Olympic Stadium

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This article is about the show-piece stadia from various Olympic Games. For a list of stadia named Olympic Stadium, see Olympic Stadium (disambiguation).

The Olympic Stadium is the name usually given to the stadium of the Summer Olympic Games. Traditionally, the opening and closing ceremonies and the track and field competitions are held in the Olympic Stadium. Many, though not all, of these venues actually contain the words "Olympic Stadium" as part of their name. The Winter Olympic Games do not always have a central Olympic Stadium; however, some past games[which?] have. Early Winter Games often used figure skating venues as focal points and were designated as the Olympic Stadium, which usually hosted the opening and closing ceremonies.

Olympic Stadium may also be named a multi-purpose stadium which hosts Olympic sports.[1]

A number of stadiums have been used in more than one Olympics, in those cities that have held the Games more than once. While only one (the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum) has been the main stadium twice, a number, including both the Panathinaiko Stadio and the Vélodrome de Vincennes, have hosted events at subsequent Olympics. The London Games of 2012 were not opened and closed at the rebuilt Wembley Stadium, the site of the 1948 Olympic Stadium, but instead at a new stadium in Stratford. Wembley was, however, the venue for some 2012 Olympic football matches. Likewise, the Melbourne Cricket Ground, which was the centrepiece stadium for the 1956, later hosted the first games of the Sydney 2000 football tournament.

Stadia[edit]

