, Wuhai to the west, the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region to its southwest, and the provinces of Shaanxi and Shanxi to the south. The maximal north-south extent is 340 km (210 mi), while from east to west it stretches for 400 km (250 mi).[5]

The area of Ordos Shi can roughly be divided into a hilly area in the east, high plateaus in the west and center, sandy deserts in the north and south, and plains at the southern bank of the Yellow river. The highest elevation, at 2,149 metres (7,051 ft), is located in the west, the lowest point, at 850 m (2,790 ft), is in the east.

There are two large deserts within the territory of Ordos Shi, namely the Kubuqi Desert (库布其沙漠) in the north, and the Maowusu Desert (毛乌素沙漠) in the south. The Kubuqi Desert occupies 19.2% of Ordos, or 16,600 km2 (6,400 sq mi), while the Maowusu Desert takes up 28.8% of the area, or 25,000 km2 (9,700 sq mi).

Ordos features a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk), marked by long, cold and very dry winters, very warm, somewhat humid summers, and strong winds, especially in spring. The annual precipitation is 300 to 400 millimetres (11.8 to 15.7 in) in the eastern part of the city, and 190 to 350 mm (7.5 to 13.8 in) in the western part. Most of the rain falls between July and September, with very little snow in winter; average annual evaporation reaches 2,000 to 3,000 mm (79 to 120 in). In the city proper, the monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −10.5 °C (13.1 °F) in January to 21.0 °C (69.8 °F) in July, while the annual mean is 6.16 °C (43.1 °F). Sunshine duration averages 2,700 to 3,200 hours annually.[5]

Climate data for Ordos (1971−2000)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)−4.8
(23.4)
−1.3
(29.7)
5.2
(41.4)
14.1
(57.4)
20.8
(69.4)
25.0
(77)
26.7
(80.1)
24.5
(76.1)
19.4
(66.9)
12.6
(54.7)
4.0
(39.2)
−2.9
(26.8)
11.9
(53.5)
Average low °C (°F)−14.7
(5.5)
−11.5
(11.3)
−5.4
(22.3)
1.9
(35.4)
8.4
(47.1)
13.0
(55.4)
15.8
(60.4)
14.3
(57.7)
8.8
(47.8)
2.1
(35.8)
−5.9
(21.4)
−12.3
(9.9)
1.2
(34.2)
Precipitation mm (inches)2.1
(0.083)
4.4
(0.173)
10.8
(0.425)
11.4
(0.449)
25.8
(1.016)
44.8
(1.764)
105.7
(4.161)
105.5
(4.154)
44.7
(1.76)
19.4
(0.764)
5.3
(0.209)
1.3
(0.051)
381.2
(15.009)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)2.12.94.33.45.98.712.211.98.14.42.61.968.4
Source: Weather China[5]

Economy[edit source | edit]

Ordos is one of the richest regions of China. With a nominal per-capita GDP of US$14,500 in 2008, it is ranked ahead of Beijing. It is extremely rich in natural resources, having one sixth of national coal reserves. The pillars of its economy are textile (wool), coal mining, petrochemicals, electricity generation and production of building materials.

Administrative Subdivisions[edit source | edit]

Ordos Shi is divided into one district and seven banners:

Map
Ordos mcp.png
#NameMongolianHanziHanyu PinyinPopulation (2010)Area (km²)Density (/km²)
1Dongsheng Districtᠳ᠋ᠦᠩᠱᠧᠩ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠢᠭ
(Düŋšėŋ toɣoriɣ)
东胜区Dōngshèng Qū582,5442,137108
2Dalad Bannerᠳᠠᠯᠠᠳ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
(Dalad qosiɣu)
达拉特旗Dálātè Qí322,1018,19240
3Jungar Bannerᠵᠡᠭᠦᠨᠭᠠᠷ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
(Jegünɣar qosiɣu)
准格尔旗Zhǔngé'ěr Qí356,5017,53536
4Otog Front Bannerᠣᠲᠣᠭ ᠤᠨ ᠡᠮᠦᠨᠡᠳᠦ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
(Otoɣ-un Emünedü qosiɣu)
鄂托克前旗Ètuōkè Qián Qí68,28212,3186
5Otog Bannerᠣᠲᠣᠭ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
(Otoɣ qosiɣu)
鄂托克旗Ètuōkè Qí148,84420,0644
6Hanggin Bannerᠬᠠᠩᠭᠢᠨ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
(Qaŋɣin qosiɣu)
杭锦旗Hángjǐn Qí111,10218,9037
7Uxin Bannerᠦᠦᠰᠢᠨ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
(Üüsin qosiɣu)
乌审旗Wūshěn Qí124,52711,6459
8Ejin Horo Bannerᠡᠵᠢᠨ ᠬᠣᠷᠣᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
(Ejin Qoroɣ-a qosiɣu)
伊金霍洛旗Yījīnhuòluò Qí226,7525,95823

Kangbashi New Area, Once-Empty Real Estate Development[edit source | edit]

A large, and largely uninhabited urban real estate development has been constructed 25 km (16 mi) from Dongsheng District. Intended to house a million people, it remains largely uninhabited.[6][7] Intended to have 300,000 residents by 2010, government figures stated it had 28,000.[8] It has been the subject of several well publicized articles, some profusely illustrated.[9] The Daily Mail has documented Ordos/Kangbashi and other similar urban developments in China.[10][11]

Transportation[edit source | edit]

Travel within Ordos City is primarily made by car or bus, using the city's network of roads. Two tolled expressways, the G18 Rongcheng–Wuhai Expressway and the G65 Baotou–Maoming Expressway, provide connections with other towns and cities including Dongsheng.

There are no direct rail lines to the city. The closest is the Baoshen Line in Dongshen.

Ordos Airport is located to the south of the city.

Demographics[edit source | edit]

In the 2000 census, there were 1,369,766 inhabitants:

ethnic grouppopulationshare
Han1,207,97188.19%
Mongols155,84511.38%
Manchu2,9050.21%
Hui1,8610.14%
Tibetans1,0230.07%

See also[edit source | edit]

References[edit source | edit]

  1. ^ 鄂尔多斯市2011年国民经济和社会发展统计公报
  2. ^ http://www.ordos.gov.cn/zjeedx/sqgk/ 市情概况
  3. ^ W. R. Carles, "Problems in Exploration II. Ordos", in The Geographical Journal, Vol. 33, No. 6 (Jun., 1909)", p. 669
  4. ^ Al-Jazeera (2009-11-09). "China's Empty City" (video). YouTube. 
  5. ^ a b c Weather China
  6. ^ Time Photos of Ordos/Kangbashi, Time Photos Website 2011
  7. ^ Gus Lubin (2011-06-13). "NEW SATELLITE PICTURES OF CHINA'S GHOST CITIES". Business Insider. Retrieved 2011-12-09. 
  8. ^ Barboza, David (2010-10-19). "A New Chinese City, With Everything but People". The New York Times. 
  9. ^ "China's Ghost Town". AlJazeera. 10 November 2009. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  10. ^ The Ghost Towns of China...The Daily Telegraph 18 Dec 2010
  11. ^ "Ordos: The biggest ghost town in China". BBC News. 2012-03-17. 

External links[edit source | edit]