Olongapo

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Olongapo City
Syodad nin Olongapo
Lungsod ng Olongapo
Highly Urbanized City
Olongapo City Ulo Ng Apo.jpg
Official seal of Olongapo City
Seal
Nickname(s): City Of Volunteers
Motto: Fighting for Excellence
Anthem: Himno ng Olongapo (Hymn of Olongapo)
Map of Zambales showing the location of Olongapo City
Map of Zambales showing the location of Olongapo City
Olongapo is located in Philippines
Olongapo
Olongapo
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°50′N 120°17′E / 14.833°N 120.283°E / 14.833; 120.283Coordinates: 14°50′N 120°17′E / 14.833°N 120.283°E / 14.833; 120.283
CountryPhilippines
RegionCentral Luzon (Region III)
ProvinceZambales (geographically only)
District1st district
FoundedNovember 4, 1750
CityhoodJune 1, 1966[1]
Barangays17
Government[2]
 • MayorRolen Paulino
 • Vice MayorRodel Cerezo
Area[3]
 • City185.00 km2 (71.43 sq mi)
 • Metro472.16 km2 (182.30 sq mi)
Elevation15 m (49 ft)
Population (2010)[4]
 • City221,178
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
 • Metro310,902
 • Metro density660/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Time zonePHT (UTC+8)
ZIP code2200
Dialing code47
Income class1st class; highly urbanized
Websitewww.olongapocity.gov.ph
 
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Olongapo City
Syodad nin Olongapo
Lungsod ng Olongapo
Highly Urbanized City
Olongapo City Ulo Ng Apo.jpg
Official seal of Olongapo City
Seal
Nickname(s): City Of Volunteers
Motto: Fighting for Excellence
Anthem: Himno ng Olongapo (Hymn of Olongapo)
Map of Zambales showing the location of Olongapo City
Map of Zambales showing the location of Olongapo City
Olongapo is located in Philippines
Olongapo
Olongapo
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°50′N 120°17′E / 14.833°N 120.283°E / 14.833; 120.283Coordinates: 14°50′N 120°17′E / 14.833°N 120.283°E / 14.833; 120.283
CountryPhilippines
RegionCentral Luzon (Region III)
ProvinceZambales (geographically only)
District1st district
FoundedNovember 4, 1750
CityhoodJune 1, 1966[1]
Barangays17
Government[2]
 • MayorRolen Paulino
 • Vice MayorRodel Cerezo
Area[3]
 • City185.00 km2 (71.43 sq mi)
 • Metro472.16 km2 (182.30 sq mi)
Elevation15 m (49 ft)
Population (2010)[4]
 • City221,178
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
 • Metro310,902
 • Metro density660/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Time zonePHT (UTC+8)
ZIP code2200
Dialing code47
Income class1st class; highly urbanized
Websitewww.olongapocity.gov.ph

The City of Olongapo (Sambali: Syodad nin Olongapo ; Filipino: Lungsod ng Olongapo), is a highly urbanized city located in the province of Zambales, Philippines. Classified as a highly urbanized city, it has a population of 221,178 people according to the 2010 census.[4] Along with the town of Subic, it comprises Metro Olongapo, one of the twelve metropolitan areas in the Philippines.[5]

Etymology[edit]

According to popular legend, there once was a group of warring tribes who lived in the area in and around what is now the modern city. A wise old man, seeing the perils of disunity, exerted great effort toward uniting the warring tribes. There were, however, some who bitterly opposed his idea, and one day the old man just disappeared.

After a long search, the old man's body was found, but with the head missing. It is said that the tribesmen launched search parties to locate the severed head of the man; to the Sambal, decapitation was the only permissible form of assassination.[6]

These efforts proved to be futile, and the search was eventually called off. A boy, however, vowed to himself that he would not stop searching until he found the elder's head. He searched for weeks, but found nothing. Then, one day, he chanced upon what appeared to be the old man's head, resting on top of a bamboo pole. The boy ran back to his people crying, "Olo nin apo! Olo nin apo!" ("head of the elder" in Sambal; translates as "ulo ng apo"[7] in Tagalog), running hysterically from village to village. The phrase stuck, and that, according to legend, is how the area got its name, Olongapo.