ImageOlympicsSeasonStadiumNative nameCityCountryNew/oldCapacityexisting
Panathenaic Stadium 1896 oppening.jpg1896SummerPanathenaic StadiumΠαναθηναϊκό στάδιοAthens GreeceExisting80,000Yes
Velodrome de Vincennes.jpg1900SummerVincennes VelodromeVélodrome de VincennesParis FranceExisting50,000Yes
Francis Field 1904.jpg1904SummerFrancis FieldSt. Louis United StatesExisting19,000Yes
White City Stadium 1908.jpg1908SummerWhite City StadiumLondon United KingdomNew68,000No
Olympic opening ceremony 1912.jpg1912SummerOlympic StadiumStockholms OlympiastadionStockholm SwedenNew20,000Yes
1920SummerOlympic StadiumOlympisch StadionAntwerp BelgiumNew12,771Yes
1924WinterOlympic StadiumStade Olympique de ChamonixChamonix FranceNew45,000Yes
Stade Yves du Manoir Colombes7.jpg1924SummerOlympic StadiumStade Olympique Yves-du-ManoirParis FranceExisting45,000Yes
Bundesarchiv Bild 102-00789, St. Moritz, Eisstadion.jpg1928WinterSt. Moritz Olympic Ice RinkEisstadion Badrutts Park
St. Moritz Olympic Ice Rink
St. Moritz Olympic Ice Rink
St. Moritz  SwitzerlandNewYes
Olympic Stadium Amsterdam 1928.jpg1928SummerOlympic StadiumOlympisch StadionAmsterdam NetherlandsExisting, renovated31,600Yes
1932WinterLake Placid Speedskating OvalLake Placid United StatesNew7,500Yes
General view of Los Angeles Olympic Stadium on the opening day of the Games of the Xth Olympiad, while contenders from all nations take the Olympic Athlete's Oath.jpg1932SummerLos Angeles Memorial ColiseumLos Angeles United StatesExisting101,574Yes
Bundesarchiv R 8076 Bild-0020, Olympische Winterspiele.- Eröffnung.jpg1936WinterLarge Olympic HillGroße OlympiaschanzeGarmisch-Partenkirchen GermanyExistingYes
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R82532, Berlin, Olympia-Stadion (Luftaufnahme).jpg1936SummerOlympic StadiumOlympiastadionBerlin GermanyNew110,000Yes
Bundesarchiv Bild 102-00789, St. Moritz, Eisstadion.jpg1948WinterSt. Moritz Olympic Ice RinkEisstadion Badrutts Park
St. Moritz Olympic Ice Rink
St. Moritz Olympic Ice Rink
St. Moritz  SwitzerlandExistingYes
Old Wembley Stadium (external view).jpg1948SummerWembley StadiumLondon United KingdomExisting82,000No
Bislett stadion1.jpg1952WinterBislett StadiumBislett StadionOslo NorwayExisting20,000Yes
Suomi-Portugali lämmittely.jpg1952SummerOlympic StadiumOlympiastadion
Olympiastadion
Helsinki FinlandExisting40,000Yes
Cortina 1971 2.jpg1956WinterOlympic Ice StadiumStadio Olimpico del GhiaccioCortina d'Ampezzo ItalyExisting, renovated12,000Yes
MCG stadium.jpg1956SummerMelbourne Cricket GroundMelbourne AustraliaExisting100,000Yes
1960WinterBlyth ArenaSquaw Valley United StatesNew8,500No
1960SummerOlympic StadiumStadio OlimpicoRome ItalyExisting65,000Yes
Bergisel-N.jpg1964WinterBergiselschanzeInnsbruck AustriaExisting12,000Yes
KokuritshuKasumigaoka-6.JPG1964SummerOlympic Stadium国立霞ヶ丘陸上競技場Tokyo JapanExisting57,363Yes
Stade olympique - Grenoble 1968.jpg1968WinterOlympic StadiumStade OlympiqueGrenoble FranceTemporary60,000No
Estadio Olimpico Universitario CU.jpg1968SummerOlympic StadiumEstadio Olímpico UniversitarioMexico City MexicoExisting83,700Yes
1972WinterMakomanai Open Stadium真駒内屋外競技場Sapporo JapanNew30,000Yes
Olympiastadion Muenchen.jpg1972SummerOlympic StadiumOlympiastadionMunich West GermanyNew80,000Yes
Bergisel-N.jpg1976WinterBergiselschanzeInnsbruck AustriaExistingYes
Le Stade Olympique de Montréal Nuit Arriere-Gauche.jpg1976SummerOlympic StadiumStade OlympiqueMontreal CanadaNew66,308Yes
Lake Placid - Cauldron.jpg1980WinterLake Placid Equestrian StadiumLake Placid United StatesExisting30,000Yes
Luzhniki Inside View B Stand.jpg1980SummerGrand Arena of the Central Lenin StadiumГранд Арена Центрального стадиона имени ЛенинаMoscow Soviet UnionExisting103,000Yes
Asim Ferhatovic Hase.jpg1984WinterOlympic StadiumOlimpijski stadionSarajevo YugoslaviaExisting50,000Yes
400 meter track at the 1984 Summer Olympics.JPEG1984SummerLos Angeles Memorial ColiseumLos Angeles United StatesExisting93,607Yes
McMahon Stadium 3.jpg1988WinterMcMahon StadiumCalgary CanadaExisting38,205Yes
Seoul.Olympic.Stadium.01 copy.jpg1988SummerOlympic Stadium올림픽주경기장Seoul South KoreaExisting69,950Yes
1992WinterTheatre of CeremoniesThéâtre des CérémoniesAlbertville FranceTemporary35,000No
Estadi Olímpic Lluís Companys - Barcelona, Spain - Jan 2007.jpg1992SummerOlympic StadiumEstadi Olímpic Lluís Companys
Estadio Olímpico Lluís Companys
Barcelona SpainExisting70,000Yes
Lysgård.JPG1994WinterLysgårdsbakkene Ski Jumping ArenaLysgårdsbakkene hoppanleggLillehammer NorwayNew35,000Yes
Atlantaolympicstadium.JPG1996SummerCentennial Olympic Stadium
(Turner Field)
Atlanta United StatesNew85,000Yes[3]
Nagano Olympic Stadium.jpg1998WinterNagano Olympic Stadium長野オリンピックスタジアムNagano JapanNew30,000Yes
Homebush stadium.jpg2000SummerStadium AustraliaSydney AustraliaNew114,714Yes
RSL at Rice-Eccles.jpg2002WinterRice-Eccles StadiumSalt Lake City United StatesExisting45,017Yes
2004SummerOlympic StadiumΟλυμπιακό Στάδιο "Σπύρος Λούης"Athens GreeceExisting71,030Yes
Stadio Olimpico Torino Italy.jpg2006WinterOlympic StadiumStadio Olimpico di TorinoTurin ItalyExisting28,000Yes
Birds Nest Cropped.jpg2008SummerBeijing National Stadium北京國家體育場Beijing ChinaNew91,000Yes
BCplace stadium.jpg2010WinterBC Place StadiumVancouver CanadaExisting54,500Yes
London 2012 Olympic Stadium (13 July 2012).jpg2012SummerOlympic StadiumLondon United KingdomNew80,000Yes
Стадион Фишт.JPG2014WinterFisht Olympic StadiumОлимпийский стадионSochi RussiaNew40,000Yes
Maracana Stadium June 2013.jpg2016SummerMaracanã StadiumEstádio do MaracanãRio de Janeiro BrazilExisting, renovated88,992Yes
2018WinterOlympic Park of Hoenggye횡계 올림픽 파크Pyeongchang South KoreaTemporary50,000Not Yet Built
2020SummerOlympic Stadium国立霞ヶ丘陸上競技場Tokyo JapanExisting, replacement57,363Yes