To this day, the old man's head acts as a symbol of unity of the people in what is now a modern city.

History[edit]

British Period[edit]

Britain Ruled the Philippines from 1762 to 1764. The British invasion of the Philippines was the first challenge to Spain's control of the archipelago after 191 years of rule. The Royal Navy and British Army joined with the East India Company in Madras to capture Spain's Asian colony. In conjunction with the attack against Spain's key possession in the Americas, Havana, both settlements were successfully seized. However, in the Philippines, whilst the expedition was launched as part of a plan to harass the Spaniards in their possessions, as well as for commercial gain and new territories, the military campaign led by General William Draper and Admiral Samuel Cornish, may have been launched under the guise of an invasion in order to gain prize money. The publication "When Britain Ruled the Philippines 1762-1764" describes the events as they unfolded at the Admiralty in London and at the East India Company in Madras, leading to the invasion and occupation of the capital Manila and the port city of Cavite. The capital was looted, a galleon was seized, and the British commanders imposed a ransom of four million dollars upon the Spaniards. The enormous sums in prize money and valuables seized mainly benefited the commanders.

Spanish Period[edit]

On March 8, 1885, the Spanish Naval commission authorized construction of the Arsenal at Olongapo. The Spanish planned to make their naval station, and the village of Olongapo an island, protected against attack by insurrectos. The Spanish Navy Yard occupied the entire area east of the Spanish Gate. Employing Filipino labor, they did extensive dredging of the harbor and the inner basin and built a drainage canal. The canal served both to drain the swampy area around the yard and also to form a line of defense.

Within ten years, the Spaniards had erected walls and markers to fence off the arsenal. They had shops and buildings erected. The Spanish government spent almost three decades developing the naval station.[8][9]

American Period[edit]

On May 1, 1898, the construction of the Spanish Administration Building was hardly completed when Admiral Dewey's flagship, USS Olympia, led the Asiatic Fleet into Manila Bay. A detachment of Admiral Dewey's fleet bombarded the navy yard. Eventually, after the surrender, Spain relinquished all her rights in the Philippines to the United States. This marked the end of more than three hundred years of Spanish rule over the islands.

Realizing the tremendous importance of Olongapo as a naval facility, the U.S. Navy decided to keep the base in functioning order; the President of the United States, then Theodore Roosevelt, on November 9, 1901, by executive order, reserved the waters of Subic and some of the adjacent lands for naval purposes.

The naval station was widened and with the establishment of the American rule in the Philippines. American defenses in the islands were facilities left by the Spanish Navy which were taken over by the United States.

Olongapo grew in direct proportion to the growth of the naval station. More people came to live in Olongapo since the Navy offered employment. To most Filipinos during that time, it was a welcome change. The promise of a different kind of experience as shop workers and office help induced many young men to leave their farms and fishing boats to work in the Navy Yard. Others finding the lure of the sea irresistible joined the U.S. Navy.

Olongapo impressed its visitors as being one of the finest communities in the country. People passing though the town never failed to comment on its cleanliness and orderliness.[8][9]

World War II[edit]

When the war broke out in 1941, the old town was obliterated. Olongapo had to suffer the brunt of destruction twice.

On December 14, 1941, Japanese bombers attacked the Olongapo/Subic Bay area. Ten days later, the order was given to burn Subic Bay Naval Station and withdraw. Olongapo was set aflame by the local Filipinos in anticipation of Japanese troop arrival. The USS New York was scuttled in Subic Bay.[10] When the American forces made a last-ditch stand on the Bataan peninsula, the Naval Station was abandoned and most of its facilities were burned before the Japanese came.

In 1945, Olongapo was again bombed, shelled and burned. Joint American and Philippine Commonwealth ground troops aided the recognized guerrilla fighters in liberating Olongapo from the Japanese forces. With the exceptions of the Station Chapel (it was the Olongapo Parish Church before the war) and the Spanish Gate, none of its former landmarks withstood the sweep of the war's fury.

Reconstruction and Rehabilitation[edit]

Shortly after the war was over, the Philippines was granted her independence. Olongapo was one of the principal navy bases retained by the United States. The Navy started to rebuild the town right after the hostilities ceased. Olongapo however was built on a new completely undeveloped site a couple of miles north of its former site. The prewar town site became a part of the Naval Station.

The first few years after the war were extremely hard on the new town. Starting from scratch, everything in the new Olongapo was in a deplorable state. There was no electric power and no drainage system. The water supply and sanitation facilities were inadequate. Olongapo streets were unpaved—they were dusty during the dry season and were stretches of mud and slush when the rains came.[9]

Gradually Olongapo evolved into a better community: new business concerns were established; housing projects were planned, civic facilities were restored. The development of the Reservation has been particularly rapid during the past two years. The new building constructions recently undertaken by the Reservation include: a new ice plant, a high school, two elementary schools, two bridges, and a public library. Two housing projects at Kalaklan and Saluysoy areas are at present being developed. Within a couple of months, the Reservation plans to start laying down a new set of water main lines to replaced the obsolete lines set up in 1908.

Due to the Korean War, U.S. spent over $170 million to convert the base into the homeport of her Navy's Seventh Fleet, developing the Cubi Naval Air Station as the largest U.S installation of its kind in Asia. Naval authorities relocated the residence from the area of the former Public Works Center area to what is now the hub of Olongapo – along what is now known as Rizal Avenue and Ramon Magsaysay Drive, and in the Barangays New Asinan and New Kalalake areas. Zoning of Olongapo was patterned after the American setup where streets are constructed along straight lines, both horizontally and vertically. The very considerable program of construction of facilities in the Olongapo and Subic Bay area brought about growth and prosperity to Olongapo. By 1956, migrants from nearby towns and provinces had swelled the population to 39,180.[11]

Independence and cityhood[edit]

Olongapo and the bridge leading to NS Subic Bay, 1981.

Unlike the rest of the Philippines which gained independence from the United States after World War II in 1946, Olongapo was governed as a part of the United States naval reservation. The Subic Bay Naval Base commanding officer was chairman of the Olongapo town council, school board, and hospital board. Olongapo's 60,000 Filipino residents paid taxes to the United States Navy and those accused of crimes involving American servicemen were tried by United States Navy courts. The United States Navy declined to identify or try a Naval Supply Depot sentry who shot a Filipino. In July 1955, Manila mayor Arsenio Lacson announced United States service personnel accused of crimes in Manila would be tried in Philippine courts because of United States Navy abuses of Filipinos in Olongapo. Olongapo was placed under martial law when Robert Grant, the American owner of an Olongapo auto parts store was killed on October 23, 1959.[12]

Olongapo City was the last piece of Philippine territory surrendered by the US to the country in the 1950s.[9][13] On December 7, 1959, 56,000 acres of land with electrical, telephone and water utilities was relinquished to Philippine Secretary of Foreign Affairs Felixberto Serrano.[12] The first mayor appointed was civic leader Ruben Geronimo and he was later succeeded by business entrepreneur Ildefonso Arriola.

Six years later under Mayor James Leonard T. Gordon, Olongapo was reconverted to a chartered city on June 1, 1966.[1] The adjacent U.S. Naval Base Subic Bay was the largest United States Navy installation in the Pacific at the time, and employed fifteen thousand Filipino civilians. The base was visited by 215 ships per month as Vietnam War activity peaked in 1967. The wild nightclubs along Ramon Magsaysay Drive between the naval base main gate and Rizal Avenue were notoriously popular among the 4,225,000 servicemen visiting the base that year.[14] Sailors of the war remember talented Filipino musicians and singers, inexpensive San Miguel beer, attractive teen-age prostitutes, erotic floor shows, Jeepney rides back to the naval base and children diving for coins tossed from the bridge over the estuarine drainage channel in front of the naval base main gate.[15][16][17]

Olongapo City administers itself autonomously from Zambales province. The former naval base adjacent to the city became the Subic Bay Freeport Zone in 1992.