Other major events[edit]

VenueCityEvents
Olympic StadiumNetherlands Amsterdam2016 European Athletics Championships
Panathenaic StadiumGreece Athens1967–68 FIBA European Cup Winner's Cup
Olympiako Stadio Athinas 'Spyros Louis'Greece Athens1983, 1994 and 2007 UEFA Champions League Final, 1997 World Championships in Athletics, WRC Acropolis Rally SuperSpecial Stage 2005 and 2006, 2006 IAAF World Cup
Centennial Olympic StadiumUnited States Atlanta1999 World Series and 2000 MLB All-Star Game (as Turner Field)
Beijing National StadiumChina Beijing2015 World Championships in Athletics
Olympic StadiumGermany Berlin2006 FIFA World Cup Final, 2009 World Championships in Athletics and 2015 UEFA Champions League Final
Olympic StadiumFinland Helsinki1983 and 2005 World Championships in Athletics
Olympic StadiumUnited Kingdom London2017 IPC Athletics World Championships and 2017 IAAF World Championships in Athletics
Wembley StadiumUnited Kingdom London1966 FIFA World Cup Final, UEFA Euro 1996 Final, 1992 European Cup Final, 2011 UEFA Champions League Final, 2013 UEFA Champions League Final, annual FA Cup Final
White City StadiumUnited Kingdom London1934 British Empire Games
Los Angeles Memorial ColiseumUnited States Los AngelesSuper Bowl I (1967), Super Bowl VII (1973), 1959 World Series, and second game of the 1959 MLB All-Star Game
Melbourne Cricket GroundAustralia Melbourne1992 Cricket World Cup Final, 2006 Commonwealth Games, annual AFL Grand Final
Estadio Olímpico UniversitarioMexico Mexico City1955 Pan American Games
Olympic StadiumCanada Montreal1982 MLB All-Star Game, many Grey Cups
Luzhniki StadiumRussia Moscow2013 World Championships in Athletics, 2008 UEFA Champions League Final, 2018 FIFA World Cup Final
Olympic StadiumGermany Munich1974 FIFA World Cup Final, 1979 European Cup Final, UEFA Euro 1988 Final, 1993 and 1997 UEFA Champions League Finals
Bislett StadionNorway Oslo1946 European Athletics Championships
LysgårdsbakkenNorway LillehammerFIS Ski Jumping World Cup and FIS Nordic Combined World Cup
Vélodrome de VincennesFrance Paris1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1974 and 1974 Tour de France closing stage
Stade Olympique de ColombesFrance Paris1938 FIFA World Cup Final
Estádio do MaracanãBrazil Rio de Janeiro1950 FIFA World Cup Final, 2000 FIFA Club World Championship Final, 2007 Pan American Games Opening and Closing Ceremonies 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup Final and 2014 FIFA World Cup Final
Stadio OlimpicoItaly Rome1977 and 1984 European Cup Finals, 1987 World Championships in Athletics, 1990 FIFA World Cup Final, 1996 and 2009 UEFA Champions League Final
Olympic StadiumSouth Korea Seoul1986 Asian Games, 2013 EAFF East Asian Cup finals
Fisht Olympic StadiumRussia Sochi2018 FIFA World Cup
Stockholm Olympic StadiumSweden Stockholm1958 European Athletics Championships; 2001, 2002 and 2004 Speedway Grand Prix of Sweden
Stadium AustraliaAustralia Sydney2003 Rugby World Cup Final, annual NRL Grand Final
Olympic StadiumJapan Tokyo1958 Asian Games, 1991 World Championships in Athletics, Intercontinental Cup and 2019 Rugby World Cup Final
Stadio Olimpico di TorinoItaly Turin1934 European Athletics Championships
BC PlaceCanada Vancouver2015 FIFA Women's World Cup Final

References[edit]

  1. ^ Olympic Stadium. Big Olympic Encyclopedia. Moscow 2006.
  2. ^ "Atlanta to demolish Turner Field". ESPN.com. Associated Press. 2013-11-12. Retrieved 2013-11-12. 
  3. ^ After the 1996 Paralympics, the stadium was reconfigured (as planned) into the baseball-specific Turner Field. It is scheduled to be demolished in 2017 after the Atlanta Braves, the stadium's main tenant since its reconfiguration, move into a new stadium in Cobb County, Georgia.[2]

External links[edit]