Mount Pinatubo Eruption[edit]

Ash from Mount Pinatubo covers Naval Station Subic Bay.

June 15, 1991 proved to be a memorable date to the people of Olongapo. Mount Pinatubo, just 20 miles away from Subic Bay erupted with a force 8 times greater than the Mt. St. Helen's eruption. Day turned to night as volcanic ash blotted out the sun. Volcanic earthquakes and heavy rain, lightning and thunder from a typhoon passing over northern Luzon made Black Saturday a 36-hour nightmare.[18] This caused widespread damage to the U.S. Facility and Olongapo City.

On September 16, 1991, the Senate leaders of the Philippines did not grant any extension on the existing RP-US Military Bases Agreement between the Republic of the Philippines and the United States of America thereby terminating the stay of U.S. Military Bases in the Philippines.

Conversion of the Naval Base and the present-day Olongapo[edit]

Like his father before him, Mayor Richard Gordon, who was against the departure of the US military forces, lobbied for the turnover of the facility and its conversion into a freeport.

The American Flag is lowered and Philippine flag is raised during turnover of Naval Station Subic Bay.

To date, the renowned volunteerism strategy, overturning an ailing economy to prosperity after twin disasters – withdrawal of US Bases and Mt. Pinatubo's eruption, is an unparalleled achievement. Mayor Richard "Dick" Gordon boldly led a strong corps of 8,000 City volunteers who protected and preserved the abandoned US Naval Base facilities from poachers. He complemented this with an aggressive advocacy to convert the area into a protected area and industrial zone. Later, he launched an aggressive international investment promotion which resulted in the acceleration of the development of a prime industrial and tourism zone in the country, the Subic Bay Freeport Zone (SBFZ).[18]

It was the first chartered city and highly urbanized city in its province.[13] It rose from a "sin city" in the 1960s and 1970s to become a "Model city" in the 1980s and 1990s.[13]

The city is known for its innovative methods of urban management in the 1980s in addressing crime and cleanliness that has been said to be copied by local governments nationwide. The city pioneered the Color-coded transport system, Integrated Solid Waste Management System, Volunteerism, Organized vendors, elderly, youth and women's groups, use of slogans, People's Law Enforcement Board, Emergency Response Team, and international awards such as the UNESCO Cities for Peace representing Asia and the Pacific in 1997 and the Konrad Adenauer Local Medal of Excellence in 1999.

Furthermore, the Asian Development Bank and World Bank have also recognized its successful urban redevelopment and city development strategy after the US Base turnover.

Geography[edit]

Situated at the Southern entry point of Zambales and the Northwestern interior of the Subic Bay area, Olongapo City is approximately 127 kilometres (79 mi) north of Manila.

The land area of Olongapo City is 103.3 square kilometres (39.9 sq mi). The city proper is located on a 6.48 square kilometres (2.50 sq mi) tidal flatland, with the rugged Zambales Mountains on its three sides, and the Bataan and Subic Bay at its base. Because of this peculiar geographic location, development of city land is limited. Also, the territorial borders from nearby towns are not properly marked.[19]

Climate[edit]

Olongapo has a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification Am).[20] From late October through February, the weather in tropical Olongapo is relatively cool. Temperatures increase slightly from March to May, which are the warmest months of the year in this part of the Philippines.

The rainy season begins in June and continues through October. At times rains are heavy and flooding can occur.

The city receives an average of 3,590 millimetres (141 in) rainfall every year. Temperatures range from an average of around 25 °C (77 °F) degrees in November to around 28 °C (82 °F) in May.[21]

Climate data for Olongapo City, Philippines
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)36
(97)
36
(97)
38
(100)
38
(100)
41
(106)
40
(104)
36
(97)
37
(99)
37
(99)
36
(97)
37
(99)
36
(97)
41
(106)
Average high °C (°F)31
(88)
32
(90)
33
(91)
35
(95)
33
(91)
32
(90)
31
(88)
30
(86)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
32
(90)
Daily mean °C (°F)26
(79)
27
(81)
28
(82)
30
(86)
30
(86)
28
(82)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(82)
27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(82)
Average low °C (°F)22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
22
(72)
23
(73)
Record low °C (°F)16
(61)
16
(61)
18
(64)
18
(64)
21
(70)
21
(70)
20
(68)
20
(68)
21
(70)
20
(68)
18
(64)
17
(63)
16
(61)
Rainfall mm (inches)2.8
(0.11)
9.8
(0.386)
12.6
(0.496)
26.2
(1.031)
240
(9.45)
590
(23.23)
720
(28.35)
1,080
(42.52)
590
(23.23)
220
(8.66)
80
(3.15)
10
(0.39)
3,631.4
(142.969)
 % humidity78797879828788888885807882
Source: Weatherbase[22]

Barangays[edit]

The city is politically subdivided into 17 barangays.[3]

BarangayPopulation (2010)[23]Captain
Asinan3,341Conrado Viray Jr.
Banicain6,588Ernelizar P. Batapa
Barreto18,840Carlito A. Baloy
East Bajac-bajac17,334Filipina E. Tablan
East Tapinac9,373Remegio Buenafe
Gordon Heights26,086Jose Tomas C. Madria
Kalaklan12,934Jesus Ricardo N. Frederico
Mabayuan10,323Robert C. Ferrer
New Cabalan25,428Rafael Lim
New Ilalim1,423Gilbert P. Durago
New Kababae2,261Amalia N. Corum
New Kalalake9,219Randy D. Sionzon
Old Cabalan18,259Basilio D. Palo
Pag-asa5,672Jimmy Pasag
Santa Rita39,793Jerome Michael S. Bacay
West Bajac-bajac7,548Rafael Santulan Jr.
West Tapinac6,756Donald Elad Aquino

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Olongapo City
YearPop.  ±% p.a.  
1990193,327—    
1995179,754−1.45%
2000194,260+1.56%
2007227,270+2.27%
2010221,178−0.90%
Source: National Statistics Office[4]

Language[edit]

The city's population speaks a wide variety of the country's main languages, Specifically: Tagalog, Kapampangan, Ilocano, Sambal, Cebuano, and the modernized language called Taglish (Tagalog and English). Many more dialects were also spoken from other denominations of people.

Religion[edit]

Majority of the people of Olongapo are Roman Catholics. Other Christian groups such as Protestants (Evangelicals, Born Again), Iglesia Ni Cristo, and Church of God International, are also present.

Local government[edit]

Olongapo City, belonging to the 1st District of Zambales, is governed by a City Mayor designated as its Local Chief Executive and by a City Council as its Legislative body in accordance with the Local Government Code. Both the Mayor and the ten (10) City Councilors are elected directly by the people through an election which is being held every three (3) years.

As an Independent City from the province of Zambales, only the city government officials are voted by the residents of the city. The provincial government has no political jurisdiction over local transactions of the city government.

Mayors[edit]

The following is the list of all Mayors that ruled Olongapo after World War II

NameTermPosition
Ruben Dela Cruz GeronimoNovember 1959 - 1962Municipal Mayor
Ildefonso O. Arriola1962–1964Municipal Mayor
James Leonard T. GordonNovember 1964 - June 1, 1966Municipal Mayor
James Leonard T. GordonJune 1, 1966 - February 20, 1967City Mayor
Jaime GuevarraFebruary 20, 1967 – 1968City Mayor
Amelia Juico Gordon1968 - June 30, 1972City Mayor
Geronimo "Momoy" LipumanoJuly 1972 - May 1980City Mayor
Richard "Dick" GordonJune 30, 1980 - February 1986City Mayor (1st term)
Teodoro MacapagalMarch 1986 - November 1987OIC Mayor
Ildefonso O. ArriolaNovember 1987 - January 1988OIC Mayor
Richard "Dick" GordonFebruary 1988 - June 30, 1998City Mayor (2nd term)
Katherine "Kate" GordonJune 30, 1998 - June 22, 2004City Mayor
James "Bong" Gordon, Jr.June 30, 2004 – June 30, 2013City Mayor
Rolen PaulinoJune 30, 2013 ~ presentCity Mayor

Infrastructure[edit]

Airport[edit]

The Subic Bay International Airport is the airport serving the immediate area of the Subic Bay Freeport Zone and the general area of Olongapo City in the Philippines (but located in the adjacent town of Morong, Bataan). This airport used to be the Naval Air Station Cubi Point of the United States Navy. Its airport terminal has 2 gates. Currently, it was proposed to be converted into a logistics hub.

Roads[edit]

The city has an organized road network, featuring a series of rectangular street grids. In the city's main district, the names of those streets running from North to South follow the English alphabet's order. While streets running East to West are numbered from 1st to 27th, starting from the South parallel and up. Even streets are on the East side of the City while the Odd streets are on the West. Most of the roads in Olongapo are made of concrete and asphalt.

Sea Port[edit]

The Port of Subic is one of the busiest, largest, historical and most important of Ports in the Philippines. The Port is operated and managed by the Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority or SBMA. It covers the fenced area of the former U.S. Naval Base Subic Bay located in the southwest of Luzon Island in the Philippines surrounded by the municipality of Subic and Olongapo City in Zambales, and Hermosa and Morong in Bataan

Communication[edit]

Leading telecommunications companies in the Philippines such as Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company (PLDT), Globe Telecom, Smart Communications and Sun Cellular are available in the City. The city is capable of 3G and 4G Mobile Networks.

Internet Connectivity[edit]

The City has more than a hundred Internet Cafés which enables the people to surf, chat, and play online games, and illegal online activities are prohibited. The majority of the country's Internet Service Providers are available in the city: Smart Broadband, Globe Tattoo, and PLDT myDSL.

Landmarks / Places of interest[edit]

SM City Olongapo, a shopping mall in Olongapo.
Olongapo City Rizal Triangle Multi-Purpose Center

Educational institutes[edit]

Elementary[edit]

Private:

  • Cabalan Christian School
  • Christ The King Catholic School
  • Christian Baptist Academy
  • Columban College - Asinan Campus
  • Columban College - Barretto Campus
  • Heaven Sent Tutorial and Learning Center
  • Holy Infant Jesus College
  • School for the Gifted]
  • Kinder Care Development Center (KCDC)
  • Learning Circle
  • Little Angel Study Center
  • Mondriaan Montessori School
  • Olongapo Adventist Elementary School
  • Olongapo Anglo Cultural School
  • Olongapo City Christian School
  • Olongapo Wesley School
  • Sacred Heart Children's Center Foundation Inc.
  • San Antonio de Padua G.S
  • St. Anne Academy
  • St. Joseph College-Olongapo
  • Stepping Stone Christian Academy
  • Subic Montessori School
  • Subic Bay Christian Academy
  • Sunbeam Christian Academy
  • Virgen Delos Remedios College
  • White Stone Christian School

Public:

  • Asinan Elementary School
  • Balic-Balic Elementary School
  • Banicain Elementary School
  • Barretto I Elementary School
  • Barretto II Elementary School
  • Boton Elementary School
  • Center of Excellence
  • East Bajac Bajac Elementary School
  • Gordon Heights l Elementary School
  • Gordon Heights ll Elementary School
  • Ilalim Elementary School
  • Iram Elementary School
  • James L. Gordon Integrated School
  • Kalaklan Elementary School
  • Kalalake Elementary School
  • Mabayuan Elementary School
  • Nellie E. Brown Elementary School
  • New Cabalan Elementary School
  • Old Cabalan Elementary School
  • Olongapo City Elementary School
  • Sergia S. Soriano Esteban Integrated School Of Kalaklan
  • Special Education Center for the Gifted
  • Sta. Rita Elementary School
  • Tabacuhan Elementary School
  • Tapinac Elementary School

High Schools[edit]

Private:

  • Aura De Laurentus Business High School
  • Christ The King Catholic School
  • Columban College - Asinan Campus
  • Columban College - Barretto Campus
  • Holy Infant Jesus College
  • Little Angel Study Center
  • Network Computer and Business College
  • Olongapo Wesley School
  • St. Anne Academy
  • St. Joseph College - Olongapo High School Dept.
  • Subic Bay Christian Academy
  • Sunbeam Christian Academy
  • Virgen Delos Remedios College
  • White Stone Christian School

Public:

Colleges[edit]

  • AMA Computer Learning Center, Olongapo City
  • AMA Computer College, Olongapo City
  • Aptech Computer Education Subic
  • Asian Institute of Computer Studies
  • Asian Institute of E-commerce
  • Mondriaan Aura College
  • Central Gate Micro Tech Center
  • Central Luzon College of Science & Technology
  • Columban College - Asinan Campus
  • Columban College - Barretto Campus
  • Comteq Computer and Business College
  • Computron
  • Divine Spirit Hospital & Colleges, Inc.
  • Freeport Institute for Research, Science and Technology
  • Gordon Gollege
  • George Dewey Medical College[24]
  • Lyceum of Subic Bay
  • Metro Subic Colleges Incorporated
  • Mondrian Aura College
  • National Christian College
  • Naval Reservation Jr. College
  • Network Computer and Business Colleges
  • Online Data Center Computer School
  • Ship Repair Facility Apprentice - HTJ School USNB
  • STI College Olongapo City
  • St. Benilde Center for Global Competence Inc.
  • St. Joseph College - Olongapo City
  • US Navy PWC Apprenticeship
  • USNB SRF Shop Learners (Electronics)

Notable residents[edit]

Sister Cities[edit]

Olongapo has the following sister cities:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Olongapo City - Brief History". 
  2. ^ "Cities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 15 February 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Province: Zambales". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 15 February 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities". 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 15 February 2013. 
  5. ^ "Building Globally Competitive Metro Areas in the Philippines". 
  6. ^ It was recorded customary for the Sambal to execute those who have taken another person's life, unless done by decapitation. Their manner of execution was to bore a hole at the top of the skull and then scrape out the brains.
  7. ^ Olongapo Subic Bay sbma Zambales daily news jobs travel tour info. Olongapo-subic.com. Retrieved on 2013-07-28.
  8. ^ a b "History of Subic Bay and Olongapo City". 
  9. ^ a b c d "The Olongapo Story". 
  10. ^ Subic Bay History - 1940's. Subicbaypi.com (1942-04-08). Retrieved on 2013-07-28.
  11. ^ "World War II - Olongapo City Official Website". 
  12. ^ a b Anderson, Gerald Subic Bay from Magellan to Pinatubo: The History of the U.S. Naval Station Subic Bay Gerald Anderson (2009) ISBN 1441444521 pp.130-138
  13. ^ a b c "World Bank - Olongapo Profile". 
  14. ^ Tucker, Spencer C. The Encyclopedia of the Vietnam War: A Political, Social, and Military History (2011) ISBN 1851099611 p.863
  15. ^ Sherwood, John Afterburner: Naval Aviators and the Vietnam War NYU Press (2004) ISBN 081479842X pp.27-28
  16. ^ "LIBERTY CALL: Olongapo City". Dennis Clevenger. Retrieved 2012-08-03. 
  17. ^ "Olongapo". Dave Payson. Retrieved 2012-08-03. 
  18. ^ a b "Twin Disasters- Olongapo City Official Website". 
  19. ^ "Philippines Travel and Hotel Guide". 
  20. ^ "Average Weather For Subic Bay Freeport Zone, Philippines". Retrieved 2013-05-11. 
  21. ^ "HotelTravel.com - Olongapo Weather Guide and Map". 
  22. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Olongapo, Central Luzon, Philippines". Weatherbase. 2012. Retrieved 2012-01-24. 
  23. ^ "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 15 February 2013. 
  24. ^ http://www.georgedeweymedicalcollege.net/
  25. ^ BatangGapo Subic Bay News (November 2005). "Sister City relations of Olongapo City and National City proclaimed". 
  26. ^ ASEAN Matters for America. "Sister City Relationships". 
  27. ^ Subic Chamber (Nov 14, 2009). "Guam & Olongapo now Sister Cities". 
  28. ^ "Approved Resolutions August 14", eLegis Olongapo City Sanggunian. Retrieved 2013-09-20.

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